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Catalogue Genus starting with:   A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  R  S  T  V  X  Y  Z 
Searching New_This_Year for Yes

ACANTHUS

ACANTHUS hungaricus New Summer3801
Hungarian Bear's Breeches1m+  Zone: 3
Native to the Balkan peninsula. A striking, architectural perennial with pale pink flowers enclosed in spiny, reddish-purple bracts and arranged in vertical rows on substantial flower spikes rising well above the foliage. Only a few packs this year.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
10 seeds  $4.25   Sorry...Sold Out

ACER(MAPLE)Family: ACERACEAE
Deciduous trees native to North Temperate Zones. As a group, among the most valuable of landscape trees.

ACER pensylvanicum (Moist Packed) New Spring22
Striped Maple4-6m  Zone: 3
A small understory tree native to eastern North America. The green young stems are beautifully striped with white and jade green in a snake-bark fashion. Very large three-lobed leaves turn a rich yellow in autumn. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $5.00   

ACER pseudosieboldianum (Moist Packed) New Spring21
Purplebloom or Korean Maple6m  Zone: 3
This is the choice for all of you who have been longing for a Japanese maple but live in an area with extremely cold winters. Leaves are similar to Acer japonicum and Acer palmatum in shape and texture but its habit is more open than either. Most maples have green or yellowish green flowers, however, on this species they are purple. A beautiful small landscape tree with the bonus of good fall colors ranging from scarlet to orange and yellow. Best used as a focal point in part shade in company with low growing ferns and shade tolerant perennials.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $5.00   

ACER saccharum (Moist Packed) New Spring24
Sugar Maple30m  Zone: 3
The Sugar Maple is one of the best large shade trees and exemplifies this area of north-eastern Canada. An outstanding native, unmatched for brilliant yellow, orange and red fall colour. Sap is boiled to make maple syrup. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20+ seeds  $5.00   

ACONITUM(MONKSHOOD)Family: RANUNCULACEAE
100 species of summer to fall-flowering plants of great importance. Native from asiatic mountains to the Appalachians. The common name refers to the hooded, or helmet-shaped flowers, borne in erect racemes. Dark, delphinium-like leaves. For moist well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. All species are poisonous.

ACONITUM arcuatum (Moist Packed) New Late Summer88
1.5m+  Zone: 3
A very hardy species native to the far east (Korea, Russia) growing on grassy slopes and in forests. This is a scrambling plant which supports itself on shrubs and small trees in the wild. Above dark stems, copious quantities of large, dark purple-blue helmets in terminal racemes.
Germination Instructions: Seed has been moist packed to preserve viability. Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $5.00   

ACONITUM species -Small, White (Moist Packed) New Early Summer3779
45cm  Zone: 3
A floriferous, small species resembling A. lycoctonum ssp. vulparia except significantly smaller and blooming in early summer. Spikes of creamy flowers with yellowish tips.
Germination Instructions: Seed has been moist packed to preserve viability. Cold treatment required.
20+ seeds  $5.00   

ACONITUM uncinatum (Moist Packed) New Summer to Fall62
To 120cm  Zone: 3
This is a scrambling or twining species native to the eastern USA, growing in low woods and on damp slopes. Dark green palmately divided and toothed foliage. Hoods of purple-blue in summer to fall.
Germination Instructions: Seed is ephemeral and has been moist packed to preserve viability. Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $5.00   

ACTAEA(BANEBERRY)Family: RANUNCULACEAE
Derives its common name from the very poisonous berries. Genus is comprised of 8 species of elegant perennials native to rich moist woods in the North Temperate zone with large compound leaves, small white flowers in racemes and showy, oval, glossy berries in the Fall. Baneberries are woodland species and do well in shady locations, particularly in moist, humus-rich soil.

ACTAEA rubra (Pink) New Late Spring to Summer113
45cm  Zone: 3
A beautiful pink clone of the species originally found in the wild in Nova Scotia.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

ALLIUM
A large genus with upwards of 700 bulbous species native throughout the northern hemisphere. Many are beautiful ornamentals.

A NOTE ON ALLIUM GERMINATION

Many species of Allium requiring cold treatment can be sown in late summer to early fall, with pots kept outdoors until late fall to early winter. This short, superficial cold treatment is often enough to have seedlings sprouted before the onset of winter; which can then be brought indoors and grown on.

ALLIUM atropurpureum New Summer190
60cm  Zone: 3
Although beginning to show up from the Holland bulb trade, this very showy east European native is not yet widely available. Flowers are up-facing domes of a luscious wine-red, each individual bloom containing hundreds of tiny blossoms. The long-lasting flowers are beautiful in the border or in dried arrangements. Very limited this year.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.00   

ALLIUM caeruleum New Mid Summer188
30cm  Zone: 2
Native to bleak areas of Siberia. This is a showy small Allium with grass-thin foliage and globular flower umbels of deep sky blue with excerted stamens. Easily grown in a dry spot, or in ordinary soil with good drainage. Full sun.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.00   

ALLIUM carinatum ssp. pulchellum album New Mid summer189
30-45cm  Zone: 3
The beautiful pure white flowered form of the species. Open pollinated.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $4.00   

ALLIUM flavum tauricum mix New Summer216
15-20cm  Zone: 3/4
The well known Allium flavum is a yellow flowered species, but the lesser known Turkish variety tauricum has flowers that are tinged with other colors in a variety of pastel shades. This is a mix of various colours which we are happy to have back in our list.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $4.25   

ALLIUM flavum tauricum Pink New 3784
15cm
Selected from Allium flavum tauricum mix, this is a beautiful pink form.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

ALLIUM moly New Summer183
15cm  Zone: 3
Native of southern Europe. References to this species can be found in Homer's Odyssey as the "moly" who safeguarded Ulysses. Wide, flat leaves and starry golden yellow flowers in umbels. Quick to increase and will naturalize if happy. Flowers in one year from seed and will tolerate semi-shade. Very limited this year.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.00   

ALLIUM obliquum New Summer194
75cm  Zone: 3
The flowers of this rare species from Romania to northwestern China are an unusual shade of acid-yellow carried in a tight umbel on top of tall stems. Tolerates heavy soil and summer moisture. Full sun to light shade.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
25 seeds  $4.25   

ALLIUM paniculatum New July217
30cm  Zone: 3
Allium paniculatum is a variable species in terms of size with a range of flower color from white, pink, red, yellow and green. It flowers later than many Allium and is a joy to have in the July garden. Seed is from one of our taller beautiful light pink clones. Very limited this year.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.00   

ALLIUM paniculatum album New 3798
The white form of this variable species.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20+ seeds  $4.00   

