Seeds for the World - GARDENS NORTH - Catalogue
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Catalogue Genus starting with:   A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z 
Searching Genus for P

About 33 species of perennials and shrubs distributed in Asia, Europe and northwestern North America. Compound or laciniate foliage and large bowl-shaped flowers in spring and early summer. Very few species Paeonia are found in North American gardens, except Paeonia officinalis and its many hybrids. These beautiful plants can become the treasures of your garde

It is always a good idea to sow Paeonia seed as early as possible from the freshest possible seed. See all our other paeonia listings from this seasons fresh harvest under the general paeonia category.

PAEONIA caucasica (Moist Packed) New Late Spring2492
The Male Peony60cm  Zone: 5
A beautiful and free-flowering species with very handsome foliage. Flowers are large (12cm) with color ranging from deep rose-red through pale-pink with dark-rose petal bases. For sun in good, moisture-retentive soil.
Germination Instructions: Seed germinates after a long period of warm, then requires cold treatment for first leaf emergence.
8 seeds  $5.00   

PAEONIA officinalis ssp. villosa (Moist Packed) New Summer2504
60cm  Zone: 4
This subspecies is native to France and Italy, growing in rocky places and thickets. The foliage is deeply cut, green and smooth above, paler and hairy underneath. Rich pink flowers in summer. Very limited.
10 seeds  $5.00   Sorry...Sold Out

A small genus of perennials with tuberous roots native to North America and Asia. Two species are native to north eastern North America. Roots of the native Chinese species (Panax ginseng) have been used medicinally in China for centuries. As demand for ginseng roots in China began to exceed supply, export of this American species to China began to occur. American ginseng has unfortunately become endangered or extinct in the wild due to over-harvesting of its roots. American ginseng is now sometimes commercially grown for export.

PANAX quinquefolius (Moist Packed) New Early Summer2511
American Ginseng30-45cm  Zone: 4
Native to eastern North America growing in fertile, damp well-drained soils in woods. The insignificant mildly-fragrant yellowish-green flowers appear in early summer over compound leaves. These are followed by red berries in late summer.

In 1988, ginseng was officially listed as "threatened" in Canada.

Our seed comes from garden grown plants and is in very limited quantities. Order early.
Germination Instructions: Seed has been moist packed since collection and requires cold treatment.
12 seeds  $6.00   Sorry...Sold Out

Over 600 species found worldwide. In North America these were a major constituent of the tallgrass prairie. The varied forms and the beauty of these native grasses, long a staple of the German nursery trade, have taken longer to become appreciated in North America.

PANICUM virgatumAutumn2514
Switch Grass120-240cm  Zone: 3
One of North America's contributions to the international hit list of ornamental grasses. Grey-blue leaves and feathery masses of green to pink flowers. An excellent warm-season grass, coloring beautifully in the fall. Extremely versatile and will tolerate a wide range of soils and climatic conditions. Because it holds its dormant form, will remain standing throughout winter and makes a great effect in the snow. Wonderful alone or massed. Flowers and foliage good dried.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.00   

50 species of annuals and perennials native to North America, Asia, Aurope, Australia and south Africa.

PAPAVER alpinum color mix New Spring to Summer2515
30cm  Zone: 3
Tufts of compact silvery filigree foliage with large silky white, yellow and orange yellow-centered poppies in early spring continuing in bloom through summer, and often re-blooming in the fall.
Photograph: Cohan Fulford
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30+ seeds  $3.75   

PAPAVER anomalum 'album'Summer2516
to 40cm  Zone: 3
A sound perennial poppy. This native of central China is overwintering in the prairies. Lovely pure white form with yellow stamens and scalloped petals. Flowers over a long period first year from seed. Full sun, well drained soil.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $4.00   

PAPAVER ex TajikistanSummer2543
30cm  Zone: 4
A small species originally collected in Tajikistan. Single petalled, yellow-centered poppies.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50+ seeds  $3.00   

