Seeds for the World - GARDENS NORTH - Catalogue
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Searching Category for PERENNIALS

ACHILLEA(YARROW, MILFOIL)Family: COMPOSITAE
A large genus of hardy plants with aromatic, fernlike leaves and flowers in open clusters of dense, flat heads. The generic name commemorates Achilles, the Greek hero, who was taught the healing properties of the plant by his teacher. Cultivated since medieval times, Achillea grows best in a sunny, well-drained site in average to poor soil.

ACHILLEA sibirica var. camtschaticaSummer to Fall50
60cm  Zone: 3
A wonderful Achillea, blooming the first year from seed. The species hails from Japan, and is a rather dull white, but this variety has wonderful large soft pink flowers in distinct, strong corymbs. The foliage is substantial in texture, dark green, sturdy and upright. A very attractive addition to the border in full sun and ordinary soil.
Germination Instructions: Easy warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.75   

ACONITUM(MONKSHOOD)Family: RANUNCULACEAE
100 species of summer to fall-flowering plants of great importance. Native from asiatic mountains to the Appalachians. The common name refers to the hooded, or helmet-shaped flowers, borne in erect racemes. Dark, delphinium-like leaves. For moist well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. All species are poisonous.

ACONITUM species -Small, White (Moist Packed) New Early Summer3779
45cm  Zone: 3
A floriferous, small species resembling A. lycoctonum ssp. vulparia except significantly smaller and blooming in early summer. Spikes of creamy flowers with yellowish tips.
Germination Instructions: Seed has been moist packed to preserve viability. Cold treatment required.
20+ seeds  $5.00   

ACTAEA(BANEBERRY)Family: RANUNCULACEAE
Derives its common name from the very poisonous berries. Genus is comprised of 8 species of elegant perennials native to rich moist woods in the North Temperate zone with large compound leaves, small white flowers in racemes and showy, oval, glossy berries in the Fall. Baneberries are woodland species and do well in shady locations, particularly in moist, humus-rich soil.

ACTAEA pachypodaSpring106
White Baneberry90cm  Zone: 3
Native to eastern North America and a handsome plant for the shaded area of a woodland or border. Deep green compound leaves similar to Astilbe form an elegant clump. Fluffy, fringed white flowers in late spring and showy pea-sized white berries in the fall on thick scarlet stalks. The foliage remains fresh all season and the berries are a treasure into late fall. Seed wild collected in Nova Scotia.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.00   

ACTAEA rubra (Pink) New Late Spring to Summer113
45cm  Zone: 3
A beautiful pink clone of the species originally found in the wild in Nova Scotia.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

ADENOPHORA
About 40 species of hardy, summer-blooming plants native to Eurasia and Japan, similar to Campanula because of their nodding, blue, bell-shaped flowers. For full sun or part shade in average garden soils. Adenophora and Campanula are often confused Here is a simple test for distinguishing the two. Take a flower and gently pull off the petals, leaving the style standing in the center. You will be left holding the base of the flower with a bumpy appendage (the ovary) in the middle and the style sticking straight up out of the center. VERY CAREFULLY peel off the outside of the bumpy appendage, leaving the style standing. If underneath, all you see is a flat base to which the style is attached, then you have a campanula. If, however, you see, after the peeling, another bulb-like appendage surrounding the style, then you have an adenophora. An easy way to rogue out all those imposters!

ADENOPHORA triphyllaLate Summer118
30-50cm  Zone: 3
This native of eastern Siberia, China and Japan is a very elegant species bearing flared open blue bells in whorls around the stem. A charming Ladybell for full sun to light shade.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $4.00   

AGASTACHE(GIANT HYSSOP)Family: LAMIACEAE
A genus of 30 species native to North America and Mexico; one to Japan. Wonderfully aromatic flowers are arranged in dense spikes. Most species flower the first year from seed.

AGASTACHE foeniculumLate Summer137
Giant Blue Hyssop60-90cm  Zone: 2
Native to northern North America. Erect branches of mint-and-licorice-scented, foliage ending in fuzzy spikes of lavender flowers. The flowers are edible and are charming crumbled into salads. The flowers are highly attractive to bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. Seed collected in Alberta.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.50   

AGASTACHE foeniculum 'aurea'Late Summer143
60-90cm  Zone: 2
Beautiful light lime-green-yellow foliage on the familiar and very hardy Blue Hyssop. Dense spikes of lavender contrasts wonderfully with the foliage colour. Entire plant is anise-scented. Blooms first year from seed. The yellow foliage is most pronounced in spring.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $4.00   

ALLIUM
A large genus with upwards of 700 bulbous species native throughout the northern hemisphere. Many are beautiful ornamentals.

A NOTE ON ALLIUM GERMINATION

Many species of Allium requiring cold treatment can be sown in late summer to early fall, with pots kept outdoors until late fall to early winter. This short, superficial cold treatment is often enough to have seedlings sprouted before the onset of winter; which can then be brought indoors and grown on.

ALLIUM atropurpureum New Summer190
60cm  Zone: 3
Although beginning to show up from the Holland bulb trade, this very showy east European native is not yet widely available. Flowers are up-facing domes of a luscious wine-red, each individual bloom containing hundreds of tiny blossoms. The long-lasting flowers are beautiful in the border or in dried arrangements. Very limited this year.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.00   

ALLIUM caeruleum New Mid Summer188
30cm  Zone: 2
Native to bleak areas of Siberia. This is a showy small Allium with grass-thin foliage and globular flower umbels of deep sky blue with excerted stamens. Easily grown in a dry spot, or in ordinary soil with good drainage. Full sun.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.00   

ALLIUM carinatum ssp. pulchellumLate Summer174
60cm  Zone: 4
Formerly A. pulchellum. Elegant arching umbels of dangling carmine bells. Very delicate appearing, but tough as nails.
Germination Instructions: Requires cold treatment.
30 seeds  $3.75   

ALLIUM carinatum ssp. pulchellum album New Mid summer189
30-45cm  Zone: 3
The beautiful pure white flowered form of the species. Open pollinated.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $4.00   

ALLIUM fistulosumEarly Summer179
Japanese Bunching Onion60-90cm  Zone: 1
Emerges very early in the season, so can be used as a winter onion. Hollow, cyclindrical stems carry yellowish-white bell-shaped flowers in a round head. Not widely grown as an ornamental, although its upright, architectural presence makes it suitable for the mixed border.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $3.00   

ALLIUM flavum tauricum mix New Summer216
15-20cm  Zone: 3/4
The well known Allium flavum is a yellow flowered species, but the lesser known Turkish variety tauricum has flowers that are tinged with other colors in a variety of pastel shades. This is a mix of various colours which we are happy to have back in our list.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $4.25   

ALLIUM flavum tauricum Pink New 3784
15cm
Selected from Allium flavum tauricum mix, this is a beautiful pink form.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

ALLIUM moly New Summer183
15cm  Zone: 3
Native of southern Europe. References to this species can be found in Homer's Odyssey as the "moly" who safeguarded Ulysses. Wide, flat leaves and starry golden yellow flowers in umbels. Quick to increase and will naturalize if happy. Flowers in one year from seed and will tolerate semi-shade. Very limited this year.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.00   

ALLIUM obliquum New Summer194
75cm  Zone: 3
The flowers of this rare species from Romania to northwestern China are an unusual shade of acid-yellow carried in a tight umbel on top of tall stems. Tolerates heavy soil and summer moisture. Full sun to light shade.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
25 seeds  $4.25   

ALLIUM paniculatum New July217
30cm  Zone: 3
Allium paniculatum is a variable species in terms of size with a range of flower color from white, pink, red, yellow and green. It flowers later than many Allium and is a joy to have in the July garden. Seed is from one of our taller beautiful light pink clones. Very limited this year.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.00   

ALLIUM schoenoprasumMid Summer196
Chives30cm  Zone: 2
The familiar Chives for the perennial or herb garden making a clump of bright green foliage topped by dense umbels of pink to mauve flowers. For eating and ornament.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.00   

ALLIUM tuberosumLate Summer186
Garlic Chives30-60cm  Zone: 2
This edible, flat-leaved native of Japan is grown for its gorgeously showy white, globe-shaped flower heads in late summer to early autumn. Foliage has a strong, upright habit, making it a fine architectural plant for the border. Leaves used like regular chives for cooking.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
25 seeds  $3.25   

ALLIUM victorialis New Summer218
Victory Onion, Alpine Leek30-50cm  Zone: 3
Native from Europe to Asia and a rarely grown Allium notable for it's shade tolerance. The wide foliage is wonderful even when not it bloom and the spherical heads of white flowers outstanding. Very limited this year.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   Sorry...Sold Out

ALTHAEAFamily: MALVACEAE
This genus contains 12 annual and perennial species. Grow in full sun in ordinary soil. Particularly tolerant of seaside conditions.

ALTHAEA cannabinaLate Summer271
1.2m  Zone: 4
Native from Europe to Asia, a branched perennial with pubescent leaves, the underside grayish-white. Small lavender-pink or rose flowers, often with dark eyes. Suitable for a moist spot in full sun.
Germination Instructions: Sandpapering of seed required.
25 seeds  $3.00   

ALTHAEA officinalisSummer272
Marshmallow90-120cm  Zone: 3
This gray, soft-velvety plant has rose, mauve or most normally, white cup-shaped flowers. Roots used in making marshmallows.
Germination Instructions: Sandpapering of seed required.
20 seeds  $3.25   

AMSONIA(BLUE STARS)Family: APOCYNACEAE
Genus of 20 species native to North America and east Asia. Handsome foliage and star-shaped blue flowers. Prefers light shade but will tolerate full sun if the soil is moist.

AMSONIA hubrectiiSpring302
Arkansas or Narrow Leaved Amsonia90cm  Zone: 4
This native of the Ozark mountains is considered one of the best of the genus. It sports narrow, foliage that colours a beautiful yellow in the fall. Sky blue flowers in spring. We believe that this collection may contain some seed of A. tabernaemontana var. salicifolia (which also has very narrow foliage). This will have wider foliage that A. hubrectii.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

AMSONIA illustrisEarly Summer296
Texas Blue Star60-90  Zone: 4
A particularly handsome species, taller and showier than many of the other species and flowering significantly earlier. Flowers are a rich light blue, in panicles. Grows naturally on gravel bars by sunny prairie streams, but adapts to average garden soils, even clay.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

AMSONIA tabernaemontanaSummer299
Willow Blue Star60-90cm  Zone: 3
Handsome and underutilized native. Glossy, willow-type leaves and clusters of star-shaped blue flowers. Tough and low maintenance.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
25 seeds  $4.00   

ANACYCLUS

ANACYCLUS depressusSpring306
Mount Atlas Daisy5-10cm  Zone: 3
It has been many years since we listed this native of Morocco and the only hardy species. The beautiful gray-green ferny foliage gets covered with white daisies having a crimson underside. This feature is particularly attractive when the flowers are partially or totally closed during rainy weather, early morning or evening, revealing the underside. This has never been soundly perennial for us no matter where we have gardened, but it seems to persist through gently self-sowing if planted in a sunny, well-drained site.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.75   

ANAPHALIS(PEARLY EVERLASTING)Family: COMPOSITAE
A small genus of perennials native to Europe, N. America and Asia. Most have white, woolly stems and white flowers with yellow eyes. One of the few silvery-leaved plants that will tolerate some shade and moist soil.

ANAPHALIS margaritaceaLate Summer308
Pearly Everlasting30cm  Zone: 2
North American native and an excellent border plant. A bushy perennial with lance-shaped gray-green leaves with white felt beneath and masses of pearly white flowers in flat clusters. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100+ seeds  $3.50   

ANDROSACEFamily: PRIMULACEAE
125 species of annuals, biennials or perennials native to the mountains of the northern hemisphere. Most are cushion or mat-forming alpines.

ANDROSACE carnea Spring324
2-7cm  Zone: 3
Native to the western Alps and eastern Pyrenees above 1900m, in turf, scree and stable moraine over acidic rocks. A variable species of tufted habit growing from an almost woody central rootstock. Rosettes loose and spreading. Leaves awl-shaped, pointed, more or less fleshy, with or without small, downy hairs. Flowers cup-shaped, are white or pink, with a yellow eye.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.00   

ANEMONE(WINDFLOWER)Family: RANUNCULACEAE
A large genus of notable garden plants ranging from woodland flowers to robust border plants. Native to wide areas of the northern hemisphere ranging from high alpine meadows to lowland pastures. For fertile, moist, but well-drained soil.

ANEMONE cylindricaSummer330
Thimbleweed90cm  Zone: 3
This species is native to sandy soil in open woods and thickets across Canada. White flowers and woolly, cylindrical thimble-like seed heads. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20+ seeds  $3.50   

ANTHEMIS(CHAMOMILE)Family: COMPOSITAE
A genus of sun-loving plants with a wide distribution and one of the best daisies. Bloom abundantly over a long period, reblooming in the fall. Excellent for cutting and easy in ordinary to poor soil.

ANTHEMIS tinctoria color mix370
Aromatic, silvery-green leaves and long-lasting daisies. Blooms abundantly in dry, sunny positions. Will rebloom in fall if cut back. This is a colour mix of pale yellow, white and the bright yellow of the species.
30 seeds  $3.00   

AQUILEGIA
A genus of 65 species. Columbines are one of the most valuable garden perennials and old-fashioned favorites, grown for their beautiful foliage and graceful spurred flowers. As they hybridize freely, the resultant seedlings may produce interesting variation. Seed sown early may bloom late the first season. Sun or shade and moist soil. The germination of all columbines stimulated by the use of GA-3.

AQUILEGIA canadensisSummer391
Canadian or Wild Columbine15-30cm  Zone: 2
Our own eastern wild columbine and one of the most beautiful species. Grayish-green compound leaves and elegant nodding scarlet and yellow flowers. Prefers an open, sunny site in dryer conditions than many other species. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.00   

ARABIS(ROCK CRESS)Family: BRASSICACEAE
100 species distributed throughout the northern hemisphere. Most are alpine species and cool climate plants that perform well in the north. The name is derived from Arabia, a reference to the dry habitats preferred by many species.

ARABIS blepharophyllaSpring418
Coast Rock Cress20cm  Zone: 3
This sweetly-scented California endemic is a very hardy spring bloomer. Above low, tight rosettes of glossy, dark green foliage, vibrant rose-purple flowers in spring.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.50   

ARABIS caucasica 'rosea'Spring415
Wall Rock Cress10cm  Zone: 3
This is the beautiful pink-flowered form of rock cress.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.00   

ARALIA(ARALIA)Family: ARALIACEAE
Over 30 species of perennials, shrubs and trees in the Ginseng family, often with spiny stems, native in rich soils, mostly in shady woods in North America and Asia. Flowers in attractive umbels, often in panicles. Black or red berried fruit in the fall. All require space and a fertile, moist, deep humus soil. Intolerant of full sun and drought. G.S. Thomas finds these to be "easily grown plants, for the connoisseur of the elegant."

ARALIA nudicaulisSummer422
Wild Sarsaparilla45cm  Zone: 3
From the Latin "nudus" (naked, bare), and the Greek "kaulos" (stem). This member of the Ginseng family is an understory plant found in mixed forests across Canada. Large compound leaves radiate at the top of naked stems. White flowers in clusters are followed by clusters of blue-black berries in summer. For light shade in the woodland garden. The fruit is edible, but not very palatable. The aromatic roots were once used in a drink called sarsaparilla, which developed into root beer. Young plant shoots were used as herbs, and the berries were made into jelly. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Outdoor treatment over winter recommended.
20 seeds  $3.75   

ARISAEMA(JACK IN THE PULPIT)Family: ARACEAE
A large group of perennials native to Asia and North America with new species coming into cultivation yearly. The spathe and spadix, which constitute the flowers, are typical of the Aroids. Spikes of decorative berries appear later. For fertile, moisture-retentive, but well-drained soil in light shade. The species most likely to be (outdoor) hardy for gardeners in really cold regions of Canada are A. amurense, dracontium, flavum, sikokianum and triphyllum.

