Seeds for the World - GARDENS NORTH - Catalogue
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Catalogue Genus starting with:   A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  R  S  T  V  W  X  Y  Z 
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A GIFT CERTIFICATE

A GIFT CERTIFICATE FROM GARDENS NORTH1719
 $25.00   

ACER(MAPLE)Family: ACERACEAE
Deciduous trees native to North Temperate Zones. As a group, among the most valuable of landscape trees.

ACER pensylvanicum (Moist Packed) New Spring22
Striped Maple4-6m  Zone: 3
A small understory tree native to eastern North America. The green young stems are beautifully striped with white and jade green in a snake-bark fashion. Very large three-lobed leaves turn a rich yellow in autumn. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $5.00   Sorry...Sold Out

ACER pseudosieboldianum (Moist Packed) New Spring21
Purplebloom or Korean Maple6m  Zone: 3
This is the choice for all of you who have been longing for a Japanese maple but live in an area with extremely cold winters. Leaves are similar to Acer japonicum and Acer palmatum in shape and texture but its habit is more open than either. Most maples have green or yellowish green flowers, however, on this species they are purple. A beautiful small landscape tree with the bonus of good fall colors ranging from scarlet to orange and yellow. Best used as a focal point in part shade in company with low growing ferns and shade tolerant perennials.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $5.00   Sorry...Sold Out

ACER saccharum (Moist Packed) New Spring24
Sugar Maple30m  Zone: 3
The Sugar Maple is one of the best large shade trees and exemplifies this area of north-eastern Canada. An outstanding native, unmatched for brilliant yellow, orange and red fall colour. Sap is boiled to make maple syrup. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $5.00   

ACHILLEA(YARROW, MILFOIL)Family: COMPOSITAE
A large genus of hardy plants with aromatic, fernlike leaves and flowers in open clusters of dense, flat heads. The generic name commemorates Achilles, the Greek hero, who was taught the healing properties of the plant by his teacher. Cultivated since medieval times, Achillea grows best in a sunny, well-drained site in average to poor soil.

ACHILLEA sibirica var. camtschaticaSummer to Fall50
60cm  Zone: 3
A wonderful Achillea, blooming the first year from seed. The species hails from Japan, and is a rather dull white, but this variety has wonderful large soft pink flowers in distinct, strong corymbs. The foliage is substantial in texture, dark green, sturdy and upright. A very attractive addition to the border in full sun and ordinary soil.
Germination Instructions: Easy warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.75   

ACONITUM(MONKSHOOD)Family: RANUNCULACEAE
100 species of summer to fall-flowering plants of great importance. Native from asiatic mountains to the Appalachians. The common name refers to the hooded, or helmet-shaped flowers, borne in erect racemes. Dark, delphinium-like leaves. For moist well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. All species are poisonous.

ACONITUM arcuatum (Moist Packed) New Late Summer88
1.5m+  Zone: 3
A very hardy species native to the far east (Korea, Russia) growing on grassy slopes and in forests. This is a scrambling plant which supports itself on shrubs and small trees in the wild. Above dark stems, copious quantities of large, dark purple-blue helmets in terminal racemes.
Germination Instructions: Seed has been moist packed to preserve viability. Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $5.00   Sorry...Sold Out

ACONITUM species (Lilac) New Late Summer3819
90cm  Zone: 3
Another lost-tag Aconitum, but a beautiful, late summer blooming species reminiscent of A. japonicum. Very large lilac helmets over dissected foliage.
Germination Instructions: Moist packed to retain viability. Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $5.00   

ACONITUM species -Small, White (Moist Packed) New Early Summer3779
45cm  Zone: 3
A floriferous, small species resembling A. lycoctonum ssp. vulparia except significantly smaller and blooming in early summer. Spikes of creamy flowers with yellowish tips.
Germination Instructions: Seed has been moist packed to preserve viability. Cold treatment required.
20+ seeds  $5.00   

ACONITUM subcuneatum album (Moist) New Mid Autumn3818
90cm  Zone: 5
Originally grown from Japanese seed with the following description "white flower form of Aconitum subcuneatum found at Mt. Iwaki, Aomori-Prefecture, Japan." Most of the plants that ensued were predominatly white with a beautiful ring of pale blue at the edge of the helmets. Even if you end up with some blue plants, this is a hardy, beautiful, large flowered species that can only grace your woodland garden.
Germination Instructions: Moist packed to retain viability. Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $5.50   Sorry...Sold Out

ACONITUM uncinatum (Moist Packed) New Summer to Fall62
To 120cm  Zone: 3
This is a scrambling or twining species native to the eastern USA, growing in low woods and on damp slopes. Dark green palmately divided and toothed foliage. Hoods of purple-blue in summer to fall.
Germination Instructions: Seed is ephemeral and has been moist packed to preserve viability. Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $5.00   Sorry...Sold Out

ACTAEA(BANEBERRY)Family: RANUNCULACEAE
Derives its common name from the very poisonous berries. Genus is comprised of 8 species of elegant perennials native to rich moist woods in the North Temperate zone with large compound leaves, small white flowers in racemes and showy, oval, glossy berries in the Fall. Baneberries are woodland species and do well in shady locations, particularly in moist, humus-rich soil.

