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Searching Category for EDIBLE FRUIT

CHAENOMELES(FLOWERING QUINCE)Family: ROSACEAE
A small genus of 3 deciduous shrubs or small trees native to eastern Asia, sometimes spiny. These ornamental quinces are easily cultivated, beautiful early spring flowering shrubs. The saucer-shaped flowers vary in shades of red, orange and white and are followed by large, yellow quinces. Will thrive in the open border or trained against a wall.

CHAENOMELES cathayensisEarly Summer845
Chinese Quince6m  Zone: 6
This rarely available Chinese species grows on hillsides, in open thickets, on rocky slopes, ravines and forests. It grows taller than the other species and tends to be more tree form, with an open habit. Leaves are narrow, serrated and shiny. The delicate apple-blossom-like flowers are white, flushed with pink. This species, while not as hardy as C. japonica or speciosa, bears the largest fruit of the Chaenomeles genus, at between 10 and 15cm, with mature fruit weighing near 900 grams. This makes lovely jelly. Also a wonderful bonsai subject. For a sunny site with well-drained moderately fertile soil for best results.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.25   

CHAENOMELES japonicaSpring843
Japanese Flowering Quince100cm  Zone: 3
The Japanese quince is invaluable for early spring colour when its fragrant, bright orange-flame flowers stud the bare thorny stems for weeks. These flowers mature into rounded green or yellow quinces which make delicious jelly. One of the easiest of all shrubs to grow in virtually any soil(including heavy clay) and can also be trained on to a shady wall. Also a wonderful bonsai subject.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.25   

FRAGARIA

FRAGARIA virginianaSpring1587
Wild StrawberryZone: 2
The delicious, small-fruited wild strawberry; native and widespread throughout North America, growing in dry to moist open woodlands and clearings, often in disturbed areas; preferring sunny locations. When the New World was discovered F. virginiana was found in "vast patches … along the great river and in the woods" according to French explorer Jacques Cartier in 1534. Like the fruits, the leaves are high in vitamin C. This species is the parent of 90% of all the cultivated strawberries now grown. The related Coastal Strawberry, F. chiloensis is the source parent of the remaining cultivars. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
30 seeds  $3.75   

HIPPOPHAE(SEA BUCKTHORN)Family: ELEAGNACEAE
A small genus of 3 deciduous, thorny trees or shrubs from Asia with linear, gray foliage and fruits in the fall.

HIPPOPHAE rhamnoidesSpring1849
Sea Buckthorn2-5m  Zone: 2-3
Introduced from Eurasia, a very hardy, suckering shrub with lance-shaped, grey-green foliage above, silvery-white underneath. The branches are grey and spiny. Small, yellowish flowers in spring, before the leaves, followed by fleshy, orange berries. Both male and female shrubs are required for fruit production. A tough plant suited for a wide range of soils, doing well on poor, nitrogen-deficient sandy soils and slopes. Sea buckthorn is a significant source of vitamin C, carotene and B vitamins. An oil extracted from the berries is used to treat digestive disturbances. The fruit ripens at the end of August and is commonly used to make juices and jellies. A recommended alternative crop in Canada.
Germination Instructions: Easy, warm germinator.
20 seeds  $4.25   

LONICERA(HONEYSUCKLE)Family: CAPRIFOLIACEAE
A large genus of over 150 species and many more hybrids. Usually deciduous erect, or climbing shrubs, widespread in the northern hemisphere with opposite leaves and small, but showy flowers and berries in the fall. Of easy culture and free of serious insects and diseases.

LONICERA villosa New Late Spring3724
Mountain Fly Honeysuckle1.5m  Zone: 2/3
A deciduous shrub native to central and eastern Canada growing on rocky barrens or in bogs. Pretty funnel-shaped, pale yellow to creamy white paired flowers in late spring followed by edible, oblong blue-black berries.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment recommended.
20 seeds  $4.25   

PRUNUS
430 species of deciduous and evergreen shrubs and trees with often fragrant and showy flowers in clusters or racemes. Fruit is often, though not always, something to eat.