ALLIUM spirale New Late Summer222
15cm  Zone: 3
Much nomenclature confusion here. This used to be recognized as a dwarf, glaucous and twisted form of A. senescens, sometimes also referred to as A. senescens glaucum. I now believe that the old name for these spiral-foliaged forms has been resurrected, although not necessarily for what we have known as A. senecens glaucum. Whew! Whatever it is called, this is a first rate plant, often called the "Curly, Swirly Onion." Foliage is glaucous, grey-green and twists and turns in curls, making a fantastic foliage effect. Pom-poms of fragrant lavender-pink flowers top this in late summer.
20 seeds  $4.25   

ALLIUM tricoccum New Early Summer191
Wild Garlic or Leek15-50cm  Zone: 4
The Wild Leek is included for its culinary rather than ornamental value. Native to rich, moist woods of eastern North America and a spring delicacy in the farmers markets here, as both the leaves and bulbs are delicious in soups and salads. The leaves rise and wither before the flowers appear, leaving a naked stem topped by clusters of creamy white flowers. Seed wild collected in Ontario. Very limited this year.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

ALLIUM victorialis New Summer218
Victory Onion, Alpine Leek30-50cm  Zone: 3
Native from Europe to Asia and a rarely grown Allium notable for it's shade tolerance. The wide foliage is wonderful even when not it bloom and the spherical heads of white flowers outstanding. Very limited this year.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

ANDROMEDAFamily: ERICACEAE
A genus of two low, evergreen shrubs.

ANDROMEDA glaucophylla New Spring312
Bog Rosemary10-30cm  Zone: 2
A lovely, low, spreading, evergreen shrub, native to northern North America growing on wet soils, especially in peatlands, open bogs and fens. Foliage is evergreen, firm and leathery; dark often bluish-green above, leathery, distinctly white below, with fine, waxy powder; the edges rolled under. White to pinkish urn-shaped flowers appear in drooping clusters at the branch tips in late spring. Will adapt to moist soil in ordinary garden conditions. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
30 seeds  $4.25   

ANGELICAFamily: UMBELLIFERAE
50 species of herbs with domed flower heads and dramatic, dissected aromatic leaves. Wonderful in the border or as specimen plants. Particularly effective next to a stream or pondside. For sun or part shade in rich, moist soil.

ANGELICA gigas New Late Summer351
90-240cm  Zone: 3
Monocarpic species native to Asia with handsome, bold, divided foliage providing a beautiful contrast to finely textured grasses or woody plants. Domes of sparkling waxy maroon flowers emerge from voluptuous rich purple sheaths. For light to medium shade in moisture retentive soil.
30 seeds  $4.25   

ARCTOSTAPHYLOS

ARCTOSTAPHYLOS uva ursi New Spring431
Kinnikinnick5-15cm  Zone: 2
A beautiful, evergreen mat-like shrub, growing on rocky outcrops and the floor of open woods. Small, leathery leaves and long, trailing stems with brownish-red peeling bark. Flowers are urn-shaped, pink to white followed by brilliant red, dry berries. A wonderful groundcover for a sunny, open space. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

BETULA
A genus of 60 trees and shrubs known for their beautiful glossy bark, often exfoliating, in shades of white, pink, amber or brown.

BETULA pubescens New Spring614
Downy Birch10-20m  Zone: 2
A very hardy small tree native throughout northern Europe, Iceland and northern Asia, common on wet, poorly drained clay sites and bogs. It has a slender crown and the smooth, grey-white bark is finely marked with dark horizontal lenticels. The shoots are grey-brown and downy. The alternative round to oval leaves are dark-green with a finely serrated margin. The flowers are catkins, produced in early spring before the leaves. The sap is rich in sugar and when tapped in spring can be made into birch wine. Seed wild collected in Finland.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.25   

BUPLEURUM(THROW WAX)Family: UMBELLIFERAE
A genus of about 100 plants with flowers in umbels, usually yellow.

BUPLEURUM falcatum New July-August644
Thoroughwax45cm  Zone: 4
Native from Europe to Asia growing on dry, stony hillsides and in pastures. Above lance-shaped foliage thin, wiry, branching stems hold umbels of cow-parsley like flowers creating a soft haze of yellow-green for weeks in midsummer. For the dry, sunny garden. The roots have a 2,000 year history in Chinese medicine. Photograph: Beth Chatto Gardens
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $3.75   

CAMASSIA(WILD HYACINTH)Family: LILIACEAE
Natives of western North America and bulbous relatives of the lily. Occur naturally in rich meadows, wet in spring, dry in summer. Beautiful and highly underused garden plants. They produce grassy, lance-shaped foliage and long, erect flower stems bearing star-shaped flowers in blue, purple, white or cream. Tolerate some shade, but perform better in full sun and moist spring soil.

CAMASSIA scilloides New Early Spring672
Eastern Camas, Wild Hyacinth30-50cm  Zone: 5
Native to eastern North America, growing in open woods, meadows and prairie. Keeled, linear, grass-like foliage. Open spikes of 6-petalled violet-blue starry flowers in early spring. While it will endure deep shade, best in an open spot in the woodland garden; or in sun. Wild collected in Ohio.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

CARDIOCRINUM(GIANT LILY)Family: LILIACEAE
A small genus of Asian bulbs, formerly classified as Lilium.

CARDIOCRINUM cordatum var. glehnii (Moist Packed) New Late Summer748
100cm  Zone: 4
Hailing from Japan, where it grows in moist woodlands, this is a northerly, robust form of the species. The spectacular, large heart-shaped leaves emerge dramatically mottled copper-red, fading to medium green as the season progresses. Huge 15cm trumpets emerge in August, cream tinted green, with interior maroon dotting and a yellow base. Worth every effort to grow! Had no problem with -40C in our former Ontario gardens.
Germination Instructions: Seeds have been moist packed since harvest.
20+ seeds  $5.00   

CHRYSOSPLENIUM

CHRYSOSPLENIUM macrophyllum (Moist Packed) New March/April3795
Giant Golden Saxifrage15-30cm  Zone: 6/7
A stoloniferous Chinese ground cover with interesting white flower clusters and conspicuous stamens tipped with pink anthers surrounded by light green bracts. In early spring, flowers are held just above large, fleshy, ciliated leaves with scalloped edges on stout red stems. Little known or grown.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $5.00   

CLEMATIS(CLEMATIS)Family: RANUNCULACEAE
PLEASE READ:

With some exceptions, Clematis seed are not long lived, even in optimum storage. During early to late fall of each year, we revise our listings, removing all stock from the previous season, and slowly replacing it with fresh seed, as it becomes available.