ACTAEA asiatica New Spring110
Asian Baneberry70cm  Zone: 3
Native to Korea, Japan and China and a rare Baneberry with spikes of fluffy white flowers in spring followed by showy black berries on pink-tinged stalks. Wonderful in the woodland garden.
15 seeds  $4.25   Sorry...Sold Out

ACTAEA pachypodaSpring106
White Baneberry90cm  Zone: 3
Native to eastern North America and a handsome plant for the shaded area of a woodland or border. Deep green compound leaves similar to Astilbe form an elegant clump. Fluffy, fringed white flowers in late spring and showy pea-sized white berries in the fall on thick scarlet stalks. The foliage remains fresh all season and the berries are a treasure into late fall. Seed wild collected in Nova Scotia.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.00   

ACTAEA rubra (Pink) New Late Spring to Summer113
45cm  Zone: 3
A beautiful pink clone of the species originally found in the wild in Nova Scotia.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   Sorry...Sold Out

ADENOPHORA
About 40 species of hardy, summer-blooming plants native to Eurasia and Japan, similar to Campanula because of their nodding, blue, bell-shaped flowers. For full sun or part shade in average garden soils. Adenophora and Campanula are often confused Here is a simple test for distinguishing the two. Take a flower and gently pull off the petals, leaving the style standing in the center. You will be left holding the base of the flower with a bumpy appendage (the ovary) in the middle and the style sticking straight up out of the center. VERY CAREFULLY peel off the outside of the bumpy appendage, leaving the style standing. If underneath, all you see is a flat base to which the style is attached, then you have a campanula. If, however, you see, after the peeling, another bulb-like appendage surrounding the style, then you have an adenophora. An easy way to rogue out all those imposters!

ADENOPHORA triphyllaLate Summer118
30-50cm  Zone: 3
This native of eastern Siberia, China and Japan is a very elegant species bearing flared open blue bells in whorls around the stem. A charming Ladybell for full sun to light shade.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $4.00   

ADLUMIA

ADLUMIA fungosaSummer to Fall128
Allegheny Vine4m  Zone: 3
Native to shady wooded slopes of eastern North America, sporting delicate, fernlike foliage and beautiful pearly-pink spurred flowers. Blooms continuously summer to frost. Prefers a rich soil in shade, but will grow well in considerably more sun. This biennial maintains itself by self-sowing.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $4.25   

AGASTACHE(GIANT HYSSOP)Family: LAMIACEAE
A genus of 30 species native to North America and Mexico; one to Japan. Wonderfully aromatic flowers are arranged in dense spikes. Most species flower the first year from seed.

AGASTACHE foeniculumLate Summer137
Giant Blue Hyssop60-90cm  Zone: 2
Native to northern North America. Erect branches of mint-and-licorice-scented, foliage ending in fuzzy spikes of lavender flowers. The flowers are edible and are charming crumbled into salads. The flowers are highly attractive to bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. Seed collected in Alberta.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.50   

AGASTACHE foeniculum 'aurea'Late Summer143
60-90cm  Zone: 2
Beautiful light lime-green-yellow foliage on the familiar and very hardy Blue Hyssop. Dense spikes of lavender contrasts wonderfully with the foliage colour. Entire plant is anise-scented. Blooms first year from seed. The yellow foliage is most pronounced in spring.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $4.00   

AGASTACHE mexicana Sangria New July-October3821
Mexican Giant Hyssop90-120cm  Zone: 7
Native to southwestern North America, a wonderfully lemon scented, sun-loving and drought tolerant species with bright pink whorls of flowers most of the summer, which can be extended by cutting back mid season. Loved by bees and birds. Foliage and flowers make a lovely tea.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator. Give an early start for first-year flowering.
30 seeds  $4.00   

AGASTACHE rupestris New All Season140
45cm  Zone: 5
A wonderful species with an extended bloom season from mid-summer to mid-autumn. Aromatic gray-green foliage. Spikes of attractive bronze-orange flowers. A heat lover. Plant early in full sun and ordinary soil for a fabulous show all season first year from seed. Has been known to survive in some sheltered Zone 4 gardens.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   

ALISMAFamily: ALISMATACEAE
A small genus of aquatic perennials native to north temperature regions with stalked basal leaves and erect flower scapes carrying greenish-white flowers.

