Seeds for the World - GARDENS NORTH - Catalogue
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Catalogue Genus starting with:   A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  R  S  T  V  W  X  Y  Z 
Searching New_This_Year for Yes

ACER(MAPLE)Family: ACERACEAE
Deciduous trees native to North Temperate Zones. As a group, among the most valuable of landscape trees.

ACER pensylvanicum (Moist Packed) New Spring22
Striped Maple4-6m  Zone: 3
A small understory tree native to eastern North America. The green young stems are beautifully striped with white and jade green in a snake-bark fashion. Very large three-lobed leaves turn a rich yellow in autumn. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $5.00   

ACER pseudosieboldianum (Moist Packed) New Spring21
Purplebloom or Korean Maple6m  Zone: 3
This is the choice for all of you who have been longing for a Japanese maple but live in an area with extremely cold winters. Leaves are similar to Acer japonicum and Acer palmatum in shape and texture but its habit is more open than either. Most maples have green or yellowish green flowers, however, on this species they are purple. A beautiful small landscape tree with the bonus of good fall colors ranging from scarlet to orange and yellow. Best used as a focal point in part shade in company with low growing ferns and shade tolerant perennials.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $5.00   Sorry...Sold Out

ACER saccharum (Moist Packed) New Spring24
Sugar Maple30m  Zone: 3
The Sugar Maple is one of the best large shade trees and exemplifies this area of north-eastern Canada. An outstanding native, unmatched for brilliant yellow, orange and red fall colour. Sap is boiled to make maple syrup. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $5.00   

ACONITUM(MONKSHOOD)Family: RANUNCULACEAE
100 species of summer to fall-flowering plants of great importance. Native from asiatic mountains to the Appalachians. The common name refers to the hooded, or helmet-shaped flowers, borne in erect racemes. Dark, delphinium-like leaves. For moist well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. All species are poisonous.

ACONITUM arcuatum (Moist Packed) New Late Summer88
1.5m+  Zone: 3
A very hardy species native to the far east (Korea, Russia) growing on grassy slopes and in forests. This is a scrambling plant which supports itself on shrubs and small trees in the wild. Above dark stems, copious quantities of large, dark purple-blue helmets in terminal racemes.
Germination Instructions: Seed has been moist packed to preserve viability. Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $5.00   

ACONITUM species (Lilac) New Late Summer3819
90cm  Zone: 3
Another lost-tag Aconitum, but a beautiful, late summer blooming species reminiscent of A. japonicum. Very large lilac helmets over dissected foliage.
Germination Instructions: Moist packed to retain viability. Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $5.00   

ACONITUM species -Small, White (Moist Packed) New Early Summer3779
45cm  Zone: 3
A floriferous, small species resembling A. lycoctonum ssp. vulparia except significantly smaller and blooming in early summer. Spikes of creamy flowers with yellowish tips.
Germination Instructions: Seed has been moist packed to preserve viability. Cold treatment required.
20+ seeds  $5.00   

ACONITUM subcuneatum album (Moist) New Mid Autumn3818
90cm  Zone: 5
Originally grown from Japanese seed with the following description "white flower form of Aconitum subcuneatum found at Mt. Iwaki, Aomori-Prefecture, Japan." Most of the plants that ensued were predominatly white with a beautiful ring of pale blue at the edge of the helmets. Even if you end up with some blue plants, this is a hardy, beautiful, large flowered species that can only grace your woodland garden.
Germination Instructions: Moist packed to retain viability. Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $5.50   

ACONITUM uncinatum (Moist Packed) New Summer to Fall62
To 120cm  Zone: 3
This is a scrambling or twining species native to the eastern USA, growing in low woods and on damp slopes. Dark green palmately divided and toothed foliage. Hoods of purple-blue in summer to fall.
Germination Instructions: Seed is ephemeral and has been moist packed to preserve viability. Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $5.00   

ACTAEA(BANEBERRY)Family: RANUNCULACEAE
Derives its common name from the very poisonous berries. Genus is comprised of 8 species of elegant perennials native to rich moist woods in the North Temperate zone with large compound leaves, small white flowers in racemes and showy, oval, glossy berries in the Fall. Baneberries are woodland species and do well in shady locations, particularly in moist, humus-rich soil.

ACTAEA asiatica New Spring110
Asian Baneberry70cm  Zone: 3
Native to Korea, Japan and China and a rare Baneberry with spikes of fluffy white flowers in spring followed by showy black berries on pink-tinged stalks. Wonderful in the woodland garden.
15 seeds  $4.25   Sorry...Sold Out

ACTAEA rubra (Pink) New Late Spring to Summer113
45cm  Zone: 3
A beautiful pink clone of the species originally found in the wild in Nova Scotia.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   Sorry...Sold Out

AGASTACHE(GIANT HYSSOP)Family: LAMIACEAE
A genus of 30 species native to North America and Mexico; one to Japan. Wonderfully aromatic flowers are arranged in dense spikes. Most species flower the first year from seed.

AGASTACHE mexicana Sangria New July-October3821
Mexican Giant Hyssop90-120cm  Zone: 7
Native to southwestern North America, a wonderfully lemon scented, sun-loving and drought tolerant species with bright pink whorls of flowers most of the summer, which can be extended by cutting back mid season. Loved by bees and birds. Foliage and flowers make a lovely tea.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator. Give an early start for first-year flowering.
30 seeds  $4.00   

AGASTACHE rupestris New All Season140
45cm  Zone: 5
A wonderful species with an extended bloom season from mid-summer to mid-autumn. Aromatic gray-green foliage. Spikes of attractive bronze-orange flowers. A heat lover. Plant early in full sun and ordinary soil for a fabulous show all season first year from seed. Has been known to survive in some sheltered Zone 4 gardens.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   

ALLIUM
A large genus with upwards of 700 bulbous species native throughout the northern hemisphere. Many are beautiful ornamentals.

A NOTE ON ALLIUM GERMINATION

Many species of Allium requiring cold treatment can be sown in late summer to early fall, with pots kept outdoors until late fall to early winter. This short, superficial cold treatment is often enough to have seedlings sprouted before the onset of winter; which can then be brought indoors and grown on.

ALLIUM atropurpureum New Summer190
60cm  Zone: 3
Although beginning to show up from the Holland bulb trade, this very showy east European native is not yet widely available. Flowers are up-facing domes of a luscious wine-red, each individual bloom containing hundreds of tiny blossoms. The long-lasting flowers are beautiful in the border or in dried arrangements. Very limited this year.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.00   Sorry...Sold Out

ALLIUM caeruleum New Mid Summer188
30cm  Zone: 2
Native to bleak areas of Siberia. This is a showy small Allium with grass-thin foliage and globular flower umbels of deep sky blue with excerted stamens. Easily grown in a dry spot, or in ordinary soil with good drainage. Full sun.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.00   

ALLIUM carinatum ssp. pulchellum album New Mid summer189
30-45cm  Zone: 3
The beautiful pure white flowered form of the species. Open pollinated.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $4.00   

ALLIUM flavum tauricum mix New Summer216
15-20cm  Zone: 3/4
The well known Allium flavum is a yellow flowered species, but the lesser known Turkish variety tauricum has flowers that are tinged with other colors in a variety of pastel shades. This is a mix of various colours which we are happy to have back in our list.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $4.25   

ALLIUM flavum tauricum Pink New 3784
15cm
Selected from Allium flavum tauricum mix, this is a beautiful pink form.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

ALLIUM moly New Summer183
15cm  Zone: 3
Native of southern Europe. References to this species can be found in Homer's Odyssey as the "moly" who safeguarded Ulysses. Wide, flat leaves and starry golden yellow flowers in umbels. Quick to increase and will naturalize if happy. Flowers in one year from seed and will tolerate semi-shade. Very limited this year.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.00   Sorry...Sold Out

ALLIUM obliquum New Summer194
75cm  Zone: 3
The flowers of this rare species from Romania to northwestern China are an unusual shade of acid-yellow carried in a tight umbel on top of tall stems. Tolerates heavy soil and summer moisture. Full sun to light shade.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
25 seeds  $4.25   

ALLIUM paniculatum New July217
30cm  Zone: 3
Allium paniculatum is a variable species in terms of size with a range of flower color from white, pink, red, yellow and green. It flowers later than many Allium and is a joy to have in the July garden. Seed is from one of our taller beautiful light pink clones. Very limited this year.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.00   

ALLIUM paniculatum album New 3798
The white form of this variable species.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20+ seeds  $4.00   

ALLIUM spirale New Late Summer222
15cm  Zone: 3
Much nomenclature confusion here. This used to be recognized as a dwarf, glaucous and twisted form of A. senescens, sometimes also referred to as A. senescens glaucum. I now believe that the old name for these spiral-foliaged forms has been resurrected, although not necessarily for what we have known as A. senecens glaucum. Whew! Whatever it is called, this is a first rate plant, often called the "Curly, Swirly Onion." Foliage is glaucous, grey-green and twists and turns in curls, making a fantastic foliage effect. Pom-poms of fragrant lavender-pink flowers top this in late summer.
20 seeds  $4.25   

ALLIUM tricoccum New Early Summer191
Wild Garlic or Leek15-50cm  Zone: 4
The Wild Leek is included for its culinary rather than ornamental value. Native to rich, moist woods of eastern North America and a spring delicacy in the farmers markets here, as both the leaves and bulbs are delicious in soups and salads. The leaves rise and wither before the flowers appear, leaving a naked stem topped by clusters of creamy white flowers. Seed wild collected in Ontario. Very limited this year.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   Sorry...Sold Out

ALLIUM victorialis New Summer218
Victory Onion, Alpine Leek30-50cm  Zone: 3
Native from Europe to Asia and a rarely grown Allium notable for it's shade tolerance. The wide foliage is wonderful even when not it bloom and the spherical heads of white flowers outstanding. Very limited this year.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

ANDROMEDAFamily: ERICACEAE
A genus of two low, evergreen shrubs.

ANDROMEDA glaucophylla New Spring312
Bog Rosemary10-30cm  Zone: 2
A lovely, low, spreading, evergreen shrub, native to northern North America growing on wet soils, especially in peatlands, open bogs and fens. Foliage is evergreen, firm and leathery; dark often bluish-green above, leathery, distinctly white below, with fine, waxy powder; the edges rolled under. White to pinkish urn-shaped flowers appear in drooping clusters at the branch tips in late spring. Will adapt to moist soil in ordinary garden conditions. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
30 seeds  $4.25   

ANGELICAFamily: UMBELLIFERAE
50 species of herbs with domed flower heads and dramatic, dissected aromatic leaves. Wonderful in the border or as specimen plants. Particularly effective next to a stream or pondside. For sun or part shade in rich, moist soil.

ANGELICA gigas New Late Summer351
90-240cm  Zone: 3
Monocarpic species native to Asia with handsome, bold, divided foliage providing a beautiful contrast to finely textured grasses or woody plants. Domes of sparkling waxy maroon flowers emerge from voluptuous rich purple sheaths. For light to medium shade in moisture retentive soil.
30 seeds  $4.25   

AQUILEGIA
A genus of 65 species. Columbines are one of the most valuable garden perennials and old-fashioned favorites, grown for their beautiful foliage and graceful spurred flowers. As they hybridize freely, the resultant seedlings may produce interesting variation. Seed sown early may bloom late the first season. Sun or shade and moist soil. The germination of all columbines stimulated by the use of GA-3.

