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Searching New_This_Year for Yes

ACER(MAPLE)Family: ACERACEAE
Deciduous trees native to North Temperate Zones. As a group, among the most valuable of landscape trees.

ACER japonicum Aconitifolium New Spring36
Fern Leaf Maple5-10m  Zone: 5/6
Native to Japan and Korea, a small maple with drooping corymbs of purplish-red flowers in spring. The beautiful, deeply incised foliage turns a spectacular range of colour in the autumn, yellow, orange, reds, pinks and purples-- often on the same leaf. Offspring will come true to type. Limited this year.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.25   

ACER pseudosieboldianum New Spring21
Purplebloom or Korean Maple6m  Zone: 3
This is the choice for all of you who have been longing for a Japanese maple but live in an area with extremely cold winters. Leaves are similar to Acer japonicum and Acer palmatum in shape and texture but its habit is more open than either. Most maples have green or yellowish green flowers, however, on this species they are purple. A beautiful small landscape tree with the bonus of good fall colors ranging from scarlet to orange and yellow. Best used as a focal point in part shade in company with low growing ferns and shade tolerant perennials. Very limited this year.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.25   Sorry...Sold Out

ACONITUM(MONKSHOOD)Family: RANUNCULACEAE
100 species of summer to fall-flowering plants of great importance. Native from asiatic mountains to the Appalachians. The common name refers to the hooded, or helmet-shaped flowers, borne in erect racemes. Dark, delphinium-like leaves. For moist well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. All species are poisonous.

ACONITUM lamarckii (Moist Packed) New Summer-Late Summer90
Yellow Monkshood1.3m+  Zone: 4
Native to the Alps and Pyrenees. Above deeply dissected dark-green foliage, tall racemse of airy greenish, pale-yellow helmets beginning in mid to late summer and often blooming into early September.
Germination Instructions: Seed has been moist packed to preserve viability. Cold treatment required.
25+ seeds  $5.00   

ACONITUM orientale (Moist Packed) New Summer100
Russian Aconite150cm  Zone: 3
Native to Russia, a spectacular, tall species with yellowish-white flowers overlaid with pink-purple in large, extremely dense racemes up to 50cm in length in summer. This is the direct descendant of seed originally wild collected in Russia.
Germination Instructions: Seed has been moist-packed to preserve viability. Cold treatment required.
30+ seeds  $5.00   

ACTAEA(BANEBERRY)Family: RANUNCULACEAE
Derives its common name from the very poisonous berries. Genus is comprised of 8 species of elegant perennials native to rich moist woods in the North Temperate zone with large compound leaves, small white flowers in racemes and showy, oval, glossy berries in the Fall. Baneberries are woodland species and do well in shady locations, particularly in moist, humus-rich soil.

ACTAEA pachypoda (Pink) New Spring111
90cm  Zone: 3
The red-berried form of White Baneberry is not really red, but a lovely luminous deep rose on maroon-colored stalks. Wild collected in Nova Scotia.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.25   Sorry...Sold Out

ALISMAFamily: ALISMATACEAE
A small genus of aquatic perennials native to north temperature regions with stalked basal leaves and erect flower scapes carrying greenish-white flowers.

ALISMA triviale New Summer173
Large-Flowered Northern Water Plantain90cm  Zone: 1/2
A perennial semi-aquatic or aquatic plant native to North America growing in shallow water or mud. Above large oval basal leaves, an erect 90cm whorled and branched flower panicle develops bearing white and green flowers.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
100 seeds  $4.00   

ALLIUM
A large genus with upwards of 700 bulbous species native throughout the northern hemisphere. Many are beautiful ornamentals.

A NOTE ON ALLIUM GERMINATION

Many species of Allium requiring cold treatment can be sown in late summer to early fall, with pots kept outdoors until late fall to early winter. This short, superficial cold treatment is often enough to have seedlings sprouted before the onset of winter; which can then be brought indoors and grown on.

ALLIUM aflatunense New Early Summer221
90cm  Zone: 3
One of the best Alliums for the border. Large globes of deep purple on long stems. Very ornamental.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.00   

ALLIUM carinatum ssp. pulchellum New Late Summer174
60cm  Zone: 4
Formerly A. pulchellum. Elegant arching umbels of dangling carmine bells. Very delicate appearing, but tough as nails.
Germination Instructions: Requires cold treatment.
30 seeds  $3.75   

ALLIUM flavum New Late Summer198
30cm  Zone: 3
Native from Europe into southern Russia, growing naturally on dry slopes. Glaucous grey foliage. Loose, open umbels of dangling, bell-shaped, straw-yellow flowers. Very elegant and valued for its colour (yellows are rare in this genus) as well as its impeccable good manners. Floriferous.
30 seeds  $4.00   

ALLIUM flavum tauricum mix New Summer216
15-20cm  Zone: 3/4
The well known Allium flavum is a yellow flowered species, but the lesser known Turkish variety tauricum has flowers that are tinged with other colors in a variety of pastel shades. This is a mix of various colours which we are happy to have back in our list, although in very limited quantities this season.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $4.25   Sorry...Sold Out

ALLIUM karataviense ex 'Ivory Queen' New 193
Very handsome species grown with wide gray-green foliage mottled purple looking like silvery-blue tongues curling out of of the earth. Large (up to 30cm) shimmering umbels of silvery-white flowers. Only a few packs.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $4.00   

ALLIUM schoenoprasum New Mid Summer196
Chives30cm  Zone: 2
The familiar Chives for the perennial or herb garden making a clump of bright green foliage topped by dense umbels of pink to mauve flowers. For eating and ornament.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.00   

ALLIUM sikkimense New Summer260
Sikim Onion15-30cm  Zone: 5
A choice little species native to China growing on forest margins, slopes and in meadows. Nodding umbels of striking, cobalt-blue flowers over mid-green leaves.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

AMSONIA(BLUE STARS)Family: APOCYNACEAE
Genus of 20 species native to North America and east Asia. Handsome foliage and star-shaped blue flowers. Prefers light shade but will tolerate full sun if the soil is moist.

AMSONIA hubrectii New Spring302
Arkansas or Narrow Leaved Amsonia90cm  Zone: 4
This native of the Ozark mountains is considered one of the best of the genus. It sports narrow, foliage that colours a beautiful yellow in the fall. Sky blue flowers in spring. We believe that this collection may contain some seed of A. tabernaemontana var. salicifolia (which also has very narrow foliage). This will have wider foliage that A. hubrectii.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

AMSONIA illustris New Early Summer296
Texas Blue Star60-90  Zone: 4
A particularly handsome species, taller and showier than many of the other species and flowering significantly earlier. Flowers are a rich light blue, in panicles. Grows naturally on gravel bars by sunny prairie streams, but adapts to average garden soils, even clay.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

ANDROSACEFamily: PRIMULACEAE
125 species of annuals, biennials or perennials native to the mountains of the northern hemisphere. Most are cushion or mat-forming alpines.

ANDROSACE carnea New Spring324
2-7cm  Zone: 3
Native to the western Alps and eastern Pyrenees above 1900m, in turf, scree and stable moraine over acidic rocks. A variable species of tufted habit growing from an almost woody central rootstock. Rosettes loose and spreading. Leaves awl-shaped, pointed, more or less fleshy, with or without small, downy hairs. Flowers cup-shaped, are white or pink, with a yellow eye.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.00   

ANEMONE(WINDFLOWER)Family: RANUNCULACEAE
A large genus of notable garden plants ranging from woodland flowers to robust border plants. Native to wide areas of the northern hemisphere ranging from high alpine meadows to lowland pastures. For fertile, moist, but well-drained soil.

ANEMONE cylindrica New Summer330
Thimbleweed90cm  Zone: 3
This species is native to sandy soil in open woods and thickets across Canada. White flowers and woolly, cylindrical thimble-like seed heads. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20+ seeds  $3.50   

ANEMONE multifida (Red) New Early Summer338
Cut-Leaf Anemone20-40cm  Zone: 2
Growing in dry fields, open woods and on hillsides throughout western Canada, into the Yukon. The upfacing flowers are carried above a dissected mound of foliage, followed by a woolly, thimble-like seed heads. Only a few packs of the reddish form of the species.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $3.75   Sorry...Sold Out

ANEMONOPSISFamily: RANUNCULACEAE
A one-species genus native to Japan.

ANEMONOPSIS macrophylla alba (Moist Packed) New 3767
The rare and very beautiful white form of this elegant and hardy Japanese woodland plant. Comes true from seed.
Germination Instructions: Seed has been moist packed to preserve viability. Cold treatment required.
20+ seeds  $5.00   

ARALIA(ARALIA)Family: ARALIACEAE
Over 30 species of perennials, shrubs and trees in the Ginseng family, often with spiny stems, native in rich soils, mostly in shady woods in North America and Asia. Flowers in attractive umbels, often in panicles. Black or red berried fruit in the fall. All require space and a fertile, moist, deep humus soil. Intolerant of full sun and drought. G.S. Thomas finds these to be "easily grown plants, for the connoisseur of the elegant."

ARALIA nudicaulis New Summer422
Wild Sarsaparilla45cm  Zone: 3
From the Latin "nudus" (naked, bare), and the Greek "kaulos" (stem). This member of the Ginseng family is an understory plant found in mixed forests across Canada. Large compound leaves radiate at the top of naked stems. White flowers in clusters are followed by clusters of blue-black berries in summer. For light shade in the woodland garden. The fruit is edible, but not very palatable. The aromatic roots were once used in a drink called sarsaparilla, which developed into root beer. Young plant shoots were used as herbs, and the berries were made into jelly. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Outdoor treatment over winter recommended.
20 seeds  $3.75   

ARISAEMA(JACK IN THE PULPIT)Family: ARACEAE
A large group of perennials native to Asia and North America with new species coming into cultivation yearly. The spathe and spadix, which constitute the flowers, are typical of the Aroids. Spikes of decorative berries appear later. For fertile, moisture-retentive, but well-drained soil in light shade. The species most likely to be (outdoor) hardy for gardeners in really cold regions of Canada are A. amurense, dracontium, flavum, sikokianum and triphyllum.

ARISAEMA consanguineum (ex Perfect Wave) New Summer447
1.2m  Zone: 6
This season we are again able to offer seed of some rather special forms of the species originally developed by Ellen Hornig of Seneca Hill Perennials. Here is what she had to say:

"Our interest in arisaemas has become focused rather narrowly on developing spectacular selections of Arisaema consanguineum. Not only is this Sino-Himalayan species hardy and adaptable, it exhibits some amazing foliar variations."

