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Catalogue Genus starting with:   A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z 
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A GIFT CERTIFICATE

A GIFT CERTIFICATE FROM GARDENS NORTH1719
 $25.00   

ACER(MAPLE)Family: ACERACEAE
Deciduous trees native to North Temperate Zones. As a group, among the most valuable of landscape trees.

ACER japonicum Aconitifolium New Spring36
Fern Leaf Maple5-10m  Zone: 5/6
Native to Japan and Korea, a small maple with drooping corymbs of purplish-red flowers in spring. The beautiful, deeply incised foliage turns a spectacular range of colour in the autumn, yellow, orange, reds, pinks and purples-- often on the same leaf. Offspring will come true to type. Limited this year.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.25   

ACER pseudosieboldianum New Spring21
Purplebloom or Korean Maple6m  Zone: 3
This is the choice for all of you who have been longing for a Japanese maple but live in an area with extremely cold winters. Leaves are similar to Acer japonicum and Acer palmatum in shape and texture but its habit is more open than either. Most maples have green or yellowish green flowers, however, on this species they are purple. A beautiful small landscape tree with the bonus of good fall colors ranging from scarlet to orange and yellow. Best used as a focal point in part shade in company with low growing ferns and shade tolerant perennials. Very limited this year.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.25   Sorry...Sold Out

ACHILLEA(YARROW, MILFOIL)Family: COMPOSITAE
A large genus of hardy plants with aromatic, fernlike leaves and flowers in open clusters of dense, flat heads. The generic name commemorates Achilles, the Greek hero, who was taught the healing properties of the plant by his teacher. Cultivated since medieval times, Achillea grows best in a sunny, well-drained site in average to poor soil.

ACHILLEA sibirica var. camtschaticaSummer to Fall50
60cm  Zone: 3
A wonderful Achillea, blooming the first year from seed. The species hails from Japan, and is a rather dull white, but this variety has wonderful large soft pink flowers in distinct, strong corymbs. The foliage is substantial in texture, dark green, sturdy and upright. A very attractive addition to the border in full sun and ordinary soil.
Germination Instructions: Easy warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.75   

ACONITUM(MONKSHOOD)Family: RANUNCULACEAE
100 species of summer to fall-flowering plants of great importance. Native from asiatic mountains to the Appalachians. The common name refers to the hooded, or helmet-shaped flowers, borne in erect racemes. Dark, delphinium-like leaves. For moist well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. All species are poisonous.

ACONITUM lamarckii (Moist Packed) New Summer-Late Summer90
Yellow Monkshood1.3m+  Zone: 4
Native to the Alps and Pyrenees. Above deeply dissected dark-green foliage, tall racemse of airy greenish, pale-yellow helmets beginning in mid to late summer and often blooming into early September.
Germination Instructions: Seed has been moist packed to preserve viability. Cold treatment required.
25+ seeds  $5.00   

ACONITUM lycoctonum ssp. moldavicum (Moist-Pack)Summer71
120cm  Zone: 4
This subspecies is native to eastern Europe. Branching stems carry lilac-purple hoods.

Photograph by: Ari Hyvarinen
Germination Instructions: Seed has been moist-packed since collection. Requires cold treatment to germinate.
20 seeds  $5.00   

ACONITUM orientale (Moist Packed) New Summer100
Russian Aconite150cm  Zone: 3
Native to Russia, a spectacular, tall species with yellowish-white flowers overlaid with pink-purple in large, extremely dense racemes up to 50cm in length in summer. This is the direct descendant of seed originally wild collected in Russia.
Germination Instructions: Seed has been moist-packed to preserve viability. Cold treatment required.
30+ seeds  $5.00   

ACTAEA(BANEBERRY)Family: RANUNCULACEAE
Derives its common name from the very poisonous berries. Genus is comprised of 8 species of elegant perennials native to rich moist woods in the North Temperate zone with large compound leaves, small white flowers in racemes and showy, oval, glossy berries in the Fall. Baneberries are woodland species and do well in shady locations, particularly in moist, humus-rich soil.