ALISMA trivialeSummer173
Large-Flowered Northern Water Plantain90cm  Zone: 1/2
A perennial semi-aquatic or aquatic plant native to North America growing in shallow water or mud. Above large oval basal leaves, an erect 90cm whorled and branched flower panicle develops bearing white and green flowers.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
100 seeds  $4.00   

ALLIUM
A large genus with upwards of 700 bulbous species native throughout the northern hemisphere. Many are beautiful ornamentals.

A NOTE ON ALLIUM GERMINATION

Many species of Allium requiring cold treatment can be sown in late summer to early fall, with pots kept outdoors until late fall to early winter. This short, superficial cold treatment is often enough to have seedlings sprouted before the onset of winter; which can then be brought indoors and grown on.

ALLIUM atropurpureum New Summer190
60cm  Zone: 3
Although beginning to show up from the Holland bulb trade, this very showy east European native is not yet widely available. Flowers are up-facing domes of a luscious wine-red, each individual bloom containing hundreds of tiny blossoms. The long-lasting flowers are beautiful in the border or in dried arrangements. Very limited this year.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.00   Sorry...Sold Out

ALLIUM caeruleum New Mid Summer188
30cm  Zone: 2
Native to bleak areas of Siberia. This is a showy small Allium with grass-thin foliage and globular flower umbels of deep sky blue with excerted stamens. Easily grown in a dry spot, or in ordinary soil with good drainage. Full sun.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.00   Sorry...Sold Out

ALLIUM carinatum ssp. pulchellumLate Summer174
60cm  Zone: 4
Formerly A. pulchellum. Elegant arching umbels of dangling carmine bells. Very delicate appearing, but tough as nails.
Germination Instructions: Requires cold treatment.
30 seeds  $3.75   

ALLIUM carinatum ssp. pulchellum album New Mid summer189
30-45cm  Zone: 3
The beautiful pure white flowered form of the species. Open pollinated.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $4.00   

ALLIUM fistulosumEarly Summer179
Japanese Bunching Onion60-90cm  Zone: 1
Emerges very early in the season, so can be used as a winter onion. Hollow, cyclindrical stems carry yellowish-white bell-shaped flowers in a round head. Not widely grown as an ornamental, although its upright, architectural presence makes it suitable for the mixed border.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $3.00   

ALLIUM flavum tauricum mix New Summer216
15-20cm  Zone: 3/4
The well known Allium flavum is a yellow flowered species, but the lesser known Turkish variety tauricum has flowers that are tinged with other colors in a variety of pastel shades. This is a mix of various colours which we are happy to have back in our list.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $4.25   

ALLIUM flavum tauricum Pink New 3784
15cm
Selected from Allium flavum tauricum mix, this is a beautiful pink form.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

ALLIUM moly New Summer183
15cm  Zone: 3
Native of southern Europe. References to this species can be found in Homer's Odyssey as the "moly" who safeguarded Ulysses. Wide, flat leaves and starry golden yellow flowers in umbels. Quick to increase and will naturalize if happy. Flowers in one year from seed and will tolerate semi-shade. Very limited this year.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.00   Sorry...Sold Out

ALLIUM obliquum New Summer194
75cm  Zone: 3
The flowers of this rare species from Romania to northwestern China are an unusual shade of acid-yellow carried in a tight umbel on top of tall stems. Tolerates heavy soil and summer moisture. Full sun to light shade.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
25 seeds  $4.25   

ALLIUM paniculatum New July217
30cm  Zone: 3
Allium paniculatum is a variable species in terms of size with a range of flower color from white, pink, red, yellow and green. It flowers later than many Allium and is a joy to have in the July garden. Seed is from one of our taller beautiful light pink clones. Very limited this year.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.00   

ALLIUM paniculatum album New 3798
The white form of this variable species.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20+ seeds  $4.00   

ALLIUM schoenoprasumMid Summer196
Chives30cm  Zone: 2
The familiar Chives for the perennial or herb garden making a clump of bright green foliage topped by dense umbels of pink to mauve flowers. For eating and ornament.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.00   

ALLIUM spirale New Late Summer222
15cm  Zone: 3
Much nomenclature confusion here. This used to be recognized as a dwarf, glaucous and twisted form of A. senescens, sometimes also referred to as A. senescens glaucum. I now believe that the old name for these spiral-foliaged forms has been resurrected, although not necessarily for what we have known as A. senecens glaucum. Whew! Whatever it is called, this is a first rate plant, often called the "Curly, Swirly Onion." Foliage is glaucous, grey-green and twists and turns in curls, making a fantastic foliage effect. Pom-poms of fragrant lavender-pink flowers top this in late summer.
20 seeds  $4.25   