As I know many of you wait for the Clematis each season, rest assured that the list will continue to grow from October through December, with the same process repeating itself each season. Check back regularly, or write to ask about future availability of particular species.

CLEMATIS ochroleuca New Early Summer936
Curly Heads30-45cm  Zone: 4
Native to eastern North America, found along the Atlantic Coast from New York, southward to Georgia; growing in dry, rocky forests or on sandy grasslands. This rarely available bush Clematis is topped in late spring to early summer with hairy creamy-yellow to violet-blue urn-shaped flowers. Curly-headed seeds puffs follow. I am very grateful for this wild collection from North Carolina.
Germination Instructions: Germinates at an extended period at warm.
12 seeds  $4.50   

CORNUS(DOGWOOD)Family: CORNACEAE
About 45 species of mostly deciduous shrubs or small trees, native to North America, Europe, Asia and Africa.

CORNUS alternifolia (Moist Packed) New Early Summer1044
Pagoda Dogwood5-8m  Zone: 3
Native to eastern North America. The distinctive, tiered branching habit of Cornus alternifolia will add a touch of elegance to your garden. Pagoda dogwood is a suitable tree for small- to medium-sized gardens and is more disease resistant than many other dogwoods. It has lacy white flowers which ripen to bluish-black berries in mid summer. Vibrant fall color begins with burgundy hues that turn bright red with yellow toward the interior of the tree. Pagoda dogwood is attractive in woodland gardens; its low, wide form makes it ideal for screening as well. The winter garden reveals its attractive branching pattern. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $5.00   

CORNUS rugosa New Early Summer1053
Round -Leaved Dogwood3m  Zone: 3
Native to eastern North America growing on sandy, gravelly, or rocky slopes. An upright shrub with warty branches. Stems are first green, then turn purple. Broadly ovate, pointed leaves. Flat-topped clusters of creamy-white flowers bloom in early summer followed by pea-sized, light blue fruit maturing in late summer, which are usually quickly eaten by birds. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.00   

CORYDALIS(CORYDALIS)Family: FUMARACEAE
300 species with finely dissected, often blue-green foliage and yellow, blue, pink or rose-purple tubular, spurred flowers in the spring. "Corydalis" is Greek for "lark" referring to the lark-like spurs of the flowers. Many species cannot tolerate dry storage and must be sown fresh. Source: Liden & Zetterlund, Corydalis, Timber Press.

CORYDALIS aurea New Summer1071
Golden Corydalis15-30cm  Zone: 1
Glaucous self-perpetuating biennial or annual growing in dry places. Gray-green finely divided foliage and golden-yellow spurred flowers in summer. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $3.50   

CRATAEGUS(HAWTHORN)Family: ROSACEAE
A huge genus of usually thorny, deciduous trees or shrubs. 25 species are native to Canada with several hundred more found in the United States. White flowers, often aging to pink in early summer and prominent "apples" in the autumn. Native throughout the northern Hemisphere. All Hawthorn fruits are edible, making good jam and jelly.

CRATAEGUS chlorosarca New Spring1171
6m  Zone: 2
A rarely cultivated, very hardy Asian species (Japan and Manchuria) with a columnar to narrow pyramidal crown. The reddish-brown branches are only seldom thorny. The dark green leaves, broadly oval are irregularly serrated and emerge early in the year. Umbels of creamy white flowers in spring are followed by edible black fruit.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.25   

DALEA(INDIGO BUSH)Family: LEGUMINOSAE
A genus of 160 perennials and shrubs native to the Americas with flowers in pea-like racemes.

DALEA purpurea New Summer2621
Purple Prairie Clover30-90cm  Zone: 2/3
Native in Canada from Alberta east through Ontario growing in glades, rocky open woods and prairies. The very fine pea-like foliage is complemented by magenta to rose-purple flowers that bloom upward on cylindrical spikes. This striking prairie plant grows best in a well drained site with average moisture and is very drought tolerant.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $3.50   

DROSERA(SUNDEW)Family: DROSERNACEAE
A genus of 100 carnivorous plants with a cosmopolitan distribution.

DROSERA rotundifolia New Summer1383
Round-Leaved Sundew15cm  Zone: 3
A small, insectivorous plant with a wide distribution. Most often grows in bogs, but also swamps, rotting logs, mossy crevices in rocks, or damp sand along stream, lake, or pond margins. Leaves are in a basal rosette, lying flat on ground; the upper surface covered with reddish, glandular hairs tipped with a sticky, secretion resembling a dewdrop that traps insects, hence its name. Small, white to pinkish flowers in a one-sided raceme, only opening in sunshine. For a wet, organic, acid soil low in nutriets. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
50 seeds  $4.25   

ECHINOCYSTISFamily: CUCURBITACEAE
A one-species genus.

ECHINOCYSTIS lobata New Late Summer1423
Cucumber Vine5m
The wild cucumber vine is an annual tendril climber native to North America. Frothy white flowers in summer to late summer followed by large prickly seed pods. Confine to the wilder parts of the garden where it will happily scramble up and over evergreens, disguise compost piles, or cover a fence. Will reliably self sow and perpetuate itself, once established.
10 seeds  $4.00   

FRAGARIA

FRAGARIA vesca New Summer1588
Woodland Strawberry8-15cm  Zone: 5
Native throughout much of the northern hemisphere. Numerous, white flowers with yellow centers appear throughout summer over trifoliate, coarsely-toothed, green leaves. Flowers are followed by edible, bright red strawberries.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
25 seeds  $4.00   

GENTIANA(GENTIAN)Family: GENTIANACEAE
A large genus of 400 species, the majority of which are low-growing alpines. Most are notable for their strong blue flowers. Source: Halda, The Genus Gentiana

GENTIANA lutea New Summer1662
Great Yellow Gentian90-150cm  Zone: 3
From the mountains of Europe. Extremely handsome plant for border or woodland with yellow wheel-like flowers in dense false whorls or clusters up the tall stems. The foliage is almost as spectacular, leaves are large (30cm), elliptic with prominent, curved veins, almost pinched, and bluish-green. Rootstock becomes as thick as an arm. Has medicinal properties; also used to flavor vermouth and to produce gentian schnapps. A robust and splendid gentian for moist, well-drained soil in light shade.
Germination Instructions: Best provided with outdoor cold treatment over winter.
30 seeds  $4.25   

GENTIANA tibetica New Late Summer1673
Tibetan Gentian, Qin Jiao30-60cm  Zone: 4
A tallish gentian from the Himalayas, growing in meadows and thickets. Above broad, shiny and distinctly veined dark green foliage, clusters of creamy-white to greenish flowers in late summer.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.00   

HOSTA(PLANTAIN LILY)Family: LILIACEAE
We are very interested in finding seed of Hosta species of wild origin. If you can help, please contact us.