ACTAEA pachypodaSpring106
White Baneberry90cm  Zone: 3
Native to eastern North America and a handsome plant for the shaded area of a woodland or border. Deep green compound leaves similar to Astilbe form an elegant clump. Fluffy, fringed white flowers in late spring and showy pea-sized white berries in the fall on thick scarlet stalks. The foliage remains fresh all season and the berries are a treasure into late fall. Seed wild collected in Nova Scotia.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.00   

ACTAEA pachypoda (Pink) New Spring111
90cm  Zone: 3
The red-berried form of White Baneberry is not really red, but a lovely luminous deep rose on maroon-colored stalks. Wild collected in Nova Scotia.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.25   Sorry...Sold Out

ACTAEA rubraSpring107
Red Baneberry60cm  Zone: 3
Native to central and eastern North America and one of our most handsome native plants. White flowers in Spring are followed by spikes of glistening red berries carried well above clumps of ferny green leaves in late summer. The berries hang on the plants for a long period, greatly expanding its intererst in the garden. For a cool place in the woodland. Seed wild collected in Nova Scotia.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.00   

ADENOPHORA
About 40 species of hardy, summer-blooming plants native to Eurasia and Japan, similar to Campanula because of their nodding, blue, bell-shaped flowers. For full sun or part shade in average garden soils. Adenophora and Campanula are often confused Here is a simple test for distinguishing the two. Take a flower and gently pull off the petals, leaving the style standing in the center. You will be left holding the base of the flower with a bumpy appendage (the ovary) in the middle and the style sticking straight up out of the center. VERY CAREFULLY peel off the outside of the bumpy appendage, leaving the style standing. If underneath, all you see is a flat base to which the style is attached, then you have a campanula. If, however, you see, after the peeling, another bulb-like appendage surrounding the style, then you have an adenophora. An easy way to rogue out all those imposters!

ADENOPHORA triphyllaLate Summer118
30-50cm  Zone: 3
This native of eastern Siberia, China and Japan is a very elegant species bearing flared open blue bells in whorls around the stem. A charming Ladybell for full sun to light shade.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $4.00   

ADLUMIA

ADLUMIA fungosaSummer to Fall128
Allegheny Vine4m  Zone: 3
Native to shady wooded slopes of eastern North America, sporting delicate, fernlike foliage and beautiful pearly-pink spurred flowers. Blooms continuously summer to frost. Prefers a rich soil in shade, but will grow well in considerably more sun. This biennial maintains itself by self-sowing.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $4.25   

AGAPANTHUS(African Blue Lily)Family: LILIACEA
A genus of 10 South African perennials with strap-shaped leaves and showy flowers in umbels.

AGAPANTHUS blue hybridSummer135
Lily Of The Nile40-100cm  Zone: 6
These bulbs, native to South Africa are evergreen in habit, with fleshy foliage and leaves reaching 70cm when mature. Beautiful blue flowers are held aloft on succulent stems, each cluster resembling a burst of fireworks. Excellent for cutting. Often grown as a houseplant or for interiorscape. Also excellent for outdoor containers; grown in large pots to display during the summer and brought inside for the winter months. Good near ponds and pools. Blooms in about 12 months from seed. Hardy in Hamburg, Germany.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   

AGASTACHE(GIANT HYSSOP)Family: LAMIACEAE
A genus of 30 species native to North America and Mexico; one to Japan. Wonderfully aromatic flowers are arranged in dense spikes. Most species flower the first year from seed.

AGASTACHE foeniculumLate Summer137
Giant Blue Hyssop60-90cm  Zone: 2
Native to northern North America. Erect branches of mint-and-licorice-scented, foliage ending in fuzzy spikes of lavender flowers. The flowers are edible and are charming crumbled into salads. The flowers are highly attractive to bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. Seed collected in Alberta.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.50   

AGASTACHE foeniculum 'aurea'Late Summer143
60-90cm  Zone: 2
Beautiful light lime-green-yellow foliage on the familiar and very hardy Blue Hyssop. Dense spikes of lavender contrasts wonderfully with the foliage colour. Entire plant is anise-scented. Blooms first year from seed. The yellow foliage is most pronounced in spring.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $4.00   

ALCHEMILLA
200 species of low-growing plants with highly decorative foliage and masses of greenish-yellow flowers. Excellent for edging, in the border, rock garden or as a groundcover. Grow in a sunny to partly shaded location, preferably in moist soil.