AQUILEGIA alpina New Early Summer378
30-45cm  Zone: 2
Native to the mountains of Europe with exceptionally large, long-stalked deep blue flowers. For sun to semi-shade in a cool spot. Often confused with A. vulgaris.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment recommended.
30 seeds  $4.00   

AQUILEGIA Black Barlow New Late Spring414
60cm  Zone: 2
A delightful, dark purple, almost black, double flowered selection long in cultivation.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment recommended.
20 seeds  $3.50   

ARCTOSTAPHYLOS

ARCTOSTAPHYLOS uva ursi New Spring431
Kinnikinnick5-15cm  Zone: 2
A beautiful, evergreen mat-like shrub, growing on rocky outcrops and the floor of open woods. Small, leathery leaves and long, trailing stems with brownish-red peeling bark. Flowers are urn-shaped, pink to white followed by brilliant red, dry berries. A wonderful groundcover for a sunny, open space. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

ARISAEMA(JACK IN THE PULPIT)Family: ARACEAE
A large group of perennials native to Asia and North America with new species coming into cultivation yearly. The spathe and spadix, which constitute the flowers, are typical of the Aroids. Spikes of decorative berries appear later. For fertile, moisture-retentive, but well-drained soil in light shade. The species most likely to be (outdoor) hardy for gardeners in really cold regions of Canada are A. amurense, dracontium, flavum, sikokianum and triphyllum.

ARISAEMA amurense New Summer440
50cm  Zone: 3
Native to northern China, Korea and Siberia and a handsome, reliable and extremely hardy species, growable in most gardens in the north. It roughly resembles a stout A. triphyllum, and is early to emerge and bloom. Spathe color will vary from green with paler stripes to dark brownish-purple with white stripes.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
15 seeds  $4.25   

ARISAEMA consanguineum New Summer457
1.2m
From temperate east Asia and affectionately termed "the weed of Yunnan." This tall, handsome and variable species has an elegant, long-tipped, greenish spathe stained purple, under an umbrella of a radiate leaf. Foliage and bloom are highly variable, so you can expect some interesting results.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   Sorry...Sold Out

ARISAEMA serratum (Silver Leaf) New 466
90cm  Zone: 5
A dramatic, tall species, native to Japan, Korea and China. The maroon striped pitcher sits above silver-streaked leaves. Limited quantities.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
12 seeds  $4.50   Sorry...Sold Out

ASCLEPIAS(MILKWEED)Family: ASCLEPIADACEAE
A large genus of 200 species, with a wide distribution, but most are concentrated in North America and Africa. Once established they are easily grown plants with attractive foliage, intricate flowers and seed pods suitable for drying. The primary host plant for the Monarch butterfly.

ASCLEPIAS incarnata alba New 509
White Swamp Milkweed
The species is native to eastern North America and a magnificent, accomodating perennial. Grows best in moist soils, but also thrives in ordinary garden conditions. Tight umbels of amazingly intricate flowers and linear, pointed leaves. This variety has pure white flowers in late summer. Open pollinated.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.00   

ASTRANTIA(MASTERWORT)Family: UMBELLIFERAE
A genus of nine species of hardy perennials with flowers of subtle beauty. They are charming cottage garden plants grown for their bold foliage and cushions of long-lasting lacy flowers encircled by a collar of bracts. Excels as a cut flower. Moist, rich soil in sun to part shade but will tolerate less than ideal conditions.

ASTRANTIA minor (Moist Packed) New Late Summer559
Dwarf Masterwort10-30cm  Zone: 4/5
Native to rocky, partly shaded areas of the Pyrenees and the central Alps. A small species with palmate foliage producing small greenish-white flower heads in late summer. Can be challenging in cultivation. Rarely offered.
Germination Instructions: Seeds have been moist-packed to preserve viability. Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $5.00   Sorry...Sold Out

BETULA
A genus of 60 trees and shrubs known for their beautiful glossy bark, often exfoliating, in shades of white, pink, amber or brown.

BETULA pubescens New Spring614
Downy Birch10-20m  Zone: 2
A very hardy small tree native throughout northern Europe, Iceland and northern Asia, common on wet, poorly drained clay sites and bogs. It has a slender crown and the smooth, grey-white bark is finely marked with dark horizontal lenticels. The shoots are grey-brown and downy. The alternative round to oval leaves are dark-green with a finely serrated margin. The flowers are catkins, produced in early spring before the leaves. The sap is rich in sugar and when tapped in spring can be made into birch wine. Seed wild collected in Finland.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.25   

BOUTELOUA(GRAMMA, MOSQUITO GRASS)Family: GRAMINAE
About 50 species of perennial and annual grasses native to North and South America known for their distinctively arranged spike-like flowers and narrow foliage. Grasses of the open prairie, requiring well-drained soil in sun.

BOUTELOUA gracilis New Late Summer to Fall632
Blue Gramma30cm  Zone: 3
This is a small, clumping, warm-season grass native to dry, sandy plains from Manitoba west to BC. An excellent choice for the xeric garden where it can be used in the front of the border or as a specimen. It is low enough to be used as a lawn substitute. Above very narrow grey-green foliage very decorative flower heads, turning maroon-purple as they mature.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.00   

BUPLEURUM(THROW WAX)Family: UMBELLIFERAE
A genus of about 100 plants with flowers in umbels, usually yellow.

BUPLEURUM falcatum New July-August644
Thoroughwax45cm  Zone: 4
Native from Europe to Asia growing on dry, stony hillsides and in pastures. Above lance-shaped foliage thin, wiry, branching stems hold umbels of cow-parsley like flowers creating a soft haze of yellow-green for weeks in midsummer. For the dry, sunny garden. The roots have a 2,000 year history in Chinese medicine. Photograph: Beth Chatto Gardens
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $3.75   

CALLUNA

CALLUNA vulgaris New Late Summer664
Heather20-50cm  Zone: 4
Native to western North America, northern and western Europe and ranging into Siberia, growing on well-drained acidic soils in open, sunny spots and in moderate shade. It is a common, often dominating, component of heath and moorland habitats, and also on peat bogs and in open pine forests. Heather is the national flower of Norway, although it also has strong associations with Scotland. A small, dense, erect evergreen shrub with fine, scale-like foliage and pink, mauve to purple flowers in late summer. Seed wild collected.
Photograph: Wikipedia
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $4.25   

CALOTROPIS

CALOTROPIS gigantea New 3827
Giant Milkweed or Crown Flower2.4-3m  Zone: 10-11
A large shrub or small tree native to Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Sri Lanka, India, China and Pakistan. This milkweed family member is noted for its upright growth, milky sap and pale purple or white crown-like flowers which appear in clusters appearing throughout the year, but primarily in summer. Sap in eyes can cause inflammation and is an irritant to mucus membranes. Where winter hardy, grow as a hedge or train as a small tree. Where not winter hardy, grow in large containers which must be overwintered indoors.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
10 seeds  $4.25   

CAMASSIA(WILD HYACINTH)Family: LILIACEAE
Natives of western North America and bulbous relatives of the lily. Occur naturally in rich meadows, wet in spring, dry in summer. Beautiful and highly underused garden plants. They produce grassy, lance-shaped foliage and long, erect flower stems bearing star-shaped flowers in blue, purple, white or cream. Tolerate some shade, but perform better in full sun and moist spring soil.

CAMASSIA scilloides New Early Spring672
Eastern Camas, Wild Hyacinth30-50cm  Zone: 5
Native to eastern North America, growing in open woods, meadows and prairie. Keeled, linear, grass-like foliage. Open spikes of 6-petalled violet-blue starry flowers in early spring. While it will endure deep shade, best in an open spot in the woodland garden; or in sun. Wild collected in Ohio.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

CARDIOCRINUM(GIANT LILY)Family: LILIACEAE
A small genus of Asian bulbs, formerly classified as Lilium.

CARDIOCRINUM cordatum var. glehnii (Moist Packed) New Late Summer748
100cm  Zone: 4
Hailing from Japan, where it grows in moist woodlands, this is a northerly, robust form of the species. The spectacular, large heart-shaped leaves emerge dramatically mottled copper-red, fading to medium green as the season progresses. Huge 15cm trumpets emerge in August, cream tinted green, with interior maroon dotting and a yellow base. Worth every effort to grow! Had no problem with -40C in our former Ontario gardens.
Germination Instructions: Seeds have been moist packed since harvest.
20+ seeds  $5.00   

CARDIOCRINUM giganteum (Moist Packed) New Summer749
1.3-4m  Zone: 5/6
Native to central and western China, this is a very tall Cardiocrinum topped by enormous, fragrant white bells. Cool, rich, humusy soil in part shade.
Germination Instructions: Seed has been moist packed as an aid to germination.
20 seeds  $5.00   

CERCIDIPHYLLUM

CERCIDIPHYLLUM japonicum New Spring838
Katsura Tree15m  Zone: 3
A graceful, single or multi-trunked understory tree native to Japan with a dense, rounded habit. Bark is brown; shaggy and peeling on old trunks. Flowers in spring are insignificant. It is primarily grown for its beautiful shape and attractive foliage. Round-oval leaves resemble those of a redbud (Cercis = redbud genus and phyllon= Greek for leaf). Leaves emerge reddish-purple in spring, mature to medium-green with a slight bluish tinge in summer and turn striking shades of gold, orange and red in fall. Although not aromatic, the fallen autumn leaves have been varyingly described as smelling of cinnamon, burnt sugar or ripe apples.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.25   

CHELONE(TURTLE HEAD)Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE
A genus of 6 perennials native to North America with large snapdragon-like flowers in pink, red or white. They resemble the head of a turtle with its mouth open. Their colour range is much appreciated in the late summer and fall. Moisture lovers and wonderful for the semi-shaded border or waterside.

CHELONE lyonii New Late Summer857
Pink Turtle Head90cm  Zone: 4
Dark green, glabrous foliage with heavily toothed outer margins. Tight clusters of hooded rose-purple flowers with a yellow lip. The most common turtle head in North America. Will tolerate full sun if in moist soil. May flower first year from seed.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $4.00   

CHIONANTHUS(FRINGE TREE)Family: OLEACEAE
A genus of 100 deciduous trees and shrubs native to eastern Asia, Korea, Japan and the USA with white flowers in terminal panicles.

CHIONANTHUS virginicus (Moist Packed) New Spring865
Fringe Tree, Old Man's Beard4 to 6m  Zone: 3
Native to moist, rich woodlands from Pennsylvania to Florida, and west to Arkansas and Texas. A beautiful shrub or small tree with a rounded crown. Showy, fringed, fragrant creamy white blooms appear with the foliage in the spring. Dark blue fruits in the fall. Flowers at an early age. Michael Dirr says he would "like to make a case for this as the national shrub of the USA because it carries itself with such refinement, dignity and class when in flower."
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $5.00   

CHRYSOSPLENIUM

CHRYSOSPLENIUM macrophyllum (Moist Packed) New March/April3795
Giant Golden Saxifrage15-30cm  Zone: 6/7
A stoloniferous Chinese ground cover with interesting white flower clusters and conspicuous stamens tipped with pink anthers surrounded by light green bracts. In early spring, flowers are held just above large, fleshy, ciliated leaves with scalloped edges on stout red stems. Little known or grown.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $5.00   

CIMICIFUGA(BUGBANE)Family: RANUNCULACEAE
The stately Bugbanes form large clumps of divided foliage, above which rise tall spires of white flowers, with a fluffy effect. Very dramatic among shrubs or grouped at the back of the border. Requires deep humus soils in sun or part shade.