PAPAVER orientaleLate Spring to Early Summer2542
75cm  Zone: 3
Native to central and western Asia, this is one of the few perennial poppies, much hybridized into colour forms since the later 19th century. Large, satiny orange-red flowers (the original species colour) over a clump of hairy leaves, which disappear by late summer, re-emerging in fall.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $3.00   

PAPAVER pilosumAll Season2520
60cm  Zone: 4
Native to the Olympus mountains. Branched flower stems bear salmony-orange single flowers from late spring through summer. Flowers first year. This may be known under various names, including P. atlanticum and P. lateritium. We are not absolutely certain we have the right name.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $3.25   

PAPAVER popovii New Summer3733
12-45cm  Zone: 1
A narrow local endemic of the Baikal region of Russia growing on wet cliffs, coastal gravels and beach ridges. Orange flowers over pinnate, hairy foliage.
Photograph: Cohan Fulford
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $3.75   

PAPAVER rhoeas Nikki's mixSummer2544
Corn Poppy 60-90cm
My friend Nikki is one of my oldest seed customers in the Maritimes and her garden is not only reminiscent of my former garden in Ontario in terms of the species that grow there, but also the health and exuberance of her plantings. Over the years, her corn poppies have turned into a large drift exhibiting wonderful variation. There are doubles, edged-in-white forms, scalloped-petals, pinks etc. This has been collected indiscriminately, so hopefully you will get a good selection.
Germination Instructions: Easy warm germinator. Best direct sown.
200+ seeds  $3.00   

PAPAVER somniferum (Pink-Double)Summer2523
Opium Poppy30-150cm
A beautiful double pink strain of opium poppy. Open pollinated.
Germination Instructions: Best sown direct where they are to grow.
50 seeds  $3.25   

PAPAVER somniferum (Lavender)Summer2532
The opium poppy in a lovely lavender. Open pollinated.
Germination Instructions: Direct sowing recommended.
100 seeds  $3.50   

PAPAVER somniferum (Red)Summer2524
Opium Poppy30-150cm/1-5'
Deep true red with a dark central blotch. Open pollinated.
Germination Instructions: Best direct sown where it is to grow.
100+ seeds  $3.00   

A genus of 17 deciduous trees native to east Asia with large, dramatic leaves and foxglove-like flowers in terminal panicles.

PAULOWNIA tomentosaSpring2563
9-10m  Zone: 6
The Foxglove Tree is well known for its showy groups of fragrant, pale violet or rich purple foxglove-like flowers that appear in spring, before the leaves emerge. The tree is symbolically connected to the Phoenix because of its ability to entirely regenerate from the root, even if lost to fire or other catastrophe. Because of this ability and the fact that the leaves are large and dramatic, gardeners can stool the plant and use it as a very dramatic accent in the garden. This we do here, even though the tree is not hardy for us, and the effect is wonderful. All growth is cut to the ground in spring and kept to a single shoot. This will be a "pseudo-trunk' a bamboo-like stem reaching 10-12' in a season, bearing the huge, handsome leaves (up to 3' across).
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.00   


PENNISETUM glaucum ex Purple MajestySummer2572
Ornamental Purple Millet150cm
AAS All-American Selection and Gold Medal winner for 2003 awarded for exceptional garden performance. This showy annual features purple leaves and flowers. Its long, narrow seedhead has attractive bristles good for floral arrangements. For a well-drained, sunny site. Looks wonderful in containers. Young plants are green. The stem and mid-rib of the foliage first turn purple after about eight leaves have developed. The foliage will turn dark purple when plants are moved from the greenhouse outside into full sun.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator. Start seed indoors about 8 weeks before planting out.
20 seeds  $3.50   

PENNISETUM macrourum2573
African Feather Grass1.8m
A tussock forming grass, native to South Africa, will pale green narrow leaves and a silvery underside, turning yellow in autumn. Long, slender, cylindrical, softly bristly, cat-tail-like flower panicles in summer to early autumn. These start off a pale white and gradually turn to a yellow straw colour. If you live in a cold area, grow in large pots and move into a cool greenhouse over the winter months. Limited quantity.

