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Catalogue Genus starting with:   A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  R  S  T  V  X  Y  Z 
Searching Category for WOODIES

ACER(MAPLE)Family: ACERACEAE
Deciduous trees native to North Temperate Zones. As a group, among the most valuable of landscape trees.

ACER pensylvanicum (Moist Packed) New Spring22
Striped Maple4-6m  Zone: 3
A small understory tree native to eastern North America. The green young stems are beautifully striped with white and jade green in a snake-bark fashion. Very large three-lobed leaves turn a rich yellow in autumn. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $5.00   

ACER pseudosieboldianum (Moist Packed) New Spring21
Purplebloom or Korean Maple6m  Zone: 3
This is the choice for all of you who have been longing for a Japanese maple but live in an area with extremely cold winters. Leaves are similar to Acer japonicum and Acer palmatum in shape and texture but its habit is more open than either. Most maples have green or yellowish green flowers, however, on this species they are purple. A beautiful small landscape tree with the bonus of good fall colors ranging from scarlet to orange and yellow. Best used as a focal point in part shade in company with low growing ferns and shade tolerant perennials.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $5.00   

ACER saccharum (Moist Packed) New Spring24
Sugar Maple30m  Zone: 3
The Sugar Maple is one of the best large shade trees and exemplifies this area of north-eastern Canada. An outstanding native, unmatched for brilliant yellow, orange and red fall colour. Sap is boiled to make maple syrup. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20+ seeds  $5.00   

AMORPHAFamily: LEGUMINOSAE
15 species of aromatic shrubs native to North America with pea-like foliage and flowers in racemes.

AMORPHA fruticosaEarly Summer288
Indigobush Amorpha4m  Zone: 4
Deciduous shrub with pinnately compound leaves and unusual purplish-blue flowers with orange anthers borne in 3-6" upright spikes. Transplants readily for a legume and does extremely well in poor, dry, sandy soils and full sun.

Photograph: Wikipedia
Germination Instructions: Sandpapering of seed required.
20 seeds  $3.25   

ANDROMEDAFamily: ERICACEAE
A genus of two low, evergreen shrubs.

ANDROMEDA glaucophylla New Spring312
Bog Rosemary10-30cm  Zone: 2
A lovely, low, spreading, evergreen shrub, native to northern North America growing on wet soils, especially in peatlands, open bogs and fens. Foliage is evergreen, firm and leathery; dark often bluish-green above, leathery, distinctly white below, with fine, waxy powder; the edges rolled under. White to pinkish urn-shaped flowers appear in drooping clusters at the branch tips in late spring. Will adapt to moist soil in ordinary garden conditions. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
30 seeds  $4.25   

ARCTOSTAPHYLOS

ARCTOSTAPHYLOS uva ursi New Spring431
Kinnikinnick5-15cm  Zone: 2
A beautiful, evergreen mat-like shrub, growing on rocky outcrops and the floor of open woods. Small, leathery leaves and long, trailing stems with brownish-red peeling bark. Flowers are urn-shaped, pink to white followed by brilliant red, dry berries. A wonderful groundcover for a sunny, open space. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

BETULA
A genus of 60 trees and shrubs known for their beautiful glossy bark, often exfoliating, in shades of white, pink, amber or brown.

BETULA alleghaniensisSpring596
Yellow Birch20m  Zone: 3
Yellow Birch is native to northern hardwoods and the provincial tree of Quebec. It is a medium-size tree with an irregular crown. Leaves are dark green, egg-shaped, pointed at the tip, and serrated, turning yellow in autumn. The light-gray or shiny golden bark is smooth on young trees, becoming a dark yellow-gold and separating into thin, papery shreds; breaking into ragged plates as the tree matures. It is a lovely sight seeing the sun playing on the shredded gold bark.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.25   

BETULA lenta611
Black, Sweet or Cherry Birch15-18m  Zone: 3
This species was at one time the only source of oil of wintergreen. It is the aroma of wintergreen emanating from crushed leaves and broken twigs to which this birch owes its common name, sweet. Its specific name, lenta, is derived from the tough yet flexible twigs that characterize the species. The wood is also unique. When exposed to air it darkens to a color resembling mahogany and, in times past, was used as an inexpensive substitute for the more valued tropical wood. Native to eastern North America, it is a fast-growing medium-sized tree with a broad, spreading and round crown. The shiny, toothed green leaves reliably colour a uniform golden yellow in autumn. Mature bark is black and plate-like, non-exfoliating. Resistant to bronze birch borer.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment recommended.
30 seeds  $4.25   

BETULA populifolia601
Gray Birch6-12m  Zone: 4
Native to eastern North America, preferring dry barren uplands, also moist soils, in mixed woodlands. Gray birch is a small, fast-growing species, often multiple-trunked in habit and with drooping branches. Bark is non-peeling, grey to very chalky-white. Attractive shiny, dark-green foliage turns yellow in fall. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Easy warm germinator.
50 seeds  $4.00   

BETULA pubescens New Spring614
Downy Birch10-20m  Zone: 2
A very hardy small tree native throughout northern Europe, Iceland and northern Asia, common on wet, poorly drained clay sites and bogs. It has a slender crown and the smooth, grey-white bark is finely marked with dark horizontal lenticels. The shoots are grey-brown and downy. The alternative round to oval leaves are dark-green with a finely serrated margin. The flowers are catkins, produced in early spring before the leaves. The sap is rich in sugar and when tapped in spring can be made into birch wine. Seed wild collected in Finland.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.25   

BUDDLEJA(BUDDLEIA)Family: LOGANIACEAE
A genus of 100 deciduous or evergreen shrubs and trees with flowers in panicles, native to tropical and subtropical regions.

