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Searching Genus for V

The genus Vaccinium includes upwards of 450 species which occur in cool temperate regions and mountains of both the northern and southern hemispheres. Many are deciduous or evergreen shrubs with edible fruits including blueberries, buckberries, huckleberries, farkleberry, cranberry, whortleberry, crowberry, and bilberry.

VACCINIUM angustifoliumLate Spring3579
Lowbush Blueberry10-60cm  Zone: 2
This native of north-eastern North America is a low, spreading subshrub, most commonly associated with light, well-drained acidic soils; forming dense, extensive colonies in the wild. The pretty urn-shaped white flowers in spring are tinged with pink and are followed by sweet, dark-blue fruit. Foliage turns bright red in autumn and in the garden the plant makes a wonderful fruiting ground cover. Seed wild collected in Quebec.

This species is the most important commercial wild blueberry in northeastern North America, with a major portion of the crop gathered from managed wild stands. Throughout its range, it is prized by recreational berry-pickers. Delicious fresh or cooked and super healthy with the highest antioxidant capacity of any fresh fruit.
30 seeds  $4.25   

VACCINIUM corymbosum cultivar mix3582
Nova Scotia is the biggest producer of wild blueberries in Canada and Atlantic Canada contributes approximately half of the total North American annual production of all types of blueberries.

Blueberries are abundant in the wild in Nova Scotia and also commercially available here from early to late summer; thrilling for those of us who love the fruit. While to my palate, there is nothing better and sweeter than the wild low-bush blueberry (V. angustifolium), most commercial production centers on V. corybosum (High Bush Blueberry) and its hybrids, which produce larger berries on more productive plants. This is a mix of most of the cultivars grown commercially in my area of the province. It should be interesting to see what results.
100 seeds  $4.50   

VACCINIUM myrtilloides New Spring3581
Velvet-Leaf or Canada Blueberry10-50cm  Zone: 2
A deciduous, dwarf, rhizomatous shrub native across Canada and into the Northwest Territories. The stems and undersides of the leaves are covered with fine, velvety hairs. Flowers are bell-shaped, white, tinged-pink. These are followed by bright, frosty to dark-blue, usually glaucous berries. Seed wild collected in Nova Scotia.

Most commercially grown fruit is processed as pie filling or is used in muffin mixes. Lesser amounts are used to make wine, juice, or freeze-dried products. This very cold-hardy species has potential for breeding blueberry strains suited to northern climates. Also, its affinity for mineral soil also suggests it may be useful for breeding plants adapted to upland sites.
Germination Instructions: Germination is over a long period at warm.
30 seeds  $4.25   

The mostly biennial mulleins are conspicuously and unaccountably neglected by North American gardeners. Perhaps we are too used to the common mullein of Canadian roadsides that we are unwilling to look at the considerable virtues of this genus.

VERBASCUM blattariaEarly Summer3593
Moth Mullein30-90cm  Zone: 4
Low rosette of green foliage. Creamy white or yellow five-petalled saucer-shaped flowers on long racemes.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $3.50   

VERBASCUM bombyciferumMid to Late Summer3606
Turkish Mullein1.5-2m  Zone: 3
Native to Asia Minor producing a massive rosette of wooly, silvery leaves. Impressively tall and downy spires of light yellow flowers make a majestic mid-summer statement. In the wild, this plant grows in inhospitable, hot sites in poor soil, but will also thrive in better conditions in the garden.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $3.75   

VERBASCUM chaixii album3594
As above, but with white flowers and mauve eyes.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $4.25   

VERBASCUM densiflorumLate Summer3614
Dense-Flowered Mullein1.2
Native to central Europe. Above rosettes covered with hairy grayish-yellow hairs, large bright-yellow flowers densely set along erect stalks.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $4.00   

VERBASCUM eriophorum3613
Native to northern Greece, Bulgaria and the former Yugoslavia. This is a rare, very tall species to 3m. The beautiful basal leaves are grey and very soft to the touch. Dense and woolly flower stalks carry relatively large flowers, dotted along the stems. Can be confused with V. phlomoides, which is shorter (to 1.5m) and more widespread throughout Europe and western Asia.

Photographs: UBC Botanic Gardens
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $4.00   

VERBASCUM levanticumEarly Summer3616
A rarely-seen slender species native to Turkey, Israel and Lebanon. Purple-centered yellow flowers in early summer.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.00   

VERBASCUM nigrumSummer3596
120cm  Zone: 3
Large, dark green leafy rosette and a candelabra of yellow flowers with reddish brown centers. One of Wilder's favorite Verbascums and apparently one of the few species reliably hardy in Zone 3.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100+ seeds  $4.00   

VERBASCUM phlomoidesSummer3598
180cm  Zone: 4
This species is native to Europe, growing on stony, uncultivated ground. Covered with dense, woolly, whitish or yellow hairs. A densely packed spike of rather large bright yellow flowers.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $3.25   

