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Searching Genus for Vaccinium

VACCINIUMFamily: ERICACEAE
The genus Vaccinium includes upwards of 450 species which occur in cool temperate regions and mountains of both the northern and southern hemispheres. Many are deciduous or evergreen shrubs with edible fruits including blueberries, buckberries, huckleberries, farkleberry, cranberry, whortleberry, crowberry, and bilberry.

VACCINIUM macrocarpon New Summer3574
Large Wild Cranberry10cm  Zone: 2
Native to open bogs, headlands, swamps and lake shores from Newfoundland to Nova Scotia, south to North Carolina and into Minnesota. An evergreen creeping and matting woody groundcover with beautiful nodding, pinkish-white flowers with 4 backward-pointing petals in clusters. Leaves are oval and shiny, coloring a glorious red and purple in the fall. The large, red cranberries ripen in late fall and are wonderful, particularly on such a small plant. The mother of the commercial hybrid cranberry. Seed wild collected in Ontario.

North America produces 96% of the world’s cranberries, using them in tarts, sauces, preserves and juices, as well as dried. Their health benefits are well-known. As well, cranberries are coated with a waxy substance that acts as a preservative, keeping them fresh for extended periods of time.
Germination Instructions: Fresh seed will germinate in very low percentages over many months. Best to provide cold.
30 seeds  $4.25   

VACCINIUM myrtilloidesSpring3581
Velvet-Leaf or Canada Blueberry10-50cm  Zone: 2
A deciduous, dwarf, rhizomatous shrub native across Canada and into the Northwest Territories. The stems and undersides of the leaves are covered with fine, velvety hairs. Flowers are bell-shaped, white, tinged-pink. These are followed by bright, frosty to dark-blue, usually glaucous berries. Seed wild collected in Ontario.

Most commercially grown fruit is processed as pie filling or is used in muffin mixes. Lesser amounts are used to make wine, juice, or freeze-dried products. This very cold-hardy species has potential for breeding blueberry strains suited to northern climates. Also, its affinity for mineral soil also suggests it may be useful for breeding plants adapted to upland sites.
Germination Instructions: Germination is over a long period at warm.
30 seeds  $4.25   

VACCINIUM oxycoccos New Early Summer3575
Bog CranberryCreeping  Zone: 2/3
"In the valley and low land close by the river and facing the sun are plenty of cranberries, one can gather those of the last year and those of this year upon the same shrub." (Journal of Alexander Mackenzie July 18, 1798).

A small, evergreen subshrub native to northern North America, Europe and Asia growing in fens and bogs. Its slender stems are prostrate and root at the nodes along the ground. Leaves are lance-shaped and leathery. The beautiful pink to red flowers are like miniature shooting stars. Fruit is a red, juicy berry; often persisting through winter. The tart berries are closely related to V. macrocarpon (Large Cranberry) and have a very good flavor. They are used to make jams, jellies and sauces. Commercial cultivation of Small Cranberry is not as widespread in North America as it is in Europe and Russia. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
25 seeds  $4.25   

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