In describing Perfect Wave, Ellen said: "Our own introduction, and a lovely one. The base color of the leaflet is a glaucous blue-gray, the leaflet center is brushed with silver, and the leaflet edges undulate seductively." This form is a very good parent which tends to produce bluish seedlings.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.50   

ARISAEMA consanguineum (Siren's Song) New 456
90cm
Originally a selection of Ellen Hornig of Seneca Hill. In her words "Siren Song is every bit the seductress, with huge wide, undulating deep bright green leaflets with high-contrast silver centers, and distinctly reddish stems.

Photograph Ellen Hornig: Used with permission.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.50   

ARISAEMA triphyllum f. zebrina New 3772
Our native Jack-In-The-Pulpit is a highly variable species. This form is heavily striped with purple.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
12 seeds  $4.25   

ASARUM(WILD GINGER)Family: ARISTOLOCHIACEAE
About 60 species native to North temperate areas. The common name refers to the ginger-like smell when the roots are bruised or cut. All species prefer woodland conditions, slightly acid soil, shade and constant moisture.

ASARUM europaeum (Moist Packed) New Spring506
European Wild Ginger8cm  Zone: 3
Evergreen plant with dark-green, very glossy, leathery, heart-shaped foliage. Inconspicuous brown flowers appear under the foliage in spring. A beautiful groundcover for shade, tolerating less than ideal conditions, but growing and self-sowing more vigorously with better conditions.
Germination Instructions: Seed is moist packed to preserve viability. Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $5.00   

ASCLEPIAS(MILKWEED)Family: ASCLEPIADACEAE
A large genus of 200 species, with a wide distribution, but most are concentrated in North America and Africa. Once established they are easily grown plants with attractive foliage, intricate flowers and seed pods suitable for drying. The primary host plant for the Monarch butterfly.

ASCLEPIAS exaltata New Summer517
Poke Milkweed.5-1.5m  Zone: 4
Found in the wild in rich woods and forest edges, with elegant sprays of long-lasting white flowers overlaid with a subtle lavender to green tint. Poke milkweed is a species of the Carolinian forest, at the northern limit of its range in southern Ontario. Very limited.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
15 seeds  $4.00   Sorry...Sold Out

ASPHODELUS

ASPHODELUS ramosus New Spring3770
Branched Asphodel60cm  Zone: 5/6
Native to the Mediterranean, northern Africa, and the Middle East, particularly common on coastlines with an affinity for acidic soils. Elongated stems above narrow tufted leaves bear a handsome spike of white flowers with reddish-brown markings. Very limited.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment recommended.
20 seeds  $4.00   

ASTRAGALUS(MILK VETCH)Family: LEGUMINOSAE
A large genus of over 2,000 species of annuals, perennials and shrubs native throughout the temperate world with pinnate foliage and pea-like flowers in spikes or racemes.

ASTRAGALUS canadensis New Summer556
Canadian Milkvetch60-120cm  Zone: 2/3
Native to North America, growing in prairies, thickets and woodland borders, moist meadows near rivers and fields. A robust plant with compound foliage topped by a whorled raceme crowded with creamy flowers, which sometimes have yellow or green tints. These are followed by oval pods with pointed tips. This striking member of the pea family is an important food for birds, as it retains its seed late into the fall and early winter. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Sandpapering of seed required.
30 seeds  $3.75   

BEGONIA(BEGONIA)Family: BEGONIACEAE
A large genus of perennials native to the tropics and subtropics of the Americas. Known and grown by many gardeners as annuals in temperate climates.

BEGONIA sinensis New July-frost3757
30cm  Zone: 6?
Native to China, similar in habit to its Japanese counterpart B. grandis, this wonderful woodland perennial from China has smaller leaves and earlier flowering than B. grandis. Where it is hardy, it emerges from dormancy in mid-May, forming a small clump covered most of the season by light pink flowers. Small bulbils form at each leaf axil to aid in propagation.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30+ seeds  $4.50   

BERKHEYA

BERKHEYA purpurea New Summer595
Purple Berkheya60cm  Zone: 3/4
This is a stunning thistle native to South Africa, growing on moist, rocky, grassy slopes in its native habitat. This surprisingly hardy species survives in northern Ontario (Zone 3/4), where it has shown no invasive tendencies whatsoever. An extraordinary plant large purple flowers flowers in summer over very prickly, dark green foliage with attractive looking cobwebs draped over the leaves, which add to its character. Also excellent cut or dried.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   

CACALIA

CACALIA atriplicifolia New Mid to Late Summer651
Pale Indian Plantain1.6-3.3m  Zone: 3
Native to eastern North America, this member of the Aster family is found growing in woods, pastures and on prairie. A bold, strictly upright, statuesque perennial forming a rosette of large, thick-textured, leathery, deep blue-green leaves looking beautiful all season, especially among ornamental grasses. Tall purple stems hold flat-topped clusters of greenish-white flowers supported by stiff slender bracts. Limited this year. Order early.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
15 seeds  $4.00   

CAPNOIDESFamily: FUMARIACEAE
A recently resurrected genus of one species formerly classified as Corydalis.

CAPNOIDES sempervirens New Summer1092
Rock Harlequin75cm  Zone: 2
A beautiful and graceful native with blue-grey glaucous foliage. Tubular, spurred pin flowers with a yellow tip in summer. Self perpetuating biennial or annual. Grows in rocky clearings in woods and on disturbed sites in full sun. Limited quantities.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment recommended.
30 seeds  $4.00   

CAPSICUM(PEPPER)Family: SOLANACEAE
A small genus of shrubby plants native to the tropical Americas that includes all peppers.

CAPSICUM annum (Black Pearl) New 737
Ornamental or Christmas Pepper45cm
Not the sort of seed we usually carry- but my interest in ornamental edibles got the better of me. This is a small upright and bushy plant with semi-glossy, deep purple-black leaves (starting out green when young and maturing to black with sun and warmth). The peppers are round, looking like shiny marbles, starting out black and maturing to dark red. They are edible--and FIERY hot. Plants grow well in heat, humidity and drought, and are virtually carefree. Nice in containers too.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.00   

CAREX
A large genus of about 2,000 species of grasslike plants grown for their foliage rather than flowers. For cool locations in moist to well-drained soil. Sun or part shade. The smaller species are excellent edging plants, while the larger plants are wonderful en masse or as specimens.

CAREX grayi New Spring762
Gray's or Morning-Star Sedge90cm  Zone: 4
A clump-forming native of eastern North American meadows and woodlands. This is a tall sedge with medium green foliage. Produces conspicuous, attractive light green lace-shaped seed heads (2-4cm long). Requires moisture. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
12 seeds  $3.75   

CAREX thyphina New 3749
Cattail Sedge30-90cm  Zone: 3/4
Native to Quebec and Ontario, growing in wet sites with partly sunny or partly shaded exposures. Plants prosper in difficult wet mucky soils, in shallow standing water or in sites that are seasonally flooded. Tufts of medium-green basal leaves and elongated spikelets (which superficially look like the flower of a cattail).
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $4.00   

CATALPA(CATALPA)Family: LEGUMINOSAE
11 species of flowering, deciduous trees of North America and Asia with large, opposite leaves and showy clusters of flowers in early summer, when few other trees are blooming. Long, slender pods follow. Grow well in extreme conditions from deep, moist, fertile soil to wet, dry and alkaline conditions in sun or part shade.

CATALPA speciosa New Summer798
Northern Catalpa30m  Zone: 4
This native has heart-shaped leaves and trumpet-shaped white flowers striped inside with yellow and purple, resembling orchids. In the fall, the brown seed pods hang on the branches like icicles.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
15 seeds  $4.00   

CELTIS(HACKBERRY)Family: ULMACEAE
A genus of 70 mostly deciduous trees or shrubs, with inconspicuous flowers and round fruits in the fall.

CELTIS sinensis New Spring813
Chinese Hackberry15m  Zone: 4
Chinese Hackberry is a spreading, deciduous tree native to eastern China, Korea and Japan where it reaches heights of around 12m in woodland areas. Has a very fine twig structure which carries glossy, blunt-toothed, dark green leaves to 8cm long. Small green flowers are borne in spring followed by small, sweet, edible fruit which are dark-orange ripening to red-brown, very attractive to wildlife. Growth rate is fast. This is a tough, adaptive small landscape tree.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
12 seeds  $4.25   

CENTAUREA(KNAPWEED)Family: COMPOSITAE
The perennial species of Centaurea are noted for their long-blooming, thistle-like flowers, ease of growth and hardiness. The leaves are often silvery or felted. Perform best in full sun and are drought tolerant, true minimal maintenance plants. Many grow particularly well in the North.

CENTAUREA macrocephala New Summer822
Globe Cornflower60-120cm  Zone: 2
Forms bold, splendid clumps of strong stems from which appear huge, spherical papery buds opening to large golden fluffy thistles. Wonderful as a specimen in a dry border.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
15 seeds  $3.75   

CHIONANTHUS(FRINGE TREE)Family: OLEACEAE
A genus of 100 deciduous trees and shrubs native to eastern Asia, Korea, Japan and the USA with white flowers in terminal panicles.

CHIONANTHUS virginicus (Moist Packed) New Spring865
Fringe Tree, Old Man's Beard4 to 6m  Zone: 3
Native to moist, rich woodlands from Pennsylvania to Florida, and west to Arkansas and Texas. A beautiful shrub or small tree with a rounded crown. Showy, fringed, fragrant creamy white blooms appear with the foliage in the spring. Dark blue fruits in the fall. Flowers at an early age. Michael Dirr says he would "like to make a case for this as the national shrub of the USA because it carries itself with such refinement, dignity and class when in flower."
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
10 seeds  $4.50   Sorry...Sold Out

CHRYSOSPLENIUM

CHRYSOSPLENIUM macrostemon v. shiobarense (Moist Pack) New Spring867
15cm
This member of the Saxifraga family grows on moist, shaded hillsides of Japan. A rare, creeping perennial, forming large rosettes of nicely marked, serrated foliage covered in spring with bright pale-yellow bracts.It roots at the nodes; producing an impenetrable mat.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $5.00   

CLADIUM

CLADIUM mariscoides New Summer3750
Smooth Sawgrass1m
Occurs in every Canadian province except Alberta, BC and PEI growing along the shores of wetlands, including coastal salt marshes. A rhizomatous species with very narrow foliage carrying branched dark reddish-brown spikelets.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.00   

CLEMATIS(CLEMATIS)Family: RANUNCULACEAE
PLEASE READ:

With some exceptions, Clematis seed are not long lived, even in optimum storage. During early to late fall of each year, we revise our listings, removing all stock from the previous season, and slowly replacing it with fresh seed, as it becomes available.