HOSTA venusta New Late Summer1853
10-12cm  Zone: 3
This small species is a wonderful stononiferous spreader, moving outward to cover the ground in short order. We use it as an edger in the woodland garden along with tiny Solomon's Seals. Mid-green foliage and lilac flowers in late summer.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   

HOUSTONIA

HOUSTONIA caerulea New Spring through Summer1862
Bluets, Quaker Ladies3-12cm  Zone: 3
I've always loved this tiny, spring blooming wildflower; but, until I lived in Nova Scotia I had never seen it in the wild. Although not uncommon in North America; seed is rarely offered, likely because it is a pain to collect. Small tufts of wiry foliage are topped by blue to white four-petalled flowers. In Nova Scotia they were happily naturalized on sun-baked slopes adjacent to highways. They will also grow in moister sites; full sun to light shade. Once established in the garden, allow them to self-sow and naturalize.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   

HOUSTONIA longifolia New Late spring to mid-summer3776
Long-Leaved Bluet10-25cm
Native from Alberta east through Quebec, growing in poor, dry, often sandy, alkaline soil. Above a small rosette of basal foliage, clusters of pretty 4-petalled flowers over a long period. Well suited for the rock garden in full sun and sparse conditions; where it will happily self-sow.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30+ seeds  $4.25   

LAMIUM(Dead Nettle)Family: LABIATAE
A genus of 50, mainly creeping, stoloniferous plants native to the Mediterranean with opposite ovate to kidney-shaped leaves and lipped flowers in whorls.

LAMIUM orvala New Spring to Summer2025
45-60cm  Zone: 4
An outstanding, elegant clump-forming species native to central Europe. Strong upright growth with clean, dark green foliage. Conspicuous whorls of rose-pink hooded flowers line the stems over a long period spring to summer. Very lovely in the woodland garden in moisture retentive soil.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

LATHYRUS
Showy, quick-growing plants, perfectly adapted to trellises, fences or allowed to sprawl as a groundcover on a slope. Easy to grow in any garden soil, giving a good display year after year without attention.

LATHYRUS japonicus ssp. maritimus New Summer2038
Beach or Sand Pea45cm  Zone: 2
Native to the coasts of eastern and western North America, western Europe and the Baltic, growing on maritime shores, where it binds the sand. A non-climbing sweet pea with thick, glaucous, blue foliage and racemes of showy, bright purple flowers, the wings and keel paler coloured. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Seed requires sandpapering.
12 seeds  $3.50   

LATHYRUS vernus ssp. flaccidus New Spring2045
30cm  Zone: 4
This is the handsome and refined variant with distinctive, narrow, cascading foliage, coming true from seed. It has the same magenta-purple flowers of the species.
Germination Instructions: Sandpapering of seed recommended.
15 seeds  $4.25   

LILIUM(LILY)Family: LILIACEAE
Of the recorded species belonging to this genus, most are native to three areas of the world: Europe, Asia and North America. Their culture depends in large part on their origin. Few can resist lilies in their garden for their magnificent flowers and ease of culture. Of the many ways of propagating lilies, seed is perhaps the best (if slowest) method of increase. Larger quantities may be raised in this way and unlike other methods of propagation, viral or fungal diseases that often affect lilies are not passed on.

Of the more than 90 species of lilies in the world, about half occur in China and Japan. Almost a third of the world total occur in the three provinces of Sichuan, Yunnan, and Xizang (Tibet) in China. This region is considered to be the major world center of distribution of the genus Lilium.

LILIUM philadelphicum (Ontario) New June2110
Wood Lily20-60cm  Zone: 2
Native to the eastern part of the Canadian prairie into Ontario. These showy erect plants have linear leaves in whorls and beautiful erect bell-shaped flowers. The segments narrow abruptly to a clawlike base. Flower colour can range from pale lemon yellow through all the orange and red shades to dark blood red, with or without spotting. For well drained, sandy loam. Wild collected in Ontario. Very limited this season.
Germination Instructions: Easy warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   

LONICERA(HONEYSUCKLE)Family: CAPRIFOLIACEAE
A large genus of over 150 species and many more hybrids. Usually deciduous erect, or climbing shrubs, widespread in the northern hemisphere with opposite leaves and small, but showy flowers and berries in the fall. Of easy culture and free of serious insects and diseases.

LONICERA hirsuta New June-July2187
Hairy Honeysuckle2-3m  Zone: 2
Native to north-central North America. This is one of the two climbing honeysuckles native to Ontario. Here it occurs as far north as the mouth of the Moose River, James Bay. A climbing loosely-branched deciduous vine growing in mixed forest, forest openings and along shorelines. The beautiful flowers are yellow or orange occurring in a whorled cluster on the uppermost leaves. These are followed by orange to red berries. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.25   

LONICERA villosa New Late Spring3724
Mountain Fly Honeysuckle1.5m  Zone: 2/3
A deciduous shrub native to central and eastern Canada growing on rocky barrens or in bogs. Pretty funnel-shaped, pale yellow to creamy white paired flowers in late spring followed by edible, oblong blue-black berries.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment recommended.
20 seeds  $4.25   

LUZULA(WOODRUSH)Family: JUNCACEAE
About 80 species of widely distributed, cool-season tufted plants with green or white flowers and flat, often arching green leaves. Grow in well-drained soil in a shady site.

LUZULA acuminata New Spring3729
Hairy Woodrush5cm  Zone: 3
A diminutive rush relative native from Alberta east through the maritimes in Canada growing in loose sod-like clumps. The plant has narrow, shiny leaves with soft silvery hairs. Small yellow, green or brown florets appear in spring followed by brown seed capsules. Plants thrive in open woodlands with dappled shade and moist soil.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.00   

MAGNOLIA(MAGNOLIA)Family: MAGNOLIACEAE
As flowering trees, none can surpass the Magnolia. Attractive, bold-textured deciduous and evergreen shrubs and trees native to Asia and America. The American species usually bloom after the leaves appear, somewhat diminishing the floral effect. Many of the Asian species bloom before the leaves and are among the showiest. Some also have beautiful and large seed pods in the fall. Most grow best with ample moisture, but well-drained conditions in full sun. Part shade is tolerated, but may reduce flowering. In the North, provide a sheltered site out of prevailing winds.