CIMICIFUGA japonica New August-September3816
45cm  Zone: 4
(Actaea)Native to Japan, Korea and China, a beautiful small and heat-tolerant species. Really excellent glossy foliage with wands of white flowers, over a long period in early autumn.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.50   

CLEMATIS(CLEMATIS)Family: RANUNCULACEAE
PLEASE READ:

With some exceptions, Clematis seed are not long lived, even in optimum storage. During early to late fall of each year, we revise our listings, removing all stock from the previous season, and slowly replacing it with fresh seed, as it becomes available.

As I know many of you wait for the Clematis each season, rest assured that the list will continue to grow from October through December, with the same process repeating itself each season. Check back regularly, or write to ask about future availability of particular species.

CLEMATIS carrizoensis New 3804
Carrizo Sands Leather FlowerZone: 5
A new, narrowly endemic species described from the Carrizo Sands of northeastern Texas. Yellowish-cream tinged lilac flowers over thick, reticulate foliage.
Germination Instructions: Germinates over an extended period at warm.
15 seeds  $4.50   

CLEMATIS crispa New All Season945
Curly Clematis, Swamp Leatherflower2-2.5m  Zone: 4/5
Native to the southeastern USA, growing in mucky places, but perfectly happy in ordinary garden conditions, tolerating moderate shade to sun. This delicate species has a lovely, spicy fragrance and distinctive shape, accounting for it's common name. Four sepals are melded together at the base forming a bell shape. About half way from the base, the sepals separate and curl back to form a complete circle as it touches itself. The edges of the sepals are ruffled and end in a sharp tip.
Germination Instructions: Seed germinates over a long period at warm.
15 seeds  $4.25   

CLEMATIS fusca (Dark Form) New Mid to Late Summer956
2m  Zone: 3
A very hardy, easy to grow and fascinating species with a wide distribution in the wild from eastern Russia, Mongolia, Korea and NE China, growing in open, bushy places and in shrubberies. A herbaceous climber with nodding, urn-shaped flowers borne on thick, often purplish-brown peduncles, with downy pedicels. The dark reddish-brown thick-textured flowers are covered with a dark felt of fur. This collection is from my darkest, almost black flowers Very limited this season.
Germination Instructions: Extended warm germinator. GA-3 speeds up germination.
15 seeds  $4.50   Sorry...Sold Out

CLEMATIS glaucophylla New Summer to Fall957
Whiteleaf Leather Flower3m  Zone: 4
Native to the eastern USA and closely related to texensis with glaucous, bluish foliage beautiful against the hot pink edged in yellow flowers. In the wild it grows along stream banks in acidic to neutral soil.
Germination Instructions: Germinates over a long period at warm.
12 seeds  $4.25   

CLEMATIS integrifolia New Summer888
60-90cm  Zone: 1
A herbaceous clematis, forming an expanding clump that can be left sprawling as a groundcover or allowed to grow over a nearby shrub. Nodding, urn-shaped and slightly flaring lavender to violet-blue flowers with creamy white stamens. Only a few packs.
Germination Instructions: Germinates over a long period at warm.
15 seeds  $4.00   Sorry...Sold Out

CLEMATIS morefieldii New Early Summer3803
Morefield's leather-flower 5m  Zone: 5
A federally endangered species with a very limited range in northern Alabama and south-east Tennessee, growing in open woods among limestone boulders. Beautiful urn-shaped pink flowers, suffused with green. Very limited quantity
Germination Instructions: Germinates over an extended period at warm
15 seeds  $4.75   Sorry...Sold Out

CLEMATIS ochroleuca New Early Summer936
Curly Heads30-45cm  Zone: 4
Native to eastern North America, found along the Atlantic Coast from New York, southward to Georgia; growing in dry, rocky forests or on sandy grasslands. This rarely available bush Clematis is topped in late spring to early summer with hairy creamy-yellow to violet-blue urn-shaped flowers. Curly-headed seeds follow. I am very grateful for this wild collection from North Carolina.
Germination Instructions: Germinates at an extended period at warm.
12 seeds  $4.50   Sorry...Sold Out

CLEMATIS scottii New Summer887
Sugarbowl15cm  Zone: 4
One of the most distinctive species in the genus, native to the Rocky Mountains. The fact that it has historically been placed in both Anemone and Pulsatilla shows that there was no initial agreement as to the status of the plant. The beautiful purple-blue nodding flowers are over glaucous, bluish-green foliage. Perfect for the rock or crevice garden. Very limited this year.
Germination Instructions: Germinates over a long period at warm.
15 seeds  $4.25   Sorry...Sold Out

CLEMATIS tubulosa New Late Summer927
1.5m  Zone: 4
This is a herbaceous species often confused with C. heracleifolia---but it is quite different---with upright, widely-spreading flowers, bunched together in tight clusters at the upper leaf nodes. Large tomentose leaves and hyacinth-like, fragrant blue-purple flowers late in the season.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   Sorry...Sold Out

CLEMATIS vinacea New 977
Zone: 4
Originally from Tennessee and a recently named new viorna group species. It is reminiscent of viorna, but with fine white/gray hairs on the young leaves and stems as well as a completely dusky pink canescent flower. Very lovely and long blooming
Germination Instructions: Germination is over a long period at warm.
15 seeds  $4.50   

CLEMATIS viorna group mix New 894
This is a mix of the following species in the American Viorna Clematis group: crispa, glaucophylla, moorefieldii, pitcheri, reticulata, versicolor and viorna. Open pollinated.
Germination Instructions: All species germinate over an extended period at warm. We suggest you use the moist-vermiculite and baggie method for germination.
35+ seeds  $4.50   

COREMA

COREMA conradii New Early Spring1034
Broom Crowberry30cm  Zone: 4
In mid-April, the sand barrens of the Annapolis Valley in Nova Scotia are a haze of bronzy red/purple as the small flowers of Corema bloom en masse. Closely related to Empetrum, this is a beautiful small, mounded evergreen resembling a heath with needle-like foliage whorled on thin stems. Part of the Coastal Plains Flora; it is rare across it's range; although it is often hard to imagine this when one is in the midst of a large colony that can extend over acres. This is an elegant plant, grown for it's beautiful foliage all season. For full sun, in an acid soil. Seed wild collected in Nova Scotia.
Germination Instructions: Research on germination discloses massive germination in the wild the year following fire; yet mimicking these same conditions artificially has not produced the same result. Otherwise the only method that has produced (sparse) germination is cold treatmen
20 seeds  $4.25   

CORNUS(DOGWOOD)Family: CORNACEAE
About 45 species of mostly deciduous shrubs or small trees, native to North America, Europe, Asia and Africa.

CORNUS alternifolia (Moist Packed) New Early Summer1044
Pagoda Dogwood5-8m  Zone: 3
Native to eastern North America. The distinctive, tiered branching habit of Cornus alternifolia will add a touch of elegance to your garden. Pagoda dogwood is a suitable tree for small- to medium-sized gardens and is more disease resistant than many other dogwoods. It has lacy white flowers which ripen to bluish-black berries in mid summer. Vibrant fall color begins with burgundy hues that turn bright red with yellow toward the interior of the tree. Pagoda dogwood is attractive in woodland gardens; its low, wide form makes it ideal for screening as well. The winter garden reveals its attractive branching pattern. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $5.00   

CORNUS mas Flava (Moist Packed) New 1061
Cornelian Cherry
A beautiful and showy large shrub or small, densely branched tree native to Europe producing an abundance of yellow flowers on bare twigs in early spring. These are followed by large, cherry-like oblong edible fruits, making wonderful jam or preserves. Leaves turn reddish purple in fall.

This form of Cornelian Cherry produces yellow, not red fruit. Ripens slightly earlier than the species.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
12 seeds  $5.00   

CORNUS rugosa New Early Summer1053
Round -Leaved Dogwood3m  Zone: 3
Native to eastern North America growing on sandy, gravelly, or rocky slopes. An upright shrub with warty branches. Stems are first green, then turn purple. Broadly ovate, pointed leaves. Flat-topped clusters of creamy-white flowers bloom in early summer followed by pea-sized, light blue fruit maturing in late summer, which are usually quickly eaten by birds. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.00   

CORYDALIS(CORYDALIS)Family: FUMARACEAE
300 species with finely dissected, often blue-green foliage and yellow, blue, pink or rose-purple tubular, spurred flowers in the spring. "Corydalis" is Greek for "lark" referring to the lark-like spurs of the flowers. Many species cannot tolerate dry storage and must be sown fresh. Source: Liden & Zetterlund, Corydalis, Timber Press.

CORYDALIS aurea New Summer1071
Golden Corydalis15-30cm  Zone: 1
Glaucous self-perpetuating biennial or annual growing in dry places. Gray-green finely divided foliage and golden-yellow spurred flowers in summer. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $3.50   

CRATAEGUS(HAWTHORN)Family: ROSACEAE
A huge genus of usually thorny, deciduous trees or shrubs. 25 species are native to Canada with several hundred more found in the United States. White flowers, often aging to pink in early summer and prominent "apples" in the autumn. Native throughout the northern Hemisphere. All Hawthorn fruits are edible, making good jam and jelly.

CRATAEGUS chlorosarca New Spring1171
6m  Zone: 2
A rarely cultivated, very hardy Asian species (Japan and Manchuria) with a columnar to narrow pyramidal crown. The reddish-brown branches are only seldom thorny. The dark green leaves, broadly oval are irregularly serrated and emerge early in the year. Umbels of creamy white flowers in spring are followed by edible black fruit.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.25   

CRATAEGUS punctata aurea New Spring3807
Dotted Hawthorn4-7m  Zone: 4
Native to eastern North America. A large shrub to a small branching, rounded tree once established, tending to grow with a multi-stemmed habit. Serrated, dark green leaves and distinctive pale (grey) bark, which is particularly noticeable in the winter. Pretty white flowers in spring are followed by ornamental, golden yellow pommes in late summer to autumn. Wild collected in Ohio
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.25   

CRYPTOGRAMMA

CRYPTOGRAMMA crispa New 3809
European Parsley Fernto 30cm  Zone: 3
A beautiful, small arctic–alpine species producing separate sterile and fertile fronds and a pioneer species on acidic screes in the wild. Gorgeous, very finely cut frond-foliage. Spore wild collected in Finland.

Photograph: Meneerke Bloem
Germination Instructions: Spore instructions will be sent.
 $4.75   

DALEA(INDIGO BUSH)Family: LEGUMINOSAE
A genus of 160 perennials and shrubs native to the Americas with flowers in pea-like racemes.

DALEA purpurea New Summer2621
Purple Prairie Clover30-90cm  Zone: 2/3
Native in Canada from Alberta east through Ontario growing in glades, rocky open woods and prairies. The very fine pea-like foliage is complemented by magenta to rose-purple flowers that bloom upward on cylindrical spikes. This striking prairie plant grows best in a well drained site with average moisture and is very drought tolerant.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $3.50   

DIGITALIS(FOXGLOVE)Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE
Genus of summer-flowering biennials and perennials bearing tubular flowers with wonderful speckled throats. The common name Foxglove was originally "folks-glove", the glove of the good folk, or fairies, who inhabited the woodland where foxgloves naturally grow. Of easy culture, thriving in moist soil in part shade or sun

DIGITALIS obscura New Summer to Late Summer1316
15-30cm  Zone: 4
Native to Spain and an utterly charming little species preferring heat and a well drained spot to be happy. Flowers are orange and brown, over a long period in summer to late summer. Wonderful whorled foliage.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   

DIRCA(LEATHERWOOD)Family: THYMELAECEAE
A genus of two decidous shrubs native to North America.