ALLIUM tricoccum New Early Summer191
Wild Garlic or Leek15-50cm  Zone: 4
The Wild Leek is included for its culinary rather than ornamental value. Native to rich, moist woods of eastern North America and a spring delicacy in the farmers markets here, as both the leaves and bulbs are delicious in soups and salads. The leaves rise and wither before the flowers appear, leaving a naked stem topped by clusters of creamy white flowers. Seed wild collected in Ontario. Very limited this year.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   Sorry...Sold Out

ALLIUM tuberosumLate Summer186
Garlic Chives30-60cm  Zone: 2
This edible, flat-leaved native of Japan is grown for its gorgeously showy white, globe-shaped flower heads in late summer to early autumn. Foliage has a strong, upright habit, making it a fine architectural plant for the border. Leaves used like regular chives for cooking.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
25 seeds  $3.25   

ALLIUM victorialis New Summer218
Victory Onion, Alpine Leek30-50cm  Zone: 3
Native from Europe to Asia and a rarely grown Allium notable for it's shade tolerance. The wide foliage is wonderful even when not it bloom and the spherical heads of white flowers outstanding. Very limited this year.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   Sorry...Sold Out

ALTHAEAFamily: MALVACEAE
This genus contains 12 annual and perennial species. Grow in full sun in ordinary soil. Particularly tolerant of seaside conditions.

ALTHAEA cannabinaLate Summer271
1.2m  Zone: 4
Native from Europe to Asia, a branched perennial with pubescent leaves, the underside grayish-white. Small lavender-pink or rose flowers, often with dark eyes. Suitable for a moist spot in full sun.
Germination Instructions: Sandpapering of seed required.
25 seeds  $3.00   

ALTHAEA officinalisSummer272
Marshmallow90-120cm  Zone: 3
This gray, soft-velvety plant has rose, mauve or most normally, white cup-shaped flowers. Roots used in making marshmallows.
Germination Instructions: Sandpapering of seed required.
20 seeds  $3.25   

AMORPHAFamily: LEGUMINOSAE
15 species of aromatic shrubs native to North America with pea-like foliage and flowers in racemes.

AMORPHA fruticosaEarly Summer288
Indigobush Amorpha4m  Zone: 4
Deciduous shrub with pinnately compound leaves and unusual purplish-blue flowers with orange anthers borne in 3-6" upright spikes. Transplants readily for a legume and does extremely well in poor, dry, sandy soils and full sun.

Photograph: Wikipedia
Germination Instructions: Sandpapering of seed required.
20 seeds  $3.25   

AMSONIA(BLUE STARS)Family: APOCYNACEAE
Genus of 20 species native to North America and east Asia. Handsome foliage and star-shaped blue flowers. Prefers light shade but will tolerate full sun if the soil is moist.

AMSONIA hubrectiiSpring302
Arkansas or Narrow Leaved Amsonia90cm  Zone: 4
This native of the Ozark mountains is considered one of the best of the genus. It sports narrow, foliage that colours a beautiful yellow in the fall. Sky blue flowers in spring. We believe that this collection may contain some seed of A. tabernaemontana var. salicifolia (which also has very narrow foliage). This will have wider foliage that A. hubrectii.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

AMSONIA illustrisEarly Summer296
Texas Blue Star60-90  Zone: 4
A particularly handsome species, taller and showier than many of the other species and flowering significantly earlier. Flowers are a rich light blue, in panicles. Grows naturally on gravel bars by sunny prairie streams, but adapts to average garden soils, even clay.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

AMSONIA jonesiiLate Spring to Summer3775
Jones Bluestar30cm  Zone: 4
A beautiful species native to western USA with an upright vase-shaped form, large clusters of tubular, light-blue flowers and finely textured foliage with pleasing yellow fall color. Only a few packs.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required
12 seeds  $4.00   Sorry...Sold Out

AMSONIA tabernaemontanaSummer299
Willow Blue Star60-90cm  Zone: 3
Handsome and underutilized native. Glossy, willow-type leaves and clusters of star-shaped blue flowers. Tough and low maintenance.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
25 seeds  $4.00   Sorry...Sold Out

ANACYCLUS

ANACYCLUS depressusSpring306
Mount Atlas Daisy5-10cm  Zone: 3
It has been many years since we listed this native of Morocco and the only hardy species. The beautiful gray-green ferny foliage gets covered with white daisies having a crimson underside. This feature is particularly attractive when the flowers are partially or totally closed during rainy weather, early morning or evening, revealing the underside. This has never been soundly perennial for us no matter where we have gardened, but it seems to persist through gently self-sowing if planted in a sunny, well-drained site.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.75   

ANAPHALIS(PEARLY EVERLASTING)Family: COMPOSITAE
A small genus of perennials native to Europe, N. America and Asia. Most have white, woolly stems and white flowers with yellow eyes. One of the few silvery-leaved plants that will tolerate some shade and moist soil.