ARISAEMA flavumSummer443
30cm  Zone: 4
A small species from the Himalayas whose inflorescense has been described as looking like a yellow owl. It makes a great companion to yellow and green variegated plants. Very robust and accepting of both sun and shade. It has a subtle, elf-like presence. Very limited this year.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   

ARISAEMA triphyllumLate Spring444
Jack In The Pulpit40-60cm or taller  Zone: 3
Native to woodlands throughout eastern North America with large 3-lobed leaves and a hooded spathe, striped green and purple in late spring followed by orange-red berries in autumn. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Outdoor treatment over winter recommended.
15 seeds  $4.00   

ASARUM(WILD GINGER)Family: ARISTOLOCHIACEAE
About 60 species native to North temperate areas. The common name refers to the ginger-like smell when the roots are bruised or cut. All species prefer woodland conditions, slightly acid soil, shade and constant moisture.

ASARUM canadense (Moist Packed)Spring505
Canadian Wild Ginger15cm  Zone: 2
Native North American with low tufts of green heart-shaped leaves. Brown, bell-shaped flowers are inconspicuous and hidden under the leaves. A wonderful groundcover for the woodland garden. Seed wild collected in Ontario.

If you follow the link below to our Gardens North Facebook, and consult the picture album "Germination of Hepatica, Asarum and Trillium grandiflorum" you can read my commentary on germination shortcuts for this species.

https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.287539478000138.71818.130083313745756&type=3
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $5.00   

ASARUM europaeum (Moist Packed)Spring506
European Wild Ginger8cm  Zone: 3
Evergreen plant with dark-green, very glossy, leathery, heart-shaped foliage. Inconspicuous brown flowers appear under the foliage in spring. A beautiful groundcover for shade, tolerating less than ideal conditions, but growing and self-sowing more vigorously with better conditions. Limited this year.
Germination Instructions: Seed is moist packed to preserve viability. Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $5.00   

ASCLEPIAS(MILKWEED)Family: ASCLEPIADACEAE
A large genus of 200 species, with a wide distribution, but most are concentrated in North America and Africa. Once established they are easily grown plants with attractive foliage, intricate flowers and seed pods suitable for drying. The primary host plant for the Monarch butterfly.

ASCLEPIAS incarnataLate Summer508
Swamp Milkweed120-150cm  Zone: 2
Native to eastern North America and a magnificent, accomodating perennial. Grows best in moist soils, but also thrives in ordinary garden conditions. Tight umbels of amazingly intricate bright pink flowers and linear, pointed leaves. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
25 seeds  $3.50   

ASCLEPIAS speciosaSummer520
Showy Milkweed90cm  Zone: 2
Native to central and western North America. Very fragrant globose umbels of rose-coloured flowers on a tall Milkweed. Seed wild collected in British Columbia.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.00   

ASCLEPIAS tuberosaMid Summer512
Butterfly Weed30-75cm  Zone: 4
One of the most beautiful North American natives. Brilliant, waxy tangerine flowers in clusters. This species is essential to the Monarch butterfly. Interesting variations are obtainable from seed, including deep yellow and bright orange. Drought tolerant and sun loving. Flowers first year from an early start indoors.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   

ASPHODELINE(JACOB'S ROD)Family: ASPHODELACEAE
A small genus of plants native to the Mediterranean and Asia growing on rocky slopes and in scrub. Linear leaves topped by tall candles of flowers. Striking, prominent and unusual perennial. For full sun in well drained soil.

ASPHODELINE tauricaSpring-Summer3774
White King's Spear30-45cm  Zone: 4
Native to the Mediterranean and the Caucasus, this is a wonderful rock garden plant for full sun. Stemless white flowers above wonderful long thin leaves which swirl and twirl around the blooming stalk.
Germination Instructions: Seed has a naturally low germination rate, so extra has been provided to compensate.
30 seeds  $4.00   

ASPHODELUS

ASPHODELUS ramosusSpring3770
Branched Asphodel60cm  Zone: 5/6
Native to the Mediterranean, northern Africa, and the Middle East, particularly common on coastlines with an affinity for acidic soils. Elongated stems above narrow tufted leaves bear a handsome spike of white flowers with reddish-brown markings. Very limited.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment recommended.
20 seeds  $4.00   

ASTILBE(FALSE SPIREA)Family: SAXIFRAGACEAE
A genus of 25 attractive summer-flowering perennials with ferny foliage and flowers in feathery panicles. Look particularly stunning massed. Astilbe prefers a rich, moist, even boggy soil in part shade. Can be grown in full sun if moisture is assured.

ASTILBE mixSummer548
Zone: 3
This is a mix of originally seed-grown Astilbe derived from arendsii, taquetii and chinensis species and hybrids in light to dark pink, peach red and white. The picture shown is from the primary area of seed collection.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $4.25   

ASTRAGALUS(MILK VETCH)Family: LEGUMINOSAE
A large genus of over 2,000 species of annuals, perennials and shrubs native throughout the temperate world with pinnate foliage and pea-like flowers in spikes or racemes.

ASTRAGALUS canadensisSummer556
Canadian Milkvetch60-120cm  Zone: 2/3
Native to North America, growing in prairies, thickets and woodland borders, moist meadows near rivers and fields. A robust plant with compound foliage topped by a whorled raceme crowded with creamy flowers, which sometimes have yellow or green tints. These are followed by oval pods with pointed tips. This striking member of the pea family is an important food for birds, as it retains its seed late into the fall and early winter. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Sandpapering of seed required.
30 seeds  $3.75   

ASTRAGALUS neglectusEarly Summer557
Cooper's Milkvetch30-90cm  Zone: 3
Native to north-eastern North America growing on alvar or in oak barrens. An uncommon to rare species with compound foliage and a leafy stem. Clusters of white to cream flowers. Ovoid seed receptacles follow (these differentiate it from A. canadensis). Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Sandpapering of seed required.
25 seeds  $4.00   

BAPTISIA(FALSE INDIGO)Family: LEGUMINOSAE
25-35 species of perennials native to North America. These handsome plants with attractive foliage and long racemes of pea-like flowers make an outstanding addition to the border. Best grown in full sun and rich soils, but will tolerate part shade, poor soil and drought. Extremely long-lived plants.

BAPTISIA australisEarly Summer572
Blue False Indigo90-120cm  Zone: 2
Deep indigo-blue flowers, followed by attractive seedpods. Clover-like blue-green foliage that stays fresh and attractive all season. Flower racemes are up to 25cm/10" long. This is an extremely long lived plant and slow to mature in the garden. Please allow it at least 3 years to flower and 2 more to reach its full majesty.
Germination Instructions: Sandpapering of seed required.
20 seeds  $3.50   

BEGONIA(BEGONIA)Family: BEGONIACEAE
A large genus of perennials native to the tropics and subtropics of the Americas. Known and grown by many gardeners as annuals in temperate climates.

BEGONIA grandisAll Season583
Hardy Begonia30-45cm  Zone: 6
This tuberous species native to China and Japan occurs the most northerly and is believed to be hardy to Z6. I have not overwintered it but know it sometimes survives Z5 with a heavy winter mulch. Otherwise, it can be grown as an annual, dug and stored in damp peat over winter, or by collecting the bulbils which form in the leaf axils and starting again. Thrives in moist, humusy soil in semi-shade. Gorgeous red-veined yellow-green foliage, the leaves red underneath. Fragrant pink to rose-pink flowers on red stems. Very floriferous.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $4.25   

BEGONIA sinensisJuly-frost3757
30cm  Zone: 6?
Native to China, similar in habit to its Japanese counterpart B. grandis, this wonderful woodland perennial from China has smaller leaves and earlier flowering than B. grandis. Where it is hardy, it emerges from dormancy in mid-May, forming a small clump covered most of the season by light pink flowers. Small bulbils form at each leaf axil to aid in propagation.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30+ seeds  $4.50   

BERKHEYA

BERKHEYA multijugaJuly-September3734
South African Thistle60-80cm  Zone: 4/5
From the Drakensberg, a source of many great, hardy plants--this species is normally listed as only zone 7, but is much hardier than this. A rosette of glossy green prickly foliage and stems holding large bright yellow daisies in summer.
Germination Instructions: Seed has a low germination rate, but extra has been provided to compensate. Easy, warm germination.
20 seeds  $4.00   

BERKHEYA purpureaSummer595
Purple Berkheya60cm  Zone: 3/4
This is a stunning thistle native to South Africa, growing on moist, rocky, grassy slopes in its native habitat. This surprisingly hardy species survives in northern Ontario (Zone 3/4), where it has shown no invasive tendencies whatsoever. An extraordinary plant large purple flowers flowers in summer over very prickly, dark green foliage with attractive looking cobwebs draped over the leaves, which add to its character. Also excellent cut or dried.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   

BOEHMERIA

BOEHMERIA tricuspisMid-Summer625
Red Flax or Grass Turtle Tail50-80cm  Zone: 3
Native to Japan, China and North Korea, growing in the mountains in shady places. This is a fascinating, very ornamental (non-stinging) member of the Nettle family. The beautiful, large opposite leaves (to 15cm) are deep-green and distinctly veined. The tip of the leaves is forked, and the center ends in a long, distinctive tail. Stems are a rich dark red. Long tails of flowers form in the leaf axils turning from green to burgundy. For the shady edge of the woodland garden. Very rare in commerce.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50+ seeds  $4.25   

CALLIRHOE(POPPY MALLOW)Family: MALVACEAE
8 species of mallow-like perennials native to North America.

CALLIRHOE involucrataAll Season662
Wine Cups, Prairie Rose15cm  Zone: 3
Native to the short-grass prairie and sandy, dry soils of western and mid-western North America and an outstanding plant for the garden. Inappropriately, it seems the generic name of this denizen of dry places honors Callirrhoe, the daughter of Achelous, a minor Greek river god. The flowers are glowing, satiny magenta cups, up to 2" across which begin in June and never cease until frost. Its leafy flowering stems are prostrate and will spread out 1-3' from the crown by midsummer, so give it plenty of space in a sun-baked spot.
Germination Instructions: Has an extremely hard seed-coat requiring serious sandpapering.
30 seeds  $4.25   

CAMASSIA(WILD HYACINTH)Family: LILIACEAE
Natives of western North America and bulbous relatives of the lily. Occur naturally in rich meadows, wet in spring, dry in summer. Beautiful and highly underused garden plants. They produce grassy, lance-shaped foliage and long, erect flower stems bearing star-shaped flowers in blue, purple, white or cream. Tolerate some shade, but perform better in full sun and moist spring soil.

CAMASSIA scilloides New Early Spring672
Eastern Camas, Wild Hyacinth30-50cm  Zone: 5
Native to eastern North America, growing in open woods, meadows and prairie. Keeled, linear, grass-like foliage. Open spikes of 6-petalled violet-blue starry flowers in early spring. While it will endure deep shade, best in an open spot in the woodland garden; or in sun. Wild collected in Ohio.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

CAMPANULA(BELLFLOWER)Family: CAMPANULACEAE
A large genus of over 300 species widely distributed in the Northern Hemisphere, especially the Mediterranean. "Campa" comes from the Latin "bell" and refers to the predominantly bell-shaped flowers. A genus of great diversity, ranging from stately border plants to rock garden specimens. Easy to grow and do well in any fertile soil in sun or light shade.

CAMPANULA alliariifoliaLate Summer676
30cm  Zone: 3
One of the few white-flowering species bearing nodding, white bellflowers. Attractive heart-shaped grey-green foliage.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $3.50   

CAMPANULA cervicariaSummer712
Bristly Bellflower120cm  Zone: 3
Native to northern and central Europe and endangered or protected in some areas. A tall biennial Campanula which would look very fine and be happy naturalized on the edges of a woodland. The flowers are blue and clustered, reminiscent of C. glomerata, except that the clusters line the solitary, tall stems. Wild collected in Sweden.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
200 seeds  $4.25   

CAMPANULA persicifolia Summer690
Peach Leaved Bellflower45-60cm  Zone: 2
The best-known hardy Campanula for the border. Large 5cm nodding flowers and leathery, toothed leaves, blooming in summer and sporadically onwards right through the first frosts if the individual flowers are pinched off as they fade.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $3.25   

CAMPANULA persicifolia mix691
This is a mix of the blue and white forms.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $3.25   

CAMPANULA rotundifoliaAll season695
Harebell30cm  Zone: 2
This species is native throughout the northern hemisphere. Also known as the Bluebells of Scotland, it is well entrenched in the verse and song of that country. Rounded basal leaves account for the species name. Wide, pendulous blue-violet bells the entire gardening season. Should be in every garden. Performance is best in northern climates. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
200+ seeds  $3.50   

CAMPANULA thyrsoides carniolicaMid to Late Summer699
Yellow Bellflower45-100cm  Zone: 3
Native to Austria and northern Yugoslavia. This subspecies occurs in the southeastern Alps and the Dinaric Arc. It differs from the species by having a longer flower raceme, but with flowers less dense. It also flowers from bottom to top over a much longer period of time. the much faster flowering of the species thyrsoides is more favourable in the short growing season in the high Alps where seed production must be secured before temperature drops. With a monocarpic habit, forming a large, flat, narrow-leaved grayish rosette the first season, followed in its flowering year by a striking spike carrying pale yellow clustered flowers. For the larger rock garden or as a vertical accent in a sunny, well-drained spot.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   

CAPNOIDESFamily: FUMARIACEAE
A recently resurrected genus of one species formerly classified as Corydalis.

CAPNOIDES sempervirensSummer1092
Rock Harlequin75cm  Zone: 2
A beautiful and graceful native with blue-grey glaucous foliage. Tubular, spurred pin flowers with a yellow tip in summer. Self perpetuating biennial or annual. Grows in rocky clearings in woods and on disturbed sites in full sun. Limited quantities.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment recommended.
30 seeds  $4.00   

CARLINA(WEATHER THISTLE)Family: COMPOSITAE
A small genus of plants native to Europe, Asia and the Mediterranean with spiny foliage and showy thistle-like flowers. In addition to their beauty, this genus is interesting because the bracts open only in hot, dry weather and close in the evening or on rainy days, hence the name "Weather Thistle."

CARLINA corymbosaLate Summer783
15-20cm  Zone: 3
A rarely available Carlina for the rock garden or as a specimen in a hot, dry site. Forms a low rosette of prickly foliage. Pale beige-yellow flowers in late summer.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.00   

CAULOPHYLLUM(BLUE COHOSH)Family: BERBERIDACEAE
2 species of erect, rhizomatous perennials native to moist woods of North America and eastern Asia with compound leaves, small flowers in clusters and showy berries in the fall.

CAULOPHYLLUM thalictroidesSpring806
1m  Zone: 3
Native to rich, rocky woods in eastern North America. Grown for its blue seeds and handsome foliage, which resembles Meadowrue (Thalictrum). Good companion for Virginia Bluebells since the foliage fills in as the bluebell foliage turns yellow. For light to heavy shade in humus, woodland soil. Seed wild collected in Ohio.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.25   

CENTAUREA(KNAPWEED)Family: COMPOSITAE
The perennial species of Centaurea are noted for their long-blooming, thistle-like flowers, ease of growth and hardiness. The leaves are often silvery or felted. Perform best in full sun and are drought tolerant, true minimal maintenance plants. Many grow particularly well in the North.

CENTAUREA macrocephalaSummer822
Globe Cornflower60-120cm  Zone: 2
Forms bold, splendid clumps of strong stems from which appear huge, spherical papery buds opening to large golden fluffy thistles. Wonderful as a specimen in a dry border.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
15 seeds  $3.75   

CHELONE(TURTLE HEAD)Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE
A genus of 6 perennials native to North America with large snapdragon-like flowers in pink, red or white. They resemble the head of a turtle with its mouth open. Their colour range is much appreciated in the late summer and fall. Moisture lovers and wonderful for the semi-shaded border or waterside.

CHELONE glabraLate Summer856
White Turtlehead60-180cm  Zone: 3
Flowers are white with a red or rose tinge blooming over a long period. Will grow in full sun in a moist spot, or in semi shade. The contrast between the very dark green foliage and white flower makes this species particularly handsome. Will grow tallest in moist soil. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $4.00   

CHIMAPHILA(PRINCE'S PINE)Family: PYROLACEA
A small genus of 6 shrubby, evergreen perennials native to North America, Europe and eastern Asia with a creeping rootstock and whorled glossy foliage.