DIRCA palustris (Moist Packed) New Very Early Spring1351
Eastern Leatherwood1-3m  Zone: 3
A deciduous, branching shrub native to eastern North America ranging into northern Ontario. In the wild it grows in moist, rich deciduous and mixed-wood forests. It has an architectural habit with large, light-green, obovate foliage turning yellow in autumn. Fragrant, small, yellow tube-like flowers appear in April to early May, before the leaves; surely the earliest woody species to bloom in the north. Branches are exceptionally pliant and resist breakage, accounting for it's common name. Slow growing and very long lived. Rarely offered because it is not widespread, and also because mature fruits are shed very quickly and synchronously after ripening. Seed wild collected in Ontario. Very limited.
Germination Instructions: Seed has been moist packed as an aid to germination. Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $5.00   Sorry...Sold Out

DROSERA(SUNDEW)Family: DROSERNACEAE
A genus of 100 carnivorous plants with a cosmopolitan distribution.

DROSERA rotundifolia New Summer1383
Round-Leaved Sundew15cm  Zone: 3
A small, insectivorous plant with a wide distribution. Most often grows in bogs, but also swamps, rotting logs, mossy crevices in rocks, or damp sand along stream, lake, or pond margins. Leaves are in a basal rosette, lying flat on ground; the upper surface covered with reddish, glandular hairs tipped with a sticky, secretion resembling a dewdrop that traps insects, hence its name. Small, white to pinkish flowers in a one-sided raceme, only opening in sunshine. For a wet, organic, acid soil low in nutriets. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
50 seeds  $4.25   

ECHINOCYSTISFamily: CUCURBITACEAE
A one-species genus.

ECHINOCYSTIS lobata New Late Summer1423
Cucumber Vine5m
The wild cucumber vine is an annual tendril climber native to North America. Frothy white flowers in summer to late summer followed by large prickly seed pods. Confine to the wilder parts of the garden where it will happily scramble up and over evergreens, disguise compost piles, or cover a fence. Will reliably self sow and perpetuate itself, once established.
10 seeds  $4.00   

EPIGAEA

EPIGAEA repens New Early Spring1461
Trailing Arbutus, Mayflower10cm  Zone: 2
Native throughout eastern North America and the provincial flower of Nova Scotia. This is a beautiful small sub-shrub we have long sought to include in our list. Rare in our (calcareous) area, it prefers acid soil in sandy or rocky woods. Leaves are hairy, leathery and evergreen, with woody, prostrate stems that trail along the ground. Very fragrant white or pink flowers in clusters near blooming after the last snow melt in spring. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30+ seeds  $4.50   

ERIOPHORUM(COTTON GRASS)Family: CYPERACEAE
A small genus of 20 grass-like plants bearing soft tufts of cotton-like flowers in summer.

ERIOPHORUM virginicum New Summer1491
Tawny Cotton-Grass60-120cm  Zone: 4
Native to eastern North America; and a lovely sight in the wild, inhabiting wet meadows and bogs. It is a tufted plant with fibrous roots, and usually the last species to bloom in our area. The densely wooly cotton balls are a unique light-reddish-brown. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $4.00   

ERYSIMUM(WALLFLOWER)Family: CRUCIFERAE
A genus of 80 annual or perennial plants, often woody-based with narrow leaves and often fragrant flowers in corymbs.

ERYSIMUM pieninicum New June-July1512
Pieniny wallflower30-100cm  Zone: 4
A biennial endemic to Poland, where it is a red-listed, protected species. Yellow flowers top grey-green, hairy foliage.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.00   

EUPATORIUM(BONESET)Family: COMPOSITAE
An American genus, the best species of which are wonderful garden subjects. They form large bushy plants with flower heads in purple, rose or white, grouped into corymbs.

EUPATORIUM maculatum New Early Autumn1553
Joe Pye Weed120-180cm  Zone: 2
Native to eastern North America. Forms a massive clump of robust stems, speckled purple with whorled leaves. Very large, domed, panicles of rose pink to purplish flower heads. An effective plant for naturalizing beside water, or for the back of the border. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
50 seeds  $4.00   

FAGUS

FAGUS grandifolia (Moist Packed) New Spring3808
American Beech20-35m  Zone: 4
A beautiful shade-tolerant deciduous tree native to eastern North America with smooth silver-grey bark and clean dark-green foliage. Monoecious yellowish-green flowers bloom in April-May and are followed in late summer by a crop of nuts which provide food for numerous species of animals. Foliage turns golden bronze in fall.
Germination Instructions: Seed cannot tolerate prolonged drying and has been moist packed. Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $5.00   Sorry...Sold Out

FRAGARIA

FRAGARIA vesca New Summer1588
Woodland Strawberry8-15cm  Zone: 5
Native throughout much of the northern hemisphere. Numerous, white flowers with yellow centers appear throughout summer over trifoliate, coarsely-toothed, green leaves. Flowers are followed by edible, bright red strawberries.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
25 seeds  $4.00   

GENTIANA(GENTIAN)Family: GENTIANACEAE
A large genus of 400 species, the majority of which are low-growing alpines. Most are notable for their strong blue flowers. Source: Halda, The Genus Gentiana

GENTIANA lutea New Summer1662
Great Yellow Gentian90-150cm  Zone: 3
From the mountains of Europe. Extremely handsome plant for border or woodland with yellow wheel-like flowers in dense false whorls or clusters up the tall stems. The foliage is almost as spectacular, leaves are large (30cm), elliptic with prominent, curved veins, almost pinched, and bluish-green. Rootstock becomes as thick as an arm. Has medicinal properties; also used to flavor vermouth and to produce gentian schnapps. A robust and splendid gentian for moist, well-drained soil in light shade.
Germination Instructions: Best provided with outdoor cold treatment over winter.
30 seeds  $4.25   

GENTIANA tibetica New Late Summer1673
Tibetan Gentian, Qin Jiao30-60cm  Zone: 4
A tallish gentian from the Himalayas, growing in meadows and thickets. Above broad, shiny and distinctly veined dark green foliage, clusters of creamy-white to greenish flowers in late summer.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.00   

GENTIANOPSIS(FRINGED GENTIAN)Family: GENTIANACEAE
25 species of annual or biennial plants, formerly classified as Gentians with blue, fringed flowers and primarily native to North America.

GENTIANOPSIS crinita New Fall1686
Fringed Gentian30-45cm  Zone: 3
One of our most beautiful natives, found in eastern and midwestern North America. This species has narrow, opposite leaves and striking fringed blue flowers, facing the sky, opening in sun and closing at night or on overcast days. In the wild grows in moist thickets and meadows and on seepage banks or the edges of woodland, usually in full sun. Seed wild collected in Ontario. Very limited.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30+ seeds  $4.50   

GERANIUM
Not to be confused with the annual geraniums (Pelargoniums.) Hardy geraniums comprise a large genus of over 400 species widely distributed over the temperate regions of the world. They are valuable as groundcovers, in the border or as accent plants. Many are long-flowering and will rebloom. Derive their common name from the Greek geranos, "crane" in reference to their beak-like seed heads. Very easy plants: satisfied with ordinary soil, sun or part shade and are essentially free of pests and diseases.

GERANIUM renardii New Late Spring1710
Renard's Geranium30cm  Zone: 3
Native to the Caucasus, growing in rocky places. This species is at its best in well-drained soil in full sun. Makes a small tidy clump of beautiful thick, wrinkled, velvety foliage that looks wonderful all season. Flowers are white, flushed blue, etched with fine deep-violet stripes. A Royal Horticultural Society's coveted Award of Garden Merit.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator
15 seeds  $4.25   Sorry...Sold Out

HOSTA(PLANTAIN LILY)Family: LILIACEAE
We are very interested in finding seed of Hosta species of wild origin. If you can help, please contact us.

HOSTA venusta New Late Summer1853
10-12cm  Zone: 3
This small species is a wonderful stononiferous spreader, moving outward to cover the ground in short order. We use it as an edger in the woodland garden along with tiny Solomon's Seals. Mid-green foliage and lilac flowers in late summer.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   

HOUSTONIA

HOUSTONIA caerulea New Spring through Summer1862
Bluets, Quaker Ladies3-12cm  Zone: 3
I've always loved this tiny, spring blooming wildflower; but, until I lived in Nova Scotia I had never seen it in the wild. Although not uncommon in North America; seed is rarely offered, likely because it is a pain to collect. Small tufts of wiry foliage are topped by blue to white four-petalled flowers. In Nova Scotia they were happily naturalized on sun-baked slopes adjacent to highways. They will also grow in moister sites; full sun to light shade. Once established in the garden, allow them to self-sow and naturalize.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   Sorry...Sold Out

HOUSTONIA longifolia New Late spring to mid-summer3776
Long-Leaved Bluet10-25cm
Native from Alberta east through Quebec, growing in poor, dry, often sandy, alkaline soil. Above a small rosette of basal foliage, clusters of pretty 4-petalled flowers over a long period. Well suited for the rock garden in full sun and sparse conditions; where it will happily self-sow.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30+ seeds  $4.25   

LAMIUM(Dead Nettle)Family: LABIATAE
A genus of 50, mainly creeping, stoloniferous plants native to the Mediterranean with opposite ovate to kidney-shaped leaves and lipped flowers in whorls.

LAMIUM orvala New Spring to Summer2025
45-60cm  Zone: 4
An outstanding, elegant clump-forming species native to central Europe. Strong upright growth with clean, dark green foliage. Conspicuous whorls of rose-pink hooded flowers line the stems over a long period spring to summer. Very lovely in the woodland garden in moisture retentive soil.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

LATHYRUS
Showy, quick-growing plants, perfectly adapted to trellises, fences or allowed to sprawl as a groundcover on a slope. Easy to grow in any garden soil, giving a good display year after year without attention.

LATHYRUS japonicus ssp. maritimus New Summer2038
Beach or Sand Pea45cm  Zone: 2
Native to the coasts of eastern and western North America, western Europe and the Baltic, growing on maritime shores, where it binds the sand. A non-climbing sweet pea with thick, glaucous, blue foliage and racemes of showy, bright purple flowers, the wings and keel paler coloured. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Seed requires sandpapering.
12 seeds  $3.50   Sorry...Sold Out

LATHYRUS linifolius New May-June3805
Heath Pea15-30cm  Zone: 2
Native to Europe and Asia growing in grassy places, broad-leaved woodland, forest margins, hedgerows and on banks. Resembles Lathyrus vernus but the latter's stems are wingless and leaves are more ovate and lightly veined. Flowers are crimson-purple fading to blue or green. Wild collected in Norway.
12 seeds  $4.25   

LATHYRUS palustris New Summer2048
Marsh Vetchling30-90cm  Zone: 2
Native to North America, Europe and Asia, a rhizomateous species growing on wet meadows, stream banks and boggy or swampy places and climbing by coiled tendrils. Linear foliage is topped by lateral racemes of reddish-purple flowers in summer, drying blue to blue-violet. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Sandpapering of seed recommended.
15 seeds  $3.50   

LATHYRUS vernus ssp. flaccidus New Spring2045
30cm  Zone: 4
This is the handsome and refined variant with distinctive, narrow, cascading foliage, coming true from seed. It has the same magenta-purple flowers of the species.
Germination Instructions: Sandpapering of seed recommended.
15 seeds  $4.25   

LILIUM(LILY)Family: LILIACEAE
Of the recorded species belonging to this genus, most are native to three areas of the world: Europe, Asia and North America. Their culture depends in large part on their origin. Few can resist lilies in their garden for their magnificent flowers and ease of culture. Of the many ways of propagating lilies, seed is perhaps the best (if slowest) method of increase. Larger quantities may be raised in this way and unlike other methods of propagation, viral or fungal diseases that often affect lilies are not passed on.