As I know many of you wait for the Clematis each season, rest assured that the list will continue to grow from October through December, with the same process repeating itself each season. Check back regularly, or write to ask about future availability of particular species.

CLEMATIS occidentalis (New Brunswick) New 895
A wild collection of the species from southwestern New Brunswick. Beautiful, nodding and flared violet-blue flowers.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

CLEMATIS occidentalis var. grosserrata New Late Spring980
Western Blue VirginsbowerZone: 1/2
This variety is native to western North America ranging north into the Yukon, found in open woods, attaching itself to shrubs and small trees or growing as a ground cover. Foliage is light green. Nodding, flared violet-blue flowers.
Germination Instructions: Germinates in a warm-cold-warm pattern.
20 seeds  $4.25   

CLEMATIS potanini ssp. fargesii New Summer-Fall893
2-5m  Zone: 4?
Very similar to the type species but shorter. The leaves are similar with leaflets more rounded or heart-shaped and more acutely toothed. Flowers are slightly smaller, but borne in larger lateral cycmes. Has a more northerly distribution in western China and might therefore be hardier.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

CLEMATIS serratifolia New Late Summer905
to 3.6m  Zone: 4
Although superficially thought to resemble C. tangutica, this native of Japan and Korea has the form of C. alpina; opening into a wide nodding bell of clear yellow. Subtle lemon scent. This is a vigorous species which has its uses for that very reason, but care should be taken if self-sowing begins to become a problem.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.00   

CLINTONIAFamily: LILIACEAE
5 species of rhizomatous perennials native to the moist, cool woodlands of North America and east Asia, with broad, glossy foliage and bell or star-shaped flowers. Showy berries in the fall.

CLINTONIA borealis (Moist Packed) New Spring994
Blue Bead Lily20-30cm  Zone: 3
A beautiful native of eastern North America. Leaves are glossy green and tongue-shaped. A loose cluster of elegant, nodding, bell-shaped greenish-yellow flowers in spring, followed by showy, dark-blue, pea-sized berries in summer. A wonderful addition to the woodland garden. Seed wild collected in Ontario. Due to drought in our area of Ontario this season which affected this species, quantities are very limited.
Germination Instructions: Seed is moist packed, as an aid to germination. Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $5.00   

CODONOPSIS

CODONOPSIS lanceolata New Summer998
90cm  Zone: 4
Native to Yunnan. Stems are glaborous and twining. The campanulate flowers are light blue to lilac with intricate violet striping and spots within.
Germination Instructions: Responds dramatically to GA-3 treatment. Otherwise, scarification of hard seed coat.
15 seeds  $4.25   

CODONOPSIS ussuriensis New Mid-Summer3761
2-3m  Zone: 3/4
Native to to Manchuria, Korea and Japan growing in ravines, moist meadows, mostly in sandy soil. A smaller version of C. lanceolata, this also has a somewhat twining habit. Flowers are bell-shaped, purplish outside, and with a zone of purple inside the mouth of the bell, the base spotted.
20+ seeds  $4.25   

COLCHICUM

COLCHICUM alpinum (Moist Packed) New Late Summer to Fall1009
5-20cm
Native to central Europe, growing in high alpine meadows, often on acid. A small species with lavender-pink flowers, often darker-veined. Rarely offered.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $5.00   

COLCHICUM autumnale New Autumn1005
Autumn Crocus10-15cm  Zone: 4
This European species is the best known and earliest- blooming of the fall-flowering bulbs. It is particularly dear to me as a vivid childhood memory of meadows in southern Germany in solid bloom. Commonly referred to as the autumn crocus colchicums are not related to crocus at all, but are actually members of the lily family. Beginning in mid-September they produce large, goblet-like blooms in shades of pink, violet or white. Colchicum bloom without leaves leading to common names such as "naked ladies" and are quite beautiful in their simplicity. The leaves do not appear until spring, arising then without flowers, but (hopefully) with large seed pods, a fascinating delayed mechanism of seed production.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.00   

CORNUS(DOGWOOD)Family: CORNACEAE
About 45 species of mostly deciduous shrubs or small trees, native to North America, Europe, Asia and Africa.

CORNUS canadensis (Moist Packed) New Spring1062
Bunchberry10cm  Zone: 2
One of our most beautiful native groundcovers found in moist, acid woods. Leaves in whorls and white flowers. Clusters of red berries follow. Wonderful under evergreens or with other acid loving plants. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: We have altered our germination thinking and packaging strategy, as there is good evidence suggesting that initial warm storage of seed prior to cold treatment may increase germination percentages.
30 seeds  $5.00   

CORNUS mas (Moist Packed) New Early Spring1049
Cornelian Cherry6m  Zone: 4
A beautiful and showy large shrub or small, densely branched tree native to Europe producing an abundance of yellow flowers on bare twigs in early spring. These are followed by large, bright red, cherry-like oblong edible fruits, making wonderful jam or preserves. Leaves turn reddish purple in fall. Very imited this season.
Germination Instructions: Germinates in a warm-cold-warm cycle. Is being kept at the first moist/warm cycle by being moist packed.
8 seeds  $4.50   Sorry...Sold Out

CORYDALIS(CORYDALIS)Family: FUMARACEAE
300 species with finely dissected, often blue-green foliage and yellow, blue, pink or rose-purple tubular, spurred flowers in the spring. "Corydalis" is Greek for "lark" referring to the lark-like spurs of the flowers. Many species cannot tolerate dry storage and must be sown fresh. Source: Liden & Zetterlund, Corydalis, Timber Press.

CORYDALIS ochotensis var. raddeana (Moist Packed) New Autumn1084
60cm  Zone: 4
Native to eastern Siberia, Korea, China and red-listed in Japan. This biennial species has been romping around our late season garden for some time. Bloom begins sometime in early August, continuing well into late September, filling in empty spaces in the woodland garden with it's unusual salmon-orange flowers, with a darker nose blooming on branching maroon-coloured stems over ferny foliage. Biennial. Self-sows to perpetuate. Not recommended for warmer regions of the world, as it may become too vigorous in the garden---but just enough in cold-weather gardens.
Germination Instructions: Seed has been moist packed to preserve viability. Cold treatment required.
20+ seeds  $4.75   

CYNANCHUM

CYNANCHUM ascyrifolium New Late Spring to Summer3773
60cm  Zone: 3/4
To my knowledge this may be the first offering of seed of this choice plant, which is known to never produce seed in cultivation. This milkweed relative hails from the mountains of Asia, forming 60cm tall clumps of light green foliage that is topped with clusters of starry, pure white flowers over a long period beginning in late spring.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.50   

DACTYLICAPNOS

DACTYLICAPNOS macrocapnos New June-Frost1211
Yellow Bleeding Heart2-8m  Zone: 6
Native from northwestern India to Nepal, a tuberous rooted perennial climber growing on moist forest margins, shrubby, rocky slopes and open hillsides. From midsummer through frost it produces a succession of hanging clusters of golden-yellow "bleeding hearts" that develop brownish-violet tips as they age. The blue-green leaflets of the pinnate leaves are brushed with silver at the base. Very similar to D. scandens, but this species climbs much higher, and has different seed pods.
Germination Instructions: Seed has been frozen to preserve viability.
30+ seeds  $4.50   

DACTYLICAPNOS platycarpa New Summer3766
3-4m  Zone: ?
A rare, only recently described perennial tendril climber native to Bhutan and India growing among shrubs. Clusters of bright yellow dicentra-type flowers in summer. Hardiness unknown, so plant in a protected spot and mulch over in winter. For sun or semi-shade, perhaps happier in the latter.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment.
30 seeds  $4.50   

DACTYLICAPNOS

DACTYLICAPNOS torulosa New 3765
An annual climber native to southern China and India with finely divided foliage and hanging clusters of yellow, locket-shaped flowers followed by striking 15cm seed pods, terracotta red and beaded, which open to show black and white seeds.
Germination Instructions: Seed has been frozen to preserve viability. Cold treatment recommended.
30+ seeds  $4.25   

DIANTHUS(PINK)Family: CARYOPHYLLACEAE
350 species of important and desirable garden plants. The genus name is from dios, the Greek "divine", and anthos for "flower". The hardy perennial species are generally low, mounded, evergreen plants with 5-petalled, often fragrant flowers in white, pink and red.

DIANTHUS arenarius New Early Summer1263
Sand Pink5cm  Zone: 1
Completely prostrate, mat-forming species with beautiful, needle-like tight, gray-green foliage. Fringed white, flowers in summer. Would grow happily in pure sand.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $3.50   

DIANTHUS ex Velvet 'n Lace New June-August3742
30cm  Zone: 3
A short lived perennials blooming over a long period from early summer to autumn. A highly fragrant clump forming plant with lance-shaped green to blue-green foliage and velvety purple to burgundy, almost black flowers with white ruffled edges.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator
20 seeds  $3.75   

DICENTRA(BLEEDING HEART)
A genus of about 20 very graceful plants, mostly native to North America. Leaves are blue-green and finely divided and flower color ranges from yellow, white to pink.

DICENTRA formosa (Moist Packed) New Late Spring to Summer3741
Western Bleeding Heart30cm  Zone: 4
Native to western North America with creeping rhizomes. Fernlike, light green foliage, glaucous beneath. Rose pink flowers in late spring to summer, often reblooming in the fall.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $4.50   

DIGITALIS(FOXGLOVE)Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE
Genus of summer-flowering biennials and perennials bearing tubular flowers with wonderful speckled throats. The common name Foxglove was originally "folks-glove", the glove of the good folk, or fairies, who inhabited the woodland where foxgloves naturally grow. Of easy culture, thriving in moist soil in part shade or sun

DIGITALIS lanata New Early Summer1314
Grecian Foxgloveto 100cm  Zone: 4
Found on stony ground. This is a perennial foxglove, usually grown as a biennial in Canada. Honey-coloured with intricate netting of brown markings. Large, drooping white or greyish lip.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.50   

DIOSPYROSFamily: EBENACEAE
A large genus of trees and shrubs native to the Americas, Europe Africa and Asia with extremely hard wood, usually black.