PRUNUS americanaEarly Spring2908
American Plum3-10m  Zone: 2
A widespread small native tree that will form dense thickets ideal for windbreak. Showy white flowers in the spring appearing before the leaves and followed by small yellow-red plums in early fall. Wild plum is an important habitat tree for a variety of birds and mammals that eat its fruit or browse its twigs and leaves. The fruit can be made into preserves, jam or jelly. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
12 seeds  $3.75   

PRUNUS nigraLate Spring2914
Canada Plum9m  Zone: 2
Native to eastern North America, a deciduous shrub or small tree with a low-branched, dense crown. Showy, fragrant white flowers early in the season are followed by delicious, reddish-purple plums, maturing in late summer. Seed wild collected in Ontario. Very limited.

Pure wild plums, Prunus nigra and P. americana, are by far the best polinizers for hybrid plums.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
8 seeds  $4.00   

PRUNUS pumila Early Summer2911
Sand or Susquehanna Cherry45-90cm  Zone: 3
Native to north-eastern North America this is a low-growing, trailing, multi-branched shrub growing on dunes, gravelly beaches, alvars and rocky slopes. It is identifiable by its low, spreading profile, stout branches, and leathery, sharply pointed leaves. In the variety susquehanae (sometimes recognized as a distinct species) the branches are erect to ascending. White five-parted flowers in early summer followed by purple-black cherries in late summer. Although it can grow to 2m, it's average size is 45cm. Sand Cherry is one of the early plants to colonize sand dunes and is an important food for birds and other animals who make dunes their habitat. This consistently heavy-fruiting cherry makes excellent preserves and will provide you with more pounds of fruit earlier than most other small fruit. Seed wild collected in northern Ontario. Limited.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required
15 seeds  $4.25   Sorry...Sold Out

PRUNUS tomentosaSpring2903
Nanking Cherry1.8-3m  Zone: 2
I was first introduced to Nanking Cherry by Hugh Skinner in 1998? as we tasted our way along a long hedge of them in Zone 2 Manitoba. And as I ate the delicious small fruit, I put each pit in the pocket of my coat, determined to grow them once I got home. Nanking Cherry is a compact shrub, native to northern China and Japan, which can also be grown as a small tree. It has beautiful pinkish-white flowers in spring. The dark green leaves break dormancy early, are retained even in drought and are slow to drop after the first killing frost. Fruit is a small, short-stemmed red cherry with a wonderful sweet taste. Its hardiness, rapid growth, dense, compact form, and excellent retention of leaves makes this species a desirable shrub for the northern garden.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.25   

RIBES(CURRANT, GOOSEBERRY)Family: GROSSULARIACEAE
A genus of 150 mainly deciduous shrubs, often thorny.

RIBES americanumLate Spring3727
Wild Black Currant.5-1.5m  Zone: 3
A deciduous shrub native from Alberta east through Nova Scotia in Canada growing from forests to bogs in varied habitats. Clusters of drooping yellowish flowers in spring are followed by edible black berries, without glands or bristles.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $4.00   

RIBES aureum New Early to Late Spring3036
Buffalo or Golden Currant1-3m  Zone: 3
Native to western and central North America growing in sandy habitats, rocky slopes and ravines in grassland or sagebrush desert to ponderosa pine forest. This is a wonderful, non-thorny, ornamental shrub that is showy in bloom and followed by delicious fruit. Twigs are pinkish-gray, and foliage orbicular and lobed. The hanging clusters of yellow and red, tubular flowers have a strong fragrance of cloves. The berries are tasty and tart. Tolerant of poor soil, clay, heat, drought, or moisture.
20 seeds  $4.25   

RIBES hirtellumSpring 3726
American Gooseberry1m  Zone: 3/4
A shrub native throughout Canada, except BC, growing on rocky shores, riverbanks, wet woods, bogs, and clearings. A delicious edible purplish-black, smooth berry matures in summer.

Cultivated gooseberries are derived from this species and from Ribes uva-crispa. Whereas R. uva-crispa crops have been devastated by American gooseberry mildew, which was accidentally introduced to Europe, R. hirtellum is resistant.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $4.00   

RIBES hudsonianum New 3785
Northern Black Currant2m  Zone: 1/2
Native from Quebec through western Canada, ranging into the far north growing in moist wooded areas, such as mountain streambanks and in swamp thickets. Erect spikes of white flowers turn into black berries. Wild collected in Alberta.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $4.00   

RIBES nigrum3728
Black Currant1.5m  Zone: 4
A woody shrub native from central to northern Europe and northern Asia where it prefers damp fertile soils and is widely cultivated both commercially and domestically. Bunches of small, glossy black fruit develop along the stems in the summer. The fruit is rich in vitamin C, various other nutrients, phytochemicals and antioxidants.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $3.75   

RIBES triste New June-July3787
Northern Redcurrant50cm  Zone: 1/2
Native throughout all of Canada growing in wet rocky woods, swamps and on cliffs. Purplish flowers in summer are followed by bright red, hairless berries. Wild collected in Alberta.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.00   

RUBUSFamily: ROSACEAE
A large genus of shrubs, usually prickly and bristly with simple flowers followed by edible berries.