Of the more than 90 species of lilies in the world, about half occur in China and Japan. Almost a third of the world total occur in the three provinces of Sichuan, Yunnan, and Xizang (Tibet) in China. This region is considered to be the major world center of distribution of the genus Lilium.

LILIUM martagon colour mix New 2116
Martagon Lily
Various forms and colours of Martagon Lily in a mix.

Photograph: SRGC
20 seeds  $4.00   Sorry...Sold Out

LILIUM philadelphicum (Ontario) New June2110
Wood Lily20-60cm  Zone: 2
Native to the eastern part of the Canadian prairie into Ontario. These showy erect plants have linear leaves in whorls and beautiful erect bell-shaped flowers. The segments narrow abruptly to a clawlike base. Flower colour can range from pale lemon yellow through all the orange and red shades to dark blood red, with or without spotting. For well drained, sandy loam. Wild collected in Ontario. Very limited this season.
Germination Instructions: Easy warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   Sorry...Sold Out

LINDERA

LINDERA benzoin (Moist Packed) New Early Spring2160
Northern Spicebush1.8-3m  Zone: 4
Native to eastern North America growing in moist spots in bottomlands, woods, ravines, valleys and along streams and at its northern limit in southern Ontario. A broad, rounded multi-stemmed shrub covered with clusters of small, fragrant yellow flowers in early spring, before the leaves emerge. The wonderfully aromatic light-green leaves turn a vivid deep yellow-gold in autumn. Birds feed on the small, brilliant red fruits formed on female plants. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Seed has been moist packed to preserve viability. Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $5.00   

LINNAEA

LINNAEA borealis New Early Spring2161
Twinflower8cm  Zone: 2
One of our most beautiful native species, with a circumboreal distribution. This is a creeping, evergreen sub-shrub with tiny leaves hugging the ground. Fragrant bell-like pink flowers in pairs in early spring. Seed wild collected in Ontario. Very limited.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.50   Sorry...Sold Out

LOBELIAFamily: CAMPANULACEAE
Large genus of annuals and perennials preferring a rich, moist, spot in sun or the shaded garden.

LOBELIA inflata New Summer2177
Indian tobacco30-60cm  Zone: 2/3
An annual wood-edge plant native to eastern North America. Spikes of small bluish-purple flowers over several weeks in mid-summer; followed by inflated seed pods. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $4.00   

LONICERA(HONEYSUCKLE)Family: CAPRIFOLIACEAE
A large genus of over 150 species and many more hybrids. Usually deciduous erect, or climbing shrubs, widespread in the northern hemisphere with opposite leaves and small, but showy flowers and berries in the fall. Of easy culture and free of serious insects and diseases.

LONICERA hirsuta New June-July2187
Hairy Honeysuckle2-3m  Zone: 2
Native to north-central North America. This is one of the two climbing honeysuckles native to Ontario. Here it occurs as far north as the mouth of the Moose River, James Bay. A climbing loosely-branched deciduous vine growing in mixed forest, forest openings and along shorelines. The beautiful flowers are yellow or orange occurring in a whorled cluster on the uppermost leaves. These are followed by orange to red berries. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.25   

LONICERA villosa New Late Spring3724
Mountain Fly Honeysuckle1.5m  Zone: 2/3
A deciduous shrub native to central and eastern Canada growing on rocky barrens or in bogs. Pretty funnel-shaped, pale yellow to creamy white paired flowers in late spring followed by edible, oblong blue-black berries.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment recommended.
20 seeds  $4.25   

LUZULA(WOODRUSH)Family: JUNCACEAE
About 80 species of widely distributed, cool-season tufted plants with green or white flowers and flat, often arching green leaves. Grow in well-drained soil in a shady site.

LUZULA acuminata New Spring3729
Hairy Woodrush5cm  Zone: 3
A diminutive rush relative native from Alberta east through the maritimes in Canada growing in loose sod-like clumps. The plant has narrow, shiny leaves with soft silvery hairs. Small yellow, green or brown florets appear in spring followed by brown seed capsules. Plants thrive in open woodlands with dappled shade and moist soil.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.00   

MAGNOLIA(MAGNOLIA)Family: MAGNOLIACEAE
As flowering trees, none can surpass the Magnolia. Attractive, bold-textured deciduous and evergreen shrubs and trees native to Asia and America. The American species usually bloom after the leaves appear, somewhat diminishing the floral effect. Many of the Asian species bloom before the leaves and are among the showiest. Some also have beautiful and large seed pods in the fall. Most grow best with ample moisture, but well-drained conditions in full sun. Part shade is tolerated, but may reduce flowering. In the North, provide a sheltered site out of prevailing winds.

MAGNOLIA acuminata (Moist Packed) New Spring2252
Cucumber or Mountain Magnolia16m  Zone: 4
The most widespread of the eight native magnolia species in North America. Its habit is pyramidal when young, developing a straight trunk and a rounded crown. Flowers are greenish-yellow borne at the ends of the branches appearing after the leaves start developing.

This is the hardiest of the North American species and ranges into southern Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Seeds have been moist packed since harvest. Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $5.00   

MAIANTHEMUM(MAY FLOWER)Family: CONVALLARIACEAE
A small genus of 3 woodland perennials.

MAIANTHEMUM canadense New Spring2268
Canada May Flower5-15cm  Zone: 3
A beautiful little native woodland plant ranging from Newfoundland south into the USA. "Maianthemum" means May flower while "canadensis" refers to Canada. Flower clusters are erect, and white, blooming in spring. For a moist spot in the shade garden. Seed wild collected in Nova Scotia.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.00   

MENISPERMUM(MOON SEED)Family: MENISPERMACEAE
A genus of 2 woody-based twining vines with slender, tangled stems and inconspicuous flowers followed by grape-like clusters of beautiful crescent shaped fruits.

MENISPERMUM canadense New Late Spring to Early Summer2319
Canadian Moonseed3-5m  Zone: 4
Native to eastern North America, growing in light shade in fertile, moist soil. Habitats include open deciduous woodlands, woodland borders, thickets, semi-shaded riverbanks, overgrown fence rows, and hedges. Moonseed climbs over adjacent shrubs, the lower branches of small trees, or fences. The beautiful, heart-shaped leaves are dark-green and shiny. 15cm panicles of whitish-green flowers are followed by drupes of round berries, turning from green to bluish-black, each containing a single (crescent-moon-shaped) seed. The fruits are poisonous, and can be mistaken for wild grapes. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
12 seeds  $4.25   

OSTRYAFamily: BETULACEAE
A genus of 9 round-headed deciduous trees with grey bark resembling Carpinus.

OSTRYA virginiana New Spring2479
American Hophornbeam or Ironwood8m  Zone: 3
A small, graceful tree native to eastern North America, growing on dry slopes of woodlands as an understory species. It has a rounded outline with horizontal or drooping branches and a slow growth rate. Bark is greyish-brown. Seed in the fall resembling the fruit of hops. A handsome species which should be more grown. Seed wild collected in the interior of Nova Scotia.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.25   

PAEONIA
About 33 species of perennials and shrubs distributed in Asia, Europe and northwestern North America. Compound or laciniate foliage and large bowl-shaped flowers in spring and early summer. Very few species Paeonia are found in North American gardens, except Paeonia officinalis and its many hybrids. These beautiful plants can become the treasures of your garde

It is always a good idea to sow Paeonia seed as early as possible from the freshest possible seed. See all our other paeonia listings from this seasons fresh harvest under the general paeonia category.

PAEONIA officinalis ssp. villosa (Moist Packed) New Summer2504
60cm  Zone: 4
This subspecies is native to France and Italy, growing in rocky places and thickets. The foliage is deeply cut, green and smooth above, paler and hairy underneath. Rich pink flowers in summer. Very limited.
10 seeds  $5.00   

PAEONIA peregrina (Moist Packed) New Summer2493
50cm  Zone: 5
Native to southern Europe, the Barkans and Turkey; first introduced into cultivation in 1583, and once known as the "red peony of Constantinople". A beautiful late-blooming species, with waxy, cup-shaped flowers of the purest red sporting a center of golden stamens. Attractive, deeply-cut, glossy foliage taking on red and yellow tones in the autumn. Much used historically in peony breeding. For sun to part shade in deep, fertile soil. Very limited.
Germination Instructions: Seed germinates after a long period of warm, then requiring cold treatment for first leaf emergence.
7 seeds  $5.00   Sorry...Sold Out

PARNASSIA

PARNASSIA glauca New Late Summer2552
Fen Grass Of Parnassus15-40cm  Zone: 3
Native to the north-eastern North America growing in moist places next to lakes, bogs, wet meadows and fens. Grass of Parnassus has beautiful white flowers delicately striped with green veins that sit atop long, slender, stalks. The plant has a rosette of shiny, broad long-stalked basal leaves. While its white blooms are reminiscent of spring flowers, it blooms in late summer and fall. It is an uncommon wildflower across its range, and faces many threats, the greatest being loss of habitat. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.25   

PATRINIAFamily: VALERIANACEAE
15 to 20 species of perennials from Asia and the Himalayas similar to Valeriana with flowers in cymes or panicles. All species thrive on loamy, humusy soil. Many are notorious for their very long flowering periods.

PATRINIA heterophylla New July-September2562
30-40cm
Native to China, a little known and variable species growing on grassy slopes, in open woods and on roadsides in the mountains. Golden yellow flowers in umbels over a long period. The foliage colors beautiful rusty red hues. Perfect at the edge of a woodland garden.

Photograph: Henrik Zutterland
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   

PATRINIA scabiosifolia New Late Summer to Late Fall2559
to 180cm  Zone: 4
From Japan, China and Siberia, growing in sunny, grassy areas on hills and mountains and introduced into gardens by the US National Arboretum. Oblong, deeply toothed leaves and strong, tall stems carry many flowered cymes in clear yellow. This is a wonderful addition to the late summer and fall gardens, flowering over an extremely long period.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.00   

PELLAEA

PELLAEA atropurpurea New 3812
Purple Cliffbrake20cm
Native to North and Central America, growing in crevices of dry limestone cliffs, rocky slopes, crevices in alvars and mortared walls. It is a beautiful small species with reddish-purple, bristly stems and incurved leaflet edges. Requires some effort in correct placement in the (rock) garden. Wild collected in Ontario. Very limited.
Germination Instructions: Apogamy, or the ability to reproduce non-sexually, is common among rock ferns in the Pteridaceae. The spores, therefore, are germinated as you would seed. Easy, warm germinator.
 $4.75   Sorry...Sold Out

PELTOBOYKINIAFamily: SAXIFRAGACEAE
2 species of rhizomatous perennials with wonderful foliage native to the mountains of Japan and suitable for moist, humus-rich soil in shade.

PELTOBOYKINIA watanabei New Early Summer2569
30- 60cm  Zone: 4
From Japan, this is a woodland plant in the Saxifrage family, grown primarily for its very elegant foliage. Sprays of white flowers in summer. Spreads gently to form a wonderful groundcover in shade.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

PHEGOPTERIS

PHEGOPTERIS hexagonoptera New 3811
Broad Beech Fern45-60cm
A forest fern of the eastern USA and Ontario, where it is at its northern limit. It has a creeping rootstock and excellent as a groundcover in the woodland garden. Urn-shaped, with broad, arching, triangular, medium green fronds. Spore wild collected in Ontario. Very limited.
Germination Instructions: Spore instructions will be sent.
 $4.00   Sorry...Sold Out

PHLEUM

PHLEUM exaratum New 3825
An annual grass native from from Italy to Uzbekistan.
 $   

PIMPINELLAFamily: UMBELLIFERAE
A genus of 150 annuals or perennials native to Eurasia and northern Africa with flowers in compound umbels.