CHIMAPHILA umbellataSummer862
Pipsissewa15cm  Zone: 2
Native throughout most of North America, but not frequently encountered in our woods. An elegant native woodland plant in the Wintergreen family with evergreen, glossy, dark green lance-shaped and serrated foliage and alternate leaves (appearing whorled). Delicate waxy and nodding white or pink flowers in summer. The Cree name "pipsisikweu" means "it-breaks-into-small-pieces" , because it's leaves contain a substance that was thought to dissolve kidney stones. Seed wild collected in dry coniferous woods in Ontario, Canada.
Germination Instructions: There is no known method for germinating this species in an artificial setting. It is believed that a natural fungi found in its environment is required for sprouting. In the wild, this species grows in well-drained, dry woodlands, in acid conditions, wit
500 seeds  $4.25   

CHRYSOSPLENIUM

CHRYSOSPLENIUM macrostemon v. shiobarense (Moist Pack)Spring867
15cm
This member of the Saxifraga family grows on moist, shaded hillsides of Japan. A rare, creeping perennial, forming large rosettes of nicely marked, serrated foliage covered in spring with bright pale-yellow bracts.It roots at the nodes; producing an impenetrable mat.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $5.00   

COLCHICUM

COLCHICUM alpinum (Moist Packed)Late Summer to Fall1009
5-20cm
Native to central Europe, growing in high alpine meadows, often on acid. A small species with lavender-pink flowers, often darker-veined. Rarely offered.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $5.00   

COLCHICUM autumnaleAutumn1005
Autumn Crocus10-15cm  Zone: 4
This European species is the best known and earliest- blooming of the fall-flowering bulbs. It is particularly dear to me as a vivid childhood memory of meadows in southern Germany in solid bloom. Commonly referred to as the autumn crocus colchicums are not related to crocus at all, but are actually members of the lily family. Beginning in mid-September they produce large, goblet-like blooms in shades of pink, violet or white. Colchicum bloom without leaves leading to common names such as "naked ladies" and are quite beautiful in their simplicity. The leaves do not appear until spring, arising then without flowers, but (hopefully) with large seed pods, a fascinating delayed mechanism of seed production.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.00   

CORYDALIS(CORYDALIS)Family: FUMARACEAE
300 species with finely dissected, often blue-green foliage and yellow, blue, pink or rose-purple tubular, spurred flowers in the spring. "Corydalis" is Greek for "lark" referring to the lark-like spurs of the flowers. Many species cannot tolerate dry storage and must be sown fresh. Source: Liden & Zetterlund, Corydalis, Timber Press.

CORYDALIS ochotensis var. raddeana (Moist Packed)Autumn1084
60cm  Zone: 4
Native to eastern Siberia, Korea, China and red-listed in Japan. This biennial species has been romping around our late season garden for some time. Bloom begins sometime in early August, continuing well into late September, filling in empty spaces in the woodland garden with it's unusual salmon-orange flowers, with a darker nose blooming on branching maroon-coloured stems over ferny foliage. Biennial. Self-sows to perpetuate. Not recommended for warmer regions of the world, as it may become too vigorous in the garden---but just enough in cold-weather gardens.
Germination Instructions: Seed has been moist packed to preserve viability. Cold treatment required.
20+ seeds  $4.75   

DESMODIUM(TICK TREFOIL)Family: LEGUMINOSAE
300 species with pinnate foliage and pea-like flowers in racemes.

DESMODIUM canadenseMid to Late Summer1257
Canada or Showy Tick Trefoil60-180cm  Zone: 3
Showy native species ranging from Nova Scotia to Saskatchewan and into the eastern and central USA growing in open woods and along woodland edges. The alternate grey-green leaves are divided into 3 leaflets, each leaflet long and triangular. The showy bright pink, pea-like flowers with an elongated lower lip are arranged on erect, densely crowded racemes. A deep taproot makes this plant very drought-resistant and the seeds are used by a variety of birds and other wildlife. Loves clay, but will grow on most soils. Full sun. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $4.25   

DESMODIUM glutinosumSummer1258
Pointed Leaf Tick-Trefoil60-100cm  Zone: 4
Native to eastern North America and the plains regions, growing in low woods, thickets, roadsides and streamside. This elegant woodland perennial sports lovely whorled foliage above which are found wands of delicate pink to purplish pea-like flowers followed by fascinating, linked seed pods. A nice addition to the woodland garden. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
12 seeds  $4.25   

DESMODIUM paniculatumSummer1259
Panicled of Narrow-Leaf TickTrefoil60cm  Zone: 3
Native to eastern North America, growing in clearings or on the border of dry or moist woodlands. This is a delicate and elegant, rather than showy woodland species. Above lovely alternate lanceolate foliage is a much branched terminal panicle carrying small pinkish-purple flowers in summer. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
15 seeds  $4.25   

DIANTHUS(PINK)Family: CARYOPHYLLACEAE
350 species of important and desirable garden plants. The genus name is from dios, the Greek "divine", and anthos for "flower". The hardy perennial species are generally low, mounded, evergreen plants with 5-petalled, often fragrant flowers in white, pink and red.

DIANTHUS arenariusEarly Summer1263
Sand Pink5cm  Zone: 1
Completely prostrate, mat-forming species with beautiful, needle-like tight, gray-green foliage. Fringed white, flowers in summer. Would grow happily in pure sand.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $3.50   

DIANTHUS barbatusSummer1264
Sweet William30cm  Zone: 2
The popular biennial Sweet William has been grown in cottage gardens for hundreds of years. Lightly scented and in a colour range from white through pink, red to purplish-crimson, some varicoloured. Mass for ultimate charm. Long lasting and charming cut flower.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $3.00   

DIANTHUS barbatus 'Sooty'All Season1281
Flowering the first year from seed, the fragrant blooms are a deep maroon above slender leaves which mature to a shimmering metallic mahogany. Flowers over a very long period.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
25 seeds  $3.25   

DIANTHUS deltoides 'Arctic Fire'Early Summer1284
10cm  Zone: 2
This form of D. deltoides has white blooms with a contrasting ring of fuschia around an interior of lighter pink. The foliage is dark green, turning purplish in the cool seasons. If deadheaded after bloom, may repeat bloom in autumn.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50+ seeds  $3.50   

DIANTHUS ex Velvet 'n LaceJune-August3742
30cm  Zone: 3
A short lived perennials blooming over a long period from early summer to autumn. A highly fragrant clump forming plant with lance-shaped green to blue-green foliage and velvety purple to burgundy, almost black flowers with white ruffled edges.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator
20 seeds  $3.75   

DIANTHUS myrtinerviusSummer1282
Field Pink8-10cm  Zone: 4
Native to southern Europe, forming a mat of bright green foliage smothered by dark pink flowers with a darker ring in the center. For full sun in a well-drained spot.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $3.75   

DICENTRA(BLEEDING HEART)
A genus of about 20 very graceful plants, mostly native to North America. Leaves are blue-green and finely divided and flower color ranges from yellow, white to pink.

DICENTRA spectabilis (Moist Packed)Early Summer1292
Bleeding Heart60-90cm  Zone: 2
This native of China and Japan is a popular cottage garden plant grown for the beauty of its foliage and arching stems of heart-shaped, rose-red flowers with white protruding inner petals. Foliage sometimes dies down by midsummer.
Germination Instructions: Seed is moist packed to preserve viability. Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.50   

DICTAMNUS(GAS PLANT)Family: RUTACEAE
A small genus with only one species extensively grown. Dictamnus is an extremely long lived plant and one of the best perennials for low-maintenance gardens. Slow to establish, it spreads gradually and makes a handsome specimen for the border. Its beautiful, aromatic foliage remains attractive throughout the season.

DICTAMNUS albus 'fraxinella'1302
The beautiful rosy pink variety of the Gas Plant.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.00   

DIGITALIS(FOXGLOVE)Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE
Genus of summer-flowering biennials and perennials bearing tubular flowers with wonderful speckled throats. The common name Foxglove was originally "folks-glove", the glove of the good folk, or fairies, who inhabited the woodland where foxgloves naturally grow. Of easy culture, thriving in moist soil in part shade or sun

DIGITALIS lanataEarly Summer1314
Grecian Foxgloveto 100cm  Zone: 4
Found on stony ground. This is a perennial foxglove, usually grown as a biennial in Canada. Honey-coloured with intricate netting of brown markings. Large, drooping white or greyish lip.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.50   

DIGITALIS luteaEarly Summer1315
Small Yellow Foxglove60-90cm  Zone: 3
This species is native to Europe and North Africa and is reliably perennial. Glossy green leaves and wiry, elegant metre-high stems of small, well-proportioned pale yellow flowers. For a sunny or part shade position.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.50   

DIGITALIS parvifloraSummer1322
60cm  Zone: 4
This foxglove from Spain and Portugal is an extremely elegant and subtle species, best suited for dappled shade, where it's unusual chocolate brown colouring can be best appreciated.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.00   

DODECATHEON(SHOOTING STAR)Family: PRIMULACEAE
About 14 species of perennials native to North America with a wide distribution. All are similar in effect, having a fleshy rosette from which rises a flower stem carrying at the end an open umbel of cyclamen-like blossoms with reflexed petals and a narrow cone of protruding anthers. The swept-back petals gives them their common name. All want a simple rich soil with plenty of moisture in spring. As most species go dormant during the summer, drought during that time period is not catastrophic.

DODECATHEON pulchellumSummer1358
30cm  Zone: 3
From western North America, a shooting star with pink and rose flowers and yellow anthers. Seed wild collected in Alberta.
Photograph: Cohan Fulford
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.25   

DROSERA(SUNDEW)Family: DROSERNACEAE
A genus of 100 carnivorous plants with a cosmopolitan distribution.

DROSERA rotundifolia New Summer1383
Round-Leaved Sundew15cm  Zone: 3
A small, insectivorous plant with a wide distribution. Most often grows in bogs, but also swamps, rotting logs, mossy crevices in rocks, or damp sand along stream, lake, or pond margins. Leaves are in a basal rosette, lying flat on ground; the upper surface covered with reddish, glandular hairs tipped with a sticky, secretion resembling a dewdrop that traps insects, hence its name. Small, white to pinkish flowers in a one-sided raceme, only opening in sunshine. For a wet, organic, acid soil low in nutriets. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
50 seeds  $4.25   

DRYMOCALLISFamily: ROSACEAE
A new genus of species formerly known as Potentilla.

DRYMOCALLIS rupestrisSummer1388
Cliff or Rock Cinquefoil30-45cm  Zone: 4
(Potentilla rupestris) Native to temperate Asia and Europe growing on dry, sunny rocky slopes in the mountains. Above pinnate leaves, white yellow-centered flowers in summer.
Picture by Trond Steen, used with permission.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.00   

ECHINACEA(CONEFLOWER)Family: COMPOSITAE
A small genus of summer-flowering perennials native to North America that bear large daisylike rose, purple and yellow flowers with cone-shaped centers.

ECHINACEA Pow Wow (White)Summer to Frost1412
50-60cm  Zone: 3
A seed selection producing wide, overlapping, reflexed white petals on a compact plant flowering from early summer to frost on well-branched plants, each producing more flowers. Will bloom first year if started early.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $3.75   

ECHIUMFamily: BORAGINACEAE
A genus of 40 plants native to Europe, western Asia, Africa and the Canary Islands.

ECHIUM russicum (Dwarf Form)Summer1432
10-15cm  Zone: 2
(Formerly listed as Echium amoenum). This striking plant forms a rosette of coarsely hairy leaves from which emerge thick flower spikes clothed in a myriad of burgundy-red blooms. For full sun and ordinary soil.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
15 seeds  $4.25   

ERANTHIS

ERANTHIS hyemalis (Moist Packed)Very Early Spring1471
Winter Aconite12cm  Zone: 3
A very hardy species native to southern Europe. It emerges very early, about the same time as Galanthus. The cup-shaped, upward-facing, bright yellow flowers are subtended by a collar of leaf-like bracts. A true harbinger of spring, these rugged plants often send their shoots up through snow. Lobed, basal, green leaves emerge after the flowers.
Germination Instructions: Germinates in a warm-cold-warm pattern. Has been moist packed since harvest as an aid to germination.
25 seeds  $4.75   

ERYNGIUM(SEA HOLLY)Family: UMBELLIFERAE
Sadly neglected by North American gardeners, the long-flowering sea-hollies bear round flower heads of blue, green or white surrounded by a decorative, shiny bract. They thrive in full sun and poor soil and are excellent cut or dried.

ERYNGIUM giganteumMid Summer1498
Giant Sea Holly90cm  Zone: 3
Extraordinary sea holly with strong stems and silvery blue foliage. Large flower heads with a spectacular frill of dramatic, silvery-blue bracts. Short-lived perennial, treated as a biennial. Will perpetuate through self-sowing.

Photograph: Kurt Stueber
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $3.50   

ERYSIMUM(WALLFLOWER)Family: CRUCIFERAE
A genus of 80 annual or perennial plants, often woody-based with narrow leaves and often fragrant flowers in corymbs.

ERYSIMUM pieninicumJune-July1512
Pieniny wallflower30-100cm  Zone: 4
A biennial endemic to Poland, where it is a red-listed, protected species. Yellow flowers top grey-green, hairy foliage.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.00   

EUPATORIUM(BONESET)Family: COMPOSITAE
An American genus, the best species of which are wonderful garden subjects. They form large bushy plants with flower heads in purple, rose or white, grouped into corymbs.

EUPATORIUM rugosumFall1554
White Snakeroot60-120cm  Zone: 3
Slender, branching stems clothed in toothed leaves with brilliant white flower heads grouped into flat-topped corymbs. Appreciated in the late summer garden, when whites are rare. The most attractive and widely-grown of several white-flowered Eupatoriums. Will flower the first season. Wild collected in Rideau Township, Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50+ seeds  $3.50   

FRAGARIA

FRAGARIA vesca New Summer1588
Woodland Strawberry8-15cm  Zone: 5
Native throughout much of the northern hemisphere. Numerous, white flowers with yellow centers appear throughout summer over trifoliate, coarsely-toothed, green leaves. Flowers are followed by edible, bright red strawberries.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
25 seeds  $4.00   

FRITILLARIA(CHECKERED LILY)Family: LILIACEAE
A genus of 100 species found throughout temperate and subtropical zones. Spring-flowering bulbous plants with erect stems and scattered or whorled leaves. Flowers are campanulate, nodding.

FRITILLARIA montanaSpring3755
30cm  Zone: 3/4
Native to much of Europe into Russia, an easy, beautiful, stoloniferous species with glaucous foliage carrying heavily chequered purple-black over brown flowers.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $4.25   

GAILLARDIA(BLANKET FLOWER)Family: COMPOSITAE
Easy to grow North American natives that brighten the late summer and fall garden over a long bloom period. Drought tolerant, preferring lean soil and full sun.

GAILLARDIA aristataSummer-Fall1640
60-90cm  Zone: 2
This is a very hardy prairie native with showy brilliant red daisy flowers with yellow rims, much superior to most of the hybrids in the marketplace. Long blooming and excellent cut flower; this in fact promotes more bloom. For full sun in well-drained, preferably poor soil. Wonderful if allowed to form a dense colony.

Photograph: Cohan Fulford
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $3.50   

GAILLARDIA Mostly Bicolors1644
A mix of long-blooming Gaillardias in shades of red and yellow. Open pollinated.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.50   

GAILLARDIA Mostly Yellow1643
A mix of mostly yellows blooming almost the entire summer.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.50   

GENTIANA(GENTIAN)Family: GENTIANACEAE
A large genus of 400 species, the majority of which are low-growing alpines. Most are notable for their strong blue flowers. Source: Halda, The Genus Gentiana

GENTIANA andrewsiiLate Summer1660
Closed or Bottle Gentian30cm  Zone: 3
A North American native found throughout Ontario. Species name derived from the fact that the club-shaped, dark-blue flowers do not open, but remain in a blue bud. The flowers are borne in the leaf axils and in clusters at the top of the stem. Although unopen, they are distinctive, elegant and beautiful. Dark green lance-shaped leaves. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
50 seeds  $4.25   

GENTIANA clausa albaAugust-September1684
Blind Gentian30-60cm  Zone: 4
Native to Ontario and Quebec in Canada, growing in moist meadows, prairies and open woods in full sun to partial shade. This species is closely related to G. andrewsii, but accepted as a distinct species in Vascan. In G. clausa the petals remain closed at the tip with those fringes hidden by the closed tip. In the species G. andrewsii the fringes of the flower lobes are longer than the petals and thus are visible at the tip of the closed flower. Hmmm. And there you have it. This is the pretty white form of the species. Open pollinated. Photograph: Mark McDonough- Used with permission.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
50 seeds  $4.00   

GENTIANA trifloraEarly Fall1664
60cm  Zone: 3
Native to eastern Siberia, Korea and Japan, where it grows in alpine meadows. This is a beautiful species used in the cut-flower trade in Japan, producing, in the fall, a supply of long-stemmed, long-lasting flowers with deep-blue blossoms.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $4.25   

GERANIUM
Not to be confused with the annual geraniums (Pelargoniums.) Hardy geraniums comprise a large genus of over 400 species widely distributed over the temperate regions of the world. They are valuable as groundcovers, in the border or as accent plants. Many are long-flowering and will rebloom. Derive their common name from the Greek geranos, "crane" in reference to their beak-like seed heads. Very easy plants: satisfied with ordinary soil, sun or part shade and are essentially free of pests and diseases.