RUBUS allegheniensisEarly Summer3078
Mountain Blackberry60-90cm  Zone: 2/3
One of the most common blackberries of north-eastern North America. A thorny, arching shrub with toothed, divided foliage and white flowers in large heads in early summer. These are followed by delicious, juicy, elongated, shiny black berries. Will grow in any soil condition, sun or light shade. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
25 seeds  $3.75   

RUBUS canadensisJune-July3725
Canadian or Smooth Blackberry2-3m  Zone: 2/3
Native to eastern Canada, a non-thorny rhizomatous shrub growing in forested habitats, thickets and disturbed sites. White flowers are followed by sweet, edible blackberries.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
30 seeds  $4.00   

RUBUS chamaemorusSpring3080
Cloudberry, Bake Apple10-25cm  Zone: 1
Native throughout the northern parts of the Northern Hemisphere, usually growing in bogs. This is a low, very cold-hardy, creeping shrub with large, palmate foliage. White flowers in early summer are followed by delicious, soft, salmon-coloured fruits in late summer to early fall, which are a very important fruit crop in Scandinavia and in Newfoundland. Seed wild collected in Norway.

The ripe fruits are golden-yellow, soft and juicy, and are rich in vitamin C. When eaten fresh, they have a distinctive tart taste. When over-ripe, they have a creamy texture and flavour somewhat like yogurt. They are often made into jams, juices, tarts, and liqueurs.
Germination Instructions: This species is notoriously challenging to germinate. For your information, please cut and paste this article in your browser.

http://article.pubs.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/RPAS/rpv?hm=HInit&calyLang=eng&journal=cjps&volume=59&afpf=cjps79-010.pdf
20 seeds  $4.25   

RUBUS idaeus var. strigosusEarly Summer3079
Wild Raspberry1-2m
The wild raspberry is a circumpolar species, growing in thickets, clearings and open woods. The fruit ripens in August in Nova Scotia and is delicious fresh or in various jams or jellies. As well, a mild tea can be brewed from the leaves. Wild collected in Ontario.
25 seeds  $3.75   

RUBUS occidentalis3086
Black Raspeberry2-3m  Zone: 4
A delicious berry native to eastern North America, much used for breeding work. The black raspberry is closely related to the red raspberries Rubus idaeus and Rubus strigosus, sharing the distinctively white underside of the leaves and fruit that readily detaches from the carpel, but differing in the ripe fruit being black, and in the stems being more prickly. The black fruit makes them look like blackberries, though this is only superficial, with the taste being unique and not like either the red raspberry or the blackberry. Wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required
25 seeds  $4.25   

SAMBUCUS(ELDER, ELDERBERRY)Family: CAPRIFOLIACEAE
This member of the Honeysuckle family contains about 20 species of perennials, shrubs or small trees native to north temperate and tropical regions, growing in rich, moist soils. White flowers and showy berries in large panicles.

SAMBUCUS canadensisSummer3137
American Elderto 4m  Zone: 3
A native stoloniferous, multi-stemmed shrub, broad and rounded with an arching habit. Bright light-green leaves and yellow-white flowers in profuse and large flat-topped cymes. Fruits are purple black in drupes. Fruit attracts wildlife, is good for wine and absolutely delicious for jelly, tasting like grape. Wild collected in Nova Scotia.

This, along with S. caerulea are considered one of the best low summer-flowering shrubs for wildlife habitat improvement. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold for germination.
30 seeds  $4.00   

SCHISANDRAFamily: SCHISANDRACEAE
A genus of 25 deciduous or evergreen twining shrubs native to eastern North America and Asia.

SCHISANDRA chinensis New Spring3199
Magnolia Vine7m  Zone: 4
Native to China and Korea. A deciduous vine with glossy green foliage. Nodding blood-red flowers in spring followed by clusters of edible scarlet fruit in autumn. Used medicinally by the Chinese. Tens of tons of berries are used annually in Russia for the commercial manufacture of juices, wines, extracts, and sweets. Only a few packs this year.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.50   

VACCINIUMFamily: ERICACEAE
The genus Vaccinium includes upwards of 450 species which occur in cool temperate regions and mountains of both the northern and southern hemispheres. Many are deciduous or evergreen shrubs with edible fruits including blueberries, buckberries, huckleberries, farkleberry, cranberry, whortleberry, crowberry, and bilberry.

