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SABATIA

SABATIA kennedyana New Early Summer3107
Plymouth Gentian, Sea Pink30-60cm  Zone: 4
We are pleased to be able to offer a few packages of this beautiful North American endangered species. Where it still exists in the wild, is confined to shore-lines and will need to have a wet or boggy area, ideally in full sun, if it is to be happy in the garden.

The delicate beauty of this member of the gentian family is legion. The simple, but intricate rose-pink petals, each with a yellow base, overlap the next, with the overall effect of yellow-centered pink flowers.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $5.00   

SAGITTARIAFamily: ALISMATACEAE
A genus of 20 aquatic perennials native to temperate and tropical regions with floating or submerged foliage and linear leaves. Flowers in a whorled panicle or raceme.

SAGITTARIA cuneata New Summer to Fall3731
Arumleaf Arrowhead30-60cm  Zone: 2
Native throughout Canada, except Newfoundland/Labrador this is either an emergent aquatic or floating aquatic growing in slow-moving and stagnant water bodies such as ponds and small streams. The foliage is variable, but mostly arrow-shaped. White flowers over a long period in summer to fall. Only a few packs.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment recommended.
30 seeds  $4.00   Sorry...Sold Out

SALVIA(SAGE)Family: LABIATAE
A very large genus of over 700 species of annuals, biennials, perennials, subshrubs and shrubs valued for their attractive, hooded, flowers often surrounded by highly ornamental bracts and aromatic foliage. For a sunny site and well-drained fertile soil.

SALVIA aethiopisSummer3119
African Sage120cm  Zone: 4
This species is similar to Silver Sage, forming a mouthwatering, enormous woolly silver rosette the first year. A multitude of white flowers on a candelabra inflorescence the second season. Either biennial or perennial depending on where you live.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
25 seeds  $3.50   

SALVIA hypargeia New Summer3746
Turkish Mountain Sage15-30cm  Zone: 4
Native to Turkey, Iraq and Iran, where many plants prefer soil that is gritty, sharply drained and low in fertility. From gray-green basal foliage, spikes carry lavender flowers with a whitish lower lip.
Photograph: Panayoti Kelaydis
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   

SALVIA jurisicii Late Spring3128
Feathered Salvia30-45cm  Zone: 5
Native to eastern Europe, with fine feathery foliage topped by spikes of wonderful, hairy, upside-down blue flowers in late spring. A hot and dry spot with excellent drainage is crucial for overwintering.

Photograph: Pat Anderson
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
15 seeds  $4.25   

SALVIA recognitaLate spring to early summer3136
Turkish Cliff Sage90cm
Native to Turkey, growing at the base of cliffs. Erect, branching rise from light green basal foliage with a grayish cast. Whorls of pale pink blossoms with delicate white markings. Limited quantity.
Photograph: Denver Botanic Garden.
10 seeds  $4.00   

SAMBUCUS(ELDER, ELDERBERRY)Family: CAPRIFOLIACEAE
This member of the Honeysuckle family contains about 20 species of perennials, shrubs or small trees native to north temperate and tropical regions, growing in rich, moist soils. White flowers and showy berries in large panicles.

SAMBUCUS canadensis New Summer3137
American Elderto 4m  Zone: 3
A native stoloniferous, multi-stemmed shrub, broad and rounded with an arching habit. Bright light-green leaves and yellow-white flowers in profuse and large flat-topped cymes. Fruits are purple black in drupes. Fruit attracts wildlife, is good for wine and absolutely delicious for jelly, tasting like grape. Wild collected in Nova Scotia.

This, along with S. caerulea are considered one of the best low summer-flowering shrubs for wildlife habitat improvement. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold for germination.
30 seeds  $4.00   

SAMBUCUS pubensLate Spring3142
Red-Berried Elderberry.3-4m  Zone: 3
Native to northern North America occuring in a range of habitats from wet or moist sites along river edge or lakeside to moist or dry mixed forest. This deciduous shrub or small tree is a fine ornamental with lance-shaped, green leaves divided into five to seven leaflets and interesting brownish-red-warty bark. Pyramidal clusters of ivory flowers in late spring are followed by bright red berries in late June. The berries are (very) attractive to birds and ripen just about the time that baby birds need them in late June to early July. There appears to be controversy over whether the juice of the berries is toxic to humans. Certainly the roots, flowers, seeds, leaves, as well as the fruit's pulp while still green, possess cyanide-producing glycosides. Some sources believe, however, that the berries (minus the seeds), when fully ripened and cooked, are fine for consumption and make a wonderful, tart jelly. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
30 seeds  $4.00   