MAGNOLIA acuminata (Moist Packed) New Spring2252
Cucumber or Mountain Magnolia16m  Zone: 4
The most widespread of the eight native magnolia species in North America. Its habit is pyramidal when young, developing a straight trunk and a rounded crown. Flowers are greenish-yellow borne at the ends of the branches appearing after the leaves start developing.

This is the hardiest of the North American species and ranges into southern Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Seeds have been moist packed since harvest. Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $5.00   

MAIANTHEMUM(MAY FLOWER)Family: CONVALLARIACEAE
A small genus of 3 woodland perennials.

MAIANTHEMUM canadense New Spring2268
Canada May Flower5-15cm  Zone: 3
A beautiful little native woodland plant ranging from Newfoundland south into the USA. "Maianthemum" means May flower while "canadensis" refers to Canada. Flower clusters are erect, and white, blooming in spring. For a moist spot in the shade garden. Seed wild collected in Nova Scotia.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.00   

MENISPERMUM(MOON SEED)Family: MENISPERMACEAE
A genus of 2 woody-based twining vines with slender, tangled stems and inconspicuous flowers followed by grape-like clusters of beautiful crescent shaped fruits.

MENISPERMUM canadense New Late Spring to Early Summer2319
Canadian Moonseed3-5m  Zone: 4
Native to eastern North America, growing in light shade in fertile, moist soil. Habitats include open deciduous woodlands, woodland borders, thickets, semi-shaded riverbanks, overgrown fence rows, and hedges. Moonseed climbs over adjacent shrubs, the lower branches of small trees, or fences. The beautiful, heart-shaped leaves are dark-green and shiny. 15cm panicles of whitish-green flowers are followed by drupes of round berries, turning from green to bluish-black, each containing a single (crescent-moon-shaped) seed. The fruits are poisonous, and can be mistaken for wild grapes. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
12 seeds  $4.25   

OSTRYAFamily: BETULACEAE
A genus of 9 round-headed deciduous trees with grey bark resembling Carpinus.

OSTRYA virginiana New Spring2479
American Hophornbeam or Ironwood8m  Zone: 3
A small, graceful tree native to eastern North America, growing on dry slopes of woodlands as an understory species. It has a rounded outline with horizontal or drooping branches and a slow growth rate. Bark is greyish-brown. Seed in the fall resembling the fruit of hops. A handsome species which should be more grown. Seed wild collected in the interior of Nova Scotia.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.25   

PARNASSIA

PARNASSIA glauca New Late Summer2552
Fen Grass Of Parnassus15-40cm  Zone: 3
Native to the north-eastern North America growing in moist places next to lakes, bogs, wet meadows and fens. Grass of Parnassus has beautiful white flowers delicately striped with green veins that sit atop long, slender, stalks. The plant has a rosette of shiny, broad long-stalked basal leaves. While its white blooms are reminiscent of spring flowers, it blooms in late summer and fall. It is an uncommon wildflower across its range, and faces many threats, the greatest being loss of habitat. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.25   

PATRINIAFamily: VALERIANACEAE
15 to 20 species of perennials from Asia and the Himalayas similar to Valeriana with flowers in cymes or panicles. All species thrive on loamy, humusy soil. Many are notorious for their very long flowering periods.

PATRINIA scabiosifolia New Late Summer to Late Fall2559
to 180cm  Zone: 4
From Japan, China and Siberia, growing in sunny, grassy areas on hills and mountains and introduced into gardens by the US National Arboretum. Oblong, deeply toothed leaves and strong, tall stems carry many flowered cymes in clear yellow. This is a wonderful addition to the late summer and fall gardens, flowering over an extremely long period.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.00   

POLYGONATUM(SOLOMON'S SEAL)Family: LILIACEAE
About 30 species of plants indigenous to the northern hemisphere, usually in woodlands, with erect, nodding stems and parallel-veined leaves carrying pendulous white, cream or green coloured flowers in the leaf axils. These are handsome shade-loving perennials for a moisture retentive site. The rhizome is jointed and when the leaf stalk breaks away from it, it leaves a distinctive scar said to resemble the official seal of King Solomon.

POLYGONATUM verticillatum New Spring2788
Whorled Solomon's Seal60-120cm  Zone: 4
Widely distributed in Europe, but rarely seen in North America, this is a tall, erect species with narrow, lance-shaped leaves arranged in a whorl around the stem. The cream-colored bells are edged in green, followed by unusual (for the genus) red berries, lining the stem. A very architectual plant for the woodland garden, with a bamboo-like presence, which will adapt even to dry shade.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
12 seeds  $4.25   

POTENTILLA(CINQUEFOIL)Family: ROSACEAE
Large group of perennials, herbs and shrubs comprising 500 species, found throughout the northern temperate and frigid zones. Strawberry shaped leaves and elegant, 5-petalled rose-like flowers in white, pink, yellow, orange or red.
Potentillas need as much sun as you can give them and do best in poor, well-drained soils. In fact some seem happiest when baked and starved – too rich a soil they become very leggy with few flowers.

POTENTILLA uniflora New 3788
One-flowered Cinquefoil5-15cm  Zone: 1/2
Native to western North America and Siberia, growing on rocky and gravelly alpine slopes. Above woolly, hairy foliage, yellow flowers in summer. A very hardy sweet small species for the rock garden in full sun. Limited quantity.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.00   

PRIMULA(PRIMROSE)Family: PRIMULACEAE
A large genus of over 400 species native throughout the northern hemisphere.

There is no better reference and visual guide to the genus Primula than that of our own Canadian, Pamela Eveleigh of Calgary, Alberta. Do visit, learn and drool over the fantastic photo gallery.

www.primulaworld.com

PRIMULA auricula New Spring2852
10cm  Zone: 3
From seed originally wild collected in the Alps (Dobratsch). Foliage is grey, fleshy, almost leathery. Flowers a beautiful clear yellow. Extremely lovely in early spring and may rebloom in fall. Best in full sun. Only a few packs.
Germination Instructions: Cold or GA-3 and warm.
20 seeds  $4.50   

PRIMULA denticulata New Mid Spring2864
Drumstick or Himalayan Primrose15-30cm  Zone: 3
The Drumstick Primrose is found growing wild in moist alpine regions from Afghanistan to China. One of the earliest primula to bloom in the garden. Leaves and flowers appear at the same time. Spherical lilac flowers on sturdy stems. For the woodland garden in part shade.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.00   

PRIMULA veris (Red Form) New Spring2896
15cm  Zone: 2
A beautiful red form of this spring harbinger. This was naturalized on the lawn of my new property in Nova Scotia when I first moved here. Considering the low percentages of the species yellow to the red (or orange)plants, it comes largely true from seed. Very limited.
Germination Instructions: GA-3 or cold treatment
20+ seeds  $4.00   

RAMONDAFamily: GESNERIACEAE
A small genus of stemless perennials native to the mountains of southern Europe.