BUDDLEJA japonicaLate Summer/Autumn640
Japanese Butterfly Bush90-120cm
A rare, deciduous, arching shrub from China and Japan, growing on mountain slopes and in scrub. Bears long, dense, pendulous terminal panicles of fragrant woolly lavender flowers. Produces berries, instead of the usual genus seed capsules. This species will behave like a herbaceous species in cold climates; annually re-sprouting from the base.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $4.50   

CALYCANTHUS(SPICEBUSH)Family: CALYCANTHACEAE
A genus of six beautifully aromatic deciduous shrubs native to eastern China and North America.

CALYCANTHUS floridusSpring668
Carolina Allspiceto 2.7m  Zone: 4
Native to eastern North America this is a beautiful dense, deciduous shrub, much underused in gardens. The lustrous, oblong leaves are a rich, deep green, turning yellow in autumn. Calycanthus has many common names and all allude to the aromatic properties of its leaves, bark, twigs and roots. Best of all is the wonderfully fruity (strawberry?) scent produced by the unusual flowers. The large rusty-red blossoms appear in spring and sporatically throughout the summer.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment recommended.
10 seeds  $4.25   

CARAGANA(PEA SHRUB)Family: LEGUMINOSAE
Decorative deciduous shrubs or small trees, mainly from Asia with pea-like foliage and usually yellow flowers in clusters. Very hardy, growing well in full sun and sandy soil.

CARAGANA arborescensLate Spring742
Siberian Pea Tree6m  Zone: 2
Native to Siberia and Manchuria. Erect shrub or shrubby tree. Delicate foliage and clusters of yellow pea-flowers. Of great value in the far North for cold climate hedges in poor dry soil, or used as a windbreak.
Germination Instructions: Sandpapering of seed recommended.
15 seeds  $3.25   

CEANOTHUS(WILD LILAC)Family: RHAMNACEAE
A genus of 50 deciduous or evergreen shrubs or small trees, native to North America.

CEANOTHUS americanusLate Spring808
New Jersey Tea60-90cm  Zone: 4
Native to southern Canada and southeastern USA, growing in prairies, glades, open woods and thickets. A compact, dense, rounded shrub with toothed, medium-green foliage. Billows of clawed creamy-white to pink flowers in late spring. Young twigs are noticeably yellow and stand out in winter. Roots fix nitrogen. Dried leaves were used as a tea substitute in American Revolutionary War times, hence the common name. This is an excellent shrub for hot, dry sites. Also effective as a shrubby ground cover for hard-to-grow areas such as dry rocky slopes and banks. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

CEANOTHUS herbaceousEarly Summer807
New Jersey Tea30-90cm  Zone: 3
Native to eastern and central Canada and the USA, this is a wonderful, small, nitrogen-fixing and butterfly-attracting shrub growing on rocky or sandy prairies, hills, glades and rocky woods. A compact and erect habit with glossy foliage. Globose clusters of white flowers flowering on current year's shoots followed by dark purple fruits. Leaves are brewed for tea (tasting similar to Chinese green tea). A great xeric plant for sandy, gravelly soil in full sun; Very attractive to butterflies. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

CELTIS(HACKBERRY)Family: ULMACEAE
A genus of 70 mostly deciduous trees or shrubs, with inconspicuous flowers and round fruits in the fall.

CELTIS sinensisSpring813
Chinese Hackberry15m  Zone: 4
Chinese Hackberry is a spreading, deciduous tree native to eastern China, Korea and Japan where it reaches heights of around 12m in woodland areas. Has a very fine twig structure which carries glossy, blunt-toothed, dark green leaves to 8cm long. Small green flowers are borne in spring followed by small, sweet, edible fruit which are dark-orange ripening to red-brown, very attractive to wildlife. Growth rate is fast. This is a tough, adaptive small landscape tree.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
12 seeds  $4.25   

CEPHALANTHUS(BUTTONBUSH)Family: RUBIACEAE
About 6 species of shrubs or small trees native to North America, Asia and Africa with opposite or whorled leaves. Flowers in dense, globe-shaped heads, hence the common name.

CEPHALANTHUS occidentalisSummer830
Buttonbush3m  Zone: 3
Deciduous shrub native from Minnesota to Nova Scotia with dark green, lustrous foliage and creamy-white flowers arranged in a dense round head in summer. Very striking when in bloom. For moist soil near ponds or streams or in rich, fertile soil that is consistently moist. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.25   

CERCIS(REDBUD)Family: LEGUMINOSAE
A genus of 6 deciduous trees and shrubs native to eastern Asia, southern Europe and the USA with showy pea-like flowers in clusters.

CERCIS canadensis Spring840
Eastern Redbud6-9m  Zone: -30C
This is most certainly one of the most beautiful small landscape trees native to North America. Its native range is the eastern USA from New Jersey to Florida and west into Mexico. A small tree with a trunk divided close to the ground and a spreading, flat-topped, rounded crown. Very handsome with graceful, ascending branches. New leaves emerge reddish purple, gradually changing to dark, lustrous green. Showy pea-like flowers borne in racemes are reddish purple in bud, opening to a rosy-pink with a purplish blush. Seed collected in a -30C northern location.
Germination Instructions: Germinates best in a warm-cold-warm pattern. Abrasion of seedcoat results in fast germination at warm. However, it is difficult to do this without injuring the seed.
30 seeds  $4.25   

COMPTONIA(SWEET FERN)Family: MYRICACEAE
A one-species genus native to eastern North America.