DIOSPYROS virginiana (Moist Packed) New Early Summer1344
Eastern Persimmon, American Ebony12-18m  Zone: 4/5
A member of the Ebony family, this deciduous tree is native to eastern North America and one of the most widely-adapted of trees, growing naturally in bottomland swamps, along stream banks, in upland forests, in fields, pine woods, and even dry scrub land. Dark green, glossy, leathery, elliptic foliage colors yellow to reddish-purple in fall. The extremely ornamental and hard bark turns black on older trunks broken up into distinctive, regular square blocks, resembling alligator skin. Flowers are fragrant, small creamy-yellow bells with recurved petals hanging from the twigs. After the foliage drops in fall, the plum-sized, edible burnt-orange fruits dangle from the branches like Christmas balls.
Germination Instructions: Seed is moist packed as an aid to germination. Requires cold treatment.
7 Large seeds  $5.00   Sorry...Sold Out

DRACOCEPHALUM(DRAGONHEAD)Family: LABIATAE
The common name refers to the shape of the flowers. Not widely grown, which is unfortunate, as their lovely foliage, blue flowers and hardiness make them an outstanding addition to the northern garden. Grow in well-drained soil in full sun.

DRACOCEPHALUM moldavica New Summer to Fall3771
Moldavian Dragonhead45-60cm
A Eurasian annual with beautifully fragrant, lemon-scented foliage and flowers, cultivated in India for its essential oils. Long-blooming blue flowers. Will reseed.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.25   

ECHINACEA(CONEFLOWER)Family: COMPOSITAE
A small genus of summer-flowering perennials native to North America that bear large daisylike rose, purple and yellow flowers with cone-shaped centers.

ECHINACEA Pow Wow (White) New Summer to Frost1412
50-60cm  Zone: 3
A seed selection producing wide, overlapping, reflexed white petals on a compact plant flowering from early summer to frost on well-branched plants, each producing more flowers. Will bloom first year if started early.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $3.75   

ECHIUMFamily: BORAGINACEAE
A genus of 40 plants native to Europe, western Asia, Africa and the Canary Islands.

ECHIUM russicum (Dwarf Form) New Summer1432
10-15cm  Zone: 2
(Formerly listed as Echium amoenum). This striking plant forms a rosette of coarsely hairy leaves from which emerge thick flower spikes clothed in a myriad of burgundy-red blooms. For full sun and ordinary soil.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
15 seeds  $4.25   

ELEAGNUS

ELEAGNUS multiflora (Moist Packed) New Mid Spring1443
Gumi, Cherry Silverberry2-8m  Zone: 4
Native to China, Korea and Japan. A deciduous shrub or small tree with a vase-like shape becoming smothered with small, fragrant yellowish-white flowers in spring. These turn into edible, extremely showy red berries.

Largely unknown in North America in the edible landscape; this fast-growing species can be pruned to form a dense hedge and could be cultivated on a commercial scale. Not invasive like many in the genus.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $5.00   

ELEOCHARIS

ELEOCHARIS obtusa New 3752
Blunt Spikerush50cm  Zone: 3
Widely distributed across Canada, this is an annual spikesedge growing in wet areas such as riverbanks and moist forest floors. Green cylindrical stems hold rounded or oblong spikelet containing the flowers, each covered by an oval-shaped brown bract.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $3.75   

ERYNGIUM(SEA HOLLY)Family: UMBELLIFERAE
Sadly neglected by North American gardeners, the long-flowering sea-hollies bear round flower heads of blue, green or white surrounded by a decorative, shiny bract. They thrive in full sun and poor soil and are excellent cut or dried.

ERYNGIUM amethystinum New July-Frost1503
Amethyst Sea Holly60cm  Zone: 3/4
Native to the Balkan peninsula and Aegean region. The true species is rather elusive in cultivation. A very beautiful plant, with long, pointed bracts surrounding the deep amethyst-blue flowers; forming a bushy, branching low clump. We grow a particularly good form with very intense colouring. This has become our favorite Sea Holly because of its compact size, hardiness, and very, very long season of bloom, as it slowly turns from green to grey to deep blue.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $4.25   

FRITILLARIA(CHECKERED LILY)Family: LILIACEAE
A genus of 100 species found throughout temperate and subtropical zones. Spring-flowering bulbous plants with erect stems and scattered or whorled leaves. Flowers are campanulate, nodding.

FRITILLARIA montana New Spring3755
30cm  Zone: 3/4
Native to much of Europe into Russia, an easy, beautiful, stoloniferous species with glaucous foliage carrying heavily chequered purple-black over brown flowers.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $4.25   

GAILLARDIA(BLANKET FLOWER)Family: COMPOSITAE
Easy to grow North American natives that brighten the late summer and fall garden over a long bloom period. Drought tolerant, preferring lean soil and full sun.

GAILLARDIA aristata New Summer-Fall1640
60-90cm  Zone: 2
This is a very hardy prairie native with showy brilliant red daisy flowers with yellow rims, much superior to most of the hybrids in the marketplace. Long blooming and excellent cut flower; this in fact promotes more bloom. For full sun in well-drained, preferably poor soil. Wonderful if allowed to form a dense colony.

Photograph: Cohan Fulford
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.50   

GENTIANA(GENTIAN)Family: GENTIANACEAE
A large genus of 400 species, the majority of which are low-growing alpines. Most are notable for their strong blue flowers. Source: Halda, The Genus Gentiana

GENTIANA triflora New Early Fall1664
60cm  Zone: 3
Native to eastern Siberia, Korea and Japan, where it grows in alpine meadows. This is a beautiful species used in the cut-flower trade in Japan, producing, in the fall, a supply of long-stemmed, long-lasting flowers with deep-blue blossoms.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.25   

GEUM(AVENS)Family: ROSACEAE
50 species of clump-forming plants valued for their handsome foliage and cheerful 5-petalled flowers. Requires good drainage, moisture and protection from full sun.

GEUM triflorum New Spring1714
Prairie Smoke10-45cm  Zone: 1
Entire plant is silky with attractive, deeply cut leaves and cupped, nodding pink-purple flowers. Produces unmistakable feathery silver and pink seedheads that look like smoke when blowing in the wind. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.00   

GILLENIA(BOWMAN'S ROOT)Family: ROSACEAE
A completely overlooked genus. Contains two species of woodland plants native to North America. Beautifully ornamental, growing best in moist areas in part sun to light shade.

GILLENIA stipulata New Early Summer1721
American Ipecac90cm  Zone: 3
Native to central and eastern USA, growing in dry, rocky, open woods. Upright and clump-forming with deeply cut, trifoliate, toothed, medium-green leaves turning bronzish red in autumn. Wiry stems above the foliage hold delicate, white (sometimes tinged pink), star-like flowers in early summer. Bloom is for about 6 weeks. Grows in similar, but drier habitats than it's better-known cousin G. trifoliata.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

GLADIOLUS(GLADIOLA)Family: IRIDACEAE
A genus best known for barely hardy perennials with swordlike leaves and showy flowers. The majority of tender species come from Africa. However, there exists a small race of hardy Glads hailing from Europe through the Near East, fairly rare in the trade, but well worth growing.

GLADIOLUS flanaganii New Summer3759
Suicide Lily40cm  Zone: ?
A spectacular and rare species growing on near vertical cliffs in the Drakensberg. Oversized vivid red flowers which grow out sideways on relatively small plants. Hard to explain has to be seen. Goes dormant in late summer. Sharp drainage is critical in the garden. Can also be grown in good-sized clay pots in well draining soil(dry and frost protected in winter). Although it gets mixed reviews about hardiness in Europe, one friend has had it in his Quebec City garden for two winters (always very reliable snow cover). Limited quantity.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator
20 seeds  $4.25   

GLAUCIUM(HORNED POPPY)Family: PAPAVERACEAE
About 25 species of plants with spectacular blue-gray foliage and poppy-like flowers. Particularly suitable for xeric gardens. Full sun, well-drained soil.

GLAUCIUM flavum New All Season1737
Yellow Horned Poppy30-60cm  Zone: 4
Native to the European seacoast. A voluptuous mound of dissected, intensely silver foliage. Yellow poppies for most of the summer. This tender perennial is Z7 hardy, but self sows nicely, always coming up exactly where it was the year previous and reaching flowering size each season. We therefore come to think of it as a permanent part of the garden.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $3.75   

GYMNOCARPIUM

GYMNOCARPIUM dryopteris New 1750
Oak Fern15-30cm  Zone: 1
A delicate, small and very hardy fern with a circumpolar distribution ranging as far north as the Yukon and Alaska. The broadly-triangular fronds are lime-green and usually held nearly horizontal. A wonderful little colonizer for the woodland garden. Spores wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Spore germination instructions will be sent.
 $4.25   

HASTINGSIA

HASTINGSIA alba New June-July3735
White Rushlily40-90cm
A bulb native to northern California and southern Oregon, growing in open, rocky seepage areas with year-round water supply--bogs and wet meadows. These lily-relatives produce a spike of yellowish-white flowers from a grassy tuft.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.00   

HEPATICAFamily: RANUNCULACEAE
A small genus of choice woodland plants native to the North Temperate zone.

HEPATICA acutiloba (Moist Packed) New Spring1820
Native to eastern North America and a wonderful small plant for the woodland garden. Beautiful leathery green foliage forming a superb groundcover year round. Exquisite pink, white or purplish flowers appear in very early spring, before the foliage. Ideally for a moisture retentive spot in shade, but very drought resistant. In the wild grows in deciduous forests competing heavily with moisture-depleting trees such as sugar maple.Seed wild collected in Ontario.

If you follow the link below to our Gardens North Facebook, and consult the picture album "Germination of Hepatica, Asarum and Trillium grandiflorum" you can read my commentary on germination shortcuts for this species.

https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.287539478000138.71818.130083313745756&type=3
Germination Instructions: Seed has been moist packed since harvest to preserve viability. Will germinate in moist-packing by mid-October each year, when kept at room temperature, so seed can only be sold until that time.
25 seeds  $5.00   Sorry...Sold Out

HIBISCUS

HIBISCUS aculeatus New Early Summer to Fall1836
Pinelands Mallow120cm
From the Plant Delights website: "This wonderful native from NC, south and west to Texas, is one of the lesser-known of our native mallows. Hibiscus aculeatus is found in upland bogs, roadside ditches, and coastal pinelands within the Southeast. Although it likes moist feet, we have had very good luck growing it in raised sandy berms with regular watering. The fuzzy 4' stems are clothed with lobed, okra-like leaves. From the leaf axils, plenty of 4-5" open, cone-shaped, light yellow flowers highlighted with a dark purple eye are produced from early summer until fall." Very limited.
Germination Instructions: Sandpapering of seed recommended.
15 seeds  $4.00   

HIPPOPHAE(SEA BUCKTHORN)Family: ELEAGNACEAE
A small genus of 3 deciduous, thorny trees or shrubs from Asia with linear, gray foliage and fruits in the fall.