GERANIUM maculatumEarly Spring1688
60cm  Zone: 3
Found throughout eastern North America in woods, thickets and meadows. This is an outstanding and beautiful hardy Geranium with showy lavender flowers in loose clusters above deeply lobed leaves. Best in light shade in the woodland garden. Tolerates dry conditions and is often the first geranium to bloom in the garden in spring. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Outdoor treatment over winter recommended.
15 seeds  $4.25   

GERANIUM nodosumAll Season1702
30-45cm  Zone: 4
A wonderful species from the forests in the mountains of Europe. It has the very fine habit of blooming the entire gardening season. Flowers are relatively large and a soft lilac-pink. Will self sow to form a wonderful low groundcover for the woodland garden that will still be blooming when the snow begins falling.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment recommended.
15 seeds  $4.25   

GEUM(AVENS)Family: ROSACEAE
50 species of clump-forming plants valued for their handsome foliage and cheerful 5-petalled flowers. Requires good drainage, moisture and protection from full sun.

GEUM triflorumSpring1714
Prairie Smoke10-45cm  Zone: 1
Entire plant is silky with attractive, deeply cut leaves and cupped, nodding pink-purple flowers. Produces unmistakable feathery silver and pink seedheads that look like smoke when blowing in the wind. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.00   

GILLENIA(BOWMAN'S ROOT)Family: ROSACEAE
A completely overlooked genus. Contains two species of woodland plants native to North America. Beautifully ornamental, growing best in moist areas in part sun to light shade.

GILLENIA stipulataEarly Summer1721
American Ipecac90cm  Zone: 3
Native to central and eastern USA, growing in dry, rocky, open woods. Upright and clump-forming with deeply cut, trifoliate, toothed, medium-green leaves turning bronzish red in autumn. Wiry stems above the foliage hold delicate, white (sometimes tinged pink), star-like flowers in early summer. Bloom is for about 6 weeks. Grows in similar, but drier habitats than it's better-known cousin G. trifoliata.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

GILLENIA trifoliataSummer1720
90cm  Zone: 3
Native to eastern North America and traditionally used for medicinal purposes. This graceful perennial is strangely absent in most gardens. Leaves are arranged in threes along wiry stems topped by loose panicles of white flowers emerging from tubular wine-coloured sepals. Flowers are produced so freely as to appear, from a distance, like foam or "clouds of butterflies."
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

GLADIOLUS(GLADIOLA)Family: IRIDACEAE
A genus best known for barely hardy perennials with swordlike leaves and showy flowers. The majority of tender species come from Africa. However, there exists a small race of hardy Glads hailing from Europe through the Near East, fairly rare in the trade, but well worth growing.

GLADIOLUS imbricatusEarly Summer1723
60cm  Zone: 3
Native from Europe to the Caucasus and Turkey. An absolutely hardy species of Gladiolus with lovely purplish-red flowers. Occurs naturally in fertile, wet meadows. For a sunny spot in rich, well drained soil, moist in spring.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $4.25   

GLAUCIUM(HORNED POPPY)Family: PAPAVERACEAE
About 25 species of plants with spectacular blue-gray foliage and poppy-like flowers. Particularly suitable for xeric gardens. Full sun, well-drained soil.

GLAUCIUM flavumAll Season1737
Yellow Horned Poppy30-60cm  Zone: 4
Native to the European seacoast. A voluptuous mound of dissected, intensely silver foliage. Yellow poppies for most of the summer. This tender perennial is Z7 hardy, but self sows nicely, always coming up exactly where it was the year previous and reaching flowering size each season. We therefore come to think of it as a permanent part of the garden.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $3.75   

GYPSOPHILA(BABY'S BREATH)Family: CARYOPHYLLACEAE
Large genus with only a few species in general cultivation. Noted for their light masses of dainty flowers. Well drained soil in full sun.

GYPSOPHILA repens roseaSummer1756
10cm  Zone: 2
A small, drought-tolerant species with grey-green foliage bearing masses of small starry pink flowers in summer. Excellent for rock gardens or cascading over walls, as well as for edging or in mixed containers.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30+ seeds  $3.00   

HELENIUM(SNEEZEWEED)Family: COMPOSITAE
40 species mostly native to North America. Essential in the late summer garden for their abundant, long-lasting flowers. Strong, erect stems with solitary or clustered daisy flowers. Best in full sun and moist soil, but also tolerant of dry, poor conditions.

HELENIUM autumnaleEarly Fall1769
Helen's Flower120-150cm  Zone: 3
Native to most of the North America, growing in moist soil along streams, ponds, ditches, meadows and prairies. Yellow daisies with drooping ray florets flowering over a long period in autumn. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $3.50   

HEMEROCALLIS(DAY LILY)Family: LILIACEAE
We are very interested in finding seed of daylily species, from wild origin. If you are able to help, please contact us.

HEMEROCALLIS exaltataMid Summer1815
120-150cm  Zone: 3
Native to Japan, this is a rarely offered tall and robust species. The thick flower stems can reach to 150cm and are branched near the end, holding large, 12cm flowers of a nice apricot-orange color. Sometimes listed as H. middendorffii var. exaltata
15 seeds  $4.25   

HEPATICAFamily: RANUNCULACEAE
A small genus of choice woodland plants native to the North Temperate zone.

HEPATICA acutiloba (Moist Packed)Spring1820
Native to eastern North America and a wonderful small plant for the woodland garden. Beautiful leathery green foliage forming a superb groundcover year round. Exquisite pink, white or purplish flowers appear in very early spring, before the foliage. Ideally for a moisture retentive spot in shade, but very drought resistant. In the wild grows in deciduous forests competing heavily with moisture-depleting trees such as sugar maple.Seed wild collected in Ontario.

If you follow the link below to our Gardens North Facebook, and consult the picture album "Germination of Hepatica, Asarum and Trillium grandiflorum" you can read my commentary on germination shortcuts for this species.

https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.287539478000138.71818.130083313745756&type=3
Germination Instructions: Seed has been moist packed since harvest to preserve viability. Will germinate in moist-packing by mid-October each year, when kept at room temperature, so seed can only be sold until that time.
25 seeds  $5.00   

HEUCHERA(ALUMROOT)Family: SAXIFRAGACEAE
About 70 species of low-growing perennials native to mountains and woodlands of North America. Invaluable, long-lived plants that are distinguished by their foliage, long flowering period and durability. Alumroot forms dense mounds of round or kidney shaped leaves above which rise wiry stems of delicate flowers. Thrive in full sun or part shade in moist soil. A first class plant.

HEUCHERA americana 'Dale's Strain'Summer1823
60cm  Zone: 3
Plants exhibit wonderful variation on top of the medium green foliage, many with silver, bronze and pewter colouring, some with the addition of pink and purple tones. Long spikes of creamy coloured flowers.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
200+ seeds  $4.25   

HEUCHERA micrantha 'Palace Purple'Mid Summer1824
45cm  Zone: 4
Bronze-red maple-like leaves. A superb foliage plant selected by the RBG, Kew, with white flower sprays late in the season. Seedlings emerge green and turn purple as growth progresses.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $3.50   

HEUCHERA villosa (Purple Leaf Form)1829
This is the purple-foliaged variant of the species, which is especially lovely.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100+ seeds  $4.00   

HIBISCUS

HIBISCUS aculeatusEarly Summer to Fall1836
Pinelands Mallow120cm
From the Plant Delights website: "This wonderful native from NC, south and west to Texas, is one of the lesser-known of our native mallows. Hibiscus aculeatus is found in upland bogs, roadside ditches, and coastal pinelands within the Southeast. Although it likes moist feet, we have had very good luck growing it in raised sandy berms with regular watering. The fuzzy 4' stems are clothed with lobed, okra-like leaves. From the leaf axils, plenty of 4-5" open, cone-shaped, light yellow flowers highlighted with a dark purple eye are produced from early summer until fall." Very limited.
Germination Instructions: Sandpapering of seed recommended.
15 seeds  $4.00   

HOUSTONIA

HOUSTONIA caerulea New Spring through Summer1862
Bluets, Quaker Ladies3-12cm  Zone: 3
I've always loved this tiny, spring blooming wildflower; but, until now, have never lived in an area where is is native. Although this is not an uncommon plant in North America; seed is rarely offered, likely because it is a pain to collect. Small tufts of wiry foliage are topped by blue to white four-petalled flowers. In Nova Scotia they are happily naturalized on sun-baked slopes adjacent to highways. They will also grow in moister sites; full sun to light shade. Once established in the garden, allow them to self-sow and naturalize. Seed wild collected in Nova Scotia. Very limited. Order early.

I worked diligently to establish this in my old (alkaline) Ontario garden---and always failed. Here in Nova Scotia it has been beyond easy. Although usually recommended for neutral to acid soil---my sense is that you will have a difficult time keeping it unless you have decidedly acid soil.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   

HOUSTONIA longifolia New Late spring to mid-summer3776
Long-Leaved Bluet10-25cm
Native from Alberta east through Quebec, growing in poor, dry, often sandy, alkaline soil. Above a small rosette of basal foliage, clusters of pretty 4-petalled flowers over a long period. Well suited for the rock garden in full sun and sparse conditions; where it will happily self-sow.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30+ seeds  $4.25   

HYLOTELPHIUM

HYLOTELPHIUM spectabileLate Summer/Fall1883
Showy Stonecrop45cm  Zone: 2
A well known old-fashioned succulent common in gardens. Star-shaped pink flowers are borne over a long period late in the season.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $3.25   

HYPERICUM(ST. JOHNSWORT)Family: HYPERICACEAE
300 species of perennials and shrubs mostly from the temperate and subtropical zone of the northern hemisphere with yellow flowers over a long period. Genus boasts a sizeable number of garden-worthy species; most of the easiest culture; growing in sun or shade in any soil and of all habits (erect, shrubby, prostrate). Easy to germinate and will flower the entire summer. One wonders, as did Foster, "not so much that there are so many but that they have not dominated the world?"

HYPERICUM olympicum uniflora (polyphyllum)Summer1891
15-20cm  Zone: 4
A small, upright branching species which roots at the base, forming a mat in time. Small, glossy green foliage and yellow flowers totally obscuring the foliage in summer. For the rock garden or as an edging in the border.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.00   

HYSSOPUS(HYSSOP)Family: LABIATEAE
Five species of aromatic perennials and subshrubs native from southern Europe to central Asia. One species is widely grown as an ornamental and medicinal herb. The name hyssop is from the Arabic "azob" (holy herb) from its use for cleaning sacred places. Very attractive to butterflies. Full sun. Well-drained, sandy soil.

HYSSOPUS officinalisSummer1898
Hyssop30-45cm  Zone: 3
Semi-evergreen or deciduous bushy plant, often forming a subshrub, with whorls of tubular blue flowers. Linear, aromatic leaves.
20 seeds  $3.25   

ILLIAMNA(WILD HOLLYHOCK)Family: MALVACEAE
7 perennials or subshrubs native to North America with an erect, bushy habit, palmate leaves and flowers in spikes or racemes.

ILLIAMNA remotaAll Summer1907
150cm  Zone: 4
This is a rare and splendid species native to Illinois with an extremely long flowering period. Densely hairy stems and large, deeply lobed greyish-green leaves. This handsome plant bears all summer tall spires adorned with an abundance of delicate, but distinctive rose-mauve flowers. Relatively new to cultivation and highly recommended.
Germination Instructions: Seed requires sandpapering.
30 seeds  $4.00   

ILLIAMNA rivularisAll Summer1906
Mountain Hollyhock120cm  Zone: 4
This native of western North America, from California to BC, is very lovely and garden worthy. The plant has a bush-like habit and very lovely pink saucer-shaped flowers over a long period in summer to fall. Notwithstanding its common name, the flowers, at least to my eye, resemble small pink single roses, more than hollyhocks. Interesting maple leaf foliage. Full sun to light shade. Thank you to Jesse Ritz, who wild collected this for us in the BC interior, at the most northern part of its range.
20 seeds  $4.25   

INULAFamily: COMPOSITAE
A large genus of daisies, native to Europe, Asia, Africa and North America. Easily cultivated, low maintenance plant for the sunny border and cutting garden. Large yellow daisy-like flower heads, solitary, or in clusters, often with wonderful, shaggy ray flowers brighten the garden throughout the summer. Moist soil and full sun.

INULA heleniumSummer to Fall1920
Elecampane120-180cm  Zone: 3
Native of Eurasia and naturalized in eastern North America. They are magnificent in flower, with 4" wide yellow flowers on very tall stems. Allow plenty of elbow room.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.25   

IPOMOPSISFamily: POLEMONIACEAE
24 species of perennials and biennials mostly native to North America.

IPOMOPSIS rubraSummer to Late Summer1932
Standing Cypress90-180cm  Zone: 4
Normally grown as a biennial, which perpetuates through self-sowing. Coral-red to salmon trumpets are spotted red and yellow inside, in a long, dense spike, a serious hummingbird attractor. Foliage is wonderful; soft, feathery and twirled. It is impossible to pass the plant without touching. We like to grow this tallish plant at the front of the border for its vertical affect, and also because it is light, airy, and skinny. One should plant a half dozen closely for an incredible show!
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $4.25   

IRIS(IRIS)Family: IRIDACEAE
A large genus of about 300 species widely distributed throughout the northern hemisphere, inhabiting a broad range of environments from boggy swamps to dry meadows.

IRIS gramineaEarly Summer1939
Plum-Scented Iris25-45cm  Zone: 3
A variable iris native from Spain to Russia and throughout the Caucasus. Dark-green, erect grassy foliage in dense clumps. The violet-purple blooms are scented like plums and are lovely as cut flowers. The flowers in bloom encircle the foliage at about half-height, a most elegant habit.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.25   

IRIS setosa ssp. canadensisSummer1948
Dwarf Beach Head Iris15-30cm  Zone: 1
Native to coastal areas of north eastern North America. This dwarf form has beautiful lavender blue flowers, the falls with a basal white spot.
20 seeds  $4.25   

IRIS sibirica Early Summer1949
Siberian Iris60-120cm  Zone: 2
Elegant clumps of foliage, attractive throughout the season and deep blue flowers bloom atop hollow, sparsely branched stems. A fine border plants; combining well with other perennials and shrubs. As long as their moisture requirements are met, they will bloom in a wide range of conditions. Tough, reliable plants and generally free of pests and diseases.
Germination Instructions: Germinates over a longish period at warm.
20 seeds  $3.50   

IRIS sibirica (ex Mongolia)1982
1m  Zone: 2/3
This wrongly-named seed from one of Halda's Mongolian collection turned out to be this instead.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
15 seeds  $3.50   

IRIS versicolorSummer1954
Blue Flag Iris30-90cm  Zone: 2
Native to North America growing in moist meadows, marshes, and along streambanks and shores and the provincial flower of Quebec. Blue to purple flowers above erect foliage. Wild collected in Ontario.
20 seeds  $3.50   

JASIONE(SHEEP'S BIT)Family: CAMPANULACEAE
About a dozen perennial species from the Mediterranean, only one of which is generally grown. Lovely in a rockery or front of the border, it forms a tufted clump of narrow, greyish-green leaves and is topped with circular heads of flowers, somewhat resembling a scabiosa. Attractive and easily grown in full sun and soil that does not become too dry. Will tolerate less than ideal conditions.

JASIONE perennisAll Summer1986
30cm  Zone: 4
Produces a succession of dense 2" balls of misty blue flowers from June to August. Excellent for cutting.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $3.50   

JEFFERSONIA

JEFFERSONIA diphylla (Moist Packed)Early Spring1987
Twinleaf15-20cm  Zone: 4
Native to eastern North America. An elegant and uncommon spring ephemeral usually found in rich, moist woods. The long-stemmed, lobed foliage is topped by pure white flowers, resembling those of Sanguinaria canadensis. Only a few packs this year. Order early.
Germination Instructions: Seed is moist packed to preserve viability. Cold treatment required.
10 seeds  $5.00   

KITAIBELIAFamily: MALVACEAE
This member of the Malva family grows in scrub or grassy places. Plants form large clumps of tall stems from a vigorous, huge rootstock. Large leaves and malva-like flowers. Any soil in sun or part shade.