COMPTONIA peregrinaSpring1015
Sweet Fern60-90cm  Zone: 3
Native to northeastern North America growing in openings in coniferous forest in well-drained, dry, acid, sandy or gravelly soils. The thin, narrow dark-green leaves are deeply divided into many lobes, resembling a fern. The whole plant has a beautifully spicy, aromatic odor, which is more pronounced when the leaves are bruised. It is densely branched, and rhizomatous in habit. Bark is smooth, shiny reddish-brown and heavily lenticeled. Both male and female flowers are produced. The former are borne in large cylindrical catkins in clusters at the ends of the branches and the latter in small egg-shaped catkins. Because it fixes nitrogen, does well on disturbed sites or sites with sterile soil. Drought and salt tolerant. An intriguing plant that performs wonderfully on poor, dry, sandy, acid soils. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Seed requires cold treatment. Outdoors over winter recommended, as oscillating temperatures stimulate germination.
20 seeds  $4.25   

CORNUS(DOGWOOD)Family: CORNACEAE
About 45 species of mostly deciduous shrubs or small trees, native to North America, Europe, Asia and Africa.

CORNUS alternifolia (Moist Packed) New Early Summer1044
Pagoda Dogwood5-8m  Zone: 3
Native to eastern North America. The distinctive, tiered branching habit of Cornus alternifolia will add a touch of elegance to your garden. Pagoda dogwood is a suitable tree for small- to medium-sized gardens and is more disease resistant than many other dogwoods. It has lacy white flowers which ripen to bluish-black berries in mid summer. Vibrant fall color begins with burgundy hues that turn bright red with yellow toward the interior of the tree. Pagoda dogwood is attractive in woodland gardens; its low, wide form makes it ideal for screening as well. The winter garden reveals its attractive branching pattern. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $5.00   

CORNUS racemosaSpring1045
Gray Dogwood3-4m  Zone: 3
Native from eastern Canada to Minnesota with grey-green narrow leaves. Strongly multi-stemmed and erect, with a suckering habit and therefore forming a colony. Older wood takes on a distinctive gray color which is extremely attractive and accounts for its common name. White flowers in spring, turning into a white-berried drupe. The fruit is eaten by over 100 birds. Adaptable for wet or dry soils, full shade to sun. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

CORNUS rugosa New Early Summer1053
Round -Leaved Dogwood3m  Zone: 3
Native to eastern North America growing on sandy, gravelly, or rocky slopes. An upright shrub with warty branches. Stems are first green, then turn purple. Broadly ovate, pointed leaves. Flat-topped clusters of creamy-white flowers bloom in early summer followed by pea-sized, light blue fruit maturing in late summer, which are usually quickly eaten by birds. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.00   

CORNUS stoloniferaSpring1054
Red Osier Dogwood1-3m  Zone: 3
For winter interest, this is surely our best native Cornus, displaying striking crimson twigs that color the landscape even in the bleakest winter. Understandably, it is the parent of a slew of hybrids. Found in moist areas, with a native range extending over much of North America, it is a spreading, many branched shrub, covered in spring by large clusters of creamy-white flowers, which attract butterflies. These produce whitish berries, with a blue tinge in mid to late summer. Many birds are attracted to this species as the berries provide food and the dense, twiggy nature of the plant is perfect for nesting and hiding. The leaves turn from reds to purples in the fall and the shiny, smooth red twigs, which give the plant its name, turn brilliant in cold weather and look striking against a snowy winter background. The young branches, (osiers) of this shrub have been used by Native American Indians in making baskets and the bark of the stems has been traditionally collected to make a red dye. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.00   

CRATAEGUS(HAWTHORN)Family: ROSACEAE
A huge genus of usually thorny, deciduous trees or shrubs. 25 species are native to Canada with several hundred more found in the United States. White flowers, often aging to pink in early summer and prominent "apples" in the autumn. Native throughout the northern Hemisphere. All Hawthorn fruits are edible, making good jam and jelly.

CRATAEGUS calpodendronJune1160
Sugar or Pear Hawthorn3-4m  Zone: 3
Native to Ontario and into the central USA. A small tree with a graceful outline and few to no thorns. The white flowers and lusterous green leaves appear later than most Hawthorns. One of the most ornamental species in fruit; each fruit cluster holds from 10-15 small, bright-red pommes on long pedicels.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

CRATAEGUS chlorosarca New Spring1171
6m  Zone: 2
A rarely cultivated, very hardy Asian species (Japan and Manchuria) with a columnar to narrow pyramidal crown. The reddish-brown branches are only seldom thorny. The dark green leaves, broadly oval are irregularly serrated and emerge early in the year. Umbels of creamy white flowers in spring are followed by edible black fruit.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.25   

CRATAEGUS coccineaLate Spring1168
Scarlet Hawthorn5m  Zone: 4
(Crataegus pedicellata) Native to eastern North America. A small Hawthorn with an open, upright form, normally multi-stemmed in the wild. Relatively large white flowers in spring are followed by plump red berries, ripening in early autumn. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required
20 seeds  $4.25   

ELEUTHEROCOCCUSFamily: ARALIACEAE
About 30 deciduous, often bristly or prickly shrubs or trees native to Asia with flowers in umbels and black fruits in drupes. Formerly Acanthopanax.

ELEUTHEROCOCCUS sessiliflorusEarly Summer1446
2m or taller  Zone: 4
Native to northeast Asia, an arching shrub with corky stems. Elegant three or five-foliate leaves, doubly serrate and sparsely hairy below. The inflorescences are rounded crowded umbels of dark purple flowers, followed by an abundance of inky-black globose fruit.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

ELSHOLTZIAFamily: LABIATAE
A genus of 38 shrubs, annuals and perennials native to Asia and Africa with flowers in dense panicles.