RAMONDA myconi New Late Spring to Summer2972
5-10cm  Zone: 3
This african violet relative is a beautiful plant native to the eastern Pyrenees. Leaves are large, ovate, wrinkled and dark-green forming a low rosette. Lavender-blue flowers on short stems in late spring to summer. For shady rock crevices in humousy soil.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100+ seeds  $4.50   

RHODODENDRON(RHODODENDRON)Family: ERICACEAE
A large genus of trees and shrubs, usually evergreen with showy flowers in terminal racemes

For a very helpful article by John Weagle on growing Rhododendron from seed, see:

http://www.atlanticrhodo.org/unique/contents/seed.html

RHODODENDRON dauricum New Spring3002
Chinese Alpenrose150cm  Zone: 3
Distributed over a wide area, from the Altai Mountains east to Siberia, northern Mongolia, Manchuria, northeast China, Korea, Japan, and Sakhalin Island. It has a loose, open, upright habit and shiny, dark green leaves. Flowers are funnel shaped, pink, lilac to magenta; rarely white. Flowers better when planted in some sun and will also produce a more compact form. An excellent and undemanding rhododendron, attractive all year.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $4.25   

RHODODENDRON vaseyi New Spring3790
Pinkshell Azalea3-4m  Zone: 4
Native to Massachusetts and the mountains of North Carolina growing in high elevation heath meadows, bogs & spruce forests. A slender-stemmed, deciduous species with an open habit and shiny, dark green leaves that are paler green beneath. Flowers appear before the foliage and lack the tube of most azaleas, so petals seem separate. Flower color ranges from pink to pure white with a yellow throat. Medium-green foliage turns light to dark-red in fall. Will not hybridize with other Rhododendron species.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30+ seeds  $4.25   

RIBES(CURRANT, GOOSEBERRY)Family: GROSSULARIACEAE
A genus of 150 mainly deciduous shrubs, often thorny.

RIBES aureum New Early to Late Spring3036
Buffalo or Golden Currant1-3m  Zone: 3
Native to western and central North America growing in sandy habitats, rocky slopes and ravines in grassland or sagebrush desert to ponderosa pine forest. This is a wonderful, non-thorny, ornamental shrub that is showy in bloom and followed by delicious fruit. Twigs are pinkish-gray, and foliage orbicular and lobed. The hanging clusters of yellow and red, tubular flowers have a strong fragrance of cloves. The berries are tasty and tart. Tolerant of poor soil, clay, heat, drought, or moisture.
20 seeds  $4.25   

RIBES hudsonianum New 3785
Northern Black Currant2m  Zone: 1/2
Native from Quebec through western Canada, ranging into the far north growing in moist wooded areas, such as mountain streambanks and in swamp thickets. Erect spikes of white flowers turn into black berries. Wild collected in Alberta.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $4.00   

RIBES triste New June-July3787
Northern Redcurrant50cm  Zone: 1/2
Native throughout all of Canada growing in wet rocky woods, swamps and on cliffs. Purplish flowers in summer are followed by bright red, hairless berries. Wild collected in Alberta.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.00   

SANGUINARIA(BLOODROOT)Family: PAPAVERACEAE
A monospecific genus. A herbaceous perennial found in North American woodlands in fertile, moist soils.

SANGUINARIA canadensis (Moist Packed) New Spring3146
Bloodroot15-25cm  Zone: 3
The lovely bloodroot. There is nothing quite like the pure simplicity of the single stark white anemone-like flowers appearing early in spring, the leaves just emerging and uncurling underneath. Give it a rich, moist shady spot. Gorgeous combined with Hosta, ferns and Asarum.
Germination Instructions: Seed is moist-packed to preserve viability.
30 seeds  $5.00   

SAXIFRAGA
A large genus of 300-370 species, including many natural hybrids and geographic varieties. Most garden sorts are small-leaved, hard and crusty, or moss-like, soft cushion and rosette-forming; also herbaceous, small perennials. Flowers are usually solitary, clustered or in floriferous panicles, racemes or cymes. Primarily mountain plants, so very tolerant of harsh winter conditions. The arctic species survive nearly to the permanent snow fields, others also thrive under high alpine conditions. Primary distribution is the cool temperate northern hemisphere.

SAXIFRAGA paniculata New Early Summer3171
15cm  Zone: 1
An arctic and alpine species widespread throughout Europe and North America. Leaves are fleshy, gray-green, forming hard, prostrate mats. Erect stems carry white flowers in early summer. Easy to cultivate and will form a sizable carpet of crowded rosettes quickly. Full sun to light shade.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
100 seeds  $4.00   

SCHISANDRAFamily: SCHISANDRACEAE
A genus of 25 deciduous or evergreen twining shrubs native to eastern North America and Asia.

SCHISANDRA chinensis New Spring3199
Magnolia Vine7m  Zone: 4
Native to China and Korea. A deciduous vine with glossy green foliage. Nodding blood-red flowers in spring followed by clusters of edible scarlet fruit in autumn. Used medicinally by the Chinese. Tens of tons of berries are used annually in Russia for the commercial manufacture of juices, wines, extracts, and sweets. Only a few packs this year.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.50   

SCILLAFamily: LILIACEAE
A genus of 90 bulbs native to Asia, Europe and South Africa.

SCILLA hyacinthoides New Spring3203
Hyacinth Squill80cm  Zone: 6?
A Squill native to the Middle East and naturalized in the Mediterranean. In the wild it grows in rocky areas and dry fields in full sun. In spring, tall, tapered stalks bear large racemes of starry blue florets above linear, basal foliage. It requires a poor, stony soil to flower well.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

SILENE(CAMPION, CATCHFLY)Family: CARYOPHYLLACEAE
Large genus of plants and members of the Pink family. Silenes are grown in the rock garden, border or woodland garden. Wilder in "The Glamorous Silenes" states "there is about them a magic enchantment, an alluring beauty and charm." Grow them in well-drained, moist soil in full sun to partial shade.