ANAPHALIS margaritaceaLate Summer308
Pearly Everlasting30cm  Zone: 2
North American native and an excellent border plant. A bushy perennial with lance-shaped gray-green leaves with white felt beneath and masses of pearly white flowers in flat clusters. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100+ seeds  $3.50   

ANDROMEDAFamily: ERICACEAE
A genus of two low, evergreen shrubs.

ANDROMEDA glaucophylla New Spring312
Bog Rosemary10-30cm  Zone: 2
A lovely, low, spreading, evergreen shrub, native to northern North America growing on wet soils, especially in peatlands, open bogs and fens. Foliage is evergreen, firm and leathery; dark often bluish-green above, leathery, distinctly white below, with fine, waxy powder; the edges rolled under. White to pinkish urn-shaped flowers appear in drooping clusters at the branch tips in late spring. Will adapt to moist soil in ordinary garden conditions. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
30 seeds  $4.25   

ANDROPOGON(BLUESTEM, BEARD GRASS)Family: GRAMINAE
A genus of 100 species of widely distributed grasses. Many are elegant and subtle plants, extremely ornamental in the fall, turning a rich orange-wheat colour. For full sun in well-drained soil.

ANDROPOGON gerardiiFall316
Big Bluestem120-180cm  Zone: 3
Clump-forming, warm-season grass with grey-green foliage turning bronze-red in autumn. Airy, purplish flowers are shaped like a turkey-foot.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.00   

ANDROSACEFamily: PRIMULACEAE
125 species of annuals, biennials or perennials native to the mountains of the northern hemisphere. Most are cushion or mat-forming alpines.

ANDROSACE carnea Spring324
2-7cm  Zone: 3
Native to the western Alps and eastern Pyrenees above 1900m, in turf, scree and stable moraine over acidic rocks. A variable species of tufted habit growing from an almost woody central rootstock. Rosettes loose and spreading. Leaves awl-shaped, pointed, more or less fleshy, with or without small, downy hairs. Flowers cup-shaped, are white or pink, with a yellow eye.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.00   Sorry...Sold Out

ANEMONE(WINDFLOWER)Family: RANUNCULACEAE
A large genus of notable garden plants ranging from woodland flowers to robust border plants. Native to wide areas of the northern hemisphere ranging from high alpine meadows to lowland pastures. For fertile, moist, but well-drained soil.

ANEMONE cylindricaSummer330
Thimbleweed90cm  Zone: 3
This species is native to sandy soil in open woods and thickets across Canada. White flowers and woolly, cylindrical thimble-like seed heads. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20+ seeds  $3.50   

ANGELICAFamily: UMBELLIFERAE
50 species of herbs with domed flower heads and dramatic, dissected aromatic leaves. Wonderful in the border or as specimen plants. Particularly effective next to a stream or pondside. For sun or part shade in rich, moist soil.

ANGELICA gigas New Late Summer351
90-240cm  Zone: 3
Monocarpic species native to Asia with handsome, bold, divided foliage providing a beautiful contrast to finely textured grasses or woody plants. Domes of sparkling waxy maroon flowers emerge from voluptuous rich purple sheaths. For light to medium shade in moisture retentive soil.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $4.25   

ANTHEMIS(CHAMOMILE)Family: COMPOSITAE
A genus of sun-loving plants with a wide distribution and one of the best daisies. Bloom abundantly over a long period, reblooming in the fall. Excellent for cutting and easy in ordinary to poor soil.

ANTHEMIS tinctoria color mix370
Aromatic, silvery-green leaves and long-lasting daisies. Blooms abundantly in dry, sunny positions. Will rebloom in fall if cut back. This is a colour mix of pale yellow, white and the bright yellow of the species.
30 seeds  $3.00   

AQUILEGIA
A genus of 65 species. Columbines are one of the most valuable garden perennials and old-fashioned favorites, grown for their beautiful foliage and graceful spurred flowers. As they hybridize freely, the resultant seedlings may produce interesting variation. Seed sown early may bloom late the first season. Sun or shade and moist soil. The germination of all columbines stimulated by the use of GA-3.

AQUILEGIA alpina New Early Summer378
30-45cm  Zone: 2
Native to the mountains of Europe with exceptionally large, long-stalked deep blue flowers. For sun to semi-shade in a cool spot. Often confused with A. vulgaris.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment recommended.
30 seeds  $4.00   

AQUILEGIA Black Barlow New Late Spring414
60cm  Zone: 2
A delightful, dark purple, almost black, double flowered selection long in cultivation.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment recommended.
20 seeds  $3.50   

AQUILEGIA canadensisSummer391
Canadian or Wild Columbine15-30cm  Zone: 2
Our own eastern wild columbine and one of the most beautiful species. Grayish-green compound leaves and elegant nodding scarlet and yellow flowers. Prefers an open, sunny site in dryer conditions than many other species. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.00   

ARABIS(ROCK CRESS)Family: BRASSICACEAE
100 species distributed throughout the northern hemisphere. Most are alpine species and cool climate plants that perform well in the north. The name is derived from Arabia, a reference to the dry habitats preferred by many species.