PIMPINELLA rhodantha New 3796
1m  Zone: 3
Native to the Transcaucasus, Turkey and Iran and originally wild collected in Georgia, in the Caucasus. It is one of the best Pimpinella, truly perennial and very hardy. Heads of rich pink flowers. For full sun and ordinary soil. Very rare in commerce.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20+ seeds  $4.25   

POLYGONATUM(SOLOMON'S SEAL)Family: LILIACEAE
About 30 species of plants indigenous to the northern hemisphere, usually in woodlands, with erect, nodding stems and parallel-veined leaves carrying pendulous white, cream or green coloured flowers in the leaf axils. These are handsome shade-loving perennials for a moisture retentive site. The rhizome is jointed and when the leaf stalk breaks away from it, it leaves a distinctive scar said to resemble the official seal of King Solomon.

POLYGONATUM verticillatum New Spring2788
Whorled Solomon's Seal60-120cm  Zone: 4
Widely distributed in Europe, but rarely seen in North America, this is a tall, erect species with narrow, lance-shaped leaves arranged in a whorl around the stem. The cream-colored bells are edged in green, followed by unusual (for the genus) red berries, lining the stem. A very architectual plant for the woodland garden, with a bamboo-like presence, which will adapt even to dry shade.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
12 seeds  $4.25   

POLYSTICHUM(HOLLY FERNS)Family: DRYOPTERIDACEAE
A large genus of 135 species found principally in the North Temperate region. The common name refers to the margins of the fronds, which resemble in a small way the spine-like protuberances on Holly leaves. Found in moist woods or among rocks; a few species are found in crevices or on ledges of cliffs.

POLYSTICHUM setiferum New 3815
Soft Shield Fern60-90cm  Zone: 5
Native to Europe, A tufted, dense evergreen to semi-evergreen fern with lance-shaped, bi-pinnate, medium green fronds that grow in shuttlecock form. Stalks and most midribs are covered with attractive cinnamon-brown scales. In spring the new emerging fronds have a metallic copper tint. Tolerant of dry conditions.
Germination Instructions: Spore Instructions will be sent.
 $4.25   

POTENTILLA(CINQUEFOIL)Family: ROSACEAE
Large group of perennials, herbs and shrubs comprising 500 species, found throughout the northern temperate and frigid zones. Strawberry shaped leaves and elegant, 5-petalled rose-like flowers in white, pink, yellow, orange or red.
Potentillas need as much sun as you can give them and do best in poor, well-drained soils. In fact some seem happiest when baked and starved – too rich a soil they become very leggy with few flowers.

POTENTILLA uniflora New 3788
One-flowered Cinquefoil5-15cm  Zone: 1/2
Native to western North America and Siberia, growing on rocky and gravelly alpine slopes. Above woolly, hairy foliage, yellow flowers in summer. A very hardy sweet small species for the rock garden in full sun. Limited quantity.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.00   Sorry...Sold Out

PRIMULA(PRIMROSE)Family: PRIMULACEAE
A large genus of over 400 species native throughout the northern hemisphere.

There is no better reference and visual guide to the genus Primula than that of our own Canadian, Pamela Eveleigh of Calgary, Alberta. Do visit, learn and drool over the fantastic photo gallery.

www.primulaworld.com

PRIMULA auricula New Spring2852
10cm  Zone: 3
From seed originally wild collected in the Alps (Dobratsch). Foliage is grey, fleshy, almost leathery. Flowers a beautiful clear yellow. Extremely lovely in early spring and may rebloom in fall. Best in full sun. Only a few packs.
Germination Instructions: Cold or GA-3 and warm.
20 seeds  $4.50   

PRIMULA denticulata New Mid Spring2864
Drumstick or Himalayan Primrose15-30cm  Zone: 3
The Drumstick Primrose is found growing wild in moist alpine regions from Afghanistan to China. One of the earliest primula to bloom in the garden. Leaves and flowers appear at the same time. Spherical lilac flowers on sturdy stems. For the woodland garden in part shade.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.00   

PRIMULA veris (Red Form) New Spring2896
15cm  Zone: 2
A beautiful red form of this spring harbinger. This was naturalized on the lawn of my new property in Nova Scotia when I first moved here. Considering the low percentages of the species yellow to the red (or orange)plants, it comes largely true from seed. Very limited.
Germination Instructions: GA-3 or cold treatment
20+ seeds  $4.00   

PSEUDOFUMARIAFamily: FUMARIACEAE
A genus of 2 species of perennials formerly classified as Corydalis.

PSEUDOFUMARIA alba (Moist Packed) New All Season2923
30-45cm
Native to rocky woods of southeastern Europe. A delicate, beautiful, very long-blooming species with soft, blue-green foliage and creamy white flowers with green lips and yellow throats flowering from spring to hard frost.
Germination Instructions: Seed has been moist packed to preserve viability. Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $5.00   

PSEUDOGNAPHALIUM

PSEUDOGNAPHALIUM obtusifolium New July-October3806
Sweet Everlasting60-90cm
A native annual, widespread throughout North America, growing in old fields, woodland edges and poor sandy soils, being well-adapted to disturbed sites. The clusters of small, white or pale yellow rayless flowers are a popular component of dried flower arrangements forming a tightly packed, rounded-cylindrical structure that is arranged in a sparse, branched cluster atop the terminal shoot. It would also be a wonderful addition to meadow planting, where it can be allowed to self sow.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50+ seeds  $4.00   

PTEROSTYRAX

PTEROSTYRAX hispida New Early Summer2934
Fragrant Epaulette Tree9m  Zone: 4
Native to Japan, a small to medium deciduous tree with large, oblong leaves and a spreading, open, airy crown. Beautiful, fragrant flowers are held in bold, drooping clusters, up to 25cm long in late spring to early summer. . Individual flowers are born horizontally,looking like epaulettes on a military uniform. Rather inexplicably rare in commerce.
Germination Instructions: Germination is dramatically stimulated by GA-3, with germination at warm. Otherwise, cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

RAMONDAFamily: GESNERIACEAE
A small genus of stemless perennials native to the mountains of southern Europe.

RAMONDA myconi New Late Spring to Summer2972
5-10cm  Zone: 3
This african violet relative is a beautiful plant native to the eastern Pyrenees. Leaves are large, ovate, wrinkled and dark-green forming a low rosette. Lavender-blue flowers on short stems in late spring to summer. For shady rock crevices in humousy soil.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100+ seeds  $4.50   

RHODODENDRON(RHODODENDRON)Family: ERICACEAE
A large genus of trees and shrubs, usually evergreen with showy flowers in terminal racemes

For a very helpful article by John Weagle on growing Rhododendron from seed, see:

http://www.atlanticrhodo.org/unique/contents/seed.html

RHODODENDRON dauricum New Spring3002
Chinese Alpenrose150cm  Zone: 3
Distributed over a wide area, from the Altai Mountains east to Siberia, northern Mongolia, Manchuria, northeast China, Korea, Japan, and Sakhalin Island. It has a loose, open, upright habit and shiny, dark green leaves. Flowers are funnel shaped, pink, lilac to magenta; rarely white. Flowers better when planted in some sun and will also produce a more compact form. An excellent and undemanding rhododendron, attractive all year.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $4.25   

RHODODENDRON vaseyi New Spring3790
Pinkshell Azalea3-4m  Zone: 4
Native to Massachusetts and the mountains of North Carolina growing in high elevation heath meadows, bogs & spruce forests. A slender-stemmed, deciduous species with an open habit and shiny, dark green leaves that are paler green beneath. Flowers appear before the foliage and lack the tube of most azaleas, so petals seem separate. Flower color ranges from pink to pure white with a yellow throat. Medium-green foliage turns light to dark-red in fall. Will not hybridize with other Rhododendron species.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30+ seeds  $4.25   

RIBES(CURRANT, GOOSEBERRY)Family: GROSSULARIACEAE
A genus of 150 mainly deciduous shrubs, often thorny.

RIBES aureum New Early to Late Spring3036
Buffalo or Golden Currant1-3m  Zone: 3
Native to western and central North America growing in sandy habitats, rocky slopes and ravines in grassland or sagebrush desert to ponderosa pine forest. This is a wonderful, non-thorny, ornamental shrub that is showy in bloom and followed by delicious fruit. Twigs are pinkish-gray, and foliage orbicular and lobed. The hanging clusters of yellow and red, tubular flowers have a strong fragrance of cloves. The berries are tasty and tart. Tolerant of poor soil, clay, heat, drought, or moisture.
20 seeds  $4.25   Sorry...Sold Out

RIBES hudsonianum New 3785
Northern Black Currant2m  Zone: 1/2
Native from Quebec through western Canada, ranging into the far north growing in moist wooded areas, such as mountain streambanks and in swamp thickets. Erect spikes of white flowers turn into black berries. Wild collected in Alberta.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $4.00   

RIBES triste New June-July3787
Northern Redcurrant50cm  Zone: 1/2
Native throughout all of Canada growing in wet rocky woods, swamps and on cliffs. Purplish flowers in summer are followed by bright red, hairless berries. Wild collected in Alberta.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.00   

SALVIA(SAGE)Family: LABIATAE
A very large genus of over 700 species of annuals, biennials, perennials, subshrubs and shrubs valued for their attractive, hooded, flowers often surrounded by highly ornamental bracts and aromatic foliage. For a sunny site and well-drained fertile soil.

SALVIA nemorosa pseudosylvestris New 3822
Meadow Sage90cm  Zone: 3
Like the species, but larger in all regards. Big, meaty leaves and thick stems that can reach 90cm, topped with spikes of showy large purple-blue flowers.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   

SANGUINARIA(BLOODROOT)Family: PAPAVERACEAE
A monospecific genus. A herbaceous perennial found in North American woodlands in fertile, moist soils.

SANGUINARIA canadensis (Moist Packed) New Spring3146
Bloodroot15-25cm  Zone: 3
The lovely bloodroot. There is nothing quite like the pure simplicity of the single stark white anemone-like flowers appearing early in spring, the leaves just emerging and uncurling underneath. Give it a rich, moist shady spot. Gorgeous combined with Hosta, ferns and Asarum.
Germination Instructions: Seed is moist-packed to preserve viability.
30 seeds  $5.00   

SANGUISORBA(BURNET)Family: ROSACEAE
A small genus of graceful, late-flowering plants with arching spires of flowers held well above handsome foliage. Best in soil that does not dry out, in full sun or part shade.

SANGUISORBA canadensis New High Summer3156
Canadian Burnet30-150cm  Zone: 2
Native to North America, growing in moist spots and roadsides. Having grown a large numbers of members of this genus; this species remains near the top of my list. It does not flop, like so many; growing perfectly upright on sturdy stems. And the creamy-white flowers, in cylindrical spikes, open over a very long period, bottom to top, exposing until the very end, the beautiful, contrasting still-closed, green flower buds. Even when bloom is complete, the plants rarely look ragged; continuing on to the seed formation stage in perfectly acceptable shape. When happy, it will grow to 150cm tall. For a moisture retentive soil in full sun. Grows as far north as Alaska. Very limited.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   Sorry...Sold Out

SANGUISORBA officinalis (dwarf form) New Summer to fall3149
Great Burnet30cm  Zone: 4
The species is native to western North America. It is a clump-forming perennial with compound odd-pinnate soft green leaves with a blue blush. Cylindrical spikes of dark maroon flowers over a long period summer to autumn. This is a compact form of the usually tall species, great for the front of the border.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.00   Sorry...Sold Out

SAXIFRAGA
A large genus of 300-370 species, including many natural hybrids and geographic varieties. Most garden sorts are small-leaved, hard and crusty, or moss-like, soft cushion and rosette-forming; also herbaceous, small perennials. Flowers are usually solitary, clustered or in floriferous panicles, racemes or cymes. Primarily mountain plants, so very tolerant of harsh winter conditions. The arctic species survive nearly to the permanent snow fields, others also thrive under high alpine conditions. Primary distribution is the cool temperate northern hemisphere.