SILENE suecica var. alpina New Early Summer3777
Alpine Catchfly5-10cm  Zone: 2
Native to the mountains of Norway and Sweden; sometimes near the coasts and also in the Alp, Pyrenees, Greenland and North America. Above a basal rosette of linear foliage, stalks carry umbels of bright pink flowers. Our plants are sweet, tiny specimens suited for the rock garden in full sun.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.00   Sorry...Sold Out

SILPHIUM(COMPASS PLANT)Family: COMPOSITAE
20 species of tall perennials native to North America with starry, sun-flower like heads and interesting foliage. The leaves, particularly on young plants, are erect and oriented so that the edges point north-south and the flat surfaces face east-west. Hence the common name. The midday sun, therefore, strikes the narrow edge of the leaves. The sap of many species contains resin.

SILPHIUM perfoliatum New Late Summer3287
Cup Plant2.4m  Zone: 3
Native from Ontario into the southern USA and found in damp to moist soil in open woodlands or prairie. Multi-stemmed and erect, in a massive clump from a woody rootstock. Beautiful large, cuplike, perfoliate leaves which collect rainwater and account for the common name. An abundance of yellow daisy flower heads, often to 8cm wide. Ordinary soil in light shade.
Germination Instructions: Seed requires cold treatment.
15 seeds  $4.00   

SMILAXFamily: LILIACEAE
Aa genus of 200 vines native to North America, Asia and the Tropics.

SMILAX herbacea New Late Spring3301
Smooth Carrion Flower90-270cm  Zone: 3
Here is a unique and attractive climber for the shade garden, almost unknown in commerce. Native to moist woods, thickets and meadows from Manitoba to the Maritimes and into the USA. This uncommon native vine climbs over other vegetation in the wild by means of tendrils. Foliage is clean and lovely; leaves ovate to heart-shaped, looking good all season and turning yellow in autumn. Clusters of intricate tiny green-white flowers form in a ball at the end of a flattened flower stalk in spring. These are followed by showy, large clusters of dark blue berries hanging on long pedicels, creating a very elegant effect. While it would be happiest (and grow tallest) in the woodland garden, it will adapt quite nicely to nearly full sun in average garden soil. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

STAPHYLEA(BLADDER-NUT)Family: STAPHYLEACEAE
These are ornamental, deciduous shrubs or small trees of north temperate regions, with opposite, compound leaves, clusters of whitish flowers and bladderlike fruits. Rarely found in cultivation. Tolerate full sun to part shade.

STAPHYLEA bumalda New Spring3365
2.1m  Zone: 4
From China, Korea and Japan growing in woods and by streams. This species is smaller in all respects than our native Bladdernut. A spreading upright habit with glabrous grey-brown branches and elegant, trifoliate leaves. White flowers in short, loose terminal clusters after the leaves appear in spring. Foliage provides lovely red tints in the autumn. Small inflated seed pods are wonderful late into the season, particularly after the leaves fall. Any soil, sun to part shade. Rare in the trade. Only a few packs.
Germination Instructions: Requires cold treatment.
15 seeds  $4.25   

TALINUM(FAMEFLOWER)Family: PORTULACACEAE
50 species of plants largerly native to the tropics and subtropics with fleshy leaves and often showy flowers.

TALINUM calycinum New Summer3417
Largeflower Fameflower8-15cm  Zone: 4
Native to North America and one of the few members of the genus hardy enough for Zone 4. Above a tiny tuft of linear, fleshy foliage, racemes of strongly-coloured fuschia flowers in summer. Once flowering is finished, the plant retreats to a fleshy underground root, to emerge again the following year.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment recommended.
20 seeds  $3.50   

THALICTRUM(MEADOW RUE)Family: RANUNCULACEAE
A genus of about 100 species of widely distributed plants. Elegant and stately, with feathery panicles of flowers and ferny foliage. Easily grown under garden conditions ranging from well-drained loamy soil to low wet areas. For full sun or part shade.

THALICTRUM flavum glaucum New Summer3450
Yellow Meadow Rue1.5m  Zone: 2/3
This subspecies carries showy panicles of clustered, fuzzy yellow flowers over glaucous green foliage. RHS Award of garden merit.
Germination Instructions: Requires cold; or GA-3 (for warm germination).
20 seeds  $4.00   

THALICTRUM thalictroides (Moist Packed) New Late spring3781
Rue Anemone10-30cm
Formerly known as Anemonopsis thalictroides, this is a small, beautiful, long blooming woodland ephemeral, native to only Ontario in Canada. White to pinkish-lilac flowers in late spring. Plants go dormant once the heat of summer arrives. Very limited. Order early.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $5.00   Sorry...Sold Out

THELYPTERIS

THELYPTERIS palustris New 3466
Marsh Fern60-90cm  Zone: 3
A widely distributed wetland fern growing in swamps, bogs, wet meadows, wet woods, and marshes, also along riverbanks and roadside ditches. Each frond arises individually from a creeping rhizome without forming clumps. The fronds are light green, finely-cut and lacey.
Germination Instructions: Fern spore germination instructions will be provided.
 $4.25   

TRILLIUM(WAKE ROBIN, WOOD LILIES)Family: LILIACEAE
This genus includes 30-50 species primarily distributed in Asia and North America. Mostly spring blooming and, with a few exceptions, deciduous woodland plants. They have underground rhizomes; some species develop a many-stemmed clump, others a dense colony. Whorls of foliage and solitary flowers in white, yellow, green, brown, rose or purple, occasionally bicoloured. After flowering, a fleshy berry is formed. Most species are long lived ornamentals. For optimum growth give them a deep, moist soil in bright, half or fully shaded conditions. They will, however grow in less than ideal conditions.

TRILLIUM cuneatum (Moist Packed) New 3522
30cm  Zone: 4
Native to the eastern USA growing on upland slopes and in woods. This is a beautiful sessile trillium. Mottled grey-green foliage and maroon flowers. Only a few packs. Order early.
Germination Instructions: Seed is moist packed to preserve viability. Cold required.
12 seeds  $5.00   

TRILLIUM luteum (Moist Packed) New Summer3517
Yellow Wake Robin30cm  Zone: 3
The citrous-scented late-blooming Yellow Trillium has pale-green and yellow leaf-mottling on the whorled foliage. Yellow, strongly-upright flower petals in the center of the foliage. Native to rich woods of the American southeast but perfectly hardy to -40C. Very limited quantities. Order early.
Germination Instructions: Seed is ephemeral and sent out freshly collected and moist packed.
12 seeds  $5.00   

TRIOSTEUM

TRIOSTEUM aurantiacum- Red Fruit (Moist Packed) New 3527
The normal orange-yellow fruits are in this case, red. We are very grateful to be able to offer the seed of this variant again, sent to us from a wild Ohio collection by friend James Cheshire, who was also the photographer. Comes true.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $5.00   

VACCINIUMFamily: ERICACEAE
The genus Vaccinium includes upwards of 450 species which occur in cool temperate regions and mountains of both the northern and southern hemispheres. Many are deciduous or evergreen shrubs with edible fruits including blueberries, buckberries, huckleberries, farkleberry, cranberry, whortleberry, crowberry, and bilberry.