SARCOCOCCA

SARCOCOCCA confusa New December-March3163
Sweet Box1-1.5m  Zone: (6) 7
If you live in a warm enough climate, this western Chinese species will charm you with its clusters of extremely fragrant, small white flowers which perfume the air in winter. These are followed by black berries. Related to the common box, it is a slow-growing plant perfect in the woodland garden where it will spread by suckering shoots gradually forming low-growing mounds of glossy, undulating, evergreen foliage. Limited this season.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
10 seeds  $4.25   

SARUMAFamily: ARISTOLOCHIACEAE
Closely related to Asarum, the wild gingers, in name as well as in form. In fact, it is thought that the generic name was created by simply removing the "A" from Asarum and assigning it to the end of the queue.

SARUMA henryii (Moist Packed)All Season3167
45cm  Zone: 3
A choice woodland plant, that we are pleased to have back in our catalogue. Its stems emerge from the ground in early spring, ultimately rising to 45cm and carrying heart-shaped soft, felted leaves that have a purplish bronze tint fading to medium green by midsummer. A nonstop progression of small three-petaled, pastel-yellow flowers are produced from the leaf axils from spring until autumn.
Germination Instructions: Moist Packed to preserve viability. Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $5.00   

SAXIFRAGA
A large genus of 300-370 species, including many natural hybrids and geographic varieties. Most garden sorts are small-leaved, hard and crusty, or moss-like, soft cushion and rosette-forming; also herbaceous, small perennials. Flowers are usually solitary, clustered or in floriferous panicles, racemes or cymes. Primarily mountain plants, so very tolerant of harsh winter conditions. The arctic species survive nearly to the permanent snow fields, others also thrive under high alpine conditions. Primary distribution is the cool temperate northern hemisphere.

SAXIFRAGA rock garden mixSpring to Summer3173
5-10cm  Zone: 3
A mix of small saxes for the rock garden.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
100 seeds  $4.25   

SCABIOSA(PINCUSHION FLOWER)Family: DIPSACACEAE
About 80 species of annual and perennial plants native to Europe, Asia and Africa with long-stemmed, flat, or pincushion-like round flower heads. Renowned for their long bloom period. Fine cutting flowers. For fertile, well-drained soil in full sun.

SCABIOSA japonica var. alpina New Summer to Late Summer3196
15cm  Zone: 4
A small gem with cut foliage and large lilac-blue flowers on 10cm stems. Very floriferous over a long period early to late summer.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $3.75   

SCIRPUSFamily: CYPERACEAE
A genus of rhizomatous perennial grasslike plants with jointed stems and a bristle-like inflorescence. Cosmopolitan distribution.

SCIRPUS holoschoenusSpring to Summer3212
Round Headed Bullrush1m
Native to Europe, growing in wet places. The round flowering heads and spiky foliage are an interesting accent for a moist or wet spot.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30+ seeds  $3.50   

SCUTELLARIA(SKULLCAP)Family: LABIATAE
A genus of 300 subshrubs with lipped flowers.

SCUTELLARIA galericulataMid to Late Summer3215
Marsh or Hooded Skullcap20-90cm  Zone: 2
(Scutellaria epilobifolia). This cicumboreal member of the Mint family is also native to North America, living in moist to wet places. The lipped flowers are violet to dark blue. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment recommended.
20 seeds  $3.75   

SECURINEGAFamily: EUPHORBIACEAE
About 20 species of deciduous shrubs from temperate and subtropical regions.