VERBASCUM pulverulentumSummer3608
Hoary Mullein1.6m  Zone: 5
Native to Europe and North Africa growing in dry grasslands. A rosette of white, cobwebby foliage, making the plant look like white velvet, is topped by a very dense, very branched pyramid of large (for a Verbascum) yellow flowers in summer. Seed wild collected in western Europe.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50+ seeds  $4.00   

VERBASCUM species 'Electric Yellow'Summer3601
100cm  Zone: 3
I am very grateful to Belinda Gallagher for collecting fresh seed of our original introduction of Verbascum Electric Yellow, which was first offered in our catalogue 15 years ago, and which we lost in the move to Nova Scotia. Our original description follows:

Original seed of this plant was collected in Monet's garden in Giverny and passed on to us by a customer in Zone 3 Cantley, Quebec. It has large 3" luminous yellow flowers with deep orange stamens on a tall densely crowded flowering spike, beloved by bees. Flowering is over a long period until hard frost. Individual flowers open during the night and last until the following afternoon and look beautiful floating in a bowl.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $4.00   

VERBASCUM species 'Electric Yellow' (White Form) New 3763
This is the lovely white form of the large-flowered Verbascum "Electric Yellow". Open pollinated, so you will likely obtain yellow forms as well.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $3.75   

The perennial species of this genus are primarily North American natives and provide a number of outstanding plants for the border.

VERBENA bonariensisLate Summer to Fall3617
Brazilian Verbena90cm
I am very fond of this tall verbena and include it in my garden most years. Clusters of deep purple-pink flowers appear at the ends of wiry stems. As their growth habit is tall and thin they are easy to intersperse among other earlier blooming perennials. Their architectural quality and late blooming habit are to be cherished. Hardy to Zone 6, otherwise start early for first year bloom and have it self-sow to perpetuate itself.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $3.50   

VERBENA hastataLate Summer3618
Blue Vervain60-180cm  Zone: 4
Native to eastern North America growing in damp thickets, on shores and along roadsides. An attractive perennial with violet-blue flowers on showy candelabra-like spikes. In ancient times it was thought to be a cure-all among medicinal plants and the genus name is Latin for "sacred plant." For full sun in ordinary soil. Soundly perennial. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment (for highest rates) or GA-3 for germination at warm (about 60%).
100 seeds  $4.00   

VERBENA strictaLate Summer3619
Hoary Vervain60-90cm  Zone: 4
Native to North America. Erect stems clothed by grey-green foliage. Long inflorescence up to 30cm carry deep lavender to purple flowers late in the season. Soundly perennial. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment, or GA-3 and warm.
30 seeds  $3.75   


VERBESINA alternifolia New Late Summer3756
Golden Honey Plant1-8-2m  Zone: 3
Native to eastern North America, growing in prairies, fields, open forest. A splendid plant for the back of the border, it produces winged stems clad with long narrow leaves bearing in late summer long-stalked sprays of green-centred, yellow flowers, beloved by bees.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment recommended.
20 seeds  $4.00   

A huge genus of up to 1000 species of perennials, subshrubs, trees and woody climbers, mostly from South America, but with a few species scattered in the rest of the world with the North American sorts being the perennials. These are vigorous, sturdy late flowering plants for moist, fertile soil in full sun. Best for prairie or wildflower gardens. The common name refers to the rust color of the spent flower heads.

VERNONIA noveboracensisFall3625
New York Ironweed90-180cm  Zone: 4
Native to eastern North America. Glabrous to slightly hairy foliage with lanceolate leaves, making substantial clumps. Tall stems carry open cymes of rich crimson-purple flowers. A very welcome addition to the autumn garden. Easy in rich, moist soils.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $3.75   

250 species ranging in habit from prostrate, creeping, rock-garden plants to erect border specimens. The flowers are held in dense, unbranched spikes. Hardy and long blooming, they are easy to grow and will thrive in a bright sunny spot or part shade in soil that does not dry out.

VERONICA longifolia Summer3636
Long-Leaf Speedwell60-120cm  Zone: 2
Native to Europe, this is a statuesque Veronica with good dark-green serrated foliage. Strong upright stems carry dense, erect, terminal spikes of blue flowers in summer.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $3.75   

A great genus of 150 woody species originating in the temperate and sub-tropical zones of the northern hemisphere. It has been said that a garden without a Viburnum is akin to life without music and art.