Photograph: David Fenwick
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.00   

With one exception, this 250 member genus is North American. Includes some of our most beautiful flowers, grown for their showy spring and summer tubular blooms. Drought resistant and are best in sharply-draining soil and full sun. For more: The American Penstemon Society, 1569 South Holland Court, Lakewood, CO 80232 USA. Penstemons, Robert Nold, Timber Press, 1999 Northwest Penstemons, Dee Strickler, Flower Press, 1997


PENSTEMON digitalis New Early Summer2576
90cm  Zone: 2
A tall Penstemon native to eastern USA, widely introduced in eastern Canada. Spikes of bell-shaped, white flowers, often flushed pink with reddish stems. This penstemon is easier to grow in hot and humid summers than its western relatives. A rich soil may give plants up to 1.5m. Will grow in woodland.
Germination Instructions: Cold or GA-3 recommended.
100 seeds  $3.50   

PENSTEMON hirsutusAll Summer2579
1m  Zone: 3
Purplish to pink-violet or white flowers on a tall eastern penstemon for the border. Foliage reddens nicely. Will grow happily in heavy clay soil or better, if you've got it. Flowers over a long period. Full sun preferred. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $3.50   

PENSTEMON hirsutus pygmaeus New Early Summer to Fall2580
I like this dwarf form of the species. Grown en masse, it has a wonderful, almost luminescent effect at a distance when in full flower. Violet-pink flowers on short stems close to the foliage almost the entire gardening season. A small percentage may grow up to be the taller species type. Flowers sparsely first year from seed. Foliage colors red.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $3.75   

PENSTEMON mensarum New Sum,mer2606
Tiger of Grand Mesa Beardtongue60cm  Zone: 4
An uncommon penstemon indigenous to Colorado. The elongated, slender stalk holds impressive cobalt blue to blue-tinged-purple flowers in whorls. A beautiful species for a not-too-dry rock garden.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   

PENSTEMON procerusSummer2584
Slender Beardtongue30-45cm  Zone: 3
This easy-to-please, pretty, small species carries whorls of lilac to purple-blue to flowers on slender stems, which have been described as "stalks of blue flowers tiered like the roofs of a slender pagoda." This I collected in the SW Alberta Rockies, growing on steep mountain slopes.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $4.00   

PENSTEMON strictusLate Spring2605
Rocky Mountain Penstemon60-90cm  Zone: 3
Native to south-western North America. Tall, showy spikes of intense deep blue-purple flowers last for over a month in late spring. Quite striking when in bloom. Spreads via stolons so it will form large clumps, in time. Makes a wonderful cut flower.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.00   

PENSTEMON wilcoxiiSummer2615
Wilcox's Beardtongue30-45cm
Native to the western USA, with a very limited distribution, growing in open or often wooded, sometimes in rocky places, from the foothills to moderate elevations in the mountains. Purplish-blue 2-lipped flowers in early summer.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
25 seeds  $4.25   

7 Asian species with dissected fragrant foliage and flowers in whorls.

PEROVSKIA atriplicifoliaSummer to Fall2618
Russian Sage1m  Zone: 3
Native to western Pakistan and a very hardy perennial for full sun and well-drained soil. The entire length of the stem becomes clothed in aromatic soft, furry lavender blue flowers over a long period from summer to early fall. Sun loving and drought resistant.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.00   


PETUNIA exsertaSummer2626
A rare member of the genus Petunia, endemic to southern Brazil. First described in 1987, only fourteen plants were found in the wild during an expedition in 2007, found growing only in shaded cracks on sandstone towers. It is the only Petunia species that is naturally pollinated by hummingbirds, and the only red flowered Petunia species.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator
30 seeds  $4.00   

10 species of large, handsome deciduous trees of Asia with aromatic, pinnately compound leaves yellowing in the fall. Clusters of inconspicuous flowers develop into large dramatic clusters of black berry-like fruits that hang on the tree until late fall in the north. Tolerate sun or shade.