SAXIFRAGA paniculata New Early Summer3171
15cm  Zone: 1
An arctic and alpine species widespread throughout Europe and North America. Leaves are fleshy, gray-green, forming hard, prostrate mats. Erect stems carry white flowers in early summer. Easy to cultivate and will form a sizable carpet of crowded rosettes quickly. Full sun to light shade.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
100 seeds  $4.00   

SCHISANDRAFamily: SCHISANDRACEAE
A genus of 25 deciduous or evergreen twining shrubs native to eastern North America and Asia.

SCHISANDRA chinensis New Spring3199
Magnolia Vine7m  Zone: 4
Native to China and Korea. A deciduous vine with glossy green foliage. Nodding blood-red flowers in spring followed by clusters of edible scarlet fruit in autumn. Used medicinally by the Chinese. Tens of tons of berries are used annually in Russia for the commercial manufacture of juices, wines, extracts, and sweets. Only a few packs this year.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.50   Sorry...Sold Out

SCILLAFamily: LILIACEAE
A genus of 90 bulbs native to Asia, Europe and South Africa.

SCILLA hyacinthoides New Spring3203
Hyacinth Squill80cm  Zone: 6?
A Squill native to the Middle East and naturalized in the Mediterranean. In the wild it grows in rocky areas and dry fields in full sun. In spring, tall, tapered stalks bear large racemes of starry blue florets above linear, basal foliage. It requires a poor, stony soil to flower well.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

SIEBALDIOPSIS

SIEBALDIOPSIS tridentata New Early Summer3270
Three-Toothed Cinquefoil5cm  Zone: 2
(Potentilla tridentata) This is a boreal-montane species that ranges from Greenland across Canada and southward down the Appalachian Shield, growing on rocky ledges and alpine peaks, usually in acidic soil. A very hardy, beautiful, low, mat-forming shrubby ground-cover for dry, soil with loose clusters of white flowers over leathery, glossy, evergreen leaves, turning wine-red in autumn. These have two notches in the tips that form three rounded teeth, accounting for its common name. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   Sorry...Sold Out

SILENE(CAMPION, CATCHFLY)Family: CARYOPHYLLACEAE
Large genus of plants and members of the Pink family. Silenes are grown in the rock garden, border or woodland garden. Wilder in "The Glamorous Silenes" states "there is about them a magic enchantment, an alluring beauty and charm." Grow them in well-drained, moist soil in full sun to partial shade.

SILENE sendtneri New 3826
60cm
An endemic of the Dinaric Alps growing in mountain meadows. Round heads of pure white flowers.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $3.50   

SILENE suecica var. alpina New Early Summer3777
Alpine Catchfly5-10cm  Zone: 2
Native to the mountains of Norway and Sweden; sometimes near the coasts and also in the Alp, Pyrenees, Greenland and North America. Above a basal rosette of linear foliage, stalks carry umbels of bright pink flowers. Our plants are sweet, tiny specimens suited for the rock garden in full sun.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.00   Sorry...Sold Out

SILPHIUM(COMPASS PLANT)Family: COMPOSITAE
20 species of tall perennials native to North America with starry, sun-flower like heads and interesting foliage. The leaves, particularly on young plants, are erect and oriented so that the edges point north-south and the flat surfaces face east-west. Hence the common name. The midday sun, therefore, strikes the narrow edge of the leaves. The sap of many species contains resin.

SILPHIUM perfoliatum New Late Summer3287
Cup Plant2.4m  Zone: 3
Native from Ontario into the southern USA and found in damp to moist soil in open woodlands or prairie. Multi-stemmed and erect, in a massive clump from a woody rootstock. Beautiful large, cuplike, perfoliate leaves which collect rainwater and account for the common name. An abundance of yellow daisy flower heads, often to 8cm wide. Ordinary soil in light shade.
Germination Instructions: Seed requires cold treatment.
15 seeds  $4.00   

SMILAXFamily: LILIACEAE
Aa genus of 200 vines native to North America, Asia and the Tropics.

SMILAX herbacea New Late Spring3301
Smooth Carrion Flower90-270cm  Zone: 3
Here is a unique and attractive climber for the shade garden, almost unknown in commerce. Native to moist woods, thickets and meadows from Manitoba to the Maritimes and into the USA. This uncommon native vine climbs over other vegetation in the wild by means of tendrils. Foliage is clean and lovely; leaves ovate to heart-shaped, looking good all season and turning yellow in autumn. Clusters of intricate tiny green-white flowers form in a ball at the end of a flattened flower stalk in spring. These are followed by showy, large clusters of dark blue berries hanging on long pedicels, creating a very elegant effect. While it would be happiest (and grow tallest) in the woodland garden, it will adapt quite nicely to nearly full sun in average garden soil. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

SOLIDAGO(GOLDENROD)Family: COMPOSITAE
A genus of primarily North American natives with (usually) yellow flowers in summer and fall. Don't be afraid to grow goldenrods because you're worried about fall "hay fever". Although they were once thought to be the source of this allergy, we now know that goldenrods are insect-pollinated and that it is the tiny, insignificant, wind-pollinated flowers of the ragweed (Ambrosia spp.) that are the real culprits.

SOLIDAGO squarrosa New Fall to Late Fall3802
Stout Goldenrod90cm  Zone: 4
Stout goldenrod is native to Ontario and Quebec in Canada and a well-behaved goldenrod for dry, lightly shaded woodlands, and woods-edges. Large basal leaves give rise to a stiffly upright spike of yellow flowers.
Photograph: Andy Fyon
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30+ seeds  $4.00   

SORBUS(MOUNTAIN ASH, WHITE BEAM)Family: ROSACEAE
All trees are of modest growth and tough hardy constitution. Most give of their best in autumn when displays of fruit and autumn coloured foliage make them particularly attractive. They must experience cold winters to develop flower buds and good crops of fruit. This makes them ideal for our end of the country. Very tolerant of a wide range of soils. There are basically two different types of Sorbus. The plants belonging to the first type are commonly known as Whitebeams. They have simple leaves that often have serrated margins and are sometimes lobed. The leaves are ordinarily white or silvery beneath giving them a shimmering look when blown by the breeze. In the autumn, their clusters of brown to red fruits are attractive and their foliage turns vivid colors. The plants of the second type are commonly known as Mountain Ashes. These plants have pinnate leaves, giving them a fern-like appearance; the foliage turns shades of red and yellow in autumn. In the spring, Mountain Ashes produce clusters of cream-colored flowers, which are followed by bunches of attractive berries that are usually brilliant red, but may be white, pink, orange, or yellow.

SORBUS hybrida New June3797
Finnish Whitebeam3-10m  Zone: 3
Native to Finland, Sweden and Norway growing in rocky meadows, on banks and broadleaf woods. Large cymes of white flowers are followed by red berries. Seed collected in Finland. Comes true from seed.

Photograph: Jouko Lehmuskallio
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

STAPHYLEA(BLADDER-NUT)Family: STAPHYLEACEAE
These are ornamental, deciduous shrubs or small trees of north temperate regions, with opposite, compound leaves, clusters of whitish flowers and bladderlike fruits. Rarely found in cultivation. Tolerate full sun to part shade.

STAPHYLEA bumalda New Spring3365
2.1m  Zone: 4
From China, Korea and Japan growing in woods and by streams. This species is smaller in all respects than our native Bladdernut. A spreading upright habit with glabrous grey-brown branches and elegant, trifoliate leaves. White flowers in short, loose terminal clusters after the leaves appear in spring. Foliage provides lovely red tints in the autumn. Small inflated seed pods are wonderful late into the season, particularly after the leaves fall. Any soil, sun to part shade. Rare in the trade. Only a few packs.
Germination Instructions: Requires cold treatment.
15 seeds  $4.25   Sorry...Sold Out

SYMPHYOTRICHUM

SYMPHYOTRICHUM oolentangiense New Late Summer to Fall3820
Sky Blue Aster50-100cm  Zone: 5
(Aster oolentangiensis). Native to only Ontario in Canada and closely related to S. cordifolium. Habitat is dry or prairie-like areas and edges of woods. Azure blue flowers above a loose, open growth form in late summer to autumn.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.00   

TALINUM(FAMEFLOWER)Family: PORTULACACEAE
50 species of plants largerly native to the tropics and subtropics with fleshy leaves and often showy flowers.

TALINUM calycinum New Summer3417
Largeflower Fameflower8-15cm  Zone: 4
Native to North America and one of the few members of the genus hardy enough for Zone 4. Above a tiny tuft of linear, fleshy foliage, racemes of strongly-coloured fuschia flowers in summer. Once flowering is finished, the plant retreats to a fleshy underground root, to emerge again the following year.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment recommended.
20 seeds  $3.50   Sorry...Sold Out

THALICTRUM(MEADOW RUE)Family: RANUNCULACEAE
A genus of about 100 species of widely distributed plants. Elegant and stately, with feathery panicles of flowers and ferny foliage. Easily grown under garden conditions ranging from well-drained loamy soil to low wet areas. For full sun or part shade.

THALICTRUM flavum glaucum New Summer3450
Yellow Meadow Rue1.5m  Zone: 2/3
This subspecies carries showy panicles of clustered, fuzzy yellow flowers over glaucous green foliage. RHS Award of garden merit.
Germination Instructions: Requires cold; or GA-3 (for warm germination).
20 seeds  $4.00   

THALICTRUM thalictroides (Moist Packed) New Late spring3781
Rue Anemone10-30cm
Formerly known as Anemonopsis thalictroides, this is a small, beautiful, long blooming woodland ephemeral, native to only Ontario in Canada. White to pinkish-lilac flowers in late spring. Plants go dormant once the heat of summer arrives. Very limited. Order early.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $5.00   Sorry...Sold Out

THELYPTERIS

THELYPTERIS palustris New 3466
Marsh Fern60-90cm  Zone: 3
A widely distributed wetland fern growing in swamps, bogs, wet meadows, wet woods, and marshes, also along riverbanks and roadside ditches. Each frond arises individually from a creeping rhizome without forming clumps. The fronds are light green, finely-cut and lacey. Spore wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Fern spore germination instructions will be provided.
 $4.00   

TRILLIUM(WAKE ROBIN, WOOD LILIES)Family: LILIACEAE
This genus includes 30-50 species primarily distributed in Asia and North America. Mostly spring blooming and, with a few exceptions, deciduous woodland plants. They have underground rhizomes; some species develop a many-stemmed clump, others a dense colony. Whorls of foliage and solitary flowers in white, yellow, green, brown, rose or purple, occasionally bicoloured. After flowering, a fleshy berry is formed. Most species are long lived ornamentals. For optimum growth give them a deep, moist soil in bright, half or fully shaded conditions. They will, however grow in less than ideal conditions.