SECURINEGA suffruticosaLate Summer3221
2m  Zone: 4
This species is native to Siberia and other cold regions of northeast Asia and is virtually unknown in gardens in North America. A botanical rarity, it is perhaps the only hardy woody member of the Euphorbia family. This is a small densely branched shrub with numerous, slender, wand-like and arching stems. Bright green fresh foliage. Greenish-white flowers in clusters in late summer. For any well-drained soil and full sun.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   

SEDUM

SEDUM reflexum3238
Reflexed Stonecrop10cm  Zone: 2/3
Native to northern, central, and southwestern Europe with a prostrate, spreading habit. The foliage resembles spruce branches. Blue-gray to gray foliage with yellow flowers in summer. Wild collected in Sweden.
100 seeds  $3.50   

SEMPERVIVUM(HENS AND CHICKENS)Family: CRASSULACEAE
30-40 species and many hybrids. Plants are thick-leaved, rosetted perennials, spreading by offshoots, forming large, tight mats in time. For nesting in rock crevices, troughs or for covering rock garden slopes. We find semps flourish in a moist soil in full sun. Although they will survive on near neglect, they are rarely at their best in hot and water deprived conditions.

SEMPERVIVUM species and hybrid mix New Throughout Summer3241
Zone: 3
Although we grow a large variety of species and hybrids, semps hybridize readily and are best offered in a mix. Should provide some fascinating results.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinators.
100+ seeds  $4.00   

SHEPHERDIA

SHEPHERDIA canadensis Early Spring3252
Canada Buffaloberry2.5m  Zone: 2
A deciduous, nitrogen-fixing shrub found in open forests and thickets throughout North America, ranging to the Arctic Circle. Leaves are opposite, dark green above, fuzzy beneath with silvery hairs and scales. Inconspicuous yellowish-green flowers in early spring, before the leaves, are followed by juicy, translucent, soapy, dotted red berries. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

SILENE(CAMPION, CATCHFLY)Family: CARYOPHYLLACEAE
Large genus of plants and members of the Pink family. Silenes are grown in the rock garden, border or woodland garden. Wilder in "The Glamorous Silenes" states "there is about them a magic enchantment, an alluring beauty and charm." Grow them in well-drained, moist soil in full sun to partial shade.

SILENE armeriaAll Season3276
Sweet-William Catchfly30-45cm
A native of central and southern Europe, cultivated for centuries there and earlier than 1804 in North America. A showy annual with bluish-green foliage and dense clustered heads of hot pink flowers. It really is a pretty thing romping around the garden. When established it will sow itself freely with fine effect.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $3.25   

SILENE nutansJune-July3286
Nottingham Catchfly20-40cm  Zone: 2
A widespread native of Europe and Asia, favouring dry, sunny places: sandy soil, hill slopes and forest margins. This is a night-blooming, intensely night-fragrant species emitting a powerful fragrance which resembles hyacinth. The flowering stalks hold white or pinkish flowers in summer.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.50   

SISYRINCHIUM(BLUE-EYED GRASS)Family: IRIDACEAE
About 75 species of Iris-like perennials native to North America. Grasslike, linear leaves and star-shaped flowers in blue, white, yellow or purple in spring and summer. For well-drained, moist soil in full sun.

SISYRINCHIUM montanumEarly Summer3298
Blue-Eyed Grass15cm  Zone: 2
(Listed previously as S. angustifolium). This native of eastern North America is naturalized throughout my country lawn of clover, wild strawberry and Antennaria. It survives cuttings, and considerable foot traffic. Semi-evergreen, grasslike foliage. Small starry violet-blue or white flowers with a yellow eye in clusters.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment recommended
120 seeds  $3.50   

SOLIDAGO(GOLDENROD)Family: COMPOSITAE
A genus of primarily North American natives with (usually) yellow flowers in summer and fall. Don't be afraid to grow goldenrods because you're worried about fall "hay fever". Although they were once thought to be the source of this allergy, we now know that goldenrods are insect-pollinated and that it is the tiny, insignificant, wind-pollinated flowers of the ragweed (Ambrosia spp.) that are the real culprits.

SOLIDAGO sempervirens New Summer to Fall3745
Seaside Goldenrod60-90cm
Native from Quebec east through the maritimes, growing on coastal dunes, salt marshes, and the banks of estuaries. Over fleshy, succulent foliage, panicles of yellow flowers. Grow in a dry, sunny spot for the most compact plants.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.00   

SORBUS(MOUNTAIN ASH, WHITE BEAM)Family: ROSACEAE
All trees are of modest growth and tough hardy constitution. Most give of their best in autumn when displays of fruit and autumn coloured foliage make them particularly attractive. They must experience cold winters to develop flower buds and good crops of fruit. This makes them ideal for our end of the country. Very tolerant of a wide range of soils. There are basically two different types of Sorbus. The plants belonging to the first type are commonly known as Whitebeams. They have simple leaves that often have serrated margins and are sometimes lobed. The leaves are ordinarily white or silvery beneath giving them a shimmering look when blown by the breeze. In the autumn, their clusters of brown to red fruits are attractive and their foliage turns vivid colors. The plants of the second type are commonly known as Mountain Ashes. These plants have pinnate leaves, giving them a fern-like appearance; the foliage turns shades of red and yellow in autumn. In the spring, Mountain Ashes produce clusters of cream-colored flowers, which are followed by bunches of attractive berries that are usually brilliant red, but may be white, pink, orange, or yellow.