PHELLODENDRON amurenseEarly Summer2635
Amur Cork Tree12m  Zone: 3
Native to northern China and Manchuria. Shapely, very wide-spreading tree with massive branches and attractive gray, deeply-fissured, corky bark. Decorative dark green compound leaves. Numerous large clusters of jet-black berries hang from the branches into late fall.
Germination Instructions: Requires cold treatment.
20 seeds  $4.25   

PHELLODENDRON lavalleiLate spring2638
Lavalle Corktree10m  Zone: 5
A medium sized tree native to Japan, with a graceful, wide spreading canopy. The overall effect is deep, lustrous green pinnate foliage in summer, turning a beautiful bronzy yellow in fall. Small yellowish-green flowers in late spring followed by black drupes in fall, on female plants only. The mature bark is beautiful and distinctively cork-like with ridges and furrows.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

These attractive deciduous shrubs of North America and Asia are members of the Rose Family. Shreddy bark and alternate leaves. Small white or pinkish flowers occur in profuse clusters in spring. Tolerate dry soil, sun or shade.

PHYSOCARPUS opulifoliusSpring2653
3m  Zone: 3
Arching shrub native to eastern North America with three-lobed leaves and white flowers with reddish anthers in dense clusters. Bark on older branches peels off in vertical strips. The seed heads remain on the shrub far into winter. Leaves turn red in autumn. Undemanding shrub that have many uses in the garden from specimen to hedge. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Long, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $3.75   

PHYSOCARPUS opulifolius (Purple Leaf Form)2655
This form has deep maroon foliage. About 25-50% will come true. Select the deepest colours.
Germination Instructions: Long, warm germinator.
25 seeds  $4.00   

40 species of alpine plants native to Europe and Asia in the bellflower family. Flowers in terminal heads or elongated spikes, usually blue, purple or white. Long carrot-like taproot. Sun or part shade in good, well-drained soil.

PHYTEUMA scheuchzeriSpring2665
Horned Rampion20-60cm  Zone: 4
Native to the mountains of Europe, with lanceolate deep green foliage and spiky violet-blue flowers. Best in light shade.

Photograph: Cal Photos
Germination Instructions: Easy warm germinator.
50 seeds  $4.00   

A genus of 25 species of striking foliage plants with massive, fleshy roots native to North America and Asia. Stems are often brightly colored. Leaves large, alternate and simple. Flowers in racemes, followed by showy berries. The fruits, usually juicy and dark red to black were once used for coloring red wine and candies. While fruit juices are edible, mature stems and leaves, seeds, and especially the massive root system are extremely poisonous. For any soil, in sun to part shade.

PHYTOLACCA acinosaSummer2668
Asian Poke Weed120-150cm  Zone: 4
Native to China and Japan. Beautiful, shiny dark green and large leaves. Showy pink flowers on erect racemes to 15cm. Fruit is a purple berry, turning black. Not aggressive and makes a wonderful specimen in sun to light shade. Rarely seen or available.
Germination Instructions: 2 months cold treatment required.
25 seeds  $4.50   

PHYTOLACCA americanaSummer2666
Pokeweed1-4m  Zone: 4
Native to North America, from New England to Quebec. A dramatic large specimen plant. Bold leaves, up to 30cm and dark maroon stems. Flowers hermaphroditic, white or pinkish. Produces clusters of showy purple berries in fall, turning black which look like shiny pearls, beloved by birds. The overall effect of the plant at the fruiting stage is wonderful, with the reddish stems contrasing beautifully with the berry clusters. Limited this year.
30 seeds  $4.00   

PHYTOLACCA americana 'Silberstein'2667
Variegated American Pokeweed
I quote Ellen Hornig of Seneca Hill Perennials "'s the American Pokeweed, dressed to kill, with creamy leaves speckled and flecked in green, in delightful contrast to the reddish stems - a truly amazing variegated plant, and VERY good-looking." Makes a wonderful specimen in the garden. For sun or semi-shade.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
25 seeds  $4.50   

A genus of one species with a number of varieties and cultivars native to eastern Asia. Related to Campanula by its bell-shaped flowers; differing in that the flower buds are inflated and balloon-like before opening. Showy, hardy, long-lived perennial for well-drained, ordinary soil in sun.