ARABIS blepharophyllaSpring418
Coast Rock Cress20cm  Zone: 3
This sweetly-scented California endemic is a very hardy spring bloomer. Above low, tight rosettes of glossy, dark green foliage, vibrant rose-purple flowers in spring.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.50   

ARABIS caucasica 'rosea'Spring415
Wall Rock Cress10cm  Zone: 3
This is the beautiful pink-flowered form of rock cress.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.00   

ARCTOSTAPHYLOS

ARCTOSTAPHYLOS uva ursi New Spring431
Kinnikinnick5-15cm  Zone: 2
A beautiful, evergreen mat-like shrub, growing on rocky outcrops and the floor of open woods. Small, leathery leaves and long, trailing stems with brownish-red peeling bark. Flowers are urn-shaped, pink to white followed by brilliant red, dry berries. A wonderful groundcover for a sunny, open space. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

ARGEMONE(PRICKLY POPPY)Family: PAPAVERACEAE
A genus of 28 annual or perennial plants in the poppy family often with blue foliage and prickly stems and leaves. Most are natives of North America.

ARGEMONE mexicanaJune-August436
Devil's Fig; Golden Thistle60-100cm
This fast-growing annual is native to Florida, central America and the West Indies, growing on rocky, open ground. The thistle-like leaves are greyish-green; thickly veined with white and thorny along the outside edges. Bright yellow poppies in summer to fall.

Gerard, the herbalist, wrote that the name devil’s fig came from the fruit which, ‘doth much resemble a figge in shape and bignesse’, and goes on to add that if one were stuck in someone’s throat, ‘doubtless it would send him packing either to heaven or to hell’.
25 seeds  $3.00   

ARGEMONE ochroleuca439
Mexican Poppy1.2m
Above a spiny bluish, blotched white and wavy basal rosette large pale yellow to peachy flowers at the end of short branches in summer. An annual for a hot, dry spot.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $3.75   

ARGEMONE platycerasSummer-Fall438
30-40cm
A prickly plant with very large 10cm++ satiny white flowers loved by bees. Grow as a hardy annual.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $3.00   

ARGEMONE sanguinea437
Red Prickly Poppyto 120cm
This is an annual or short-lived perennial with a narrow range, native to Texas and Mexico, growing in prairies, plains, meadows, pastures, and roadsides. The whole plant is extremely spiny with large pink to deep purple-maroon flowers in spring to early summer.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $3.75   Sorry...Sold Out

ARISAEMA(JACK IN THE PULPIT)Family: ARACEAE
A large group of perennials native to Asia and North America with new species coming into cultivation yearly. The spathe and spadix, which constitute the flowers, are typical of the Aroids. Spikes of decorative berries appear later. For fertile, moisture-retentive, but well-drained soil in light shade. The species most likely to be (outdoor) hardy for gardeners in really cold regions of Canada are A. amurense, dracontium, flavum, sikokianum and triphyllum.

ARISAEMA amurense New Summer440
50cm  Zone: 3
Native to northern China, Korea and Siberia and a handsome, reliable and extremely hardy species, growable in most gardens in the north. It roughly resembles a stout A. triphyllum, and is early to emerge and bloom. Spathe color will vary from green with paler stripes to dark brownish-purple with white stripes.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
15 seeds  $4.25   

ARISAEMA consanguineum New Summer457
1.2m
From temperate east Asia and affectionately termed "the weed of Yunnan." This tall, handsome and variable species has an elegant, long-tipped, greenish spathe stained purple, under an umbrella of a radiate leaf. Foliage and bloom are highly variable, so you can expect some interesting results.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   Sorry...Sold Out

ARISAEMA consanguineum (ex Perfect Wave) New Summer447
1.2m  Zone: 6
This season we are again able to offer seed of some rather special forms of the species originally developed by Ellen Hornig of Seneca Hill Perennials. Here is what she had to say:

"Our interest in arisaemas has become focused rather narrowly on developing spectacular selections of Arisaema consanguineum. Not only is this Sino-Himalayan species hardy and adaptable, it exhibits some amazing foliar variations."