VACCINIUM macrocarpon New Summer3574
Large Wild Cranberry10cm  Zone: 2
Native to open bogs, headlands, swamps and lake shores from Newfoundland to Nova Scotia, south to North Carolina and into Minnesota. An evergreen creeping and matting woody groundcover with beautiful nodding, pinkish-white flowers with 4 backward-pointing petals in clusters. Leaves are oval and shiny, coloring a glorious red and purple in the fall. The large, red cranberries ripen in late fall and are wonderful, particularly on such a small plant. The mother of the commercial hybrid cranberry. Seed wild collected in Ontario.

North America produces 96% of the world’s cranberries, using them in tarts, sauces, preserves and juices, as well as dried. Their health benefits are well-known. As well, cranberries are coated with a waxy substance that acts as a preservative, keeping them fresh for extended periods of time.
Germination Instructions: Fresh seed will germinate in very low percentages over many months. Best to provide cold.
30 seeds  $4.25   

VACCINIUM oxycoccos New Early Summer3575
Bog CranberryCreeping  Zone: 2/3
"In the valley and low land close by the river and facing the sun are plenty of cranberries, one can gather those of the last year and those of this year upon the same shrub." (Journal of Alexander Mackenzie July 18, 1798).

A small, evergreen subshrub native to northern North America, Europe and Asia growing in fens and bogs. Its slender stems are prostrate and root at the nodes along the ground. Leaves are lance-shaped and leathery. The beautiful pink to red flowers are like miniature shooting stars. Fruit is a red, juicy berry; often persisting through winter. The tart berries are closely related to V. macrocarpon (Large Cranberry) and have a very good flavor. They are used to make jams, jellies and sauces. Commercial cultivation of Small Cranberry is not as widespread in North America as it is in Europe and Russia. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
25 seeds  $4.25   

VERATRUM(FALSE HELLEBORE)Family: LILIACEAE
20-45 species native to Siberia, North America and Europe. Tall, handsome plants with thick, very poisonous rhizomatous roots. Leaves are broad and elegant tapering to a sheath. Flowers in large panicles on sturdy stems above the foliage. Bold, upright plants for moist, rich soil in shade.

VERATRUM viride (Moist Packed) New Summer3587
Indian Poke60-200cm  Zone: 3
Native throughout North America growing in meadows, bogs, swamps, open forests, from lowlands to subalpine elevations. Green false hellebore is a large robust herbaceous perennial with large pleated and distinctly veined clasping leaves. Star-shaped greenish flowers. For the woodland garden, ideally in moist soil.
Germination Instructions: Seed is moist packed as an aid to germination. Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $5.00   

VERONICASTRUM(BOWMAN'S ROOT)Family: SCROPULARIACEA
A genus of two elegant and architectual woodland species.

VERONICASTRUM sibiricum New Summer3647
1m  Zone: 2/3
Native to Japan, growing in grassy places in the mountains. An elegant plant with clean, whorled foliage; broadly lance-shaped and coming to a fine point. Topping the flowering stems are spikes of purple to pink blooms.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30+ seeds  $4.25   

VIBURNUM(WAYFARING TREE)Family: CAPRIFOLIACEAE
A great genus of 150 woody species originating in the temperate and sub-tropical zones of the northern hemisphere. It has been said that a garden without a Viburnum is akin to life without music and art.

VIBURNUM edule New 3791
Squashberry, Mooseberry2m  Zone: 1/2
Native in every province and territory in Canada growing in moist woods, forest edges, rocky slopes, along streams, and in swamps. A straggling to erect shrub with smooth, leafy branches. White flowers occur in dense, broad, flat-topped clusters on short branches. The fruit is yellow, becoming red or orange in late fall. It is edible although a little tart when fresh. They do make excellent jams and jellies though and are used medicinally. Seed wild collected in Alberta. Very limited.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.00   

VIBURNUM lentago New Spring3648
Nannyberry5.4m  Zone: 2
Native from Manitoba to Hudson Bay and south. An attractive large shrub or small tree with leaves emerging a soft yellow-green, turning glossy dark green then changing to purplish red in fall. White flowers, followed by purplish black fruit. Wonderful for naturalizing. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

VIOLA(VIOLET)Family: VIOLAACEAE
A large genus of 500 species widespread in the temperate zones. All violets are edible. The leaves and flowers can be eaten raw in salads, used as potherbs or thickeners, or made into tea. Violets are high in vitamins A and C. The flowers can be used as a garnish (fresh or candied) or as a flavoring and coloring in vinegar, jelly and syrup. When added to soup the leaves of early blue violet thicken it in much the same way as okra. A tea can be made from the dried leaves. Caution: The rhizomes and seeds are poisonous, causing severe stomach and intestinal upset, as well as nervousness, respiratory and circulatory depression.

VIOLA canadensis (Moist Packed) New Spring3672
Canadian White Violet15cm  Zone: 3
Native across southern Canada and the northern USA, growing in rich woods. A lovely clump-forming stemmed violet with light-green, heart-shaped leaves. The flowers are white with a yellow base, and purplish backs. Will carpet an area in time. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Seed is short-lived and has been moist-packed since collection. Cold treatment or alternatively GA-3 (and warm).
20 seeds  $5.00   

VIOLA rostrata (Moist Packed) New Spring to Early Summer3684
Long-Spurred Violet20-30cm  Zone: 4
Native to eastern North America, growing in rich woodlands. The flowers are beardless, pale lilac with darker veins forming a darker eye. The spur is at least as long as the petals.
Germination Instructions: Seed is moist packed to preserve viability. Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $5.00   

VIOLA sororia (Moist Packed) New Spring to Early Summer3677
Common Blue Violet10-15cm  Zone: 4
Yes, its a vigorous viola, and yes, it self-sows and spreads, but I would not want to be without it. In spring to early summer it lights up dark corners in the woodland garden most delightfully. The blue flowers never fail to bring a smile to my face. Quite drought tolerant once established. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $5.00   

ZIGADENUS

ZIGADENUS elegans New Summer3715
White Camas60cm  Zone: 3
Beautiful, seldom grown native of North America found growing in pine woods and in moist to dry open, grassy areas. Elegant, dense clump of grassy leaves arising from a bulbous rootstock. Strong stems are topped with loose racemes of starry greenish-white flowers. Very limited this year.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   

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