HIPPOPHAE rhamnoides New Spring1849
Sea Buckthorn2-5m  Zone: 2-3
Introduced from Eurasia, a very hardy, suckering shrub with lance-shaped, grey-green foliage above, silvery-white underneath. The branches are grey and spiny. Small, yellowish flowers in spring, before the leaves, followed by fleshy, orange berries. Both male and female shrubs are required for fruit production. A tough plant suited for a wide range of soils, doing well on poor, nitrogen-deficient sandy soils and slopes. Sea buckthorn is a significant source of vitamin C, carotene and B vitamins. An oil extracted from the berries is used to treat digestive disturbances. The fruit ripens at the end of August and is commonly used to make juices and jellies. A recommended alternative crop in Canada.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   

HOSTA(PLANTAIN LILY)Family: LILIACEAE
We are very interested in finding seed of Hosta species of wild origin. If you can help, please contact us.

HOSTA ventricosa New July1852
50cm  Zone: 2
This Chinese species was termed the "dark-purple flowered hosta" when it was named by the Japanese in 1937. It is also the only natural tetraploid in the genus and will not produce hybrids as a pod parent because it produces seed without actual fertilization (but through agamospermy, a specialized form of vegetative reproduction). This means that the resulting seedlings will come true. An excellent landscape plant, with deeply grooved, green shiny leaves and widely bell-shaped purple-striped flowers.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.00   

HYDRANGEAFamily: HYDRANGEACEAE
23 deciduous or evergreen shrubs, small trees or climbers native to China, Japan, Himalayas and the Americas.

HYDRANGEA anomola var. petiolaris New Early Summer1868
10m or higher  Zone: 4
Native to Japan, Korea and Taiwan this is a deciduous, clinging climber, very showy in flower. Dark green foliage. Brown, peeling stems are furnished with aerial roots like those of ivy. It presses itself hard against its support, needing no additional framework to assist it in the upward climb. Suitable for shady walls, tree trunks, large stumps or as a spreading ground-cover. Although happy in shady places, it flowers more freely in sun. Flower-heads are beautiful "lacecaps", the small fertile white florets surrounded by large, showy bracts, so the effect is quite bold.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.50   

HYDROPHYLLUM(WATERLEAF)Family: HYDROPHYLLACEAE
About 8 species of plants native to Canada and the USA growing in woodsy, humous-rich settings with divided, lobed leaves and flowers in terminal cymes. Common name derives from the fact that basal and stem leaves are often marked (water-marked) with gray blotches and spots, especially in spring and fall. Can form large colonies in time.

HYDROPHYLLUM virginianum (Moist Packed) New Early Summer1873
Virginia Waterleaf60-80cm  Zone: 3
Native to central and eastern North America growing in rich, low woods, thickets and ravine bottoms. The good foliage is pinnately divided and coarsely toothed; in spring the upper surface of the earliest leaves have small patches of white scattered across them. Flowers are delicate; white to violet with long, projecting stamens arranged in a loose cyme. For the woodland garden in moisture-retentive soil. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Seed has been moist-packed to preserve viability. Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.75   

HYPERICUM(ST. JOHNSWORT)Family: HYPERICACEAE
300 species of perennials and shrubs mostly from the temperate and subtropical zone of the northern hemisphere with yellow flowers over a long period. Genus boasts a sizeable number of garden-worthy species; most of the easiest culture; growing in sun or shade in any soil and of all habits (erect, shrubby, prostrate). Easy to germinate and will flower the entire summer. One wonders, as did Foster, "not so much that there are so many but that they have not dominated the world?"

HYPERICUM androsaemum ex 'Albury Purple' New Summer to Fall1892
60cm  Zone: 5
A small delicate shrub, native to Europe, north Africa, western Asia and the Caucasus, growing in hedges on damp woods. Flowering is over a very long period from summer into fall. Yellow flowers with conspicuous stamens are followed by red berries, turning black when ripe. This form has dark plum-purplish-green foliage.

Photograph: Cornell University.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $4.00   

INULAFamily: COMPOSITAE
A large genus of daisies, native to Europe, Asia, Africa and North America. Easily cultivated, low maintenance plant for the sunny border and cutting garden. Large yellow daisy-like flower heads, solitary, or in clusters, often with wonderful, shaggy ray flowers brighten the garden throughout the summer. Moist soil and full sun.

INULA helenium New Summer to Fall1920
Elecampane120-180cm  Zone: 3
Native of Eurasia and naturalized in eastern North America. They are magnificent in flower, with 4" wide yellow flowers on very tall stems. Allow plenty of elbow room.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.25   

IPOMOEA

IPOMOEA quamoclit New Early Summer to Fall3739
Cypress Vine6m
An annual twining vine from the tropical Americas. Tubular scarlet red flowers very attractive to hummingbirds and butterflies over ferny foliage.

Photograph: Mike Bensalem
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
12 seeds  $3.00   

JEFFERSONIA

JEFFERSONIA diphylla (Moist Packed) New Early Spring1987
Twinleaf15-20cm  Zone: 4
Native to eastern North America. An elegant and uncommon spring ephemeral usually found in rich, moist woods. The long-stemmed, lobed foliage is topped by pure white flowers, resembling those of Sanguinaria canadensis. Only a few packs this year. Order early.
Germination Instructions: Seed is moist packed to preserve viability. Cold treatment required.
10 seeds  $5.00   

JOVIBARBAFamily: CRASSULACEAE
5 species of Sempervivum-like, succulent, fleshy-leaved and rosette forming species. Distinguished from Sempervivum by having campanulate flowers. The development of secondary or twin rosettes is also unique to the genus, either on short, wiry stolons, or from buds at the base of the primary rosette. Native to the mountains of Europe. For sun and a well-drained site.

JOVIBARBA Small Rosette mix New Summer1988
Prostrate  Zone: 3
Closely related to Sempervivum, these are terrifically fun small succulents to grow from seed and wonderful additions to the garden, thriving in sun and well-drained soil. This is a mix of all the species that form small sempervivum-like rosettes. Included are Jovibarba allionii, arenaria, hirta, sobolifera and their various forms and cultivars. Limited this year.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinators.
100+ seeds  $4.25   Sorry...Sold Out

LATHYRUS
Showy, quick-growing plants, perfectly adapted to trellises, fences or allowed to sprawl as a groundcover on a slope. Easy to grow in any garden soil, giving a good display year after year without attention.

LATHYRUS vernus Subtle Hints New Spring3758
30cm
I have not seen this variant available elsewhere---the same elegant spring bloomer in delicate pastels.
20 seeds  $4.25   Sorry...Sold Out

LEWISIAFamily: PORTULACACEAE
20 species of alpine plants native to mountain meadows and cliffs of western North America and prized by rock gardeners.

LEWISIA nevadensis New Spring-Summer2075
Sierra Lewisia10cm  Zone: 3
Native to western North America. Nestled among thick, succulent leaves are bright white to pink flowers in spring to summer.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $4.00   

LINDERA

LINDERA benzoin (Moist Packed) New Early Spring2160
Northern Spicebush1.8-3m  Zone: 4
Native to eastern North America growing in moist spots in bottomlands, woods, ravines, valleys and along streams and at its northern limit in southern Ontario. A broad, rounded multi-stemmed shrub covered with clusters of small, fragrant yellow flowers in early spring, before the leaves emerge. The wonderfully aromatic light-green leaves turn a vivid deep yellow-gold in autumn. Birds feed on the small, brilliant red fruits formed on female plants.
Germination Instructions: Seed has been moist packed to preserve viability. Cold treatment required.
12 seeds  $5.00   

LOBELIAFamily: CAMPANULACEAE
Large genus of annuals and perennials preferring a rich, moist, spot in sun or the shaded garden.

LOBELIA dortmanna New Late Summer3747
Water Lobelia70-200cm  Zone: 1
Native throughout Canada,growing in shallow water on sandy, peaty or rocky lakeshores, in pools, and in some kinds of wetlands. Above (usually submerged) linear leaves, erect racemes held above the water carry white, pink or blue flowers.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator
50+ seeds  $4.25   

LOBELIA siphilitica 'alba' New Late Summer2173
60cm  Zone: 4
The lovely white flowered form of Blue Lobelia.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
200 seeds  $3.75   

LONICERA(HONEYSUCKLE)Family: CAPRIFOLIACEAE
A large genus of over 150 species and many more hybrids. Usually deciduous erect, or climbing shrubs, widespread in the northern hemisphere with opposite leaves and small, but showy flowers and berries in the fall. Of easy culture and free of serious insects and diseases.

LONICERA dioica (Red Form) New 2193
Although most forms of this species are yellow to orange flowered, our clone (grown originally from wild collected seed) is a beautiful distinct maroon-red, with prominent yellow stamens.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   

LONICERA villosa New Late Spring3724
Mountain Fly Honeysuckle1.5m  Zone: 2/3
A deciduous shrub native to central and eastern Canada growing on rocky barrens or in bogs. Pretty funnel-shaped, pale yellow to creamy white paired flowers in late spring followed by edible, oblong blue-black berries.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment recommended.
20 seeds  $4.25   

LUZULA(WOODRUSH)Family: JUNCACEAE
About 80 species of widely distributed, cool-season tufted plants with green or white flowers and flat, often arching green leaves. Grow in well-drained soil in a shady site.

LUZULA acuminata New Spring3729
Hairy Woodrush5cm  Zone: 3
A diminutive rush relative native from Alberta east through the maritimes in Canada growing in loose sod-like clumps. The plant has narrow, shiny leaves with soft silvery hairs. Small yellow, green or brown florets appear in spring followed by brown seed capsules. Plants thrive in open woodlands with dappled shade and moist soil. Only a few packs.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.00   Sorry...Sold Out

MAGNOLIA(MAGNOLIA)Family: MAGNOLIACEAE
As flowering trees, none can surpass the Magnolia. Attractive, bold-textured deciduous and evergreen shrubs and trees native to Asia and America. The American species usually bloom after the leaves appear, somewhat diminishing the floral effect. Many of the Asian species bloom before the leaves and are among the showiest. Some also have beautiful and large seed pods in the fall. Most grow best with ample moisture, but well-drained conditions in full sun. Part shade is tolerated, but may reduce flowering. In the North, provide a sheltered site out of prevailing winds.