ALCHEMILLA mollisSummer168
Lady's Mantle30-45cm  Zone: 2
Treasured since antiquity, Lady’s Mantle has been a must for cottage gardens because of its hardiness, grey-green foliage and frothy sprays of lime-green flowers. As a groundcover, preferably in light shade or moisture-retentive soil in full sun.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $3.50   

ALISMAFamily: ALISMATACEAE
A small genus of aquatic perennials native to north temperature regions with stalked basal leaves and erect flower scapes carrying greenish-white flowers.

ALISMA triviale New Summer173
Large-Flowered Northern Water Plantain90cm  Zone: 1/2
A perennial semi-aquatic or aquatic plant native to North America growing in shallow water or mud. Above large oval basal leaves, an erect 90cm whorled and branched flower panicle develops bearing white and green flowers.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
100 seeds  $4.00   

ALLIUM
A large genus with upwards of 700 bulbous species native throughout the northern hemisphere. Many are beautiful ornamentals.

A NOTE ON ALLIUM GERMINATION

Many species of Allium requiring cold treatment can be sown in late summer to early fall, with pots kept outdoors until late fall to early winter. This short, superficial cold treatment is often enough to have seedlings sprouted before the onset of winter; which can then be brought indoors and grown on.

ALLIUM aflatunense New Early Summer221
90cm  Zone: 3
One of the best Alliums for the border. Large globes of deep purple on long stems. Very ornamental.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.00   

ALLIUM carinatum ssp. pulchellum New Late Summer174
60cm  Zone: 4
Formerly A. pulchellum. Elegant arching umbels of dangling carmine bells. Very delicate appearing, but tough as nails.
Germination Instructions: Requires cold treatment.
30 seeds  $3.75   

ALLIUM fistulosumEarly Summer179
Japanese Bunching Onion60-90cm  Zone: 1
Emerges very early in the season, so can be used as a winter onion. Hollow, cyclindrical stems carry yellowish-white bell-shaped flowers in a round head. Not widely grown as an ornamental, although its upright, architectural presence makes it suitable for the mixed border.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $3.00   

ALLIUM flavum New Late Summer198
30cm  Zone: 3
Native from Europe into southern Russia, growing naturally on dry slopes. Glaucous grey foliage. Loose, open umbels of dangling, bell-shaped, straw-yellow flowers. Very elegant and valued for its colour (yellows are rare in this genus) as well as its impeccable good manners. Floriferous.
30 seeds  $4.00   

ALLIUM flavum tauricum mix New Summer216
15-20cm  Zone: 3/4
The well known Allium flavum is a yellow flowered species, but the lesser known Turkish variety tauricum has flowers that are tinged with other colors in a variety of pastel shades. This is a mix of various colours which we are happy to have back in our list, although in very limited quantities this season.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $4.25   Sorry...Sold Out

ALLIUM karataviense ex 'Ivory Queen' New 193
Very handsome species grown with wide gray-green foliage mottled purple looking like silvery-blue tongues curling out of of the earth. Large (up to 30cm) shimmering umbels of silvery-white flowers. Only a few packs.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $4.00   

ALLIUM schoenoprasum New Mid Summer196
Chives30cm  Zone: 2
The familiar Chives for the perennial or herb garden making a clump of bright green foliage topped by dense umbels of pink to mauve flowers. For eating and ornament.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.00   

ALLIUM sikkimense New Summer260
Sikim Onion15-30cm  Zone: 5
A choice little species native to China growing on forest margins, slopes and in meadows. Nodding umbels of striking, cobalt-blue flowers over mid-green leaves.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

ALLIUM tricoccumEarly Summer191
Wild Garlic or Leek15-50cm  Zone: 4
The Wild Leek is included for its culinary rather than ornamental value. Native to rich, moist woods of eastern North America and a spring delicacy in the farmers markets here, as both the leaves and bulbs are delicious in soups and salads. The leaves rise and wither before the flowers appear, leaving a naked stem topped by clusters of creamy white flowers. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   Sorry...Sold Out

ALLIUM tuberosumLate Summer186
Garlic Chives30-60cm  Zone: 2
This edible, flat-leaved native of Japan is grown for its gorgeously showy white, globe-shaped flower heads in late summer to early autumn. Foliage has a strong, upright habit, making it a fine architectural plant for the border. Leaves used like regular chives for cooking.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
25 seeds  $3.25   

ALTHAEAFamily: MALVACEAE
This genus contains 12 annual and perennial species. Grow in full sun in ordinary soil. Particularly tolerant of seaside conditions.