KITAIBELIA vitifoliaSummer to Fall2004
180-210cm  Zone: 3
Splendid and tall, from the Lower Danube. This species forms a massive stand of palmate vine-like leaves, and clusters of open cup-shaped white or rose-pink flowers. Very vigorous.
30 seeds  $4.00   

LATHYRUS
Showy, quick-growing plants, perfectly adapted to trellises, fences or allowed to sprawl as a groundcover on a slope. Easy to grow in any garden soil, giving a good display year after year without attention.

LATHYRUS aureusSpring2042
Golden Pea45-60cm  Zone: 4
A desireable, handsome and unknown member of the non-climbing peas native to eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Turkey. Forms upright, bushy clumps of light green leaves in pairs above which are found the unusual coppery (dusky-orange) pea flowers. Any soil in sun or part shade.
Germination Instructions: Seed has an very hard coat, and sandpapering essential.
12 seeds  $4.25   

LATHYRUS ochroleucus New Late spring to mid-summer2051
Pale Vetchling30-90cm  Zone: 4
Native to North America, growing in part sun in woodlands, sandy bluffs, wooded slopes, the slopes of rocky ravines, and riverbanks. Growth habit is semi-erect to erect with tendrils at the tip of the compound leaves. Showy cream to white flowers. This is a pretty addition to the open woodland garden. Wild collected in Ontario. Very limited quantities.
12 seeds  $4.25   Sorry...Sold Out

LATHYRUS vernus New Early Spring2039
Spring Vetchling30cm  Zone: 4
Native from Europe to western Siberia. A low, dense non-climbing and bushy species with rose-violet flowers in Spring. A very lovely and valuable spring bloomer for shady sites under trees and shrubs. Very limited this year.
Germination Instructions: Seed requires sandpapering.
15 seeds  $4.00   

LATHYRUS vernus 'alboroseus' New 2040
This choice form of the beautiful spring vetchling has rose-white flowers. A beauty. Very limited this year.
Germination Instructions: Sandpapering of seed essential.
15 seeds  $4.25   

LATHYRUS vernus ssp. flaccidus New Spring2045
30cm  Zone: 4
This is the handsome and refined variant with distinctive, narrow, cascading foliage, coming true from seed. It has the same magenta-purple flowers of the species.
Germination Instructions: Sandpapering of seed recommended.
15 seeds  $4.25   

LATHYRUS vernus Subtle HintsSpring3758
30cm
I have not seen this variant available elsewhere---the same elegant spring bloomer in delicate pastels.
20 seeds  $4.25   

LAVANDULA(LAVENDER)Family: LABIATAE
Aromatic herb grown as an ornamental for its attractive bloom, handsome foliage and delightful fragrance. Full sun and well-drained soil.

LAVANDULA angustifoliaSummer2052
English Lavender30-60cm  Zone: 4
The classic English Lavender. Purplish-blue flower spikes are held above attractive blue-gray leaves on short, stiff stems. Forms a very dense mounds of aromatic foliage and the blooms will perfume an entire room when used as a cut flower. L. angustifolia is the hardiest of the lavenders. Full sun and well-drained soil.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.50   

LEONURUS

LEONURUS cardiacaSummer2058
Motherwort60-150cm  Zone: 3
A member of the mint family native to Eurasia, widely introduced in North America with a very long history of use in traditional medicine. The dark-green leaves are oak-shaped and deeply lobed. The pale-pink to purple hairy flowers grow in whorls, alternating up the stem.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.00   

LEUCANTHEMUMFamily: COMPOSITAE
25 species from Europe and Asia, largely reclassified Chrysanthemums, with daisy flowers, usually white. For full sun and ordinary garden soil.

LEUCANTHEMUM superbum 'Marconi'Mid-Summer2066
Shasta Daisyto 60cm  Zone: 4
This shasta daisy has large semi-double fresh white daisies in summer.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.50   

LEWISIAFamily: PORTULACACEAE
20 species of alpine plants native to mountain meadows and cliffs of western North America and prized by rock gardeners.

LEWISIA nevadensisSpring-Summer2075
Sierra Lewisia10cm  Zone: 3
Native to western North America. Nestled among thick, succulent leaves are bright white to pink flowers in spring to summer.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $4.00   

LIATRIS(BLAZING STAR)Family: COMPOSITAE
40 species of perennials native to North America with grassy, linear leaves and a dense, long-lasting spike of purple flower heads, opening from the top down. An exceptionally good cut flower and attractive to butterflies. Prefers sandy soil in full sun.

LIATRIS spicataLate Summer2083
Spike Gayfeather90cm  Zone: 3
The most commonly grown species. Rosy-purple flowers in long dense spikes. A butterfly plant.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $3.00   

LINUM(FLAX)Family: LINACEAE
The flaxes are dainty perennials, which give an airy feeling to the garden, especially if mass planted. Although some species tend to be short-lived, they pay their rent by flowering prolifically over a long period and re-seeding themselves. Drought-resistant and sun-loving.

LINUM perenneAll Season2163
Perennial or Blue Flax30-60cm  Zone: 2
Delicate and wiry arching stems with lovely and airy bluish-green foliage. Large sky blue flowers, which open on sunny days, usually closing by afternoon. Heat tolerant. Flowers almost continuously the entire gardening season.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.00   

LOBELIAFamily: CAMPANULACEAE
Large genus of annuals and perennials preferring a rich, moist, spot in sun or the shaded garden.

LOBELIA cardinalisLate Summer2169
Cardinal Flower90-120cm  Zone: 2
Native to eastern and central North America. Reddish-purple stems and bright scarlet flowers in dense spikes. Although hardy to Zone 2, this plant will succumb if not provided sufficient moisture. Requires rich, damp soil in sun or part shade. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: GA-3 recommended for germination.
200+ seeds  $4.25   

LOBELIA siphiliticaLate Summer2171
Great Blue Lobelia45cm  Zone: 4
Native of the eastern USA, its common name refers to the plant's supposed power to cure syphilis. A stately plant, with gorgeous clear blue flowers.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100+ seeds  $3.50   

LOBELIA siphilitica 'alba'Late Summer2173
60cm  Zone: 4
The lovely white flowered form of Blue Lobelia.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
200 seeds  $3.75   

LUPINUS
A large genus of 300 annual, perennial and shrubby plants. Many are native North Americans but few are cultivated in gardens. The well known border Lupins provide dramatic color to the garden. Pea-like flowers, borne on spikes on top of palm-like leaves. Will rebloom in fall if flower stalks are cut back after flowering. Able to restore fertility to soil by means of nitrogen-fixing nodules. For sun or part shade. All parts of plant are poisonous.

LUPINUS perennisSummer2209
60-90cm  Zone: 2
The form of Lupinus perennis naturalized throughout Ontario (likely a natural cross with L. polyphyllus). Primarily blue, sometimes pink or white flowers in summer. Collected in Quebec.
Germination Instructions: Sandpapering of seed recommended.
30 seeds  $3.00   

LYCHNIS(CAMPION)Family: CARYOPHYLLACEAE
Summer-flowering, old-fashioned favorites, valued in the border and wild garden for their brilliant and profuse display of flowers. Native to the northern hemisphere, some arctic. Tolerant of cold and adverse soils.

LYCHNIS alpinaSpring2230
Alpine Catchfly15cm  Zone: 3/4
Native to Europe with the subspecies americana native to maritime and far-northern Canada. A small, tufted perennial with lance-shaped foliage topped by cymes of bright pink flowers in spring. A pretty and easy plant for the rock garden in full sun and well-drained soil.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.25   

LYCHNIS arkwrightiiSummer2227
Arkwright's Campion30cm  Zone: 3
Brilliant, eye-catching scarlet flowers. New growth flushed maroon. Sun or light shade. Blooms first year from seed.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $3.50   

LYCHNIS chalcedonicaSummer2215
Maltese Cross90cm  Zone: 2
Native of eastern Russia. Bears cross-shaped, intense scarlet flowers in dense clusters. The toughest and most persistent species in the genus. An outstanding plant for a sunny or partially shaded location in moist, well-drained soil.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.25   

LYCHNIS coronariaSummer2218
Rose Campion45cm  Zone: 2
Large luminous cerise flowers borne on stems held high above basal rosettes of silvery, woolly leaves. A short-lived perennial or biennial that perpetuates itself by self sowing. Does well in dry, poor soils.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $3.25   

LYCHNIS coronaria alba2219
As above, but pure white.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $3.50   

LYCHNIS viscariaEarly Summer2223
German Catchfly45cm  Zone: 3
Grass-like tufts and long stems bearing clusters of purplish-pink flowers. Long blooming. Drought tolerant and easy. Seed wild collected in Finland.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $3.00   

LYSIMACHIAFamily: PRIMULACEAE
About 165 species of annual and perennial plants well adapted to the northern garden. Opposite, whorled leaves and flowers borne in dense or open spikes. Not to be confused with "Purple Loosestrife" which is actually Lythrum. For damp soil in sun or part shade.

LYSIMACHIA ciliataSummer to Early Fall2243
Fringed Loosestrife30-90cm  Zone: 2
The species is native throughout much of North America, growing in low woods, wet prairies, along streams, around ponds and damp thickets. Plant has an upright, delicate, branching habit. This plant gets it name from its bright yellow fringed or toothed petals and the fringe at the base of its leafstalks. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment recommended.
50 seeds  $4.00   

LYSIMACHIA minoricensisSummer2242
40cm
Endemic to Minorca in the Balearic Islands, this species was only known from a single location (Barranc de Sa Vall), where it disappeared between 1926 and 1950. Now entirely extinct in the wild and only found in cultivation and seedbanks. Attempts to re-introduce the species into its native habitat have been undertaken since 1959 but have been unsuccessful. Largely grown for its striking variegated foliage, small yellowish-green flowers appear in summer. This is a biennial which should self-sow to perpetuate; although it is likely a good idea to collect some of the seed to give to friends and seed exchanges in an attempt to keep it in cultivation. Likes a cool, shady spot.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   

LYSIMACHIA terrestrisSummer to Fall2239
Swamp Candles30-90cm  Zone: 4
With the poetic and apt name, Swamp Candles, this is a native to eastern Canada, and the northern USA, growing in marshes, moist thickets and on grassy shores. Flowers are starlike and yellow, with a circle of red spots on the petals, clustered on a tall, slender spike. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
30 seeds  $4.25   

MAIANTHEMUM(MAY FLOWER)Family: CONVALLARIACEAE
A small genus of 3 woodland perennials.

MAIANTHEMUM racemosumSpring2269
False Solomon's Seal60cm  Zone: 3
(Smilacena racemosa) This is a wonderful shade plant native to North American woodlands. Graceful, arching light green foliage carries terminal panicles of creamy white flowers in spring followed by bright red berries in late summer. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.00   

MAIANTHEMUM stellatumSpring2270
Star-Flowered False Solomon's Seal15-20cm  Zone: 3
(Smilacena stellata) This species grows in moist woods and on the shores of sandy marshes or swamps. It has larger star-shaped white flowers in spring; leaves with a clasping stem and larger berries. Wild collected in Ontario.
20 seeds  $4.00   

MARRUBIUM

MARRUBIUM vulgareSummer3769
White Horehound25-45cm  Zone: 3
Native to Europe. Densely crinkled grey foliage covered in downy hairs. The flowers are white, borne in clusters on the upper part of the main stem. Horehound has been mentioned in conjunction with medicinal use dating at least back to the 1st century BC, where it appeared as a remedy for respiratory ailments.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.00   

MIMULUS
150 species of annuals, perennials and shrubs native worldwide. "Mimulus" means "little mimic" referring to the grinning, open-mouthed flowers.

MIMULUS guttatusEntire Summer2331
Monkey Flower, Wild Lettuce60cm  Zone: 1
Native to north-western North America. A lush, loose, mat-forming (stoloniferous) plant with mid green leaves and bright-yellow flowers with red spotted throats. This species loves sopping, wet places, naturally growing at the water's edge or actually in the water, so is the perfect candidate pond side or in moist streams, quickly forming a dense, weed-smothering mat. Vigorous self-sower. Young leaves are used in salad.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100+ seeds  $3.25   

MIMULUS ringensAll Season2332
Allegheny Monkey Flower30-90cm  Zone: 3
Native to moist or wet places in eastern North America, lovely blue to purple flowers over a long period from summer to fall. Allow to naturalize in a spot where it will receive plenty of moisture, preferably in sun. Lovely. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $4.00   

MITCHELLA(PARTRIDGE BERRY)Family: RUBIACEAE
A genus of two evergreen, trailing plants native to North America and Japan.

MITCHELLA repensJune to July2344
Partridgeberry10-30cm (Prostrate)  Zone: 3
Native to most of eastern North America and perhaps my favorite native groundcover. Patridgeberry grows in moist to dry woods and on rocky outcrops in neutral to acid soil and is a beautiful, delicate, creeping plant with shiny, opposite leaves having a distinctive central white vein. The prostrate stems to 30cm run along the ground in a vine like fashion, rooting at various points and often carpeting an area. Delicate and fragrant flowers are white to light pink, arranged in joined pairs at the end of the creeping stem. These two flowers become fused together to form a solitary, bright red berry, which will stay on the vine until after the blooms appear the following season. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $4.50   

MONARDA(HORSE MINT)Family: LABIATAE
About 12 species of annual and perennial plants with aromatic leaves and dense heads of flowers in white, red, mauve or purple. Very attractive to butterflies and hummingbirds. Plant in moisture-retentive soil in full sun or part shade.

MONARDA didymaSummer2351
Bee Balm, Oswego Tea90cm  Zone: 3
Aromatic leaves and dense clusters of red flowers. Butterfly and hummingbird plant. Magnificent when well-grown and an excellent plant for northern gardens.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.00   

MONARDA didyma (Color Mix)Summer2352
90cm  Zone: 3
This is a color mix of Monarda---primarily purple and pink, but with a few seeds of the red species colour.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.50   

MONARDA fistulosaSummer2353
Wild Bergamot60-100cm  Zone: 3
Native to North America ranging west into the prairies growing along woodland margins and in meadows on dry soil. Strongly fragrant leaves and pink to lilac flowers. This years seed was wild collected near Calgary, Alberta.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $3.50   

MONARDA fistulosa var. menthifoliaJune-August3760
Mint-Leaved Bergamot30-80cm  Zone: 3
The beautifully aromatic western variant of the species is a shorter, less branched plant, often with a single flower head, the longest petioles seldom over 1 cm. Mauve flowers in summer.
Germination Instructions: Easy warm germinator.
20 seeds  $3.75   

MONARDA punctataSummer2355
Spotted Horsemint45-60cm  Zone: 3
Native to eastern North America, growing in the open spaces of fields, thin woods and on prairies, often in sandy soil. A herbaceous to semi-woody, branched perennial. It is often short-lived in gardens, but should re-seed to perpetuate itself. Small yellow, two-lipped flowers, spotted purple appear in the upper leaf axils and stem ends in tiered clusters, each cluster resting on a flamboyant palette of pink to lavender leafy bracts. The toothed, aromatic, oblong leaves may be used in teas. Long summer bloom period.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30+ seeds  $3.75   

MONARDA species mixSummer2354
Bee Balm, Oswego Tea60cm  Zone: 3
A mix of Monarda didyma and it's cultivars as well as M. fistulosa and punctata. Great for naturalizing.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $4.00   

MONOTROPA

MONOTROPA hypopithysSummer to Fall2359
Pinesap10-35cm  Zone: 4
Native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, but generally scarce or rare, and is endangered in many areas. Unlike most plants, it does not contain chlorophyll; being myco-heterotroph, getting is food through parasitism upon fungi rather than photosynthesis. Thus it is capable of living in very dark conditions, such as the floor of a deep forest, because it does not need any sunlight. It grows with a single unbranched stem; all parts of the plant pale yellowish-white to reddish-tinged. The leaves are reduced to scales, which cover most of the stem. Flowers are pendulous, produced in a cluster at the apex of the stem. This is a plant for the collector, and not easy to propagate. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: The seeds of this plant apparently require a fungal associate to germinate-and it is suggested that you will need to spread the seed on a suitable forest site where pines exist (and the fungus would likely be present).
 $4.50   

MONOTROPA unifloraLate Summer2360
Indian Pipe10-30cm  Zone: 1/2
Native to Asia, North America and northern South America; generally scarce or rare across it's range. Indian pipe, has no chlorophyll, so it cannot obtain energy from sunlight. Instead, it gets nutrients from organic matter in the soil. The stems are clothed with small scale-leaves and as its species name suggests, and unlike the related M. hypopitys, the stems bear only a single flower. Like most myco-heterotrophic plants, M. uniflora associates with a small range of fungal hosts and therefore it's propagation is challenging. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: The seeds of this plant apparently require a fungal associate to germinate-and it is suggested that you will need to spread the seed on a suitable forest site where pines exist (and the fungus would likely be present).
 $4.25   

OENOTHERA(EVENING PRIMROSE)Family: ONAGRACEAE
A new world genus. A number of species have vespartine flowers, which means they open in the evening and accounts for one of their common names. They make fine additions to the border or rock garden; easy to grow in full sun to light shade. For enthusiasts, I recommend Claude Barr's "Jewels of the Plains" (1983). Barr introduced over 80 species from the plains into cultivation including several superb Oenotheras.