SORBUS alnifoliaSpring3329
Korean Mountain Ash5m  Zone: 3
Native to Korea and Japan, this is a very handsome and hardy mountain ash making an excellent small landscape tree. Its form is oval; broadening to round with age, forming a dense crown with many small branches. The clean leaves are not compound, but simple; turning from dark green to golden in the fall. Loose clusters of white flowers in spring are followed by delicate clusters of fruit, going through a lovely colour change of yellow, salmon, orange and finally, white-spotted cherry-red, lasting well into late fall.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

SORGHASTRUM(INDIAN GRASS)Family: GRAMINAE
Small genus native to North America and Africa. One species is of considerable value for its upright habit, late-summer flowering and autumn colour. Ordinary, well-drained soil in full sun.

SORGHASTRUM nutansAutumn3341
Indian Grass90-150cm  Zone: 3
Highly recommended. Indian grass is one of North America's most beautiful native grasses and one of the major constituents of the tallgrass prairie. This handsome grass is perfect for the meadow or large border either en masse or as a specimen. Attractive, clumping, upright grass with gray-green, almost blue foliage arching out at the tip. Long flower plumes appear on stiff, erect spikes. The flowers turn golden in autumn and foliage matures to yellow, then burnt orange. Best in deep rich, moist soil and full sun.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.00   

SPARGANIUM(BUR REED)Family: SPARGANIACEAE
A genus of 21 aquatic or marginal perennials.

SPARGANIUM emersumSummer3345
Narrow-Leaved or Green Fruit Bur-Reed1m  Zone: 3
(Sparganium chlorocarpum) Native to eastern North America found growing in shallow water or mud of marshes, streams, ditches and ponds, where the water is fairly fresh. Habit is erect or sometimes lax and trailing in the water Leaves are yellow-green, flat to keeled. The flowers turn into shiny green to brown bur-like nutlets shiny with longish beaks. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $3.75   

SPILANTHES

SPILANTHES oleraceaSummer to Early Fall3352
Toothache Plant30-35cm
This unusual tender perennial (Zone 10?)is a member of the Compositae family native to the tropics of Africa and South America and grown as an annual in the north. Above edible bronze-coloured foliage, eye-catching golden yellow flowers with deep burgundy-red eyes on long, pendulous stems. Wonderful in containers.
The leaves and flowers have a taste and properties similar to coneflower (Echinacea purpurea). It stimulates the flow of saliva which cleanses the mouth, tones the gums, and enhances immune function. It is called the toothache plant because when you chew on the leaves or flowers it produces a numbing effect.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $3.50   

SPOROBOLUS(DROP SEED, RUSH GRASS)Family: GRAMINAE
About 100 species of drought-tolerant grasses native to North and South America.

SPOROBOLUS airoidesSummer3359
Alkali Sacaton60-100cm  Zone: 4
This is a beautiful ornamental grass from valleys and meadows of the western U.S.A., especially on alkaline soils. It forms loose, flowing mounds of narrow bluish-green leaves, turning yellow in autumn then light tan for winter. Although it is a warm season grass, it bears in summer long, graceful, airy, widely-spread flower panicles that open with a strong pink cast before drying to silver. In the wild it often grows in moist, alkaline soils (hence the common name), but is also extremely drought and heat tolerant. Seed wild collected in Utah.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.25   

SPOROBOLUS heterolepsisMid Summer3358
Prairie Drop Seed60-120cm  Zone: 3
A classic native bunch grass, forming tight tussocks of very fine, upward and out-arching foliage topped by slender flower stalks, pink and hazy when in bloom; later accented by tiny rounded beads, loved by birds. Perfect for massing or as a groundcover in harsh, hot and dry conditions. Lovely fall colour. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: This species is unique in its genus for having a very firm seed coat that does not break down easily, even when moistened. Germination therefore tends to take place over a long period at warm.
20 seeds  $4.00   

STACHYS(BETONY)Family: LABIATAE
Over 300 species of herbaceous perennials and subshrubs widely distributed, but few cultivated in gardens. A few species are widely grown for their foliage and hooded flowers in whorls or spikes. For well-drained soil in sun or part shade.