ALTHAEA cannabinaLate Summer271
1.2m  Zone: 4
Native from Europe to Asia, a branched perennial with pubescent leaves, the underside grayish-white. Small lavender-pink or rose flowers, often with dark eyes. Suitable for a moist spot in full sun.
Germination Instructions: Sandpapering of seed required.
25 seeds  $3.00   

ALTHAEA officinalisSummer272
Marshmallow90-120cm  Zone: 3
This gray, soft-velvety plant has rose, mauve or most normally, white cup-shaped flowers. Roots used in making marshmallows.
Germination Instructions: Sandpapering of seed required.
20 seeds  $3.25   

AMORPHAFamily: LEGUMINOSAE
15 species of aromatic shrubs native to North America with pea-like foliage and flowers in racemes.

AMORPHA fruticosaEarly Summer288
Indigobush Amorpha4m  Zone: 4
Deciduous shrub with pinnately compound leaves and unusual purplish-blue flowers with orange anthers borne in 3-6" upright spikes. Transplants readily for a legume and does extremely well in poor, dry, sandy soils and full sun.

Photograph: Wikipedia
Germination Instructions: Sandpapering of seed required.
20 seeds  $3.25   

AMSONIA(BLUE STARS)Family: APOCYNACEAE
Genus of 20 species native to North America and east Asia. Handsome foliage and star-shaped blue flowers. Prefers light shade but will tolerate full sun if the soil is moist.

AMSONIA hubrectii New Spring302
Arkansas or Narrow Leaved Amsonia90cm  Zone: 4
This native of the Ozark mountains is considered one of the best of the genus. It sports narrow, foliage that colours a beautiful yellow in the fall. Sky blue flowers in spring. We believe that this collection may contain some seed of A. tabernaemontana var. salicifolia (which also has very narrow foliage). This will have wider foliage that A. hubrectii.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

AMSONIA illustris New Early Summer296
Texas Blue Star60-90  Zone: 4
A particularly handsome species, taller and showier than many of the other species and flowering significantly earlier. Flowers are a rich light blue, in panicles. Grows naturally on gravel bars by sunny prairie streams, but adapts to average garden soils, even clay.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

AMSONIA tabernaemontanaSummer299
Willow Blue Star60-90cm  Zone: 3
Handsome and underutilized native. Glossy, willow-type leaves and clusters of star-shaped blue flowers. Tough and low maintenance.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
25 seeds  $4.00   

ANACYCLUS

ANACYCLUS depressusSpring306
Mount Atlas Daisy5-10cm  Zone: 3
It has been many years since we listed this native of Morocco and the only hardy species. The beautiful gray-green ferny foliage gets covered with white daisies having a crimson underside. This feature is particularly attractive when the flowers are partially or totally closed during rainy weather, early morning or evening, revealing the underside. This has never been soundly perennial for us no matter where we have gardened, but it seems to persist through gently self-sowing if planted in a sunny, well-drained site.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.75   

ANAPHALIS(PEARLY EVERLASTING)Family: COMPOSITAE
A small genus of perennials native to Europe, N. America and Asia. Most have white, woolly stems and white flowers with yellow eyes. One of the few silvery-leaved plants that will tolerate some shade and moist soil.

ANAPHALIS margaritaceaLate Summer308
Pearly Everlasting30cm  Zone: 2
North American native and an excellent border plant. A bushy perennial with lance-shaped gray-green leaves with white felt beneath and masses of pearly white flowers in flat clusters. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100+ seeds  $3.50   

ANDROPOGON(BLUESTEM, BEARD GRASS)Family: GRAMINAE
A genus of 100 species of widely distributed grasses. Many are elegant and subtle plants, extremely ornamental in the fall, turning a rich orange-wheat colour. For full sun in well-drained soil.

ANDROPOGON gerardiiFall316
Big Bluestem120-180cm  Zone: 3
Clump-forming, warm-season grass with grey-green foliage turning bronze-red in autumn. Airy, purplish flowers are shaped like a turkey-foot.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.00   

ANDROSACEFamily: PRIMULACEAE
125 species of annuals, biennials or perennials native to the mountains of the northern hemisphere. Most are cushion or mat-forming alpines.