OENOTHERA argillicolaJuly-August3754
Shale Barren Evening Primrose1-1.5m
A showy biennial endemic of the Appalachian shale barrens, occurring in the states of Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia and southern Pennsylvania. Is able to exist in habitats other than shale barrens, but always requires a dry, open site with little or no competition. Erect or ascending stems hold glossy, narrow, lance-shaped leaves. Large yellow flowers in late summer. Will reliably self-sow.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20+ seeds  $4.00   

OENOTHERA glaziovianaSummer2419
Large-Flowered Evening Primrose90-120cm  Zone: 3
With a worldwide distribution, mostly as an introduced species; its exact native origins are obscure. It may be a European hybrid of two North American species. A biennial or perennia with very large yellow flowers in summer. The garden writer, Tina James, popularized this plant and according to rumor hosted ‘Evening Primrose Parties’ starring this beauty.

"You can host a ‘Primrose Party’ this year and actually see the large flowers slowly open (like in time lapse photography) right before your eyes. I watched the bright yellow flowers begin to open at 8:10 PM and by 8:20 they were fully open. The blossoms exude a beautiful lemon-lily and honeysuckle blend perfume. This is one of the most pristine and freshest scents that your nose can inhale at any one moment."
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.00   

OENOTHERA speciosaAll Season2414
Showy Primrose10-15cm  Zone: 5
Day bloomer with grayish-green linear leaves and cup-shaped pink flowers. Drought-resistant. Vigorous grower spreading by stolons, so best planted where it can form a colony without interference to other plants. Blooms over a long period first year and has a sweet, light fragrance. Allow to self-sow as it may not reliably overwinter in your area.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.50   

ONOPORDUMFamily: COMPOSITAE
About 25 species of mainly biennial, thistlelike plants, native to Europe, North Africa and Asia with large, prickly leaves and flower heads of purple, violet or white.

Most members of this genus have weed status in some parts of the world (most notably the Southern Hemisphere). Some cause problems for livestock if they ingest the prickly foliage. Please grow them conscientiously---deadheading so the seed does not escape the boundaries of your own garden.

ONOPORDUM acanthiumSummer2421
Scotch Thistle240cm  Zone: 3
I never cease being awe-struck by this plant in its flowering year; truly magnificent! It has a huge pure-silver presence more like a sculpture than a growing plant, with web-like silvery hairs on branching, architectural stems. Deep pink-purple thistle flowers. You will need thick gloves to clear away the carcass in the fall, but worth every prickle.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $3.50   

PANAX(GINSENG)Family: ARALIACEAE
A small genus of perennials with tuberous roots native to North America and Asia. Two species are native to north eastern North America. Roots of the native Chinese species (Panax ginseng) have been used medicinally in China for centuries. As demand for ginseng roots in China began to exceed supply, export of this American species to China began to occur. American ginseng has unfortunately become endangered or extinct in the wild due to over-harvesting of its roots. American ginseng is now sometimes commercially grown for export.

PANAX quinquefolius (Moist Packed)Early Summer2511
American Ginseng30-45cm  Zone: 4
Native to eastern North America growing in fertile, damp well-drained soils in woods. The insignificant mildly-fragrant yellowish-green flowers appear in early summer over compound leaves. These are followed by red berries in late summer.

In 1988, ginseng was officially listed as "threatened" in Canada.

Our seed comes from garden grown plants and is in very limited quantities. Order early.
Germination Instructions: Seed has been moist packed since collection and requires cold treatment.
12 seeds  $6.00   Sorry...Sold Out

PAPAVER(POPPY)Family: PAPAVERACEAE
50 species of annuals and perennials native to North America, Asia, Aurope, Australia and south Africa.

PAPAVER alpinum color mixSpring to Summer2515
30cm  Zone: 3
Tufts of compact silvery filigree foliage with large silky white, yellow and orange yellow-centered poppies in early spring continuing in bloom through summer, and often re-blooming in the fall.
Photograph: Cohan Fulford
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30+ seeds  $3.75   

PAPAVER anomalum 'album'Summer2516
to 40cm  Zone: 3
A sound perennial poppy. This native of central China is overwintering in the prairies. Lovely pure white form with yellow stamens and scalloped petals. Flowers over a long period first year from seed. Full sun, well drained soil.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $4.00   

PAPAVER ex TajikistanSummer2543
30cm  Zone: 4
A small species originally collected in Tajikistan. Single petalled, yellow-centered poppies.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50+ seeds  $3.00   

PAPAVER orientaleLate Spring to Early Summer2542
75cm  Zone: 3
Native to central and western Asia, this is one of the few perennial poppies, much hybridized into colour forms since the later 19th century. Large, satiny orange-red flowers (the original species colour) over a clump of hairy leaves, which disappear by late summer, re-emerging in fall.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $3.00   

PAPAVER pilosumAll Season2520
60cm  Zone: 4
Native to the Olympus mountains. Branched flower stems bear salmony-orange single flowers from late spring through summer. Flowers first year. This may be known under various names, including P. atlanticum and P. lateritium. We are not absolutely certain we have the right name.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $3.25   

PAPAVER popoviiSummer3733
12-45cm  Zone: 1
A narrow local endemic of the Baikal region of Russia growing on wet cliffs, coastal gravels and beach ridges. Orange flowers over pinnate, hairy foliage.
Photograph: Cohan Fulford
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $3.75   

PENSTEMON(BEARDTONGUE)Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE
With one exception, this 250 member genus is North American. Includes some of our most beautiful flowers, grown for their showy spring and summer tubular blooms. Drought resistant and are best in sharply-draining soil and full sun. For more: The American Penstemon Society, 1569 South Holland Court, Lakewood, CO 80232 USA. Penstemons, Robert Nold, Timber Press, 1999 Northwest Penstemons, Dee Strickler, Flower Press, 1997

PENSTEMON 3740
 $   

PENSTEMON digitalisEarly Summer2576
90cm  Zone: 2
A tall Penstemon native to eastern USA, widely introduced in eastern Canada. Spikes of bell-shaped, white flowers, often flushed pink with reddish stems. This penstemon is easier to grow in hot and humid summers than its western relatives. A rich soil may give plants up to 1.5m. Will grow in woodland.
Germination Instructions: Cold or GA-3 recommended.
100 seeds  $3.50   

PENSTEMON hirsutusAll Summer2579
1m  Zone: 3
Purplish to pink-violet or white flowers on a tall eastern penstemon for the border. Foliage reddens nicely. Will grow happily in heavy clay soil or better, if you've got it. Flowers over a long period. Full sun preferred. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $3.50   

PENSTEMON hirsutus pygmaeusEarly Summer to Fall2580
8-15cm
I like this dwarf form of the species. Grown en masse, it has a wonderful, almost luminescent effect at a distance when in full flower. Violet-pink flowers on short stems close to the foliage almost the entire gardening season. A small percentage may grow up to be the taller species type. Flowers sparsely first year from seed. Foliage colors red.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $3.75   

PENSTEMON mensarumSum,mer2606
Tiger of Grand Mesa Beardtongue60cm  Zone: 4
An uncommon penstemon indigenous to Colorado. The elongated, slender stalk holds impressive cobalt blue to blue-tinged-purple flowers in whorls. A beautiful species for a not-too-dry rock garden.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   

PENSTEMON procerusSummer2584
Slender Beardtongue30-45cm  Zone: 3
This easy-to-please, pretty, small species carries whorls of lilac to purple-blue to flowers on slender stems, which have been described as "stalks of blue flowers tiered like the roofs of a slender pagoda." This I collected in the SW Alberta Rockies, growing on steep mountain slopes.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $4.00   

PENSTEMON strictusLate Spring2605
Rocky Mountain Penstemon60-90cm  Zone: 3
Native to south-western North America. Tall, showy spikes of intense deep blue-purple flowers last for over a month in late spring. Quite striking when in bloom. Spreads via stolons so it will form large clumps, in time. Makes a wonderful cut flower.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.00   

PENSTEMON wilcoxiiSummer2615
Wilcox's Beardtongue30-45cm
Native to the western USA, with a very limited distribution, growing in open or often wooded, sometimes in rocky places, from the foothills to moderate elevations in the mountains. Purplish-blue 2-lipped flowers in early summer.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
25 seeds  $4.25   

PEROVSKIAFamily: LABIATAE
7 Asian species with dissected fragrant foliage and flowers in whorls.

PEROVSKIA atriplicifoliaSummer to Fall2618
Russian Sage1m  Zone: 3
Native to western Pakistan and a very hardy perennial for full sun and well-drained soil. The entire length of the stem becomes clothed in aromatic soft, furry lavender blue flowers over a long period from summer to early fall. Sun loving and drought resistant.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.00   

PHYTEUMA(HORNED RAMPION)Family: CAMPANULACEAE
40 species of alpine plants native to Europe and Asia in the bellflower family. Flowers in terminal heads or elongated spikes, usually blue, purple or white. Long carrot-like taproot. Sun or part shade in good, well-drained soil.

PHYTEUMA scheuchzeriSpring2665
Horned Rampion20-60cm  Zone: 4
Native to the mountains of Europe, with lanceolate deep green foliage and spiky violet-blue flowers. Best in light shade.

Photograph: Cal Photos
Germination Instructions: Easy warm germinator.
50 seeds  $4.00   

PHYTOLACCA(POKEBERRY)Family: PHYTOLACCACEAE
A genus of 25 species of striking foliage plants with massive, fleshy roots native to North America and Asia. Stems are often brightly colored. Leaves large, alternate and simple. Flowers in racemes, followed by showy berries. The fruits, usually juicy and dark red to black were once used for coloring red wine and candies. While fruit juices are edible, mature stems and leaves, seeds, and especially the massive root system are extremely poisonous. For any soil, in sun to part shade.

PHYTOLACCA acinosaSummer2668
Asian Poke Weed120-150cm  Zone: 4
Native to China and Japan. Beautiful, shiny dark green and large leaves. Showy pink flowers on erect racemes to 15cm. Fruit is a purple berry, turning black. Not aggressive and makes a wonderful specimen in sun to light shade. Rarely seen or available.
Germination Instructions: 2 months cold treatment required.
25 seeds  $4.50   

PHYTOLACCA americanaSummer2666
Pokeweed1-4m  Zone: 4
Native to North America, from New England to Quebec. A dramatic large specimen plant. Bold leaves, up to 30cm and dark maroon stems. Flowers hermaphroditic, white or pinkish. Produces clusters of showy purple berries in fall, turning black which look like shiny pearls, beloved by birds. The overall effect of the plant at the fruiting stage is wonderful, with the reddish stems contrasing beautifully with the berry clusters. Limited this year.
30 seeds  $4.00   

PHYTOLACCA americana 'Silberstein'2667
Variegated American Pokeweed
I quote Ellen Hornig of Seneca Hill Perennials "...it's the American Pokeweed, dressed to kill, with creamy leaves speckled and flecked in green, in delightful contrast to the reddish stems - a truly amazing variegated plant, and VERY good-looking." Makes a wonderful specimen in the garden. For sun or semi-shade.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment recommended.
25 seeds  $4.50   

PLATYCODON(BALLOON FLOWER)Family: CAMPANULACEAE
A genus of one species with a number of varieties and cultivars native to eastern Asia. Related to Campanula by its bell-shaped flowers; differing in that the flower buds are inflated and balloon-like before opening. Showy, hardy, long-lived perennial for well-drained, ordinary soil in sun.

PLATYCODON grandiflorumSummer2758
60-90cm  Zone: 3
Erect stems with grey-green leaves, the balloon-bud opens into a large blue, five-lobed pointed bell-shaped flower.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $3.25   

PLATYCODON grandiflorum (Pink)2761
As above, but light pink.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $3.50   

PODOPHYLLUM(MAY APPLE)Family: BERBERIDACEAE
A small genus from China, North America and the Himalayas. Unique rhizomous shade-loving plants with large, decorative leaves, anemone-like flowers and very conspicuous, large fleshy fruits in summer.

PODOPHYLLUM hexandrumSpring2767
75cm  Zone: 4
From the Himalayas, growing in open forests. Large leaves, the new growth spectacularly mottled bronze-red, followed by pink or white anemone-like flowers. The fruits reach the size of a hen's egg, soft, squishy and bright coral red. Intolerant of drought or hot summers. A cool, moist position in shade. This Podophyllum does extremely well in our gardens, better, in fact that our native May Apple. Highly recommended.
12 seeds  $4.50   

PODOPHYLLUM hexandrum (White)2770
A special pure white form of P. hexandrum, originally of Pakistani provenance. Comes true.
20 seeds  $4.50   

POLEMONIUM(JACOB'S LADDER)Family: POLEMONIACEAE
About 30 species of annual and perennial plants native to North and South America, Europe and Asia. Jacob’s Ladder derives its name from the arrangement of its leaves; like rungs of a ladder in pairs. Flowers in blue, pink, white or yellow are loosely clustered and bloom over a long period. The finely-divided foliage is a pleasant addition to the garden. Part shade in cool, moist conditions.

POLEMONIUM caeruleumEarly Summer2773
60cm  Zone: 2
Native to Europe growing in damp grasslands, woodlands, meadows and rocky areas. Above attractive, ferny foliage purplish-blue flowers with yellow stamens.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.50   

POLEMONIUM caeruleum 'album'2774
The lovely white form of Jacob's Ladder.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.50   

POLYGONATUM(SOLOMON'S SEAL)Family: LILIACEAE
About 30 species of plants indigenous to the northern hemisphere, usually in woodlands, with erect, nodding stems and parallel-veined leaves carrying pendulous white, cream or green coloured flowers in the leaf axils. These are handsome shade-loving perennials for a moisture retentive site. The rhizome is jointed and when the leaf stalk breaks away from it, it leaves a distinctive scar said to resemble the official seal of King Solomon.

POLYGONATUM biflorum (Giant Form)2799
Seed of the giant form of P. biflorum, reaching heights of 2 meters.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

POLYGONATUM prattiiSpring2802
Dwarf Chinese Solomon's Seal10-18cm
Native to forests, thickets, and grassy slopes in mountainous areas of western Sichuan and northwestern Yunnan provinces, occuring at elevations of 8,200 to 10,800 feet. This dwarf species spreads slowly to create a colony of arching stems. Soon after growth starts in spring, tiny, pinkish-purple, pendulous flowers appear, delicately attached at the leaf axils. These turn into brilliant crimson red berries, which contrast nicely with the golden fall foliage.
20 seeds  $4.50   

POLYGONATUM pubescensSpring2783
Downy Solomon's Seal60cm  Zone: 4
This is a native of eastern North America and the only species found in my area; growing in dry to moist woods and thickets. Flowers are greenish-white and bell-shaped hanging in clusters of one to three from the underside of the graceful, arching stems. The underside of the veins of the leaves is slightly hairy. Wild collected in Ontario. Limited this year.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.00   

POLYGONATUM verticillatum New Spring2788
Whorled Solomon's Seal60-120cm  Zone: 4
Widely distributed in Europe, but rarely seen in North America, this is a tall, erect species with narrow, lance-shaped leaves arranged in a whorl around the stem. The cream-colored bells are edged in green, followed by unusual (for the genus) red berries, lining the stem. A very architectual plant for the woodland garden, with a bamboo-like presence, which will adapt even to dry shade.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.50   

POTENTILLA(CINQUEFOIL)Family: ROSACEAE
Large group of perennials, herbs and shrubs comprising 500 species, found throughout the northern temperate and frigid zones. Strawberry shaped leaves and elegant, 5-petalled rose-like flowers in white, pink, yellow, orange or red.
Potentillas need as much sun as you can give them and do best in poor, well-drained soils. In fact some seem happiest when baked and starved – too rich a soil they become very leggy with few flowers.