ELSHOLTZIA stauntoniiLate Fall1449
60cm  Zone: 4
Native to China, a little-known semi-woody and branched subshrub flowering reliably late in the season (September-October) carrying panicles of pink flowers at the end of the stems. Blooms on new wood, so can be cut down entirely each spring and will reach flowering size that same season, not unlike Buddleja. Foliage is wonderfully fragrant. May flower first season.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $4.25   

ERICA(Heath)Family: ERICACEAE
A large genus of low much-branched woody evergreens ranging from prostrate subshrubs to trees native to South Africa, the Mediterranean and northern Europe. They have small, narrow leaves arranged in whorls. Also known as "heaths".

We are grateful to Jill Covill of Bunchberry Nursery in Upper Clements, Nova Scotia for allowing us to collect seed from her wonderful collection.

ERICA spiculifoliaEarly Summer1478
Spike Heath10-15cm  Zone: 4/5?
Formerly Bruckenthalia spiculifolia. Native to the Balkans. A compact evergreen shrub with dark green, needle-like foliage and pink flowers held above the plants in short compact spikes. An early season bloomer sometimes reblooming in fall. Perhaps the hardiest of the heaths. Needs good drainage,sun and acid soil.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50+ seeds  $4.25   

EXOCHORDA(PEARLBUSH)Family: ROSACEAE
4 deciduous and showy shrubs from China. Very early to leaf out in spring. The expanding flower bud looks like a pearl, therefore the common name. Full sun in ordinary soil. Can stand an amazing level of drought and neglect.

EXOCHORDA macrantha ex 'The Bride'Spring1564
90-120cm  Zone: 4
A shrub of great beauty producing racemes of flowers from every bud on the previous year's growth. 'The Bride' is a particularly compact and bushy shrub. Even if you end up with a taller plant, you will still have an outstanding addition to the garden.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   

GAULTHERIAFamily: ERICACEAE
A genus of 170 evergreen shrubs, varying from tall bushes to ground-hugging shrublets. Most are early summer flowering with elegant hanging waxy bell flowers followed by showy bright berrylike fruits. Prefer rather moist, acid soil in shade. Named for Jean Francois Gaultier (1708- 1756), a Quebec physician and botanist.

GAULTHERIA procumbensSpring1651
Wintergreen, Tea Berry10cm  Zone: 2
A small evergreen shrublet with thick, toothed, glossy foliage with a circumboreal distribution. Normally grows in open shade in dry or moist sites in acid soil. Elegant white, bell-like flowers, in umbels. Fruit is a round berry, red at maturity. A tea is made of the leaves and the plant is the source of "wintergreen oil" which was used as a flavoring in candies, chewing gum, and some medicine. The berries are edible and have a strong wintergreen taste. They can be cooked into pies or eaten raw. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $4.25   

GAULTHERIA shallonLate Spring1652
Salal1m  Zone: 5
Native of western North America with leathery, shiny, dark green foliage. Urn-shaped pink to white flowers followed by purple to black berries, often used in jellies. Common in a variety of habitats, from bogs to dry woods and well-drained mountain slopes. Seed collected in BC.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.25   

HALESIA(SILVERBELL TREE)Family: STYRACACEAE
Attractive deciduous small trees native to North America with alternate, toothed leaves. Hanging clusters of delicate, pendulous flowers in spring. Best in deep, slightly acidic soil.

HALESIA tetraptera (caroliniana)Late Spring1759
Carolina Silverbell9-12m  Zone: 4
A wonderful North American native, growing as an understory tree on wooded slopes and along streambanks from West Virginia and south. Low-branched, with a broad, rounded crown. Bark is ridged and furrowed, gray to brown or black. Flowers are white, sometimes pale pink and bell shaped, flowering on year-old wood in pendulous clusters. They appear in early spring, before or with the leaves. Prefers an acid soil.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
7 Huge seeds  $4.25   Sorry...Sold Out

HYPERICUM(ST. JOHNSWORT)Family: HYPERICACEAE
300 species of perennials and shrubs mostly from the temperate and subtropical zone of the northern hemisphere with yellow flowers over a long period. Genus boasts a sizeable number of garden-worthy species; most of the easiest culture; growing in sun or shade in any soil and of all habits (erect, shrubby, prostrate). Easy to germinate and will flower the entire summer. One wonders, as did Foster, "not so much that there are so many but that they have not dominated the world?"

HYPERICUM androsaemum ex 'Albury Purple'Summer to Fall1892
60cm  Zone: 5
A small delicate shrub, native to Europe, north Africa, western Asia and the Caucasus, growing in hedges on damp woods. Flowering is over a very long period from summer into fall. Yellow flowers with conspicuous stamens are followed by red berries, turning black when ripe. This form has dark plum-purplish-green foliage.

Photograph: Cornell University.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $4.00   

ILEX(HOLLY)Family: AQUIFOLIACEAE
Native to temperate and tropical regions of North and South America and Asia. Genus ranges from small shrubs to large trees. Grown for their foliage and showy fruits. Most have beautiful glossy green and alternate leaves sporting sharp spines. For sun or shade.

ILEX verticillataJune1902
Winterberry2m  Zone: 4
Native to humid or wet North American lowlands and borders of deciduous forests and the most widespread of the native hollies. Glabrous, moderately glossy leaves. This deciduous shrub bears insignificant yellow flowers in June which develop into outstanding and showy red fruits, remaining on the branches into winter. In Ottawa, they stay red until Christmas. Both male and female plants required for fruit set. Excellent massed, especially near water and large ponds. Can be grown directly in water, but does equally well in ordinary garden situations. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Requires cold treatment.
30 seeds  $4.00   

LESPEDEZA(BUSH CLOVER)Family: LEGUMINOSAE
40 species of perennials and shrubs native to Asia, Australia and the eastern USA with bean-like foliage and small flowers arranged in racemes.