ANDROSACE carnea New Spring324
2-7cm  Zone: 3
Native to the western Alps and eastern Pyrenees above 1900m, in turf, scree and stable moraine over acidic rocks. A variable species of tufted habit growing from an almost woody central rootstock. Rosettes loose and spreading. Leaves awl-shaped, pointed, more or less fleshy, with or without small, downy hairs. Flowers cup-shaped, are white or pink, with a yellow eye.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.00   

ANEMONE(WINDFLOWER)Family: RANUNCULACEAE
A large genus of notable garden plants ranging from woodland flowers to robust border plants. Native to wide areas of the northern hemisphere ranging from high alpine meadows to lowland pastures. For fertile, moist, but well-drained soil.

ANEMONE cylindrica New Summer330
Thimbleweed90cm  Zone: 3
This species is native to sandy soil in open woods and thickets across Canada. White flowers and woolly, cylindrical thimble-like seed heads. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20+ seeds  $3.50   

ANEMONE multifida (Red) New Early Summer338
Cut-Leaf Anemone20-40cm  Zone: 2
Growing in dry fields, open woods and on hillsides throughout western Canada, into the Yukon. The upfacing flowers are carried above a dissected mound of foliage, followed by a woolly, thimble-like seed heads. Only a few packs of the reddish form of the species.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $3.75   Sorry...Sold Out

ANEMONE virginianaLate Spring to Mid Summer341
Tall or Virginia Anemone60-90cm  Zone: 4
Widespread throughout most of central and eastern North America growing in sunny, rocky areas and dry, open woods. Green, opposite, divided foliage. White flowers in summer to early fall. Good choice for naturalized areas or native gardens. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $3.50   

ANEMONOPSISFamily: RANUNCULACEAE
A one-species genus native to Japan.

ANEMONOPSIS macrophylla (Moist Packed)Late summer to fall349
False Anemone80cm  Zone: 3/4
Now that I find myself in a climate where seed of this species actually ripens; I am pleased to again offer seed of this very choice woodland plant from Japan. Handsome foliage resembles Cimicifuga, topped in late summer by wiry stems bearing elegant, pendant pink flowers with lilac sepals. Grow in deep, humus rich, fertile, cool soil in bright, open shade.
Germination Instructions: Seed has been moist packed and kept at warm. Germinates in a warm-cold-warm pattern.
25+ seeds  $5.00   

ANEMONOPSIS macrophylla alba (Moist Packed) New 3767
The rare and very beautiful white form of this elegant and hardy Japanese woodland plant. Comes true from seed.
Germination Instructions: Seed has been moist packed to preserve viability. Cold treatment required.
20+ seeds  $5.00   

ANTHEMIS(CHAMOMILE)Family: COMPOSITAE
A genus of sun-loving plants with a wide distribution and one of the best daisies. Bloom abundantly over a long period, reblooming in the fall. Excellent for cutting and easy in ordinary to poor soil.

ANTHEMIS tinctoria color mix370
Aromatic, silvery-green leaves and long-lasting daisies. Blooms abundantly in dry, sunny positions. Will rebloom in fall if cut back. This is a colour mix of pale yellow, white and the bright yellow of the species.
30 seeds  $3.00   

AQUILEGIA
A genus of 65 species. Columbines are one of the most valuable garden perennials and old-fashioned favorites, grown for their beautiful foliage and graceful spurred flowers. As they hybridize freely, the resultant seedlings may produce interesting variation. Seed sown early may bloom late the first season. Sun or shade and moist soil. The germination of all columbines stimulated by the use of GA-3.

AQUILEGIA canadensisSummer391
Canadian or Wild Columbine15-30cm  Zone: 2
Our own eastern wild columbine and one of the most beautiful species. Grayish-green compound leaves and elegant nodding scarlet and yellow flowers. Prefers an open, sunny site in dryer conditions than many other species. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.00   

ARABIS(ROCK CRESS)Family: BRASSICACEAE
100 species distributed throughout the northern hemisphere. Most are alpine species and cool climate plants that perform well in the north. The name is derived from Arabia, a reference to the dry habitats preferred by many species.

ARABIS blepharophyllaSpring418
Coast Rock Cress20cm  Zone: 3
This sweetly-scented California endemic is a very hardy spring bloomer. Above low, tight rosettes of glossy, dark green foliage, vibrant rose-purple flowers in spring.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.50   

ARABIS caucasica 'rosea'Spring415
Wall Rock Cress10cm  Zone: 3
This is the beautiful pink-flowered form of rock cress.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.00   

ARALIA(ARALIA)Family: ARALIACEAE
Over 30 species of perennials, shrubs and trees in the Ginseng family, often with spiny stems, native in rich soils, mostly in shady woods in North America and Asia. Flowers in attractive umbels, often in panicles. Black or red berried fruit in the fall. All require space and a fertile, moist, deep humus soil. Intolerant of full sun and drought. G.S. Thomas finds these to be "easily grown plants, for the connoisseur of the elegant."