TRILLIUM cuneatum (Moist Packed) New 3522
30cm  Zone: 4
Native to the eastern USA growing on upland slopes and in woods. This is a beautiful sessile trillium. Mottled grey-green foliage and maroon flowers. Only a few packs. Order early.
Germination Instructions: Seed is moist packed to preserve viability. Cold required.
12 seeds  $5.00   

TRILLIUM luteum (Moist Packed) New Summer3517
Yellow Wake Robin30cm  Zone: 3
The citrous-scented late-blooming Yellow Trillium has pale-green and yellow leaf-mottling on the whorled foliage. Yellow, strongly-upright flower petals in the center of the foliage. Native to rich woods of the American southeast but perfectly hardy to -40C. Very limited quantities. Order early.
Germination Instructions: Seed is ephemeral and sent out freshly collected and moist packed.
12 seeds  $5.00   Sorry...Sold Out

TRIOSTEUM

TRIOSTEUM aurantiacum- Red Fruit (Moist Packed) New 3527
The normal orange-yellow fruits are in this case, red. We are very grateful to be able to offer the seed of this variant again, sent to us from a wild Ohio collection by friend James Cheshire, who was also the photographer. Comes true.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $5.00   

VACCINIUMFamily: ERICACEAE
The genus Vaccinium includes upwards of 450 species which occur in cool temperate regions and mountains of both the northern and southern hemispheres. Many are deciduous or evergreen shrubs with edible fruits including blueberries, buckberries, huckleberries, farkleberry, cranberry, whortleberry, crowberry, and bilberry.

VACCINIUM macrocarpon New Summer3574
Large Wild Cranberry10cm  Zone: 2
Native to open bogs, headlands, swamps and lake shores from Newfoundland to Nova Scotia, south to North Carolina and into Minnesota. An evergreen creeping and matting woody groundcover with beautiful nodding, pinkish-white flowers with 4 backward-pointing petals in clusters. Leaves are oval and shiny, coloring a glorious red and purple in the fall. The large, red cranberries ripen in late fall and are wonderful, particularly on such a small plant. The mother of the commercial hybrid cranberry. Seed wild collected in Ontario.

North America produces 96% of the world’s cranberries, using them in tarts, sauces, preserves and juices, as well as dried. Their health benefits are well-known. As well, cranberries are coated with a waxy substance that acts as a preservative, keeping them fresh for extended periods of time.
Germination Instructions: Fresh seed will germinate in very low percentages over many months. Best to provide cold.
30 seeds  $4.25   

VACCINIUM oxycoccos New Early Summer3575
Bog CranberryCreeping  Zone: 2/3
"In the valley and low land close by the river and facing the sun are plenty of cranberries, one can gather those of the last year and those of this year upon the same shrub." (Journal of Alexander Mackenzie July 18, 1798).

A small, evergreen subshrub native to northern North America, Europe and Asia growing in fens and bogs. Its slender stems are prostrate and root at the nodes along the ground. Leaves are lance-shaped and leathery. The beautiful pink to red flowers are like miniature shooting stars. Fruit is a red, juicy berry; often persisting through winter. The tart berries are closely related to V. macrocarpon (Large Cranberry) and have a very good flavor. They are used to make jams, jellies and sauces. Commercial cultivation of Small Cranberry is not as widespread in North America as it is in Europe and Russia. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
25 seeds  $4.25   

VERATRUM(FALSE HELLEBORE)Family: LILIACEAE
20-45 species native to Siberia, North America and Europe. Tall, handsome plants with thick, very poisonous rhizomatous roots. Leaves are broad and elegant tapering to a sheath. Flowers in large panicles on sturdy stems above the foliage. Bold, upright plants for moist, rich soil in shade.

VERATRUM viride (Moist Packed) New Summer3587
Indian Poke60-200cm  Zone: 3
Native throughout North America growing in meadows, bogs, swamps, open forests, from lowlands to subalpine elevations. Green false hellebore is a large robust herbaceous perennial with large pleated and distinctly veined clasping leaves. Star-shaped greenish flowers. For the woodland garden, ideally in moist soil.
Germination Instructions: Seed is moist packed as an aid to germination. Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $5.00   Sorry...Sold Out

VERBASCUM(MULLEIN)Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE
The mostly biennial mulleins are conspicuously and unaccountably neglected by North American gardeners. Perhaps we are too used to the common mullein of Canadian roadsides that we are unwilling to look at the considerable virtues of this genus.

VERBASCUM lychnitis var. album New Summer3611
White Mullein150cm
Native to Europe, south to Spain and to the Caucasus and Siberia. Strangely rare in gardens; this is a dramatic, tall, branching species with a candelabra profile and powdery white foliage. Pure white flowers in summer.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $4.00   

VERBASCUM speciosum New June-September3823
Showy Mullein50-200cm
Native to eastern Europe and western Asia. Large grey leaves, with wavy margins, both sides densely hairy. The handsome, architectual inflorescence is much branched, sitting high over the flowering stem.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $4.25   

VERONICASTRUM(BOWMAN'S ROOT)Family: SCROPULARIACEA
A genus of two elegant and architectual woodland species.

VERONICASTRUM sibiricum New Summer3647
1m  Zone: 2/3
Native to Japan, growing in grassy places in the mountains. An elegant plant with clean, whorled foliage; broadly lance-shaped and coming to a fine point. Topping the flowering stems are spikes of purple to pink blooms.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30+ seeds  $4.25   

VIBURNUM(WAYFARING TREE)Family: CAPRIFOLIACEAE
A great genus of 150 woody species originating in the temperate and sub-tropical zones of the northern hemisphere. It has been said that a garden without a Viburnum is akin to life without music and art.

VIBURNUM edule New 3791
Squashberry, Mooseberry2m  Zone: 1/2
Native in every province and territory in Canada growing in moist woods, forest edges, rocky slopes, along streams, and in swamps. A straggling to erect shrub with smooth, leafy branches. White flowers occur in dense, broad, flat-topped clusters on short branches. The fruit is yellow, becoming red or orange in late fall. It is edible although a little tart when fresh. They do make excellent jams and jellies though and are used medicinally. Seed wild collected in Alberta. Very limited.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.00   Sorry...Sold Out

VIBURNUM lentago New Spring3648
Nannyberry5.4m  Zone: 2
Native from Manitoba to Hudson Bay and south. An attractive large shrub or small tree with leaves emerging a soft yellow-green, turning glossy dark green then changing to purplish red in fall. White flowers, followed by purplish black fruit. Wonderful for naturalizing. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

VIBURNUM rafinesquianum New Early Summer3654
Downy Arrow Wood2-3m  Zone: 3
Native to eastern North America. In addition to beautiful, white lacy flowers in summer and abundant black fruits in fall, this shrub also has outstanding fall color - a dazzling display of golds, pinks, and reds. You can plant downy arrow-wood en-masse for screening or alone and limb it up so that it takes the form of a beautiful small specimen tree. It transplants readily, thrives in dry soil and full sun, but will tolerate light shade. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

VIOLA(VIOLET)Family: VIOLAACEAE
A large genus of 500 species widespread in the temperate zones. All violets are edible. The leaves and flowers can be eaten raw in salads, used as potherbs or thickeners, or made into tea. Violets are high in vitamins A and C. The flowers can be used as a garnish (fresh or candied) or as a flavoring and coloring in vinegar, jelly and syrup. When added to soup the leaves of early blue violet thicken it in much the same way as okra. A tea can be made from the dried leaves. Caution: The rhizomes and seeds are poisonous, causing severe stomach and intestinal upset, as well as nervousness, respiratory and circulatory depression.

VIOLA canadensis (Moist Packed) New Spring3672
Canadian White Violet15cm  Zone: 3
Native across southern Canada and the northern USA, growing in rich woods. A lovely clump-forming stemmed violet with light-green, heart-shaped leaves. The flowers are white with a yellow base, and purplish backs. Will carpet an area in time. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Seed is short-lived and has been moist-packed since collection. Cold treatment or alternatively GA-3 (and warm).
20 seeds  $5.00   Sorry...Sold Out

VIOLA rostrata (Moist Packed) New Spring to Early Summer3684
Long-Spurred Violet20-30cm  Zone: 4
Native to eastern North America, growing in rich woodlands. The flowers are beardless, pale lilac with darker veins forming a darker eye. The spur is at least as long as the petals.
Germination Instructions: Seed is moist packed to preserve viability. Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $5.00   Sorry...Sold Out

VIOLA sororia (Moist Packed) New Spring to Early Summer3677
Common Blue Violet10-15cm  Zone: 4
Yes, its a vigorous viola, and yes, it self-sows and spreads, but I would not want to be without it. In spring to early summer it lights up dark corners in the woodland garden most delightfully. The blue flowers never fail to bring a smile to my face. Quite drought tolerant once established. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $5.00   

VITIS(GRAPE VINE)Family: VITACEAE
65 deciduous woody vines or shrubs climbing by tendrils with bark peeling in strips. Usually small flowers, in panicles, followed by edible fruits (grapes).

VITIS vulpina New Late Spring3690
Frost or Winter Grape25m  Zone: 3
Native to eastern and central North America, including the Canadian prairies, growing along streams, in moist forests, fencerows and ravines. A high-climbing woody vine often with a thick trunk and reddish tendrils. Leaves are bright-green, large, cordate and toothed. Flowering is in late spring with the glaucous fruits, about the size of a marble ripening in fall. The fruit is very acid when it first ripens, becoming sweet after exposure to frost. Young leaves wrapped around other foods and then baked, impart a pleasant flavour. Seed wild collected in Ohio.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

WOODSIA

WOODSIA obtusa New 3813
Blunt-Lobed Wood Fern25cm  Zone: -35C
Native to Ontario and Quebec, A delightful, small, easy-to-grow species found growing in both acidic and alkaline soils on rock ledges and cliffs in the wild. The slowly creeping rhizomes make a nice, compact mound for filling spaces in the woodland garden. The fronds are light green and deeply cut with a lacy appearance. Spore wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Spore instructions will be sent.
 $4.00   

WOODSIA oregana New 3814
Oregon Cliff Fern25cm  Zone: 3
A small fern native from Quebec through western Canada and very similar to Woodsia obtusa. Habitat in the wild is usually on rocks, both acidic and alkaline which provides greater flexibility. Spore wild collected in Ontario. Limited this year.
 $4.00   Sorry...Sold Out

XANTHISMA

XANTHISMA coloradoense New Summer535
10cm  Zone: 4
An outstanding alpine aster with grey, serrated foliage forming a low rosette of leaves barely 7cm tall. This is topped by glowing, large pink daisies over most of the gardening season. For full sun and sparse conditions.
Photograph: SW Colorado Wildflowers
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   

YUCCAFamily: LILIACEAE
Technically not perennials, but shrubs, these noble plants have a rare architectural quality that make them valuable as accent plants, especially in a hot setting. Rosettes of long, linear, sword-shaped leaves above which rise massive panicles of bell-shaped, waxy white or cream flowers, often flushed with pink or purple on the outside. Great favorites of Gertrude Jekyll.

YUCCA glauca New Summer3707
Soapwell90-180cm  Zone: 3
Native to central North America, ranging into southern Alberta. This is the most cold-hardy species in the genus, with sharp-pointed, very narrow gray-green foliage. Tall flower racemes of creamy-yellow flowers.

Photograph shows the species in habitat in southern Alberta.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   

ZIGADENUS

ZIGADENUS elegans New Summer3715
White Camas60cm  Zone: 3
Beautiful, seldom grown native of North America found growing in pine woods and in moist to dry open, grassy areas. Elegant, dense clump of grassy leaves arising from a bulbous rootstock. Strong stems are topped with loose racemes of starry greenish-white flowers. Very limited this year.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   Sorry...Sold Out

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