MAGNOLIA fraseri (Moist Packed) New Late Spring2259
Mountain Magnolia14m  Zone: 5
Native to the southeastern USA, a choice, small, rarely-offered species with warty, brown bark and large leaves, green above, glaucous blue-green below. Very showy large white flowers in late spring. Seed comes specimens growing in Zone 5 in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Seed has been moist-packed since harvest. Cold treatment required.
12 seeds  $5.00   Sorry...Sold Out

MARRUBIUM

MARRUBIUM vulgare New Summer3769
White Horehound25-45cm  Zone: 3
Native to Europe. Densely crinkled grey foliage covered in downy hairs. The flowers are white, borne in clusters on the upper part of the main stem. Horehound has been mentioned in conjunction with medicinal use dating at least back to the 1st century BC, where it appeared as a remedy for respiratory ailments.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.00   

MONARDA(HORSE MINT)Family: LABIATAE
About 12 species of annual and perennial plants with aromatic leaves and dense heads of flowers in white, red, mauve or purple. Very attractive to butterflies and hummingbirds. Plant in moisture-retentive soil in full sun or part shade.

MONARDA fistulosa var. menthifolia New June-August3760
Mint-Leaved Bergamot30-80cm  Zone: 3
The beautifully aromatic western variant of the species is a shorter, less branched plant, often with a single flower head, the longest petioles seldom over 1 cm. Mauve flowers in summer.
Germination Instructions: Easy warm germinator.
20 seeds  $3.75   

MYRRHIS(SWEET CICELY)Family: APIACEAE
One species is grown for its sweetly scented filigree foliage and lacy heads of white flowers

MYRRHIS odorata New Summer2372
Sweet Cicely150cm  Zone: 4
A sweetly-scented voluptuous perennial with delicate, pale-green, ferny foliage. Above it rise flat-topped umbels of white flowers followed by large dark-brown seeds.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $3.25   

OENOTHERA(EVENING PRIMROSE)Family: ONAGRACEAE
A new world genus. A number of species have vespartine flowers, which means they open in the evening and accounts for one of their common names. They make fine additions to the border or rock garden; easy to grow in full sun to light shade. For enthusiasts, I recommend Claude Barr's "Jewels of the Plains" (1983). Barr introduced over 80 species from the plains into cultivation including several superb Oenotheras.

OENOTHERA argillicola New July-August3754
Shale Barren Evening Primrose1-1.5m
A showy biennial endemic of the Appalachian shale barrens, occurring in the states of Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia and southern Pennsylvania. Is able to exist in habitats other than shale barrens, but always requires a dry, open site with little or no competition. Erect or ascending stems hold glossy, narrow, lance-shaped leaves. Large yellow flowers in late summer. Will reliably self-sow.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20+ seeds  $4.00   

PAEONIA
About 33 species of perennials and shrubs distributed in Asia, Europe and northwestern North America. Compound or laciniate foliage and large bowl-shaped flowers in spring and early summer. Very few species Paeonia are found in North American gardens, except Paeonia officinalis and its many hybrids. These beautiful plants can become the treasures of your garde

It is always a good idea to sow Paeonia seed as early as possible from the freshest possible seed. See all our other paeonia listings from this seasons fresh harvest under the general paeonia category.

PAEONIA caucasica (Moist Packed) New Late Spring2492
The Male Peony60cm  Zone: 5
A beautiful and free-flowering species with very handsome foliage. Flowers are large (12cm) with color ranging from deep rose-red through pale-pink with dark-rose petal bases. For sun in good, moisture-retentive soil.
Germination Instructions: Seed germinates after a long period of warm, then requires cold treatment for first leaf emergence.
8 seeds  $5.00   

PAEONIA officinalis ssp. villosa (Moist Packed) New Summer2504
60cm  Zone: 4
This subspecies is native to France and Italy, growing in rocky places and thickets. The foliage is deeply cut, green and smooth above, paler and hairy underneath. Rich pink flowers in summer. Very limited.
10 seeds  $5.00   Sorry...Sold Out

PANAX(GINSENG)Family: ARALIACEAE
A small genus of perennials with tuberous roots native to North America and Asia. Two species are native to north eastern North America. Roots of the native Chinese species (Panax ginseng) have been used medicinally in China for centuries. As demand for ginseng roots in China began to exceed supply, export of this American species to China began to occur. American ginseng has unfortunately become endangered or extinct in the wild due to over-harvesting of its roots. American ginseng is now sometimes commercially grown for export.

PANAX quinquefolius (Moist Packed) New Early Summer2511
American Ginseng30-45cm  Zone: 4
Native to eastern North America growing in fertile, damp well-drained soils in woods. The insignificant mildly-fragrant yellowish-green flowers appear in early summer over compound leaves. These are followed by red berries in late summer.

In 1988, ginseng was officially listed as "threatened" in Canada.

Our seed comes from garden grown plants and is in very limited quantities. Order early.
Germination Instructions: Seed has been moist packed since collection and requires cold treatment.
12 seeds  $6.00   Sorry...Sold Out

PAPAVER(POPPY)Family: PAPAVERACEAE
50 species of annuals and perennials native to North America, Asia, Aurope, Australia and south Africa.

PAPAVER alpinum color mix New Spring to Summer2515
30cm  Zone: 3
Tufts of compact silvery filigree foliage with large silky white, yellow and orange yellow-centered poppies in early spring continuing in bloom through summer, and often re-blooming in the fall.
Photograph: Cohan Fulford
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30+ seeds  $3.75   

PAPAVER popovii New Summer3733
12-45cm  Zone: 1
A narrow local endemic of the Baikal region of Russia growing on wet cliffs, coastal gravels and beach ridges. Orange flowers over pinnate, hairy foliage.
Photograph: Cohan Fulford
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $3.75   

PENSTEMON(BEARDTONGUE)Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE
With one exception, this 250 member genus is North American. Includes some of our most beautiful flowers, grown for their showy spring and summer tubular blooms. Drought resistant and are best in sharply-draining soil and full sun. For more: The American Penstemon Society, 1569 South Holland Court, Lakewood, CO 80232 USA. Penstemons, Robert Nold, Timber Press, 1999 Northwest Penstemons, Dee Strickler, Flower Press, 1997

PENSTEMON digitalis New Early Summer2576
90cm  Zone: 2
A tall Penstemon native to eastern USA, widely introduced in eastern Canada. Spikes of bell-shaped, white flowers, often flushed pink with reddish stems. This penstemon is easier to grow in hot and humid summers than its western relatives. A rich soil may give plants up to 1.5m. Will grow in woodland.
Germination Instructions: Cold or GA-3 recommended.
100 seeds  $3.50   

PENSTEMON hirsutus pygmaeus New Early Summer to Fall2580
8-15cm
I like this dwarf form of the species. Grown en masse, it has a wonderful, almost luminescent effect at a distance when in full flower. Violet-pink flowers on short stems close to the foliage almost the entire gardening season. A small percentage may grow up to be the taller species type. Flowers sparsely first year from seed. Foliage colors red.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $3.75   

PENSTEMON mensarum New Sum,mer2606
Tiger of Grand Mesa Beardtongue60cm  Zone: 4
An uncommon penstemon indigenous to Colorado. The elongated, slender stalk holds impressive cobalt blue to blue-tinged-purple flowers in whorls. A beautiful species for a not-too-dry rock garden.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   

POTENTILLA(CINQUEFOIL)Family: ROSACEAE
Large group of perennials, herbs and shrubs comprising 500 species, found throughout the northern temperate and frigid zones. Strawberry shaped leaves and elegant, 5-petalled rose-like flowers in white, pink, yellow, orange or red.
Potentillas need as much sun as you can give them and do best in poor, well-drained soils. In fact some seem happiest when baked and starved – too rich a soil they become very leggy with few flowers.

POTENTILLA nepalensis "Miss Wilmot" New Summer2818
40-60cm  Zone: 4
Clump forming perennial with mounds of strawberry-like foliage. Rosy pink flowers with a darker center in summer.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.25   

PRUNUS
430 species of deciduous and evergreen shrubs and trees with often fragrant and showy flowers in clusters or racemes. Fruit is often, though not always, something to eat.

PRUNUS americana New Early Spring2908
American Plum3-10m  Zone: 2
A widespread small native tree that will form dense thickets ideal for windbreak. Showy white flowers in the spring appearing before the leaves and followed by small yellow-red plums in early fall. Wild plum is an important habitat tree for a variety of birds and mammals that eat its fruit or browse its twigs and leaves. The fruit can be made into preserves, jam or jelly. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
12 seeds  $3.75   

RANZANIA

RANZANIA japonica (Moist Packed) New Early Spring2983
45-60cm  Zone: 5
A rarely offered and very choice Japanese woodland species, named in honor of Ono Ranzan, who has been called "the Japanese Linnaeus". Clusters of exquisite, drooping cup-shaped mauve flowers early in the season. These develop into upright clusters of white berries. Always limited & sells out quickly, so order early.
Germination Instructions: Seed has been moist packed to preserve viability. Cold treatment is required.
20 seeds  $6.00   Sorry...Sold Out

RHODODENDRON(RHODODENDRON)Family: ERICACEAE
A large genus of trees and shrubs, usually evergreen with showy flowers in terminal racemes

For a very helpful article by John Weagle on growing Rhododendron from seed, see:

http://www.atlanticrhodo.org/unique/contents/seed.html

RHODODENDRON schlippenbachii New Spring3011
Japanese Royal Azaleato 240cm  Zone: 4
The species is native to Korea and northeastern China. Considered by some the most handsome of all azaleas when the large, luminous, fragrant pink flowers cover the shrub in May just as the leaves are starting to emerge from their sheaths. Foliage is a beautiful dark green in summer, developing fabulous tones of purple-red in autumn.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.50   

RHUS(SUMAC)Family: ANACARDIACEAE
A genus of over 200 aromatic trees and shrubs native to North America, eastern Asia, Australia and South Africa.

RHUS aromatica New Spring3031
Fragrant Sumac.5 to 1.5m  Zone: 3
Native to eastern and central North America. Fragrant Sumac lives up to its common name and rubbing the leaves or stems produces a lovely, aromatic pungency. And the small plant, although twisting and sprawling, is very appealing; a myriad of tiny yellow early spring flowers are followed by slightly-serrated leaves, then red berries and finally the brilliance of yellow and red fall leaves. It can grow in a wide variety of conditions and tolerates sites with high moisture fluctuations from saturation or flooding in winter and spring to extremely dry and barren, almost desert conditions in summer. It has a great ability to cling to slopes, serving to stabilize the soil with its shallow fibrous root system. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Seed coat is very hard and impermeable and requires puncturing. Then cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

RIBES(CURRANT, GOOSEBERRY)Family: GROSSULARIACEAE
A genus of 150 mainly deciduous shrubs, often thorny.