LESPEDEZA cyrtobotryaLate Summer2061
Leafy Lespedeza3m  Zone: 4
(Listed previously as L. bicolor). A Shrub native to Japan with an upright habit and trifoliate leaves. Flowers on current season's growth. Small rosy-purple flowers are borne in short racemes from the leaf axils of the uppermost 60cm of the stems. Best used in the border and treated as a herbaceous plant. For well drained soil, not overly fertile and full sun.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.00   

MAACKIAFamily: LEGUMINOSAE
8 species of deciduous shrubs or trees native to eastern Asia with pinnate leaves and pea like flowers in dense branching racemes.

MAACKIA amurensisSummer2244
Amur Maackia18m  Zone: 3
A wonderful and very hardy small,round-headed tree with rich olive green pinnate leaves and attractive bronze coloured bark. The summer flowers are of special interest; white in 10-15cm stiff erect racemes. For loose, well-drained soil, preferably in sun.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
15 seeds  $4.25   

MAGNOLIA(MAGNOLIA)Family: MAGNOLIACEAE
As flowering trees, none can surpass the Magnolia. Attractive, bold-textured deciduous and evergreen shrubs and trees native to Asia and America. The American species usually bloom after the leaves appear, somewhat diminishing the floral effect. Many of the Asian species bloom before the leaves and are among the showiest. Some also have beautiful and large seed pods in the fall. Most grow best with ample moisture, but well-drained conditions in full sun. Part shade is tolerated, but may reduce flowering. In the North, provide a sheltered site out of prevailing winds.

MAGNOLIA acuminata (Moist Packed) New Spring2252
Cucumber or Mountain Magnolia16m  Zone: 4
The most widespread of the eight native magnolia species in North America. Its habit is pyramidal when young, developing a straight trunk and a rounded crown. Flowers are greenish-yellow borne at the ends of the branches appearing after the leaves start developing.

This is the hardiest of the North American species and ranges into southern Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Seeds have been moist packed since harvest. Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $5.00   

NEMOPANTHUS(MOUNTAIN HOLLY)Family: AQUIFOLIACEAE
A single species genus native to eastern North America.

NEMOPANTHUS mucronatusSpring2379
Northern Mountain Holly1.5-3m  Zone: 3
(Ilex mucronata) A small native shrub found in various environments in north-eastern North America from dry to moist edges of lakes, coniferous and mixed woods, bogs and swamps. Flowers are yellow-green and inconspicuous. Leaves a rich shiny-green turning a good yellow in autumn. Outstanding early-ripening fruit is velvety maroon-red. Prefers somewhat acid, moist woodland sites, tolerating wet conditions. Fruiting is best with some sun. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
40 seeds  $4.25   

OSTRYAFamily: BETULACEAE
A genus of 9 round-headed deciduous trees with grey bark resembling Carpinus.

OSTRYA virginiana New Spring2479
American Hophornbeam or Ironwood8m  Zone: 3
A small, graceful tree native to eastern North America, growing on dry slopes of woodlands as an understory species. It has a rounded outline with horizontal or drooping branches and a slow growth rate. Bark is greyish-brown. Seed in the fall resembling the fruit of hops. A handsome species which should be more grown. Seed wild collected in the interior of Nova Scotia.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.25   

PAULOWNIA(PRINCESS, FOXGLOVE TREE)Family: SCROPHULARIACEA
A genus of 17 deciduous trees native to east Asia with large, dramatic leaves and foxglove-like flowers in terminal panicles.

PAULOWNIA tomentosaSpring2563
9-10m  Zone: 6
The Foxglove Tree is well known for its showy groups of fragrant, pale violet or rich purple foxglove-like flowers that appear in spring, before the leaves emerge. The tree is symbolically connected to the Phoenix because of its ability to entirely regenerate from the root, even if lost to fire or other catastrophe. Because of this ability and the fact that the leaves are large and dramatic, gardeners can stool the plant and use it as a very dramatic accent in the garden. This we do here, even though the tree is not hardy for us, and the effect is wonderful. All growth is cut to the ground in spring and kept to a single shoot. This will be a "pseudo-trunk' a bamboo-like stem reaching 10-12' in a season, bearing the huge, handsome leaves (up to 3' across).
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.00   

PHYSOCARPUS(NINEBARK)Family: ROSACEAE
These attractive deciduous shrubs of North America and Asia are members of the Rose Family. Shreddy bark and alternate leaves. Small white or pinkish flowers occur in profuse clusters in spring. Tolerate dry soil, sun or shade.

PHYSOCARPUS opulifoliusSpring2653
3m  Zone: 3
Arching shrub native to eastern North America with three-lobed leaves and white flowers with reddish anthers in dense clusters. Bark on older branches peels off in vertical strips. The seed heads remain on the shrub far into winter. Leaves turn red in autumn. Undemanding shrub that have many uses in the garden from specimen to hedge. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Long, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $3.75   

PHYSOCARPUS opulifolius (Purple Leaf Form)2655
This form has deep maroon foliage. About 25-50% will come true. Select the deepest colours.
Germination Instructions: Long, warm germinator.
25 seeds  $4.00   

PTELEA(HOP TREE)Family: RUTACEAE
11 shrubs and small trees native to North America with musky, aromatic bark. Panicles of white or greenish flowers and decorative, interesting seed pods, suitable for drying. Will grow well even in dry, poor soils, although preferring moisture. Tolerates polluted city conditions.