In describing Perfect Wave, Ellen said: "Our own introduction, and a lovely one. The base color of the leaflet is a glaucous blue-gray, the leaflet center is brushed with silver, and the leaflet edges undulate seductively." This form is a very good parent which tends to produce bluish seedlings.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.50   Sorry...Sold Out

ARISAEMA consanguineum (Poseidon) New 455
1.1m
In describing her 'Poseidon' Ellen Hornig of Seneca Hill Perennials says:

"This is a massive plant in which the base color of the leaflet is a steely blue-green, the silver center is pronounced, and the leaf edges are strongly crimped and waved. Everything about this one is big (even the seeds are twice normal size) leading us to wonder about tetraploidy. The sea god should be proud to lend it his name." Very limited.

Photograph by Phoenix Perennials: used with permission.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
10 seeds  $4.50   Sorry...Sold Out

ARISAEMA consanguineum (Siren's Song) New 456
90cm
Originally a selection of Ellen Hornig of Seneca Hill. In her words "Siren Song is every bit the seductress, with huge wide, undulating deep bright green leaflets with high-contrast silver centers, and distinctly reddish stems.

Photograph Ellen Hornig: Used with permission.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.50   

ARISAEMA flavumSummer443
30cm  Zone: 4
A small species from the Himalayas whose inflorescense has been described as looking like a yellow owl. It makes a great companion to yellow and green variegated plants. Very robust and accepting of both sun and shade. It has a subtle, elf-like presence. Very limited this year.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   

ARISAEMA flavum ssp. abbreviatumJune467
30cm  Zone: 3
This subspecies, native to Asia and the central Himalaya, is actually the commonest in cultivation, and the smallest of all Arisaema. According to 'The Genus Arisaema' the small inflorescence is "quite dark inside and with a spathe short, green, or yellowish, purple within, streaked with green." The leaves are much more broadly lanceolate than the species, with a plain green top and the underside shiny.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
15 seeds  $4.25   

ARISAEMA flavum ssp. tibeticumMay-June470
35cm
This fragrant subspecies is taller and with a larger inflorescence. The bright yellow spathe does not fold over as much at the top as do the other forms. It also lacks the conspicuous purple blotch in the throat; so that the yellow is purer.
20 seeds  $4.50   

ARISAEMA franchetianum New June468
30-50cm  Zone: -15C
Regularly confused in the trade with A. fargesii---we are fairly confident of our identification. Native to SW China, NE India, and N Myanmar)growing in open sunny sites among boulders and scrubs and along roadsides. Beautiful rich red-brown and white, helmet-like, inflated spathes, the tips of which are drawn out and held horizontally or deflexed.
10 seeds  $4.50   

ARISAEMA serratum (Silver Leaf) New 466
90cm  Zone: 5
A dramatic, tall species, native to Japan, Korea and China. The maroon striped pitcher sits above silver-streaked leaves. Limited quantities.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
12 seeds  $4.50   Sorry...Sold Out

ARISAEMA thunbergii New Late Spring3829
45-60cm  Zone: 5/6
Native to southwest Japan and Korea with glossy, much divided narrow leaves. Spathe is reddish-purple and interior spadix has a long appendage that dangles down to the ground. It creates many offsets throughout the year so be prepared for a good population over years. Well draining, humus rich soil for best results. Only a few packs.

Photograph: Soule's Garden, Used With Permission
10 seeds  $4.50   Sorry...Sold Out

ARISAEMA triphyllumLate Spring444
Jack In The Pulpit40-60cm or taller  Zone: 3
Native to woodlands throughout eastern North America with large 3-lobed leaves and a hooded spathe, striped green and purple in late spring followed by orange-red berries in autumn. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Outdoor treatment over winter recommended.
12 seeds  $4.00   Sorry...Sold Out

ASARUM(WILD GINGER)Family: ARISTOLOCHIACEAE
About 60 species native to North temperate areas. The common name refers to the ginger-like smell when the roots are bruised or cut. All species prefer woodland conditions, slightly acid soil, shade and constant moisture.

ASARUM canadense (Moist Packed)Spring505
Canadian Wild Ginger15cm  Zone: 2
Native North American with low tufts of green heart-shaped leaves. Brown, bell-shaped flowers are inconspicuous and hidden under the leaves. A wonderful groundcover for the woodland garden. Seed wild collected in Ontario.

If you follow the link below to our Gardens North Facebook, and consult the picture album "Germination of Hepatica, Asarum and Trillium grandiflorum" you can read my commentary on germination shortcuts for this species.

https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.287539478000138.71818.130083313745756&type=3
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $5.00   

ASARUM europaeum (Moist Packed)Spring506
European Wild Ginger8cm  Zone: 3
Evergreen plant with dark-green, very glossy, leathery, heart-shaped foliage. Inconspicuous brown flowers appear under the foliage in spring. A beautiful groundcover for shade, tolerating less than ideal conditions, but growing and self-sowing more vigorously with better conditions. Limited this year.
Germination Instructions: Seed is moist packed to preserve viability. Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $5.00   Sorry...Sold Out

ASCLEPIAS(MILKWEED)Family: ASCLEPIADACEAE
A large genus of 200 species, with a wide distribution, but most are concentrated in North America and Africa. Once established they are easily grown plants with attractive foliage, intricate flowers and seed pods suitable for drying. The primary host plant for the Monarch butterfly.