PLATYCODON grandiflorumSummer2758
60-90cm  Zone: 3
Erect stems with grey-green leaves, the balloon-bud opens into a large blue, five-lobed pointed bell-shaped flower.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $3.25   

PLATYCODON grandiflorum (Pink)2761
As above, but light pink.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $3.50   

A small genus from China, North America and the Himalayas. Unique rhizomous shade-loving plants with large, decorative leaves, anemone-like flowers and very conspicuous, large fleshy fruits in summer.

PODOPHYLLUM hexandrumSpring2767
75cm  Zone: 4
From the Himalayas, growing in open forests. Large leaves, the new growth spectacularly mottled bronze-red, followed by pink or white anemone-like flowers. The fruits reach the size of a hen's egg, soft, squishy and bright coral red. Intolerant of drought or hot summers. A cool, moist position in shade. This Podophyllum does extremely well in our gardens, better, in fact that our native May Apple. Highly recommended.
12 seeds  $4.50   

PODOPHYLLUM hexandrum (White)2770
A special pure white form of P. hexandrum, originally of Pakistani provenance. Comes true.
20 seeds  $4.50   

About 30 species of annual and perennial plants native to North and South America, Europe and Asia. Jacob’s Ladder derives its name from the arrangement of its leaves; like rungs of a ladder in pairs. Flowers in blue, pink, white or yellow are loosely clustered and bloom over a long period. The finely-divided foliage is a pleasant addition to the garden. Part shade in cool, moist conditions.

POLEMONIUM caeruleumEarly Summer2773
60cm  Zone: 2
Native to Europe growing in damp grasslands, woodlands, meadows and rocky areas. Above attractive, ferny foliage purplish-blue flowers with yellow stamens.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.50   

POLEMONIUM caeruleum 'album'2774
The lovely white form of Jacob's Ladder.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.50   

About 30 species of plants indigenous to the northern hemisphere, usually in woodlands, with erect, nodding stems and parallel-veined leaves carrying pendulous white, cream or green coloured flowers in the leaf axils. These are handsome shade-loving perennials for a moisture retentive site. The rhizome is jointed and when the leaf stalk breaks away from it, it leaves a distinctive scar said to resemble the official seal of King Solomon.

POLYGONATUM biflorum (Giant Form)2799
Seed of the giant form of P. biflorum, reaching heights of 2 meters.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.50   

POLYGONATUM prattiiSpring2802
Dwarf Chinese Solomon's Seal10-18cm
Native to forests, thickets, and grassy slopes in mountainous areas of western Sichuan and northwestern Yunnan provinces, occuring at elevations of 8,200 to 10,800 feet. This dwarf species spreads slowly to create a colony of arching stems. Soon after growth starts in spring, tiny, pinkish-purple, pendulous flowers appear, delicately attached at the leaf axils. These turn into brilliant crimson red berries, which contrast nicely with the golden fall foliage.
20 seeds  $4.50   

POLYGONATUM pubescensSpring2783
Downy Solomon's Seal60cm  Zone: 4
This is a native of eastern North America and the only species found in my area; growing in dry to moist woods and thickets. Flowers are greenish-white and bell-shaped hanging in clusters of one to three from the underside of the graceful, arching stems. The underside of the veins of the leaves is slightly hairy. Wild collected in Ontario. Limited this year.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $3.75   

A large genus of 135 species found principally in the North Temperate region. The common name refers to the margins of the fronds, which resemble in a small way the spine-like protuberances on Holly leaves. Found in moist woods or among rocks; a few species are found in crevices or on ledges of cliffs.

POLYSTICHUM acrostichoides2807
Christmas Fern30-75cm  Zone: 3
One of the first ferns to send up fiddleheads in the spring. Covered with scruffy brown scales, they arise from the clump of last year's fronds flattened by winter's snow. The glossy, dark green leaves are more erect in summer, growing in dense, asymmetrical clumps. This is one of the best ferns for the woodland garden. It has elegant evergreen fronds, a neat pattern of growth, and is tolerant of deep shade; combining well with woodland shrubs and herbaceous perennials. If planted thickly, will serve as an attractive evergreen ground cover. Spores wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Fern spore germination instructions will be provided.