STACHYS byzantina (lanata)Summer3360
Lamb's Ears45cm  Zone: 3
Forms a thick mat of densely-white, woolly leaves, which are velvety to the touch. The pink or purple flower spikes are insignificant and often removed so as not to detract from the foliage. This is one of the best edging plants for its softening influence; let it sprawl at will.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $3.25   

STAPHYLEA(BLADDER-NUT)Family: STAPHYLEACEAE
These are ornamental, deciduous shrubs or small trees of north temperate regions, with opposite, compound leaves, clusters of whitish flowers and bladderlike fruits. Rarely found in cultivation. Tolerate full sun to part shade.

STAPHYLEA trifolia Spring3366
4.5m  Zone: 4
Native to eastern North American. A large, suckering shrub or small tree with pretty drooping clusters of cream, bell-shaped flowers in spring turning into a three-chambered bladder-like seed, which rattle in the wind. Attractive, dark-green, trifoliate foliage and greenish bark textured with white cracks.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.25   

STYLOPHORUMFamily: PAPAVERACEAE
A small genus of mostly Asian plants in the poppy family.

STYLOPHORUM diphyllum (Moist Packed) New Spring to Early Fall3382
Wood Poppy30cm  Zone: 4
This species is native to eastern North America and a beautiful plant for the shaded, moist garden. Handsome light green, downy foliage, finger-lobed to the base, like an oak leaf. Cut stems exude a yellow-orange sap once used for dye by native people. Showy, Large, bright yellow poppies bloom most of the season. The species was thought to be extirpated from Canada until a large population was found on private land in Ontario. It's continued existence in Canada depends on the maintenance of this single known population. Stylophorum diphyllum is protected under the federal Species at Risk Act (SARA). Seed is garden collected.
Germination Instructions: Seed is ephemeral and is sent out moist packed. Cold treatment will be required.
30 seeds  $5.00   

SYMPHORICARPOS(SNOWBERRY, CORALBERRY)Family: CAPRIFOLIACEAE
17 species of deciduous shrubs native to China and the Americas with bell-shaped, but inconspicuous flowers. They are chiefly grown for their abundant display of white or rose-coloured berries, which appear in autumn and often last into winter. Some are perfect for hedging and all grow well in shade even among the roots of overhanging trees. Quite hardy and will grow in all types of soils.

SYMPHORICARPOS albusSummer3392
Common Snowberry60-90cm  Zone: 3
A small suckering shrub native to North America with a bushy, rounded habit and fast growth rate. Bluish green foliage and clusters of pinkish flowers on current season's growth. Produces a white berry-like drupe in fall, remaining effective into winter, hence the common name. Very tolerant of any soil, though native on limestone and clay. Full sun to medium shade. Very hardy and particularly effective in the shady garden for late season interest. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.00   

SYMPHYANDRA(BELLFLOWER)Family: CAMPANULACEAE
A small genus of Campanula-like perennials native to the Mediterranean and Asia bearing bell-like flowers. As they are rather short lived perennials, it is best to treat them as biennial. For the sunny or shady border.

SYMPHYANDRA hoffmaniiSummer3396
60cm  Zone: 3
I have never quite understood why this very lovely, tough and versatile plant is not grown more. Strongly upright, branching stems carry nodding, bell-shaped ivory-white flowers. Extremely floriferous and free-flowering during the dog days of late summer. Will grow anywhere and is extremely tolerant of dry shade; a stand of it on a slope under pines has been described as follows: "...the nodding, white bells turn your mind to the foaming breakers on an ocean beach." Although biennial, it self sows and reliably flowers each year.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $4.00   

SYMPHYANDRA wanneriSummer3397
10-15cm  Zone: 4
Native to eastern Europe with dark green, glossy foliage. Lovely nodding bellflowers, deep purple-blue. For full sun to light shade in ordinary soil. Biennial, self perpetuating species.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $3.75   

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