VIBURNUM acerifoliumEarly Summer3659
Maple-Leaf Viburnum1-2m  Zone: 3/4
Native to eastern North America growing in the understory of upland hardwood forest or on slopes in moist well drained soil. A small, deciduous multi-stemmed shrub, with an upright, erect form. The large (12cm) three-lobed leaves resemble those of a maple and the beautiful reddish-purple fall colour is outstanding. White flowers in cymes in early summer followed by egg-shaped fruits turning from red to black at maturity. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.50   

VIBURNUM cassinoides New Summer3651
Witherod Viburnum1.8m  Zone: 4
Another handsome native shrub with a dense, compact and rounded habit. Slightly arching branches. Emerging leaves are often purple-tinged or bronzy, becoming dark green then changing to red-purples in the fall. Creamy white flowers in early summer, in flat-topped cymes. The fruit cluster is spectacular; changing from green to pink, then red to blue and becoming black in late fall. Sometimes all colours are present simultaneously. For naturalizing, massing or in the shrub border. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

VIBURNUM lantanoides (alnifolium)Spring3650
(Witch's) Hobble Bush3-4m  Zone: 3
This wonderful native suckering shrub is found in the woods of eastern Canada to southeastern United States. The beautiful large (up to 30cm across) opposite heart-shaped leaves with sunken veins seem oddly out of place on the slender stems, making them very pronounced. Showy white to pink flowers in large clusters appear in spring. Finally, drupes of berries, first red then black ripen in late summer and are quickly eaten by birds. The vivid and early color transformation in fall is astounding- one can find maroon to bright red leaves, color-splotching and everything in between. The colors are a visual feast when walking through the woodland. Virtually unavailable in the nursery trade; it tolerates deep shade and dryness and is an elegant and perfect woody partner to almost anything in the shade garden. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.25   

VIBURNUM lentagoSpring3648
Nannyberry5.4m  Zone: 2
Native from Manitoba to Hudson Bay and south. An attractive large shrub or small tree with leaves emerging a soft yellow-green, turning glossy dark green then changing to purplish red in fall. White flowers, followed by purplish black fruit. Wonderful for naturalizing. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.25   

VIBURNUM prunifoliumSpring3658
Blackhaw Viburnum3-5m  Zone: 3
A native understory shrub in eastern and midwestern North America, which can be limbed up to treeform status. Creamy-white flat-topped flower clusters in spring followed by a mixture of green, yellow, and red-pink fruits turning to blue-black or blue-pink at maturity. Berries can be profusely borne from August through early December and attract birds. Foliage is similar to V. rufidulum (very glossy dark-green summer leaves that explode into vibrant yellow, scarlet or marron hues in fall). Very adaptive; full sun to full shade prefering moist, well-drained soils of average fertility in full sun, but is adaptable to poor soils, compacted soils, soils of various pH, permanently moist soils, dry soils, moderate heat, drought, and pollution.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.25   

VIBURNUM rafinesquianumEarly Summer3654
Downy Arrow Wood2-3m  Zone: 3
Native to eastern North America. In addition to beautiful, white lacy flowers in summer and abundant black fruits in fall, this shrub also has outstanding fall color - a dazzling display of golds, pinks, and reds. You can plant downy arrow-wood en-masse for screening or alone and limb it up so that it takes the form of a beautiful small specimen tree. It transplants readily, thrives in dry soil and full sun, but will tolerate light shade. Seed wild collected in Ontario. Limited this year.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.25   

VIBURNUM trilobumSpring3649
American CranberrybushTo 4m  Zone: 2
Native throughout Canada and into the USA. This is an excellent plant for hedges and screening with lustrous medium to dark green leaves changing yellow to red-purple in fall. New growth has a reddish tinge. White flowers in cymes in the spring followed by bright red berries holding on the shrub through winter. Prefers good, well drained moist soil; sun or part shade. Highbush cranberry has a long tradition of use both as an edible fruit and as a traditional medicine. When fresh, the fruit are hard, very sour (acidic) and high in pectin. The fruit is best when picked slightly under-ripe, and prepared as sauce or jelly. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

A large genus of 500 species widespread in the temperate zones. All violets are edible. The leaves and flowers can be eaten raw in salads, used as potherbs or thickeners, or made into tea. Violets are high in vitamins A and C. The flowers can be used as a garnish (fresh or candied) or as a flavoring and coloring in vinegar, jelly and syrup. When added to soup the leaves of early blue violet thicken it in much the same way as okra. A tea can be made from the dried leaves. Caution: The rhizomes and seeds are poisonous, causing severe stomach and intestinal upset, as well as nervousness, respiratory and circulatory depression.

VIOLA aetolica New Summer3730
5cm  Zone: 3
A short-lived, self-maintaining perennial native to southeastern Europe: Albania, the former Yugoslavia and Greece growing in the mountains. A pretty, small species with bright yellow flowers in summer. There will likely be some hybrids in the mix--- these will have darker, larger foliage and/or bi-coloured flowers. The hybrids look fine but if one wants pure aetolica just remove the plants that are not small and grayish.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.00   

65 deciduous woody vines or shrubs climbing by tendrils with bark peeling in strips. Usually small flowers, in panicles, followed by edible fruits (grapes).

VITIS ripariaSpring3687
Wild River or Frost Grape3.7m  Zone: 2
Native to woods of eastern North America. A climbing or trailing vine with fragrant flowers in early summer followed by small, black grapes in fall. A vigorous, rather rampant species that I am endeared to because I adore the jelly the grapes Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.00   

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