RIBES americanum New Late Spring3727
Wild Black Currant.5-1.5m  Zone: 3
A deciduous shrub native from Alberta east through Nova Scotia in Canada growing from forests to bogs in varied habitats. Clusters of drooping yellowish flowers in spring are followed by edible black berries, without glands or bristles.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $4.00   

RIBES hirtellum New Spring 3726
American Gooseberry1m  Zone: 3/4
A shrub native throughout Canada, except BC, growing on rocky shores, riverbanks, wet woods, bogs, and clearings. A delicious edible purplish-black, smooth berry matures in summer.

Cultivated gooseberries are derived from this species and from Ribes uva-crispa. Whereas R. uva-crispa crops have been devastated by American gooseberry mildew, which was accidentally introduced to Europe, R. hirtellum is resistant.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $4.00   

RIBES nigrum New 3728
Black Currant1.5m  Zone: 4
A woody shrub native from central to northern Europe and northern Asia where it prefers damp fertile soils and is widely cultivated both commercially and domestically. Bunches of small, glossy black fruit develop along the stems in the summer. The fruit is rich in vitamin C, various other nutrients, phytochemicals and antioxidants.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $3.75   

RUBUSFamily: ROSACEAE
A large genus of shrubs, usually prickly and bristly with simple flowers followed by edible berries.

RUBUS canadensis New June-July3725
Canadian or Smooth Blackberry2-3m  Zone: 2/3
Native to eastern Canada, a non-thorny rhizomatous shrub growing in forested habitats, thickets and disturbed sites. White flowers are followed by sweet, edible blackberries.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $4.00   

RUBUS chamaemorus New Spring3080
Cloudberry, Bake Apple10-25cm  Zone: 1
Native throughout the northern parts of the Northern Hemisphere, usually growing in bogs. This is a low, very cold-hardy, creeping shrub with large, palmate foliage. White flowers in early summer are followed by delicious, soft, salmon-coloured fruits in late summer to early fall, which are a very important fruit crop in Scandinavia and in Newfoundland. Seed wild collected in Norway.

The ripe fruits are golden-yellow, soft and juicy, and are rich in vitamin C. When eaten fresh, they have a distinctive tart taste. When over-ripe, they have a creamy texture and flavour somewhat like yogurt. They are often made into jams, juices, tarts, and liqueurs.
Germination Instructions: This species is notoriously challenging to germinate. For your information, please cut and paste this article in your browser.

http://article.pubs.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/RPAS/rpv?hm=HInit&calyLang=eng&journal=cjps&volume=59&afpf=cjps79-010.pdf
25 seeds  $4.25   

RUMEX(DOCK, SORREL)Family: POLYGONACEAE
More than 100 perennial species widely distributed in the temperate world, but only a few merit inclusion in the ornamental garden.

RUMEX orbiculatus New Summer3104
Great Water Dock2.5m  Zone: 4
Found on shorelines of lakes and streams, in marshes and wet meadows of northeastern North America. Large, lance-shaped leaves are up to 60cm long. The much-branched flower stems develop through the summer and commonly attain heights of 1 to 2.5m. Small greenish flowers turn pink then reddish-brown. Very decorative, sharply triangular seed pods develop in fall. Leaves often turn a brilliant red in autumn and dried seed stalks frequently remain erect well into winter. Provides a dramatic vertical accent for pond margins or other moist to wet soil. Will self-sow, but is not invasive. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $3.50   

SABATIA

SABATIA kennedyana New Early Summer3107
Plymouth Gentian, Sea Pink30-60cm  Zone: 4
We are pleased to be able to offer a few packages of this beautiful North American endangered species. Where it still exists in the wild, is confined to shore-lines and will need to have a wet or boggy area, ideally in full sun, if it is to be happy in the garden.

The delicate beauty of this member of the gentian family is legion. The simple, but intricate rose-pink petals, each with a yellow base, overlap the next, with the overall effect of yellow-centered pink flowers.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $5.00   

SAGITTARIAFamily: ALISMATACEAE
A genus of 20 aquatic perennials native to temperate and tropical regions with floating or submerged foliage and linear leaves. Flowers in a whorled panicle or raceme.

SAGITTARIA cuneata New Summer to Fall3731
Arumleaf Arrowhead30-60cm  Zone: 2
Native throughout Canada, except Newfoundland/Labrador this is either an emergent aquatic or floating aquatic growing in slow-moving and stagnant water bodies such as ponds and small streams. The foliage is variable, but mostly arrow-shaped. White flowers over a long period in summer to fall. Only a few packs.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment recommended.
30 seeds  $4.00   Sorry...Sold Out

SALVIA(SAGE)Family: LABIATAE
A very large genus of over 700 species of annuals, biennials, perennials, subshrubs and shrubs valued for their attractive, hooded, flowers often surrounded by highly ornamental bracts and aromatic foliage. For a sunny site and well-drained fertile soil.

SALVIA hypargeia New Summer3746
Turkish Mountain Sage15-30cm  Zone: 4
Native to Turkey, Iraq and Iran, where many plants prefer soil that is gritty, sharply drained and low in fertility. From gray-green basal foliage, spikes carry lavender flowers with a whitish lower lip.
Photograph: Panayoti Kelaydis
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   

SAMBUCUS(ELDER, ELDERBERRY)Family: CAPRIFOLIACEAE
This member of the Honeysuckle family contains about 20 species of perennials, shrubs or small trees native to north temperate and tropical regions, growing in rich, moist soils. White flowers and showy berries in large panicles.

SAMBUCUS canadensis New Summer3137
American Elderto 4m  Zone: 3
A native stoloniferous, multi-stemmed shrub, broad and rounded with an arching habit. Bright light-green leaves and yellow-white flowers in profuse and large flat-topped cymes. Fruits are purple black in drupes. Fruit attracts wildlife, is good for wine and absolutely delicious for jelly, tasting like grape. Wild collected in Nova Scotia.

This, along with S. caerulea are considered one of the best low summer-flowering shrubs for wildlife habitat improvement. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold for germination.
30 seeds  $4.00   

SARCOCOCCA

SARCOCOCCA confusa New December-March3163
Sweet Box1-1.5m  Zone: (6) 7
If you live in a warm enough climate, this western Chinese species will charm you with its clusters of extremely fragrant, small white flowers which perfume the air in winter. These are followed by black berries. Related to the common box, it is a slow-growing plant perfect in the woodland garden where it will spread by suckering shoots gradually forming low-growing mounds of glossy, undulating, evergreen foliage. Limited this season.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
10 seeds  $4.25   

SCABIOSA(PINCUSHION FLOWER)Family: DIPSACACEAE
About 80 species of annual and perennial plants native to Europe, Asia and Africa with long-stemmed, flat, or pincushion-like round flower heads. Renowned for their long bloom period. Fine cutting flowers. For fertile, well-drained soil in full sun.

SCABIOSA japonica var. alpina New Summer to Late Summer3196
15cm  Zone: 4
A small gem with cut foliage and large lilac-blue flowers on 10cm stems. Very floriferous over a long period early to late summer.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $3.75   

SEMPERVIVUM(HENS AND CHICKENS)Family: CRASSULACEAE
30-40 species and many hybrids. Plants are thick-leaved, rosetted perennials, spreading by offshoots, forming large, tight mats in time. For nesting in rock crevices, troughs or for covering rock garden slopes. We find semps flourish in a moist soil in full sun. Although they will survive on near neglect, they are rarely at their best in hot and water deprived conditions.

SEMPERVIVUM species and hybrid mix New Throughout Summer3241
Zone: 3
Although we grow a large variety of species and hybrids, semps hybridize readily and are best offered in a mix. Should provide some fascinating results.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinators.
100+ seeds  $4.00   

SOLIDAGO(GOLDENROD)Family: COMPOSITAE
A genus of primarily North American natives with (usually) yellow flowers in summer and fall. Don't be afraid to grow goldenrods because you're worried about fall "hay fever". Although they were once thought to be the source of this allergy, we now know that goldenrods are insect-pollinated and that it is the tiny, insignificant, wind-pollinated flowers of the ragweed (Ambrosia spp.) that are the real culprits.

SOLIDAGO sempervirens New Summer to Fall3745
Seaside Goldenrod60-90cm
Native from Quebec east through the maritimes, growing on coastal dunes, salt marshes, and the banks of estuaries. Over fleshy, succulent foliage, panicles of yellow flowers. Grow in a dry, sunny spot for the most compact plants.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.00   

STYLOPHORUMFamily: PAPAVERACEAE
A small genus of mostly Asian plants in the poppy family.

STYLOPHORUM diphyllum (Moist Packed) New Spring to Early Fall3382
Wood Poppy30cm  Zone: 4
This species is native to eastern North America and a beautiful plant for the shaded, moist garden. Handsome light green, downy foliage, finger-lobed to the base, like an oak leaf. Cut stems exude a yellow-orange sap once used for dye by native people. Showy, Large, bright yellow poppies bloom most of the season. The species was thought to be extirpated from Canada until a large population was found on private land in Ontario. It's continued existence in Canada depends on the maintenance of this single known population. Stylophorum diphyllum is protected under the federal Species at Risk Act (SARA). Seed is garden collected.
Germination Instructions: Seed is ephemeral and is sent out moist packed. Cold treatment will be required.
30 seeds  $5.00   

THERMOPSIS(FALSE LUPIN)Family: LEGUMINOSAE
20 species of Lupin-like plants, with fan-shaped leaves and primarily yellow pealike flowers. Grow in full sun or part shade in well-drained soil.

THERMOPSIS villosa (caroliniana) New Summer3470
Carolina Lupineto 150cm  Zone: 3
Has been referred to as one of our most overlooked garden plants and the tallest thermopsis. Blue-green ovate foliage and canary-yellow pea-like flowers in erect racemes.
Germination Instructions: Sandpapering of seed essential.
30 seeds  $4.00   

TIARELLA(FOAMFLOWER)Family: SAXIFRAGACEAE
About 6 species of low-growing, spring-flowering plants with 5 species native to North America. The common name is derived from the foamy white flowers. One of the best groundcovers for partial shade; lovely foliage and delicate white flowers in spring. For rich, well-drained, moisture retentive woodland soil in part shade.