ARALIA nudicaulis New Summer422
Wild Sarsaparilla45cm  Zone: 3
From the Latin "nudus" (naked, bare), and the Greek "kaulos" (stem). This member of the Ginseng family is an understory plant found in mixed forests across Canada. Large compound leaves radiate at the top of naked stems. White flowers in clusters are followed by clusters of blue-black berries in summer. For light shade in the woodland garden. The fruit is edible, but not very palatable. The aromatic roots were once used in a drink called sarsaparilla, which developed into root beer. Young plant shoots were used as herbs, and the berries were made into jelly. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Outdoor treatment over winter recommended.
20 seeds  $3.75   

ARALIA racemosaSummer420
American Spikenardto 2m  Zone: 3
Native to North America, growing in fertile woodlands. A refined and upright perennial with maroon stems, abundantly branched and widely spreading with a large, aromatic rootstock. Greenish-white flowers in showy spikes in summer and red or purplish berries in the fall. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Outdoor treatment over winter recommended.
20 seeds  $4.00   

ARGEMONE(PRICKLY POPPY)Family: PAPAVERACEAE
A genus of 28 annual or perennial plants in the poppy family often with blue foliage and prickly stems and leaves. Most are natives of North America.

ARGEMONE mexicanaJune-August436
Devil's Fig; Golden Thistle60-100cm
This fast-growing annual is native to Florida, central America and the West Indies, growing on rocky, open ground. The thistle-like leaves are greyish-green; thickly veined with white and thorny along the outside edges. Bright yellow poppies in summer to fall.

Gerard, the herbalist, wrote that the name devil’s fig came from the fruit which, ‘doth much resemble a figge in shape and bignesse’, and goes on to add that if one were stuck in someone’s throat, ‘doubtless it would send him packing either to heaven or to hell’.
25 seeds  $3.00   

ARGEMONE ochroleuca439
Mexican Poppy1.2m
Above a spiny bluish, blotched white and wavy basal rosette large pale yellow to peachy flowers at the end of short branches in summer. An annual for a hot, dry spot.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $3.75   

ARGEMONE platycerasSummer-Fall438
30-40cm
A prickly plant with very large 10cm++ satiny white flowers loved by bees. Grow as a hardy annual.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $3.00   

ARGEMONE sanguinea437
Red Prickly Poppyto 120cm
This is an annual or short-lived perennial with a narrow range, native to Texas and Mexico, growing in prairies, plains, meadows, pastures, and roadsides. The whole plant is extremely spiny with large pink to deep purple-maroon flowers in spring to early summer.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $3.75   

ARISAEMA(JACK IN THE PULPIT)Family: ARACEAE
A large group of perennials native to Asia and North America with new species coming into cultivation yearly. The spathe and spadix, which constitute the flowers, are typical of the Aroids. Spikes of decorative berries appear later. For fertile, moisture-retentive, but well-drained soil in light shade. The species most likely to be (outdoor) hardy for gardeners in really cold regions of Canada are A. amurense, dracontium, flavum, sikokianum and triphyllum.

ARISAEMA amurenseSummer440
50cm  Zone: 3
Native to northern China, Korea and Siberia and a handsome, reliable and extremely hardy species, growable in most gardens in the north. It roughly resembles a stout A. triphyllum, and is early to emerge and bloom. Spathe color will vary from green with paler stripes to dark brownish-purple with white stripes.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
15 seeds  $4.25   Sorry...Sold Out

ARISAEMA consanguineum (ex Perfect Wave) New Summer447
1.2m  Zone: 6
This season we are again able to offer seed of some rather special forms of the species originally developed by Ellen Hornig of Seneca Hill Perennials. Here is what she had to say:

"Our interest in arisaemas has become focused rather narrowly on developing spectacular selections of Arisaema consanguineum. Not only is this Sino-Himalayan species hardy and adaptable, it exhibits some amazing foliar variations."