ASCLEPIAS incarnataLate Summer508
Swamp Milkweed120-150cm  Zone: 2
Native to eastern North America and a magnificent, accomodating perennial. Grows best in moist soils, but also thrives in ordinary garden conditions. Tight umbels of amazingly intricate bright pink flowers and linear, pointed leaves. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
25 seeds  $3.50   

ASCLEPIAS incarnata alba New 509
White Swamp Milkweed
The species is native to eastern North America and a magnificent, accomodating perennial. Grows best in moist soils, but also thrives in ordinary garden conditions. Tight umbels of amazingly intricate flowers and linear, pointed leaves. This variety has pure white flowers in late summer. Open pollinated.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.00   

ASCLEPIAS speciosaSummer520
Showy Milkweed90cm  Zone: 2
Native to central and western North America. Very fragrant globose umbels of rose-coloured flowers on a tall Milkweed. Seed wild collected in British Columbia.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.00   

ASCLEPIAS tuberosaMid Summer512
Butterfly Weed30-75cm  Zone: 4
One of the most beautiful North American natives. Brilliant, waxy tangerine flowers in clusters. This species is essential to the Monarch butterfly. Interesting variations are obtainable from seed, including deep yellow and bright orange. Drought tolerant and sun loving. Flowers first year from an early start indoors.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   

ASPHODELINE(JACOB'S ROD)Family: ASPHODELACEAE
A small genus of plants native to the Mediterranean and Asia growing on rocky slopes and in scrub. Linear leaves topped by tall candles of flowers. Striking, prominent and unusual perennial. For full sun in well drained soil.

ASPHODELINE tauricaSpring-Summer3774
White King's Spear30-45cm  Zone: 4
Native to the Mediterranean and the Caucasus, this is a wonderful rock garden plant for full sun. Stemless white flowers above wonderful long thin leaves which swirl and twirl around the blooming stalk.
Germination Instructions: Seed has a naturally low germination rate, so extra has been provided to compensate.
30 seeds  $4.00   

ASPHODELUS

ASPHODELUS ramosusSpring3770
Branched Asphodel60cm  Zone: 5/6
Native to the Mediterranean, northern Africa, and the Middle East, particularly common on coastlines with an affinity for acidic soils. Elongated stems above narrow tufted leaves bear a handsome spike of white flowers with reddish-brown markings. Very limited.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment recommended.
20 seeds  $4.00   

ASTRAGALUS(MILK VETCH)Family: LEGUMINOSAE
A large genus of over 2,000 species of annuals, perennials and shrubs native throughout the temperate world with pinnate foliage and pea-like flowers in spikes or racemes.

ASTRAGALUS canadensisSummer556
Canadian Milkvetch60-120cm  Zone: 2/3
Native to North America, growing in prairies, thickets and woodland borders, moist meadows near rivers and fields. A robust plant with compound foliage topped by a whorled raceme crowded with creamy flowers, which sometimes have yellow or green tints. These are followed by oval pods with pointed tips. This striking member of the pea family is an important food for birds, as it retains its seed late into the fall and early winter. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Sandpapering of seed required.
30 seeds  $3.75   

ASTRAGALUS neglectusEarly Summer557
Cooper's Milkvetch30-90cm  Zone: 3
Native to north-eastern North America growing on alvar or in oak barrens. An uncommon to rare species with compound foliage and a leafy stem. Clusters of white to cream flowers. Ovoid seed receptacles follow (these differentiate it from A. canadensis). Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Sandpapering of seed required.
25 seeds  $4.00   

ASTRANTIA(MASTERWORT)Family: UMBELLIFERAE
A genus of nine species of hardy perennials with flowers of subtle beauty. They are charming cottage garden plants grown for their bold foliage and cushions of long-lasting lacy flowers encircled by a collar of bracts. Excels as a cut flower. Moist, rich soil in sun to part shade but will tolerate less than ideal conditions.

ASTRANTIA minor (Moist Packed) New Late Summer559
Dwarf Masterwort10-30cm  Zone: 4/5
Native to rocky, partly shaded areas of the Pyrenees and the central Alps. A small species with palmate foliage producing small greenish-white flower heads in late summer. Can be challenging in cultivation. Rarely offered.
Germination Instructions: Seeds have been moist-packed to preserve viability. Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $5.00   Sorry...Sold Out

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