Large group of perennials, herbs and shrubs comprising 500 species, found throughout the northern temperate and frigid zones. Strawberry shaped leaves and elegant, 5-petalled rose-like flowers in white, pink, yellow, orange or red.
Potentillas need as much sun as you can give them and do best in poor, well-drained soils. In fact some seem happiest when baked and starved – too rich a soil they become very leggy with few flowers.

POTENTILLA fragiformisSummer2823
30cm  Zone: 4
Yes, yes, we know that P. fragiformis has ceased to exist as a valid species; having been swallowed up by P. megalantha. So, why are we listing it? According to the Flora Russica, these are still two distinct species; fragiformis being native to coastal areas of Chukotka and Kamchatka, Russia (and recently discovered in Alaska, to be added to their AKNHP list of rare plants for the state). Our seed comes from plants originally grown from wild collected Kamtchatka seed. Leaves are smaller and narrower than P. megalantha. The bright yellow flowers are also smaller, but more plentiful. The two also do not seem to hybridize. And that's the answer to the question.
Photo by Trond Steen: Used with permission.
20 seeds  $4.00   

POTENTILLA hippeanaJune2827
Woolly Cinquefoil45cm  Zone: 2
Native to western North America, growing in dry grassland and prairie. Pretty silvery, hairy foliage is topped by wiry stems carrying yellow flowers in summer. Wild collected near Calgary, Alberta.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30+ seeds  $3.50   

POTENTILLA nepalensis "Miss Wilmot" New Summer2818
40-60cm  Zone: 4
Clump forming perennial with mounds of strawberry-like foliage. Rosy pink flowers with a darker center in summer.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.25   

POTENTILLA neumanniana nanaSpring to Early Summer2828
Alpine Cinquefoil5-10cm
(Formerly Potentilla verna Nana) A prostrate, mat-forming plant, nice for growing between flagstones or in the rock garden, eventually forming a dense ground cover. Buttery yellow flowers nestle among the small evergreen leaves in late spring, sometimes reblooming in early autumn.

Photograph: Missouri Botanic Garden
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.75   

POTENTILLA thurberi 'Monarch's Velvet'Summer2816
75cm  Zone: 3
The species is native of Arizona and New Mexico but is perfectly hardy in Zone 3. The blooms look like velvety, miniature roses of a rich, raspberry-red, with a deep-red, almost black center radiating out into each flower petal.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $3.75   

A large genus of over 400 species native throughout the northern hemisphere.

There is no better reference and visual guide to the genus Primula than that of our own Canadian, Pamela Eveleigh of Calgary, Alberta. Do visit, learn and drool over the fantastic photo gallery.

PRIMULA incanaSummer2897
Mealy Primrose40cm  Zone: 2
Native to parts of central and western North America growing in alkaline clay soil in floodplains and moist open meadows. A heavily farinose species with a small rosette. Clear pale pink flowers in summer. Seed wild collected with our thanks by Cohan Fulford in Alberta.

From the Flora Of North America: Primula incana is usually heavily farinose, at least when young, and has relatively tall scapes and tight umbels of homostylous flowers. As with some species of the genus, anthesis often begins before the scape is fully elongated; plants at first are quite small, but elongate throughout anthesis and typically become relatively tall and lanky in age. This has led to confusion with other arctic species, especially P. stricta, which has considerably less farina, a shorter scape, and a more maritime distribution. In fruiting stage, P. incana has been confused with P. laurentiana, which has looser umbels throughout anthesis, larger flowers, and a more eastern distribution. Primula incana generally replaces P. laurentiana to the west and south of Hudson Bay. The single octoploid count for P. incana is questionable; the species appears to be consistently hexaploid in other counts.