PTELEA trifoliataSpring2927
6m  Zone: 4
Native to the eastern USA and into Canada. Undemanding, sparsely branched small understory tree. Greenish-white fragrant flowers in late spring. Outstanding papery fruits maturing in September and staying on the branches until late winter. Bark gives off a bitter smell like hops, thought to repel wild animals.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

PTELEA trifoliata 'aurea'Spring2928
6m  Zone: 4
This is the yellow-foliaged variety of Hop Tree, coming true from seed. The contrast between between the reddish-brown twigs and the golden leaves is quite wonderful! Open pollinated.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.25   

RHODODENDRON(RHODODENDRON)Family: ERICACEAE
A large genus of trees and shrubs, usually evergreen with showy flowers in terminal racemes

For a very helpful article by John Weagle on growing Rhododendron from seed, see:

http://www.atlanticrhodo.org/unique/contents/seed.html

RHODODENDRON brachycarpum var tigerstedtii3029
2.5m  Zone: -42C
Native to Korea, this is one of the hardiest Rhododendron worldwide having survived temperatures of -42C in Finland. The plant has very attractive, tropical-looking dark green, shiny foliage with trusses of white flowers. Variety tigerstedtii has longer leaves, larger white flowers, and exhibits more vigor. Because the Mustila Arboretum in Finland is central to its introduction I quote from them:

"In 1935, a Rhododendron seed batch, originating from the Kongo-San mountains in eastern-central Korea, was received in Arboretum Mustila, in SE Finland. The new material proved to be extremely hardy, but it could not be classified under any known species. In 1970, Nitzelius described and named it Rhododendron brachycarpum subsp. tigerstedtii. This Rhododendron is perhaps the most famous of the plants of the Mustila Arboretum. It was collected in 1930 in Hozan (now Pungsan), North Korea (4049'N, 12659'E, 1200 m), sent to the arboretum by the Japanese forest research institute in Korea, as Rhododendron chrysanthum (Rh. aureum), and described by the Swedish botanist Tor Nitzelius as Rhododendron brachycarpum ssp. tigerstedtii, after the introducer, Dr. C. G. Tigerstedt."

Our seed comes from a direct clone from Arboretum Mustila. The photograph is from their web site.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.25   

RHODODENDRON canadenseSpring to Summer2994
Rhodora30-90cm  Zone: 3
Native to eastern Canada growing in bogs, on wet slopes or rocky summits. A deciduous shrub with terminal clusters of openly campanulate rose, purple or white flowers opening either before or with its leaves. Foliage is blue-green and has distinctive hairy and rolled margins, gray-green beneath. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.25   

RHODODENDRON carolinianum (Pink Form)Spring3023
Carolina Rhododendron90cm  Zone: 4
A beautiful small species native to the Carolinas and Tennessee and one of the parents of Rhododendron PJM. The light rosey-pink flowers bloom in spring.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30+ seeds  $4.25   

RHODODENDRON dauricum New Spring3002
Chinese Alpenrose150cm  Zone: 3
Distributed over a wide area, from the Altai Mountains east to Siberia, northern Mongolia, Manchuria, northeast China, Korea, Japan, and Sakhalin Island. It has a loose, open, upright habit and shiny, dark green leaves. Flowers are funnel shaped, pink, lilac to magenta; rarely white. Flowers better when planted in some sun and will also produce a more compact form. An excellent and undemanding rhododendron, attractive all year.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $4.25   

RHODODENDRON groenlandicumEarly Summer3010
Labrador Tea30-90cm  Zone: 1
(Ledum groenlandicum) A very hardy evergreen shrub, inhabiting cold and arctic regions of the Northern hemisphere growing in moist forests, bogs, or open tundra. The aromatic, glossy, dark-green leaves have rolled margins covered below with orange hairs. White flowers in dense terminal clusters. The leaves can be used to make a palatable herbal tea, rich in vitamin C. Our seed this year was wild collected in the Alberta Rockies.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50+ seeds  $4.25   

RHODODENDRON schlippenbachiiSpring3011
Japanese Royal Azaleato 240cm  Zone: 4
The species is native to Korea and northeastern China. Considered by some the most handsome of all azaleas when the large, luminous, fragrant pink flowers cover the shrub in May just as the leaves are starting to emerge from their sheaths. Foliage is a beautiful dark green in summer, developing fabulous tones of purple-red in autumn.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.50   

RHODODENDRON vaseyi New Spring3790
Pinkshell Azalea3-4m  Zone: 4
Native to Massachusetts and the mountains of North Carolina growing in high elevation heath meadows, bogs & spruce forests. A slender-stemmed, deciduous species with an open habit and shiny, dark green leaves that are paler green beneath. Flowers appear before the foliage and lack the tube of most azaleas, so petals seem separate. Flower color ranges from pink to pure white with a yellow throat. Medium-green foliage turns light to dark-red in fall. Will not hybridize with other Rhododendron species.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30+ seeds  $4.25   

RHUS(SUMAC)Family: ANACARDIACEAE
A genus of over 200 aromatic trees and shrubs native to North America, eastern Asia, Australia and South Africa.