In describing Perfect Wave, Ellen said: "Our own introduction, and a lovely one. The base color of the leaflet is a glaucous blue-gray, the leaflet center is brushed with silver, and the leaflet edges undulate seductively." This form is a very good parent which tends to produce bluish seedlings.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.50   

ARISAEMA consanguineum (Siren's Song) New 456
90cm
Originally a selection of Ellen Hornig of Seneca Hill. In her words "Siren Song is every bit the seductress, with huge wide, undulating deep bright green leaflets with high-contrast silver centers, and distinctly reddish stems.

Photograph Ellen Hornig: Used with permission.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.50   

ARISAEMA flavumSummer443
30cm  Zone: 4
A small species from the Himalayas whose inflorescense has been described as looking like a yellow owl. It makes a great companion to yellow and green variegated plants. Very robust and accepting of both sun and shade. It has a subtle, elf-like presence. Very limited this year.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   

ARISAEMA flavum ssp. abbreviatumJune467
30cm  Zone: 3
This subspecies, native to Asia and the central Himalaya, is actually the commonest in cultivation, and the smallest of all Arisaema. According to 'The Genus Arisaema' the small inflorescence is "quite dark inside and with a spathe short, green, or yellowish, purple within, streaked with green." The leaves are much more broadly lanceolate than the species, with a plain green top and the underside shiny.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
15 seeds  $4.25   

ARISAEMA flavum ssp. tibeticumMay-June470
35cm
This fragrant subspecies is taller and with a larger inflorescence. The bright yellow spathe does not fold over as much at the top as do the other forms. It also lacks the conspicuous purple blotch in the throat; so that the yellow is purer.
20 seeds  $4.50   

ARISAEMA triphyllum f. zebrina New 3772
Our native Jack-In-The-Pulpit is a highly variable species. This form is heavily striped with purple.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
12 seeds  $4.25   

ARUNCUS(GOATSBEARD)Family: ROSACEAE
A small genus of 12 species notable for their abundance of rich green, fern-like foliage, topped by plumes of silky flowers. A deservedly popular perennial that revels in rich, moist soil, preferably in semi-shade.

ARUNCUS dioicusSummer501
Goatsbeard120-210cm  Zone: 2
A spectacular plant given sufficient moisture, semi-shade and space and an excellent plant for the north. Toothed leaflets give the foliage an airy, deceptively delicate appearance. Plumes of creamy white flowers in long panicles.
100 seeds  $3.50   

ASARUM(WILD GINGER)Family: ARISTOLOCHIACEAE
About 60 species native to North temperate areas. The common name refers to the ginger-like smell when the roots are bruised or cut. All species prefer woodland conditions, slightly acid soil, shade and constant moisture.

ASARUM canadense (Moist Packed)Spring505
Canadian Wild Ginger15cm  Zone: 2
Native North American with low tufts of green heart-shaped leaves. Brown, bell-shaped flowers are inconspicuous and hidden under the leaves. A wonderful groundcover for the woodland garden. Seed wild collected in Ontario.

If you follow the link below to our Gardens North Facebook, and consult the picture album "Germination of Hepatica, Asarum and Trillium grandiflorum" you can read my commentary on germination shortcuts for this species.

https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.287539478000138.71818.130083313745756&type=3
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $5.00   

ASARUM europaeum (Moist Packed) New Spring506
European Wild Ginger8cm  Zone: 3
Evergreen plant with dark-green, very glossy, leathery, heart-shaped foliage. Inconspicuous brown flowers appear under the foliage in spring. A beautiful groundcover for shade, tolerating less than ideal conditions, but growing and self-sowing more vigorously with better conditions.
Germination Instructions: Seed is moist packed to preserve viability. Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $5.00   

ASCLEPIAS(MILKWEED)Family: ASCLEPIADACEAE
A large genus of 200 species, with a wide distribution, but most are concentrated in North America and Africa. Once established they are easily grown plants with attractive foliage, intricate flowers and seed pods suitable for drying. The primary host plant for the Monarch butterfly.