TIARELLA wherryi New Spring through Mid-Summer3479
Wherry's Foamflower30cm  Zone: 4
It's been a while since we carried this excellent, clumping species native of the southern USA. The lovely, emerald green foliage, turns red in the fall and looks clean and tidy in the woodland garden all season. Racemes of white blushed pink flowers are held well above the leaves and bloom continues over a long period, spring to mid-summer. Only a few packs this year.
Germination Instructions: Seed has been frozen to retain viability. Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $4.00   

TOWNSENDIA(EASTER DAISY)Family: COMPOSITAE
About 20 species of plants native to North America. The longer lived species have thick, deep taproots and are low plants with rosettes of linear foliage and daisy-like flower heads, usually white, rose to violet. Most flower in spring to early summer. For very well-drained, gravelly soil in full sun.

TOWNSENDIA leptotes New Spring3496
Slender Townsend Daisy1-3cm  Zone: 3
A beautiful species native to alpine regions of western North America. Above narrow, linear foliage, masses of stemless white daisies in spring.

Photograph: Cohan Fulford
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   

TOWNSENDIA parryi New Spring3493
10cm  Zone: 3
Native to western North America. Perennial, biennial or monocarpic, depending on where you live. Prostrate rosette of foliage with spoon-shaped leaves. Good deeply-coloured violet-blue daisies in spring. For well-drained soil in full sun. Will self-sow.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.00   Sorry...Sold Out

TRADESCANTIA(Ohio Spiderwort)Family: COMMELINACEAE
70 perennials and annuals native to the Americas.

TRADESCANTIA ohioensis New Summer3498
Ohio Spiderwort30-120cm  Zone: 3
Native to most of the eastern half of the USA. This one is for a hot, dry spot, and don't grow it anywhere else or you will never really see it at it's best! Beautiful, clear-blue flowers over distinctive grey-green foliage, which colours purple in cooler weather. Can be a problematic self-sower in warm climates. Only a few packs this year.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.00   

TRILLIUM(WAKE ROBIN, WOOD LILIES)Family: LILIACEAE
This genus includes 30-50 species primarily distributed in Asia and North America. Mostly spring blooming and, with a few exceptions, deciduous woodland plants. They have underground rhizomes; some species develop a many-stemmed clump, others a dense colony. Whorls of foliage and solitary flowers in white, yellow, green, brown, rose or purple, occasionally bicoloured. After flowering, a fleshy berry is formed. Most species are long lived ornamentals. For optimum growth give them a deep, moist soil in bright, half or fully shaded conditions. They will, however grow in less than ideal conditions.

TRILLIUM cernuum (Moist Packed) New Late Spring-Early Summer3518
Nodding Trillium25-50cm  Zone: 2
Native to central and north-eastern North America growing in moist, usually acidic woods. Under a whorl of three ovate leaves, nodding three-petalled white to pale-pink flowers, with distinctive purple stamens. Noticeable green sepals are spaced between the petals, which are sharply recurved. Beautiful pink seed pods follow. This very hardy Trillium occurs as far north as James Bay but is not widespread in our area. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Seed is ephemeral and sent out moist packed from fresh harvest each year.
30 seeds  $5.00   

TRILLIUM erectum (Moist Packed) New Late Spring3514
Purple Trillium20-40cm  Zone: 3
One of the most common Trilliums growing in rich woods throughout north eastern North America. The solitary, nodding flower rises on a stalk above a whorl of 3 broadly ovate, diamond-shaped leaves. The flowers are 2.5" wide with 3 petals, maroon or reddish-brown and 3 green sepals. Fruit is an oval, reddish berry. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Seed is moist packed to preserve viability.
30 seeds  $5.00   Sorry...Sold Out

TRILLIUM undulatum (Moist Packed) New Late Spring3516
Painted Trillium20-50cm  Zone: 4
Native to moist, acid woods from Manitoba to New England and south. The erect, stalked flowers have an inverted pink V at the base of each white, wavy-edged petal. Bluish-green and wavy foliage. Seed wild collected in Ontario. Limited this year.
Germination Instructions: Seed is moist-packed to preserve viability.
30 seeds  $5.00   

TRIOSTEUM

TRIOSTEUM pinnatifidum (Moist Packed) New Summer3525
40cm  Zone: 3-4
A rare herbaceous member of the Honeysuckle family almost never seen in cultivation. I quote from the Heronswood catalogue.... "this plant is beyond remarkable, and mindboggling to me that it has not yet been further grown and known. Deeply lobed, felted leaves, reminiscent of Hydrangea quercifolia, and small greenish flowers followed by large white fruit with a soft blush of rosy pink, on herbaceous stems to 18", making large, robust plants over time. Partial shade and any soil."
Germination Instructions: Seed is moist packed. Cold treatment required on receipt.
15 seeds  $5.00   

UVULARIA
A small genus of 5 rhizomatous plants native to the woodlands of North America with arching stems and yellow flowers in clusters.

UVULARIA grandiflora (Moist Packed) New Spring3571
Large Flowered Bellwort30cm  Zone: 4
Native to eastern North America the graceful Bellworts are lovely with ferns, Trillium and Virginia Bluebells. Even after the lovely slender yellow bells fade, the foliage is a plus in the woodland garden all season. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Seed has been moist packed since harvest. Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $5.00   

VACCINIUMFamily: ERICACEAE
The genus Vaccinium includes upwards of 450 species which occur in cool temperate regions and mountains of both the northern and southern hemispheres. Many are deciduous or evergreen shrubs with edible fruits including blueberries, buckberries, huckleberries, farkleberry, cranberry, whortleberry, crowberry, and bilberry.

VACCINIUM myrtilloides New Spring3581
Velvet-Leaf or Canada Blueberry10-50cm  Zone: 2
A deciduous, dwarf, rhizomatous shrub native across Canada and into the Northwest Territories. The stems and undersides of the leaves are covered with fine, velvety hairs. Flowers are bell-shaped, white, tinged-pink. These are followed by bright, frosty to dark-blue, usually glaucous berries. Seed wild collected in Nova Scotia.

Most commercially grown fruit is processed as pie filling or is used in muffin mixes. Lesser amounts are used to make wine, juice, or freeze-dried products. This very cold-hardy species has potential for breeding blueberry strains suited to northern climates. Also, its affinity for mineral soil also suggests it may be useful for breeding plants adapted to upland sites.
Germination Instructions: Germination is over a long period at warm.
30 seeds  $4.25   

VERBASCUM(MULLEIN)Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE
The mostly biennial mulleins are conspicuously and unaccountably neglected by North American gardeners. Perhaps we are too used to the common mullein of Canadian roadsides that we are unwilling to look at the considerable virtues of this genus.

VERBASCUM species 'Electric Yellow' (White Form) New 3763
This is the lovely white form of the large-flowered Verbascum "Electric Yellow". Open pollinated, so you will likely obtain yellow forms as well.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $3.75   

VERBESINA

VERBESINA alternifolia New Late Summer3756
Golden Honey Plant1-8-2m  Zone: 3
Native to eastern North America, growing in prairies, fields, open forest. A splendid plant for the back of the border, it produces winged stems clad with long narrow leaves bearing in late summer long-stalked sprays of green-centred, yellow flowers, beloved by bees.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment recommended.
20 seeds  $4.00   

VIBURNUM(WAYFARING TREE)Family: CAPRIFOLIACEAE
A great genus of 150 woody species originating in the temperate and sub-tropical zones of the northern hemisphere. It has been said that a garden without a Viburnum is akin to life without music and art.

VIBURNUM cassinoides New Summer3651
Witherod Viburnum1.8m  Zone: 4
Another handsome native shrub with a dense, compact and rounded habit. Slightly arching branches. Emerging leaves are often purple-tinged or bronzy, becoming dark green then changing to red-purples in the fall. Creamy white flowers in early summer, in flat-topped cymes. The fruit cluster is spectacular; changing from green to pink, then red to blue and becoming black in late fall. Sometimes all colours are present simultaneously. For naturalizing, massing or in the shrub border. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

VIOLA(VIOLET)Family: VIOLAACEAE
A large genus of 500 species widespread in the temperate zones. All violets are edible. The leaves and flowers can be eaten raw in salads, used as potherbs or thickeners, or made into tea. Violets are high in vitamins A and C. The flowers can be used as a garnish (fresh or candied) or as a flavoring and coloring in vinegar, jelly and syrup. When added to soup the leaves of early blue violet thicken it in much the same way as okra. A tea can be made from the dried leaves. Caution: The rhizomes and seeds are poisonous, causing severe stomach and intestinal upset, as well as nervousness, respiratory and circulatory depression.

VIOLA aetolica New Summer3730
5cm  Zone: 3
A short-lived, self-maintaining perennial native to southeastern Europe: Albania, the former Yugoslavia and Greece growing in the mountains. A pretty, small species with bright yellow flowers in summer. There will likely be some hybrids in the mix--- these will have darker, larger foliage and/or bi-coloured flowers. The hybrids look fine but if one wants pure aetolica just remove the plants that are not small and grayish.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.00   

XYRIS

XYRIS difformis New July-September3748
Bog Yelloweyed Grass15-60cm
Native to Ontario and Nova Scotia growing on sandy-peaty lake shores, sphagnum bogs, and similar acid sites. A grass-like plant with a tall flowering stem that terminates in a conelike head with a yellow flower at the tip.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100+ seeds  $4.25   

YUCCAFamily: LILIACEAE
Technically not perennials, but shrubs, these noble plants have a rare architectural quality that make them valuable as accent plants, especially in a hot setting. Rosettes of long, linear, sword-shaped leaves above which rise massive panicles of bell-shaped, waxy white or cream flowers, often flushed with pink or purple on the outside. Great favorites of Gertrude Jekyll.

YUCCA filamentosa New Summer3706
Adam's Needleto 180cm  Zone: 4
Native to eastern North America growing on rocky, sandy dunes and bluffs. Gray-green leaves and a spectacular 40cm flower stem carries white bell-shaped flowers flushed reddish-brown. Will take a few years to reach flowering size, but well worth the wait.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.00   

ZANTHOXYLUM

ZANTHOXYLUM americanum New Early Summer3736
Northern Prickly Ash4m  Zone: 3
I have oft been requested to collect seed of this species for those of you growing for the ethnobotany industry. Native to eastern North America growing on upland rocky hillsides, moist low-lying sites or in open woods, sometimes forming dense thickets in the wild. This is a small tree or shrub armed with strong, conical brown prickles along its branches. It has good lustrous foliage and all parts of the plant are fragrant. The bruised leaves and the seed have a delicious resinous citrus-like perfume. Insignificant flowers in early summer are followed by showy black seeds inside a red berry-like casing, which splits when the seed is ripe. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.00   Sorry...Sold Out

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