RHUS aromaticaSpring3031
Fragrant Sumac.5 to 1.5m  Zone: 3
Native to eastern and central North America. Fragrant Sumac lives up to its common name and rubbing the leaves or stems produces a lovely, aromatic pungency. And the small plant, although twisting and sprawling, is very appealing; a myriad of tiny yellow early spring flowers are followed by slightly-serrated leaves, then red berries and finally the brilliance of yellow and red fall leaves. It can grow in a wide variety of conditions and tolerates sites with high moisture fluctuations from saturation or flooding in winter and spring to extremely dry and barren, almost desert conditions in summer. It has a great ability to cling to slopes, serving to stabilize the soil with its shallow fibrous root system. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Seed coat is very hard and impermeable and requires puncturing. Then cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

RHUS copallinaJuly3034
Mountain, Dwarf or Shining Sumac2-4m  Zone: 4
Native to eastern North America, and very rare in Canada, this is an outstanding species and a personal favorite, with glossy dark green, pinnately-compound foliage turning the showiest of all sumacs in autumn--utterly brilliant maroon and red. Pyramidal panicles of greenish-yellow flowers in late summer are followed by small red drupes. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: After some extensive research and testing; we have finally determined that the best way to germinate this species is by doing a boiling-water overnight soak. Germination then occurs within 2 weeks at warm.
20 seeds  $4.25   

ROSA(ROSE)Family: ROSACEAE
100-150 deciduous shrubs from the temperate and subtropical zones of the Northern Hemisphere.

ROSA blandaJune and July3057
Smooth, or Early Wild Rose1m  Zone: 3
Native to eastern North America growing in rocky places and on gravelly shores. The flowers of this suckering rose are rosy-pink (rarely white). The purplish stems are glabrous and lack prickles with the exception of a few at the base of it's shoots. Bright red hips appear in late summer which remain attractive well into winter, creating one of the best fall-winter fruit display of any rose. Very adaptive, as it can also tolerate wet soils. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
25 seeds  $4.00   

ROSA rubrifolia (glauca)Summer3047
Redleaf Rose210cm  Zone: 2
From the mountains of Europe. A fine addition to the shrub or flower border because of its interesting foliage colour; a beautiful coppery or purplish hue. Can be used in groups to great effect. Flower colour will vary with seed grown plants, but are predominantly pink. Hips are round and smooth.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
25 seeds  $4.00   

RUBUSFamily: ROSACEAE
A large genus of shrubs, usually prickly and bristly with simple flowers followed by edible berries.

RUBUS odoratusSummer to Fall3074
Purple-Flowering Raspberry180cm  Zone: 3
Undoubtably the showiest native species in the genus and a thornless member of the Rose family. Native to eastern North America, it grows in thickets and rocky woods. A rambling, suckering shrub with large, lobed maple-leaf like foliage and bristly hairs on the stems. Rich-pink fragrant blooms begin in early summer and continue into autumn, followed by edible berries, resembling raspberries, which can be eaten fresh, or made into jam or wine. This is a very fine shrub for planting under the shade of large trees, as it will tolerate dry shade. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment recommended
20 seeds  $4.00   

SAMBUCUS(ELDER, ELDERBERRY)Family: CAPRIFOLIACEAE
This member of the Honeysuckle family contains about 20 species of perennials, shrubs or small trees native to north temperate and tropical regions, growing in rich, moist soils. White flowers and showy berries in large panicles.

SAMBUCUS pubensLate Spring3142
Red-Berried Elderberry.3-4m  Zone: 3
Native to northern North America occuring in a range of habitats from wet or moist sites along river edge or lakeside to moist or dry mixed forest. This deciduous shrub or small tree is a fine ornamental with lance-shaped, green leaves divided into five to seven leaflets and interesting brownish-red-warty bark. Pyramidal clusters of ivory flowers in late spring are followed by bright red berries in late June. The berries are (very) attractive to birds and ripen just about the time that baby birds need them in late June to early July. There appears to be controversy over whether the juice of the berries is toxic to humans. Certainly the roots, flowers, seeds, leaves, as well as the fruit's pulp while still green, possess cyanide-producing glycosides. Some sources believe, however, that the berries (minus the seeds), when fully ripened and cooked, are fine for consumption and make a wonderful, tart jelly. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
30 seeds  $4.00   

SARCOCOCCA

SARCOCOCCA confusaDecember-March3163
Sweet Box1-1.5m  Zone: (6) 7
If you live in a warm enough climate, this western Chinese species will charm you with its clusters of extremely fragrant, small white flowers which perfume the air in winter. These are followed by black berries. Related to the common box, it is a slow-growing plant perfect in the woodland garden where it will spread by suckering shoots gradually forming low-growing mounds of glossy, undulating, evergreen foliage. Limited this season.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
10 seeds  $4.25   

SECURINEGAFamily: EUPHORBIACEAE
About 20 species of deciduous shrubs from temperate and subtropical regions.

SECURINEGA suffruticosaLate Summer3221
2m  Zone: 4
This species is native to Siberia and other cold regions of northeast Asia and is virtually unknown in gardens in North America. A botanical rarity, it is perhaps the only hardy woody member of the Euphorbia family. This is a small densely branched shrub with numerous, slender, wand-like and arching stems. Bright green fresh foliage. Greenish-white flowers in clusters in late summer. For any well-drained soil and full sun.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   

STAPHYLEA(BLADDER-NUT)Family: STAPHYLEACEAE
These are ornamental, deciduous shrubs or small trees of north temperate regions, with opposite, compound leaves, clusters of whitish flowers and bladderlike fruits. Rarely found in cultivation. Tolerate full sun to part shade.