ASCLEPIAS exaltata New Summer517
Poke Milkweed.5-1.5m  Zone: 4
Found in the wild in rich woods and forest edges, with elegant sprays of long-lasting white flowers overlaid with a subtle lavender to green tint. Poke milkweed is a species of the Carolinian forest, at the northern limit of its range in southern Ontario. Very limited.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
15 seeds  $4.00   Sorry...Sold Out

ASCLEPIAS incarnataLate Summer508
Swamp Milkweed120-150cm  Zone: 2
Native to eastern North America and a magnificent, accomodating perennial. Grows best in moist soils, but also thrives in ordinary garden conditions. Tight umbels of amazingly intricate bright pink flowers and linear, pointed leaves. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
25 seeds  $3.50   

ASCLEPIAS speciosaSummer520
Showy Milkweed90cm  Zone: 2
Native to central and western North America. Very fragrant globose umbels of rose-coloured flowers on a tall Milkweed. Seed wild collected in British Columbia.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.00   

ASCLEPIAS tuberosaMid Summer512
Butterfly Weed30-75cm  Zone: 4
One of the most beautiful North American natives. Brilliant, waxy tangerine flowers in clusters. This species is essential to the Monarch butterfly. Interesting variations are obtainable from seed, including deep yellow and bright orange. Drought tolerant and sun loving. Flowers first year from an early start indoors.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   

ASPHODELUS

ASPHODELUS ramosus New Spring3770
Branched Asphodel60cm  Zone: 5/6
Native to the Mediterranean, northern Africa, and the Middle East, particularly common on coastlines with an affinity for acidic soils. Elongated stems above narrow tufted leaves bear a handsome spike of white flowers with reddish-brown markings. Very limited.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment recommended.
20 seeds  $4.00   

ASTILBE(FALSE SPIREA)Family: SAXIFRAGACEAE
A genus of 25 attractive summer-flowering perennials with ferny foliage and flowers in feathery panicles. Look particularly stunning massed. Astilbe prefers a rich, moist, even boggy soil in part shade. Can be grown in full sun if moisture is assured.

ASTILBE chinensis pumilaLate Summer549
25cm  Zone: 3
The is a wonderful small species native to China and Japan sporting densely clustered panicles of rose to magenta flowers in late summer. A great choice for a groundcover in the woodland garden. Our (originally seed grown) form has rich, deeply colored magenta flowers.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator requiring light.
50+ seeds  $4.00   

ASTILBE mixSummer548
Zone: 3
This is a mix of originally seed-grown Astilbe derived from arendsii, taquetii and chinensis species and hybrids in light to dark pink, peach red and white. The picture shown is from the primary area of seed collection.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $4.25   

ASTRAGALUS(MILK VETCH)Family: LEGUMINOSAE
A large genus of over 2,000 species of annuals, perennials and shrubs native throughout the temperate world with pinnate foliage and pea-like flowers in spikes or racemes.

ASTRAGALUS canadensis New Summer556
Canadian Milkvetch60-120cm  Zone: 2/3
Native to North America, growing in prairies, thickets and woodland borders, moist meadows near rivers and fields. A robust plant with compound foliage topped by a whorled raceme crowded with creamy flowers, which sometimes have yellow or green tints. These are followed by oval pods with pointed tips. This striking member of the pea family is an important food for birds, as it retains its seed late into the fall and early winter. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Sandpapering of seed required.
30 seeds  $3.75   

ASTRAGALUS neglectusEarly Summer557
Cooper's Milkvetch30-90cm  Zone: 3
Native to north-eastern North America growing on alvar or in oak barrens. An uncommon to rare species with compound foliage and a leafy stem. Clusters of white to cream flowers. Ovoid seed receptacles follow (these differentiate it from A. canadensis). Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Sandpapering of seed required.
25 seeds  $4.00   

ATHYRIUM(Lady or Glade Ferns)Family: WOODSIACEAE
A genus of about 180 species most of which are medium to large sized ferns with stout, sometimes creeping rhizomes. Grow maintly in moist to wet places, usually in woods or thickets, even swamps where they receive only part sun. Suitable for the woodland garden, particularly as groundcovers as they will spread fairly rapidly because of their creeping rhizomes.

ATHYRIUM filix-femina564
Lady Fern38-90cm  Zone: 2
Found in moist woods, swamps and thickets, usually in subacid soil. A deciduous fern with bright green, lanceolate twice-pinnate fronds. It produces new fronds from early spring into mid to late summer. Lady fern is a slowly spreading species and grows best in light to moderate shade in moist, well drained soil, neutral to somewhat acidic. Will tolerate drier conditions, but fronds will not look as good in late summer. Spores wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Fern spore germination instructions will be included.
 $4.25   

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