POTENTILLA fragiformisSummer2823
30cm  Zone: 4
Yes, yes, we know that P. fragiformis has ceased to exist as a valid species; having been swallowed up by P. megalantha. So, why are we listing it? According to the Flora Russica, these are still two distinct species; fragiformis being native to coastal areas of Chukotka and Kamchatka, Russia (and recently discovered in Alaska, to be added to their AKNHP list of rare plants for the state). Our seed comes from plants originally grown from wild collected Kamtchatka seed. Leaves are smaller and narrower than P. megalantha. The bright yellow flowers are also smaller, but more plentiful. The two also do not seem to hybridize. And that's the answer to the question.
Photo by Trond Steen: Used with permission.
20 seeds  $4.00   

POTENTILLA hippeanaJune2827
Woolly Cinquefoil45cm  Zone: 2
Native to western North America, growing in dry grassland and prairie. Pretty silvery, hairy foliage is topped by wiry stems carrying yellow flowers in summer. Wild collected near Calgary, Alberta.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30+ seeds  $3.50   

POTENTILLA nepalensis "Miss Wilmot"Summer2818
40-60cm  Zone: 4
Clump forming perennial with mounds of strawberry-like foliage. Rosy pink flowers with a darker center in summer.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.25   

POTENTILLA neumanniana nanaSpring to Early Summer2828
Alpine Cinquefoil5-10cm
(Formerly Potentilla verna ‘Nana’) A prostrate, mat-forming plant, nice for growing between flagstones or in the rock garden, eventually forming a dense ground cover. Buttery yellow flowers nestle among the small evergreen leaves in late spring, sometimes reblooming in early autumn.

Photograph: Missouri Botanic Garden
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.75   

POTENTILLA thurberi 'Monarch's Velvet'Summer2816
75cm  Zone: 3
The species is native of Arizona and New Mexico but is perfectly hardy in Zone 3. The blooms look like velvety, miniature roses of a rich, raspberry-red, with a deep-red, almost black center radiating out into each flower petal.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $3.75   

PRIMULA(PRIMROSE)Family: PRIMULACEAE
A large genus of over 400 species native throughout the northern hemisphere.

There is no better reference and visual guide to the genus Primula than that of our own Canadian, Pamela Eveleigh of Calgary, Alberta. Do visit, learn and drool over the fantastic photo gallery.

www.primulaworld.com

PRIMULA denticulata New Mid Spring2864
Drumstick or Himalayan Primrose15-30cm  Zone: 3
The Drumstick Primrose is found growing wild in moist alpine regions from Afghanistan to China. One of the earliest primula to bloom in the garden. Leaves and flowers appear at the same time. Spherical lilac flowers on sturdy stems. For the woodland garden in part shade.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.00   

PRIMULA japonica (Miller's Crimson)2841
The magenta-red form of the Japanese Primrose. Very lovely.
Germination Instructions: Requires cold treatment.
50 seeds  $4.25   

PRIMULA laurentianaLate Spring2843
10-20cm  Zone: 3
"Laurentiana" (from the St. Lawrence). Occurs in maritime eastern Canada and into the USA, ranging from calcareous cliffs and ledges, stony hillsides, to freshwater marsh areas. A farinose species with lilac to pinkish-purple flowers with an orange-yellow eye, fading to orange, and a yellow tube. Seed wild collected in Nova Scotia.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   

PRUNELLA

PRUNELLA laciniataSpring to Summer2901
Cut-Leaf Self Heal15-20cm  Zone: 3/4
Native to central and southern Europe, western Asia and North Africa, growing in grasslands. A low-growing, creeping species with toothed foliage sending up an abundance of white flower spikes, beginning in spring. If dead-headed, can be kept blooming most of the season.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20+ seeds  $3.50   

PRUNELLA vulgaris albaSummer2902
Self-Heal5-30cm
Native to Europe, but widely naturalized. Above lance-shaped, serrated foliage, clusters of lipped, tubular flowers, in this variant, white. Edible: the young leaves and stems can be eaten raw in salads; the whole plant can be boiled and eaten as a potherb; and the aerial parts of the plant can be powdered and brewed in a cold infusion to make a tasty beverage.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $3.25   

PYCNANTHEMUM(MOUNTAIN MINT)Family: LABIATAE
A small genus of aromatic mint-scented plants native to eastern North America.

PYCNANTHEMUM virginianumSummer to Late Summer2959
Virginia Mountain Mint60-90cm  Zone: 3
The genus name Pynanthemum is from the Greek "puknos" and "anthemon" meaning “dense flower” referring to the crowded flower clusters. This member of the mint family is native to eastern North America, growing in dry as well as moist prairie. A drought-tolerant, aromatic plant with very narrow, lance-shaped foliage. Profuse flat-topped clusters of white to pale lavender flowers with purple spots bloom over an extended period in mid to late summer. The flowers are surrounded by showy white bracts. All parts of the plant emit a beautiful, minty aroma. The leaves have been used in tea. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $4.00   

PYROLA(Wintergreen, Shinleaf)Family: PYROLACEAE
A genus of 15 rhizomatous, glabrous perennials native to North Temperate regions with basal clusters of leaves and nodding, waxy flowers in loose racemes.

PYROLA ellipticaSummer2965
Shinleaf15-20cm  Zone: 2
Native to bogs, fens, swamps and woods with a circumboreal distribution; preferring moist upland forests. Above elliptic leaves, delicate, waxy, nodding greenish-white flowers. A small gem. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: There is no known method for germinating this species in an artificial setting. It is believed that a natural fungi found in its environment is required for sprouting. In the wild, this species grows in well-drained, dry woodlands, in acid conditions, wit
200 seeds  $4.25   

PYROLA rotundifoliaSummer2964
Round-Leaved Wintergreen15-30cm  Zone: 4
It has been years since I have been able to offer this species. Native to North America, Europe and northern Asia; distributed across Canada and southwards into the USA. Grows in wet woods and boggy areas. A delicate plant with shiny, rounded leaves in a basal rosette. Flowers are in a spike; white, open-faced and nodding with a long and curved pistil. Seed wild collected in Ontario. Very limited.
Germination Instructions: There is no known method for germinating this species in an artificial setting. It is believed that a natural fungi found in its environment is required for sprouting. In the wild, this species grows in well-drained, dry woodlands, in acid conditions, wit
200 seeds  $4.25   

RATIBIDA(PRAIRIE CONEFLOWER)Family: ASTERACEAE
Formerly included in the genus Rudbeckia. These underutilized natives of the North American prairie have striking flowers, most suited for the border. Drooping ray flowers around an elongated, erect, grayish disk, a bit like the crown of a hat. Moist or dry soils in full sun.

RATIBIDA columniferaSummer2982
75cm  Zone: 3
A drought tolerant species native to the American mid-west and naturalized throughout North America. Elongated cones are surrounded by yellow dropping ray flowers. For a sunny spot in ordinary to dry soil.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.25   

RODGERSIAFamily: SAXIFRAGACEAE
4-6 species of strong growing perennials, related to Astilbe. Conspicuous for their thick, flat-creeping rhizomes and for their handsome, large, tough foliage and white flower panicles produced in summer. These are predominantly bog, waterside and water garden ornamentals, but will thrive in very moist, woodland conditions. The rich-green (or bronze-toned in full sun) umbrella-shaped leaves create a dense wall of foliage. Best naturalized along a woodland margin with other vigorous shade and moisture-loving perennials. Very beautiful at waterside. Plants will not tolerate standing water, but require a fertile, humus-rich site with ample, damp soil. Be sure to allow a generous space for the slow, but steady spreading growth habit.

RODGERSIA pinnata Mid to Late Summer3042
1.2m  Zone: 3
From Yunnan. A showy species with large, dark green, textured and glossy palmate foliage. The flowering inflorescense is a much branched panicle with reddish stems. Flowers variable from white to pink to deep red. Particularly effective planted on the banks of ponds or along streams. Also for the moisture-retentive woodland garden.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $4.25   

RUDBECKIA(CONEFLOWER)Family: COMPOSITAE
Natives of North America with daisy-like flowers adorning the garden with bright colour from summer until frost, and beyond. Easy to grow. Sun or light shade in ordinary soil.

RUDBECKIA hirta (Gloriosa Daisy)Summer to Fall3089
30-60cm  Zone: 3
This variation on the black-eyed Susan is a hybrid developed in the 1930's, which resulted in stronger stems, larger flowers and richer colors. Now regarded as "old-fashioned", it was not actually introduced until 1957 by the Burpee Seed Company. Glorious but short-lived, they usually perpetuate by self sowing. Large flower heads in yellow, red, orange and bi-colours.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $3.00   

RUDBECKIA trilobaSummer to Late Fall3096
Three-Lobed Coneflower60-90cm  Zone: 3
Much-branched plant with clear yellow flowers and a purplish-black raised disk. Tolerant of much more shade than most Rudbeckias (up to a half-day). A deserved replacement for the overused Goldsturm hybrids. Will flower from late summer to freeze up. Highly recommended.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.75   

RUMEX(DOCK, SORREL)Family: POLYGONACEAE
More than 100 perennial species widely distributed in the temperate world, but only a few merit inclusion in the ornamental garden.

RUMEX sanguineus var. sanguineusSummer3102
Red-Veined Dock30-60cm  Zone: 4
The species is native to Europe and not terribly showy. This variety, however, with strong maroon-red veining on the green leaves is a striking foliage accent for the semi-shaded garden. Cut the insignificant flower stalks when they appear.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.00   

SALVIA(SAGE)Family: LABIATAE
A very large genus of over 700 species of annuals, biennials, perennials, subshrubs and shrubs valued for their attractive, hooded, flowers often surrounded by highly ornamental bracts and aromatic foliage. For a sunny site and well-drained fertile soil.

SALVIA aethiopisSummer3119
African Sage120cm  Zone: 4
This species is similar to Silver Sage, forming a mouthwatering, enormous woolly silver rosette the first year. A multitude of white flowers on a candelabra inflorescence the second season. Either biennial or perennial depending on where you live.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
25 seeds  $3.50   

SALVIA hypargeiaSummer3746
Turkish Mountain Sage15-30cm  Zone: 4
Native to Turkey, Iraq and Iran, where many plants prefer soil that is gritty, sharply drained and low in fertility. From gray-green basal foliage, spikes carry lavender flowers with a whitish lower lip.
Photograph: Panayoti Kelaydis
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   

SALVIA jurisicii Late Spring3128
Feathered Salvia30-45cm  Zone: 5
Native to eastern Europe, with fine feathery foliage topped by spikes of wonderful, hairy, upside-down blue flowers in late spring. A hot and dry spot with excellent drainage is crucial for overwintering.

Photograph: Pat Anderson
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
15 seeds  $4.25   

SANGUINARIA(BLOODROOT)Family: PAPAVERACEAE
A monospecific genus. A herbaceous perennial found in North American woodlands in fertile, moist soils.

SANGUINARIA canadensis (Moist Packed) New Spring3146
Bloodroot15-25cm  Zone: 3
The lovely bloodroot. There is nothing quite like the pure simplicity of the single stark white anemone-like flowers appearing early in spring, the leaves just emerging and uncurling underneath. Give it a rich, moist shady spot. Gorgeous combined with Hosta, ferns and Asarum.
Germination Instructions: Seed is moist-packed to preserve viability.
30 seeds  $5.00   

SARUMAFamily: ARISTOLOCHIACEAE
Closely related to Asarum, the wild gingers, in name as well as in form. In fact, it is thought that the generic name was created by simply removing the "A" from Asarum and assigning it to the end of the queue.

SARUMA henryii (Moist Packed)All Season3167
45cm  Zone: 3
A choice woodland plant, that we are pleased to have back in our catalogue. Its stems emerge from the ground in early spring, ultimately rising to 45cm and carrying heart-shaped soft, felted leaves that have a purplish bronze tint fading to medium green by midsummer. A nonstop progression of small three-petaled, pastel-yellow flowers are produced from the leaf axils from spring until autumn.
Germination Instructions: Moist Packed to preserve viability. Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $5.00   

SAXIFRAGA
A large genus of 300-370 species, including many natural hybrids and geographic varieties. Most garden sorts are small-leaved, hard and crusty, or moss-like, soft cushion and rosette-forming; also herbaceous, small perennials. Flowers are usually solitary, clustered or in floriferous panicles, racemes or cymes. Primarily mountain plants, so very tolerant of harsh winter conditions. The arctic species survive nearly to the permanent snow fields, others also thrive under high alpine conditions. Primary distribution is the cool temperate northern hemisphere.

SAXIFRAGA paniculata New Early Summer3171
15cm  Zone: 1
An arctic and alpine species widespread throughout Europe and North America. Leaves are fleshy, gray-green, forming hard, prostrate mats. Erect stems carry white flowers in early summer. Easy to cultivate and will form a sizable carpet of crowded rosettes quickly. Full sun to light shade.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
100 seeds  $4.00   

SAXIFRAGA rock garden mixSpring to Summer3173
5-10cm  Zone: 3
A mix of small saxes for the rock garden.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
100 seeds  $4.25   

SCABIOSA(PINCUSHION FLOWER)Family: DIPSACACEAE
About 80 species of annual and perennial plants native to Europe, Asia and Africa with long-stemmed, flat, or pincushion-like round flower heads. Renowned for their long bloom period. Fine cutting flowers. For fertile, well-drained soil in full sun.

SCABIOSA japonica var. alpinaSummer to Late Summer3196
15cm  Zone: 4
A small gem with cut foliage and large lilac-blue flowers on 10cm stems. Very floriferous over a long period early to late summer.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $3.75   

SCUTELLARIA(SKULLCAP)Family: LABIATAE
A genus of 300 subshrubs with lipped flowers.

SCUTELLARIA galericulataMid to Late Summer3215
Marsh or Hooded Skullcap20-90cm  Zone: 2
(Scutellaria epilobifolia). This cicumboreal member of the Mint family is also native to North America, living in moist to wet places. The lipped flowers are violet to dark blue. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment recommended.
20 seeds  $3.75   

SEDUM

SEDUM reflexum3238
Reflexed Stonecrop10cm  Zone: 2/3
Native to northern, central, and southwestern Europe with a prostrate, spreading habit. The foliage resembles spruce branches. Blue-gray to gray foliage with yellow flowers in summer. Wild collected in Sweden.
100 seeds  $3.50   

SEMPERVIVUM(HENS AND CHICKENS)Family: CRASSULACEAE
30-40 species and many hybrids. Plants are thick-leaved, rosetted perennials, spreading by offshoots, forming large, tight mats in time. For nesting in rock crevices, troughs or for covering rock garden slopes. We find semps flourish in a moist soil in full sun. Although they will survive on near neglect, they are rarely at their best in hot and water deprived conditions.

SEMPERVIVUM species and hybrid mixThroughout Summer3241
Zone: 3
Although we grow a large variety of species and hybrids, semps hybridize readily and are best offered in a mix. Should provide some fascinating results.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinators.
100+ seeds  $4.00   

SILENE(CAMPION, CATCHFLY)Family: CARYOPHYLLACEAE
Large genus of plants and members of the Pink family. Silenes are grown in the rock garden, border or woodland garden. Wilder in "The Glamorous Silenes" states "there is about them a magic enchantment, an alluring beauty and charm." Grow them in well-drained, moist soil in full sun to partial shade.

SILENE nutansJune-July3286
Nottingham Catchfly20-40cm  Zone: 2
A widespread native of Europe and Asia, favouring dry, sunny places: sandy soil, hill slopes and forest margins. This is a night-blooming, intensely night-fragrant species emitting a powerful fragrance which resembles hyacinth. The flowering stalks hold white or pinkish flowers in summer.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.50   

SILENE suecica var. alpina New Early Summer3777
Alpine Catchfly5-10cm  Zone: 2
Native to the mountains of Norway and Sweden; sometimes near the coasts and also in the Alp, Pyrenees, Greenland and North America. Above a basal rosette of linear foliage, stalks carry umbels of bright pink flowers. Our plants are sweet, tiny specimens suited for the rock garden in full sun.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.00   Sorry...Sold Out

SISYRINCHIUM(BLUE-EYED GRASS)Family: IRIDACEAE
About 75 species of Iris-like perennials native to North America. Grasslike, linear leaves and star-shaped flowers in blue, white, yellow or purple in spring and summer. For well-drained, moist soil in full sun.