VACCINIUM macrocarpon New Summer3574
Large Wild Cranberry10cm  Zone: 2
Native to open bogs, headlands, swamps and lake shores from Newfoundland to Nova Scotia, south to North Carolina and into Minnesota. An evergreen creeping and matting woody groundcover with beautiful nodding, pinkish-white flowers with 4 backward-pointing petals in clusters. Leaves are oval and shiny, coloring a glorious red and purple in the fall. The large, red cranberries ripen in late fall and are wonderful, particularly on such a small plant. The mother of the commercial hybrid cranberry. Seed wild collected in Ontario.

North America produces 96% of the world’s cranberries, using them in tarts, sauces, preserves and juices, as well as dried. Their health benefits are well-known. As well, cranberries are coated with a waxy substance that acts as a preservative, keeping them fresh for extended periods of time.
Germination Instructions: Fresh seed will germinate in very low percentages over many months. Best to provide cold.
30 seeds  $4.25   

VACCINIUM myrtilloidesSpring3581
Velvet-Leaf or Canada Blueberry10-50cm  Zone: 2
A deciduous, dwarf, rhizomatous shrub native across Canada and into the Northwest Territories. The stems and undersides of the leaves are covered with fine, velvety hairs. Flowers are bell-shaped, white, tinged-pink. These are followed by bright, frosty to dark-blue, usually glaucous berries. Seed wild collected in Ontario.

Most commercially grown fruit is processed as pie filling or is used in muffin mixes. Lesser amounts are used to make wine, juice, or freeze-dried products. This very cold-hardy species has potential for breeding blueberry strains suited to northern climates. Also, its affinity for mineral soil also suggests it may be useful for breeding plants adapted to upland sites.
Germination Instructions: Germination is over a long period at warm.
30 seeds  $4.25   

VACCINIUM oxycoccos New Early Summer3575
Bog CranberryCreeping  Zone: 2/3
"In the valley and low land close by the river and facing the sun are plenty of cranberries, one can gather those of the last year and those of this year upon the same shrub." (Journal of Alexander Mackenzie July 18, 1798).

A small, evergreen subshrub native to northern North America, Europe and Asia growing in fens and bogs. Its slender stems are prostrate and root at the nodes along the ground. Leaves are lance-shaped and leathery. The beautiful pink to red flowers are like miniature shooting stars. Fruit is a red, juicy berry; often persisting through winter. The tart berries are closely related to V. macrocarpon (Large Cranberry) and have a very good flavor. They are used to make jams, jellies and sauces. Commercial cultivation of Small Cranberry is not as widespread in North America as it is in Europe and Russia. Seed wild collected in Ontario.
25 seeds  $4.25   

VIBURNUM(WAYFARING TREE)Family: CAPRIFOLIACEAE
A great genus of 150 woody species originating in the temperate and sub-tropical zones of the northern hemisphere. It has been said that a garden without a Viburnum is akin to life without music and art.

VIBURNUM edule New 3791
Squashberry, Mooseberry2m  Zone: 1/2
Native in every province and territory in Canada growing in moist woods, forest edges, rocky slopes, along streams, and in swamps. A straggling to erect shrub with smooth, leafy branches. White flowers occur in dense, broad, flat-topped clusters on short branches. The fruit is yellow, becoming red or orange in late fall. It is edible although a little tart when fresh. They do make excellent jams and jellies though and are used medicinally. Seed wild collected in Alberta. Very limited.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
15 seeds  $4.00   

VITIS(GRAPE VINE)Family: VITACEAE
65 deciduous woody vines or shrubs climbing by tendrils with bark peeling in strips. Usually small flowers, in panicles, followed by edible fruits (grapes).

VITIS ripariaSpring3687
Wild River or Frost Grape3.7m  Zone: 2
Native to woods of eastern North America. A climbing or trailing vine with fragrant flowers in early summer followed by small, black grapes in fall. A vigorous, rather rampant species that I am endeared to because I adore the jelly the grapes Seed wild collected in Ontario.
Germination Instructions: Cold treatment required.
20 seeds  $4.00   

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