STAPHYLEA bumalda New Spring3365
2.1m  Zone: 4
From China, Korea and Japan growing in woods and by streams. This species is smaller in all respects than our native Bladdernut. A spreading upright habit with glabrous grey-brown branches and elegant, trifoliate leaves. White flowers in short, loose terminal clusters after the leaves appear in spring. Foliage provides lovely red tints in the autumn. Small inflated seed pods are wonderful late into the season, particularly after the leaves fall. Any soil, sun to part shade. Rare in the trade. Only a few packs.
Germination Instructions: Requires cold treatment.
15 seeds  $4.25   

STAPHYLEA trifolia Spring3366
4.5m  Zone: 4
Native to eastern North American. A large, suckering shrub or small tree with pretty drooping clusters of cream, bell-shaped flowers in spring turning into a three-chambered bladder-like seed, which rattle in the wind. Attractive, dark-green, trifoliate foliage and greenish bark textured with white cracks.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.25   

VIBURNUM(WAYFARING TREE)Family: CAPRIFOLIACEAE
A great genus of 150 woody species originating in the temperate and sub-tropical zones of the northern hemisphere. It has been said that a garden without a Viburnum is akin to life without music and art.

VIBURNUM acerifoliumEarly Summer3659
Maple-Leaf Viburnum1-2m  Zone: 3/4
Native to eastern North America growing in the understory of upland hardwood forest or on slopes in moist well drained soil. A small, deciduous multi-stemmed shrub, with an upright, erect form. The large (12cm) three-lobed leaves resemble those of a maple and the beautiful reddish-purple fall colour is outstanding. White flowers in cymes in early summer followed by egg-shaped fruits turning from red to black at maturity. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.50   

VIBURNUM cassinoidesSummer3651
Witherod Viburnum1.8m  Zone: 4
Another handsome native shrub with a dense, compact and rounded habit. Slightly arching branches. Emerging leaves are often purple-tinged or bronzy, becoming dark green then changing to red-purples in the fall. Creamy white flowers in early summer, in flat-topped cymes. The fruit cluster is spectacular; changing from green to pink, then red to blue and becoming black in late fall. Sometimes all colours are present simultaneously. For naturalizing, massing or in the shrub border. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

VIBURNUM lantanoides (alnifolium)Spring3650
(Witch's) Hobble Bush3-4m  Zone: 3
This wonderful native suckering shrub is found in the woods of eastern Canada to southeastern United States. The beautiful large (up to 30cm across) opposite heart-shaped leaves with sunken veins seem oddly out of place on the slender stems, making them very pronounced. Showy white to pink flowers in large clusters appear in spring. Finally, drupes of berries, first red then black ripen in late summer and are quickly eaten by birds. The vivid and early color transformation in fall is astounding- one can find maroon to bright red leaves, color-splotching and everything in between. The colors are a visual feast when walking through the woodland. Virtually unavailable in the nursery trade; it tolerates deep shade and dryness and is an elegant and perfect woody partner to almost anything in the shade garden. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.25   

VIBURNUM lentago New Spring3648
Nannyberry5.4m  Zone: 2
Native from Manitoba to Hudson Bay and south. An attractive large shrub or small tree with leaves emerging a soft yellow-green, turning glossy dark green then changing to purplish red in fall. White flowers, followed by purplish black fruit. Wonderful for naturalizing. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

VIBURNUM prunifoliumSpring3658
Blackhaw Viburnum3-5m  Zone: 3
A native understory shrub in eastern and midwestern North America, which can be limbed up to treeform status. Creamy-white flat-topped flower clusters in spring followed by a mixture of green, yellow, and red-pink fruits turning to blue-black or blue-pink at maturity. Berries can be profusely borne from August through early December and attract birds. Foliage is similar to V. rufidulum (very glossy dark-green summer leaves that explode into vibrant yellow, scarlet or marron hues in fall). Very adaptive; full sun to full shade prefering moist, well-drained soils of average fertility in full sun, but is adaptable to poor soils, compacted soils, soils of various pH, permanently moist soils, dry soils, moderate heat, drought, and pollution.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.25   

VIBURNUM trilobumSpring3649
American CranberrybushTo 4m  Zone: 2
Native throughout Canada and into the USA. This is an excellent plant for hedges and screening with lustrous medium to dark green leaves changing yellow to red-purple in fall. New growth has a reddish tinge. White flowers in cymes in the spring followed by bright red berries holding on the shrub through winter. Prefers good, well drained moist soil; sun or part shade. Highbush cranberry has a long tradition of use both as an edible fruit and as a traditional medicine. When fresh, the fruit are hard, very sour (acidic) and high in pectin. The fruit is best when picked slightly under-ripe, and prepared as sauce or jelly. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

YUCCAFamily: LILIACEAE
Technically not perennials, but shrubs, these noble plants have a rare architectural quality that make them valuable as accent plants, especially in a hot setting. Rosettes of long, linear, sword-shaped leaves above which rise massive panicles of bell-shaped, waxy white or cream flowers, often flushed with pink or purple on the outside. Great favorites of Gertrude Jekyll.

YUCCA filamentosaSummer3706
Adam's Needleto 180cm  Zone: 4
Native to eastern North America growing on rocky, sandy dunes and bluffs. Gray-green leaves and a spectacular 40cm flower stem carries white bell-shaped flowers flushed reddish-brown. Will take a few years to reach flowering size, but well worth the wait.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.00   

ZANTHOXYLUM

ZANTHOXYLUM americanumEarly Summer3736
Northern Prickly Ash4m  Zone: 3
I have oft been requested to collect seed of this species for those of you growing for the ethnobotany industry. Native to eastern North America growing on upland rocky hillsides, moist low-lying sites or in open woods, sometimes forming dense thickets in the wild. This is a small tree or shrub armed with strong, conical brown prickles along its branches. It has good lustrous foliage and all parts of the plant are fragrant. The bruised leaves and the seed have a delicious resinous citrus-like perfume. Insignificant flowers in early summer are followed by showy black seeds inside a red berry-like casing, which splits when the seed is ripe. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.00   

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