Photograph: Cohan Fulford.
Germination Instructions: GA-3 recommended for germination.
30+ seeds  $4.50   

PRIMULA japonica (Miller's Crimson)2841
The magenta-red form of the Japanese Primrose. Very lovely.
Germination Instructions: Requires cold treatment.
50 seeds  $4.25   

PRIMULA laurentianaLate Spring2843
10-20cm  Zone: 3
"Laurentiana" (from the St. Lawrence). Occurs in maritime eastern Canada and into the USA, ranging from calcareous cliffs and ledges, stony hillsides, to freshwater marsh areas. A farinose species with lilac to pinkish-purple flowers with an orange-yellow eye, fading to orange, and a yellow tube. Seed wild collected in Nova Scotia.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   


PRUNELLA laciniataSpring to Summer2901
Cut-Leaf Self Heal15-20cm  Zone: 3/4
Native to central and southern Europe, western Asia and North Africa, growing in grasslands. A low-growing, creeping species with toothed foliage sending up an abundance of white flower spikes, beginning in spring. If dead-headed, can be kept blooming most of the season.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20+ seeds  $3.50   

PRUNELLA vulgaris albaSummer2902
Native to Europe, but widely naturalized. Above lance-shaped, serrated foliage, clusters of lipped, tubular flowers, in this variant, white. Edible: the young leaves and stems can be eaten raw in salads; the whole plant can be boiled and eaten as a potherb; and the aerial parts of the plant can be powdered and brewed in a cold infusion to make a tasty beverage.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $3.25   

430 species of deciduous and evergreen shrubs and trees with often fragrant and showy flowers in clusters or racemes. Fruit is often, though not always, something to eat.

PRUNUS americana New Early Spring2908
American Plum3-10m  Zone: 2
A widespread small native tree that will form dense thickets ideal for windbreak. Showy white flowers in the spring appearing before the leaves and followed by small yellow-red plums in early fall. Wild plum is an important habitat tree for a variety of birds and mammals that eat its fruit or browse its twigs and leaves. The fruit can be made into preserves, jam or jelly. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
12 seeds  $3.75   

PRUNUS nigraLate Spring2914
Canada Plum9m  Zone: 2
Native to eastern North America, a deciduous shrub or small tree with a low-branched, dense crown. Showy, fragrant white flowers early in the season are followed by delicious, reddish-purple plums, maturing in late summer. Seed wild collected in Ontario. Very limited.

Pure wild plums, Prunus nigra and P. americana, are by far the best polinizers for hybrid plums.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
8 seeds  $4.00   

PRUNUS pensylvanicaSpring2910
Pin, Bird or Fire Cherry6m  Zone: 2
A fast-growing small tree, shrub-like in habit, native across northern North America growing in forest clearings, hillsides and riverbanks; usually on well-drained sites. This very hardy species is often used as a grafting root-stock. White flowers appear in spring at the same time as the leaves. Bark is lustrous, red-brown, with long horizontal orange lenticels; sometimes peeling in horizontal strips. Small, sour bright-red cherries in mid to late summer. The fruits are a favourite of many birds. Pincherries are used to make jellies, juice, syrup, wine, sauce and components of baked goods. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $3.75   

PRUNUS pumila Early Summer2911
Sand or Susquehanna Cherry45-90cm  Zone: 3
Native to north-eastern North America this is a low-growing, trailing, multi-branched shrub growing on dunes, gravelly beaches, alvars and rocky slopes. It is identifiable by its low, spreading profile, stout branches, and leathery, sharply pointed leaves. In the variety susquehanae (sometimes recognized as a distinct species) the branches are erect to ascending. White five-parted flowers in early summer followed by purple-black cherries in late summer. Although it can grow to 2m, it's average size is 45cm. Sand Cherry is one of the early plants to colonize sand dunes and is an important food for birds and other animals who make dunes their habitat. This consistently heavy-fruiting cherry makes excellent preserves and will provide you with more pounds of fruit earlier than most other small fruit. Seed wild collected in northern Ontario. Limited.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required
15 seeds  $4.25   