SISYRINCHIUM montanumEarly Summer3298
Blue-Eyed Grass15cm  Zone: 2
(Listed previously as S. angustifolium). This native of eastern North America is naturalized throughout my country lawn of clover, wild strawberry and Antennaria. It survives cuttings, and considerable foot traffic. Semi-evergreen, grasslike foliage. Small starry violet-blue or white flowers with a yellow eye in clusters.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment recommended
120 seeds  $3.50   

STACHYS(BETONY)Family: LABIATAE
Over 300 species of herbaceous perennials and subshrubs widely distributed, but few cultivated in gardens. A few species are widely grown for their foliage and hooded flowers in whorls or spikes. For well-drained soil in sun or part shade.

STACHYS byzantina (lanata)Summer3360
Lamb's Ears45cm  Zone: 3
Forms a thick mat of densely-white, woolly leaves, which are velvety to the touch. The pink or purple flower spikes are insignificant and often removed so as not to detract from the foliage. This is one of the best edging plants for its softening influence; let it sprawl at will.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $3.25   

STYLOPHORUMFamily: PAPAVERACEAE
A small genus of mostly Asian plants in the poppy family.

STYLOPHORUM diphyllum (Moist Packed)Spring to Early Fall3382
Wood Poppy30cm  Zone: 4
This species is native to eastern North America and a beautiful plant for the shaded, moist garden. Handsome light green, downy foliage, finger-lobed to the base, like an oak leaf. Cut stems exude a yellow-orange sap once used for dye by native people. Showy, Large, bright yellow poppies bloom most of the season. The species was thought to be extirpated from Canada until a large population was found on private land in Ontario. It's continued existence in Canada depends on the maintenance of this single known population. Stylophorum diphyllum is protected under the federal Species at Risk Act (SARA). Seed is garden collected.
Germination Instructions: Seed is ephemeral and is sent out moist packed. Cold treatment will be required.
30 seeds  $5.00   

SYMPHYANDRA(BELLFLOWER)Family: CAMPANULACEAE
A small genus of Campanula-like perennials native to the Mediterranean and Asia bearing bell-like flowers. As they are rather short lived perennials, it is best to treat them as biennial. For the sunny or shady border.

SYMPHYANDRA hoffmaniiSummer3396
60cm  Zone: 3
I have never quite understood why this very lovely, tough and versatile plant is not grown more. Strongly upright, branching stems carry nodding, bell-shaped ivory-white flowers. Extremely floriferous and free-flowering during the dog days of late summer. Will grow anywhere and is extremely tolerant of dry shade; a stand of it on a slope under pines has been described as follows: "...the nodding, white bells turn your mind to the foaming breakers on an ocean beach." Although biennial, it self sows and reliably flowers each year.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $4.00   

SYMPHYANDRA wanneriSummer3397
10-15cm  Zone: 4
Native to eastern Europe with dark green, glossy foliage. Lovely nodding bellflowers, deep purple-blue. For full sun to light shade in ordinary soil. Biennial, self perpetuating species.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $3.75   

TANACETUM(TANSY)Family: COMPOSITAE
A large genus of annual and perennial plants with aromatic leaves and daisylike flowers. Many species make excellent cut flowers as well as being good summer flowering plants for border or rock garden. If only familiar with the rampant common "tansy" read on.

TANACETUM macrophyllumSummer3420
Rayed Tansy90-120cm  Zone: 3
Native to central and eastern Europe to southern Russia. A stately border plant with greyish-green toothed foliage, soft as silk to the touch. Large corymbs of creamy-white flowers. Strong, stout stems make staking unnecessary. Often mistakenly sold as Achillea grandiflora or macrophylla. Soundly perennial. For ordinary soil in full sun to light shade.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.75   

TANACETUM partheniumSummer3426
45cm  Zone: 3
The old-fashioned Feverfew. White daisies in summer. Full sun.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $3.25   

TANACETUM parthenium (Double)3429
The double form of Feverfew, coming true from seed.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $3.00   

TELEKIA(OX-EYE-DAISY)Family: COMPOSITAE
A genus of summer flowering perennials grown for their scented, bold foliage and large flowers. Sun or shade.

TELEKIA speciosaSummer3434
90cm  Zone: 3
Handsome clumps of sturdy stems and gorgeous, bold foliage. Large lower leaves are heart shaped, the upper sharp-toothed. Each stem bears several large flower heads of shaggy, yellow daisies, blooming for many weeks in summer.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $4.00   

TELLIMA(FALSE ALUMROOT)Family: SAXIFRAGACEAE
One species native to western North America used as a groundcover in semi-shade. The foliage is similar to Heuchera (Alumroot).

TELLIMA grandifloraEarly Summer3435
Fringecups60cm  Zone: 3
Native from Alaska to California. Low rosette of hairy green leaves; erect stems with insignificant greenish-white flowers. Use as a groundcover in light to relatively deep shade. Will even tolerate a fair amount of dryness.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50+ seeds  $4.00   

THALICTRUM(MEADOW RUE)Family: RANUNCULACEAE
A genus of about 100 species of widely distributed plants. Elegant and stately, with feathery panicles of flowers and ferny foliage. Easily grown under garden conditions ranging from well-drained loamy soil to low wet areas. For full sun or part shade.

THALICTRUM thalictroides (Moist Packed) New Late spring3781
Rue Anemone10-30cm
Formerly known as Anemonopsis thalictroides, this is a small, beautiful, long blooming woodland ephemeral, native to only Ontario in Canada. White to pinkish-lilac flowers in late spring. Plants go dormant once the heat of summer arrives. Very limited. Order early.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.50   

THERMOPSIS(FALSE LUPIN)Family: LEGUMINOSAE
20 species of Lupin-like plants, with fan-shaped leaves and primarily yellow pealike flowers. Grow in full sun or part shade in well-drained soil.

THERMOPSIS villosa (caroliniana)Summer3470
Carolina Lupineto 150cm  Zone: 3
Has been referred to as one of our most overlooked garden plants and the tallest thermopsis. Blue-green ovate foliage and canary-yellow pea-like flowers in erect racemes.
Germination Instructions: Sandpapering of seed essential.
30 seeds  $4.00   

TIARELLA(FOAMFLOWER)Family: SAXIFRAGACEAE
About 6 species of low-growing, spring-flowering plants with 5 species native to North America. The common name is derived from the foamy white flowers. One of the best groundcovers for partial shade; lovely foliage and delicate white flowers in spring. For rich, well-drained, moisture retentive woodland soil in part shade.

TIARELLA cordifoliaLate Spring3478
Foamflower30cm  Zone: 3
Native to eastern North America. Green foliage and racemes of delicate white flowers in spring. Ideally, for a shaded site in good moisture-retentive soil; however it will grow happily in dry shade, as it does in our native woodlands. A beautiful and tough groundcover, spreading by runners. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Seed is short lived and has been frozen since harvest to preserve viability, so that it may be sent out safely all seed season.
50 seeds  $4.00   

TRILLIUM(WAKE ROBIN, WOOD LILIES)Family: LILIACEAE
This genus includes 30-50 species primarily distributed in Asia and North America. Mostly spring blooming and, with a few exceptions, deciduous woodland plants. They have underground rhizomes; some species develop a many-stemmed clump, others a dense colony. Whorls of foliage and solitary flowers in white, yellow, green, brown, rose or purple, occasionally bicoloured. After flowering, a fleshy berry is formed. Most species are long lived ornamentals. For optimum growth give them a deep, moist soil in bright, half or fully shaded conditions. They will, however grow in less than ideal conditions.

TRILLIUM cuneatum (Moist Packed) New 3522
30cm  Zone: 4
Native to the eastern USA growing on upland slopes and in woods. This is a beautiful sessile trillium. Mottled grey-green foliage and maroon flowers. Only a few packs. Order early.
Germination Instructions: Seed is moist packed to preserve viability. Cold required.
12 seeds  $5.00   

TRILLIUM erectum (Moist Packed)Late Spring3514
Purple Trillium20-40cm  Zone: 3
One of the most common Trilliums growing in rich woods throughout north eastern North America. The solitary, nodding flower rises on a stalk above a whorl of 3 broadly ovate, diamond-shaped leaves. The flowers are 2.5" wide with 3 petals, maroon or reddish-brown and 3 green sepals. Fruit is an oval, reddish berry. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Seed is moist packed to preserve viability.
30 seeds  $5.00   

TRILLIUM grandiflorum (Moist Packed) New Spring3515
White Wake Robin45cm  Zone: 3
The provincial flower of Ontario and native to eastern North America. This is perhaps the best of the genus and the most widely known Trillium. A gracious, easy to grow beauty with large white flowers, pink after pollination. According to Farrer: "A plant unsurpassable anywhere for heartiness of habit, charm of manner and refulgent purity of bloom." Seed wild collected in Ontario.

Please note that this is a limited-in-time listing as this species normally germinates in mid to late October the same year it was collected when the seed is immediately moist packed.
20 seeds  $5.00   

TRILLIUM luteum (Moist Packed) New Summer3517
Yellow Wake Robin30cm  Zone: 3
The citrous-scented late-blooming Yellow Trillium has pale-green and yellow leaf-mottling on the whorled foliage. Yellow, strongly-upright flower petals in the center of the foliage. Native to rich woods of the American southeast but perfectly hardy to -40C. Very limited quantities. Order early.
Germination Instructions: Seed is ephemeral and sent out freshly collected and moist packed.
12 seeds  $5.00   

TRIOSTEUM

TRIOSTEUM aurantiacum- Red Fruit (Moist Packed) New 3527
The normal orange-yellow fruits are in this case, red. We are very grateful to be able to offer the seed of this variant again, sent to us from a wild Ohio collection by friend James Cheshire, who was also the photographer. Comes true.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
12 seeds  $5.00   

VERBASCUM(MULLEIN)Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE
The mostly biennial mulleins are conspicuously and unaccountably neglected by North American gardeners. Perhaps we are too used to the common mullein of Canadian roadsides that we are unwilling to look at the considerable virtues of this genus.

VERBASCUM blattariaEarly Summer3593
Moth Mullein30-90cm  Zone: 4
Low rosette of green foliage. Creamy white or yellow five-petalled saucer-shaped flowers on long racemes.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $3.50   

VERBASCUM bombyciferumMid to Late Summer3606
Turkish Mullein1.5-2m  Zone: 3
Native to Asia Minor producing a massive rosette of wooly, silvery leaves. Impressively tall and downy spires of light yellow flowers make a majestic mid-summer statement. In the wild, this plant grows in inhospitable, hot sites in poor soil, but will also thrive in better conditions in the garden.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $3.75   

VERBASCUM chaixii album3594
As above, but with white flowers and mauve eyes.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $4.25   

VERBASCUM densiflorumLate Summer3614
Dense-Flowered Mullein1.2
Native to central Europe. Above rosettes covered with hairy grayish-yellow hairs, large bright-yellow flowers densely set along erect stalks.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $4.00   

VERBASCUM eriophorum3613
3m
Native to northern Greece, Bulgaria and the former Yugoslavia. This is a rare, very tall species to 3m. The beautiful basal leaves are grey and very soft to the touch. Dense and woolly flower stalks carry relatively large flowers, dotted along the stems. Can be confused with V. phlomoides, which is shorter (to 1.5m) and more widespread throughout Europe and western Asia.

Photographs: UBC Botanic Gardens
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $4.00   

VERBASCUM nigrumSummer3596
120cm  Zone: 3
Large, dark green leafy rosette and a candelabra of yellow flowers with reddish brown centers. One of Wilder's favorite Verbascums and apparently one of the few species reliably hardy in Zone 3.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100+ seeds  $4.00   

VERBASCUM phlomoidesSummer3598
180cm  Zone: 4
This species is native to Europe, growing on stony, uncultivated ground. Covered with dense, woolly, whitish or yellow hairs. A densely packed spike of rather large bright yellow flowers.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $3.25   

VERBASCUM pulverulentumSummer3608
Hoary Mullein1.6m  Zone: 5
Native to Europe and North Africa growing in dry grasslands. A rosette of white, cobwebby foliage, making the plant look like white velvet, is topped by a very dense, very branched pyramid of large (for a Verbascum) yellow flowers in summer. Seed wild collected in western Europe.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50+ seeds  $4.00   

VERBASCUM species 'Electric Yellow'Summer3601
100cm  Zone: 3
I am very grateful to Belinda Gallagher for collecting fresh seed of our original introduction of Verbascum Electric Yellow, which was first offered in our catalogue 15 years ago, and which we lost in the move to Nova Scotia. Our original description follows:

Original seed of this plant was collected in Monet's garden in Giverny and passed on to us by a customer in Zone 3 Cantley, Quebec. It has large 3" luminous yellow flowers with deep orange stamens on a tall densely crowded flowering spike, beloved by bees. Flowering is over a long period until hard frost. Individual flowers open during the night and last until the following afternoon and look beautiful floating in a bowl.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $4.00   

VERBASCUM species 'Electric Yellow' (White Form)3763
This is the lovely white form of the large-flowered Verbascum "Electric Yellow". Open pollinated, so you will likely obtain yellow forms as well.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
50 seeds  $3.75   

VERBENA(VERVAIN)Family: VERBENACEAE
The perennial species of this genus are primarily North American natives and provide a number of outstanding plants for the border.

VERBENA bonariensisLate Summer to Fall3617
Brazilian Verbena90cm
I am very fond of this tall verbena and include it in my garden most years. Clusters of deep purple-pink flowers appear at the ends of wiry stems. As their growth habit is tall and thin they are easy to intersperse among other earlier blooming perennials. Their architectural quality and late blooming habit are to be cherished. Hardy to Zone 6, otherwise start early for first year bloom and have it self-sow to perpetuate itself.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $3.50   

VERBENA hastataLate Summer3618
Blue Vervain60-180cm  Zone: 4
Native to eastern North America growing in damp thickets, on shores and along roadsides. An attractive perennial with violet-blue flowers on showy candelabra-like spikes. In ancient times it was thought to be a cure-all among medicinal plants and the genus name is Latin for "sacred plant." For full sun in ordinary soil. Soundly perennial. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment (for highest rates) or GA-3 for germination at warm (about 60%).
100 seeds  $4.00   

VERBENA strictaLate Summer3619
Hoary Vervain60-90cm  Zone: 4
Native to North America. Erect stems clothed by grey-green foliage. Long inflorescence up to 30cm carry deep lavender to purple flowers late in the season. Soundly perennial. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment, or GA-3 and warm.
30 seeds  $3.75   

VERBESINA

VERBESINA alternifoliaLate Summer3756
Golden Honey Plant1-8-2m  Zone: 3
Native to eastern North America, growing in prairies, fields, open forest. A splendid plant for the back of the border, it produces winged stems clad with long narrow leaves bearing in late summer long-stalked sprays of green-centred, yellow flowers, beloved by bees.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment recommended.
20 seeds  $4.00   

VERNONIA(IRONWEED)Family: COMPOSITAE
A huge genus of up to 1000 species of perennials, subshrubs, trees and woody climbers, mostly from South America, but with a few species scattered in the rest of the world with the North American sorts being the perennials. These are vigorous, sturdy late flowering plants for moist, fertile soil in full sun. Best for prairie or wildflower gardens. The common name refers to the rust color of the spent flower heads.

VERNONIA noveboracensisFall3625
New York Ironweed90-180cm  Zone: 4
Native to eastern North America. Glabrous to slightly hairy foliage with lanceolate leaves, making substantial clumps. Tall stems carry open cymes of rich crimson-purple flowers. A very welcome addition to the autumn garden. Easy in rich, moist soils.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $3.75   

VERONICA(SPEEDWELL)Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE
250 species ranging in habit from prostrate, creeping, rock-garden plants to erect border specimens. The flowers are held in dense, unbranched spikes. Hardy and long blooming, they are easy to grow and will thrive in a bright sunny spot or part shade in soil that does not dry out.

VERONICA longifolia Summer3636
Long-Leaf Speedwell60-120cm  Zone: 2
Native to Europe, this is a statuesque Veronica with good dark-green serrated foliage. Strong upright stems carry dense, erect, terminal spikes of blue flowers in summer.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
100 seeds  $3.75   

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