PRUNUS tomentosaSpring2903
Nanking Cherry1.8-3m  Zone: 2
I was first introduced to Nanking Cherry by Hugh Skinner in 1998? as we tasted our way along a long hedge of them in Zone 2 Manitoba. And as I ate the delicious small fruit, I put each pit in the pocket of my coat, determined to grow them once I got home. Nanking Cherry is a compact shrub, native to northern China and Japan, which can also be grown as a small tree. It has beautiful pinkish-white flowers in spring. The dark green leaves break dormancy early, are retained even in drought and are slow to drop after the first killing frost. Fruit is a small, short-stemmed red cherry with a wonderful sweet taste. Its hardiness, rapid growth, dense, compact form, and excellent retention of leaves makes this species a desirable shrub for the northern garden.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

11 shrubs and small trees native to North America with musky, aromatic bark. Panicles of white or greenish flowers and decorative, interesting seed pods, suitable for drying. Will grow well even in dry, poor soils, although preferring moisture. Tolerates polluted city conditions.

PTELEA trifoliataSpring2927
6m  Zone: 4
Native to the eastern USA and into Canada. Undemanding, sparsely branched small understory tree. Greenish-white fragrant flowers in late spring. Outstanding papery fruits maturing in September and staying on the branches until late winter. Bark gives off a bitter smell like hops, thought to repel wild animals.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

PTELEA trifoliata 'aurea'Spring2928
6m  Zone: 4
This is the yellow-foliaged variety of Hop Tree, coming true from seed. The contrast between between the reddish-brown twigs and the golden leaves is quite wonderful! Open pollinated.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
10 seeds  $4.25   


PTEROSTYRAX hispidaEarly Summer2934
Fragrant Epaulette Tree9m  Zone: 4
Native to Japan, a small to medium deciduous tree with large, oblong leaves and a spreading, open, airy crown. Beautiful, fragrant flowers are held in bold, drooping clusters, up to 25cm long in late spring to early summer. . Individual flowers are born horizontally,looking like epaulettes on a military uniform. Rather inexplicably rare in commerce.
Germination Instructions: Germination is dramatically stimulated by GA-3, with germination at warm. Otherwise, cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

A small genus of aromatic mint-scented plants native to eastern North America.

PYCNANTHEMUM virginianumSummer to Late Summer2959
Virginia Mountain Mint60-90cm  Zone: 3
The genus name Pynanthemum is from the Greek "puknos" and "anthemon" meaning “dense flower” referring to the crowded flower clusters. This member of the mint family is native to eastern North America, growing in dry as well as moist prairie. A drought-tolerant, aromatic plant with very narrow, lance-shaped foliage. Profuse flat-topped clusters of white to pale lavender flowers with purple spots bloom over an extended period in mid to late summer. The flowers are surrounded by showy white bracts. All parts of the plant emit a beautiful, minty aroma. The leaves have been used in tea. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $4.00   

PYROLA(Wintergreen, Shinleaf)Family: PYROLACEAE
A genus of 15 rhizomatous, glabrous perennials native to North Temperate regions with basal clusters of leaves and nodding, waxy flowers in loose racemes.

PYROLA ellipticaSummer2965
Shinleaf15-20cm  Zone: 2
Native to bogs, fens, swamps and woods with a circumboreal distribution; preferring moist upland forests. Above elliptic leaves, delicate, waxy, nodding greenish-white flowers. A small gem. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: There is no known method for germinating this species in an artificial setting. It is believed that a natural fungi found in its environment is required for sprouting. In the wild, this species grows in well-drained, dry woodlands, in acid conditions, wit
200 seeds  $4.25   

PYROLA rotundifoliaSummer2964
Round-Leaved Wintergreen15-30cm  Zone: 4
It has been years since I have been able to offer this species. Native to North America, Europe and northern Asia; distributed across Canada and southwards into the USA. Grows in wet woods and boggy areas. A delicate plant with shiny, rounded leaves in a basal rosette. Flowers are in a spike; white, open-faced and nodding with a long and curved pistil. Seed wild collected in Ontario. Very limited.
Germination Instructions: There is no known method for germinating this species in an artificial setting. It is believed that a natural fungi found in its environment is required for sprouting. In the wild, this species grows in well-drained, dry woodlands, in acid conditions, wit
200 seeds  $4.25   

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